Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Thomas Hampson
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001508502   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Shipway, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 08/09/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28750   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 03/09/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28630   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2  (Arranged For Small Orchestra) / Kaplan, Vienna Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2290   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Lieder / Bernarda Fink
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902173   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 3 in D minor

Browse 76-98 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Nagano, Deutsches Symphonie Berlin
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 82354 Release Date: 10/10/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dagmar Pecková,  Joachim Pliquett,  Andreas Klein
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Female Chorus,  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin,  Hanover Boys' Choir
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  • 77.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Litton, Stutzmannn, Dallas Symphony
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3248 Release Date: 02/29/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Nathalie Stutzmann
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Texas Boy's Choir Fort Worth,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Chorus
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 & 6 / Ozawa, Norman, Boston So
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434909 Release Date: 02/28/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Boychoir,  Tanglewood Festival Chorus,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1 & 3 / Leinsdorf, Verrett, Et Al
    Label: Rca Red Seal Hp   Catalog: 63469A Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Shirley Verrett
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  Boston Boys' Choir
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  • 80.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Cortese, Dunn, Manhattan School
    Label: Titanic   Catalog: 252 Release Date: 02/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brad Siroky,  Paul Whichard,  Allison Bailey,  Mignon Dunn
    Conductor:  Glen Barton Cortese
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Manhattan School of Music Orchestra,  Manhattan School of Music Festival Chorus,  Columbia/Barnard Chorus  ... 
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  • 81.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 3, Lieder / Rattle, Keenlyside, Cbso
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 56657 Release Date: 01/12/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Simon Keenlyside,  Birgit Remmert
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / López-cobos, Deyoung, Cincinatti So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80481 Release Date: 11/24/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michelle DeYoung
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra,  May Festival Female Chorus,  Cincinnati College-Conservatory Children's Choir
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  • 83.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies & Orchestral Songs / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459080 Release Date: 11/10/1998   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  James King,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Trudeliese Schmidt,  Gerti Zeumer  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 84.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Tennstedt, London Philharmonic
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 72941 Release Date: 11/03/1998   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Trudeliese Schmidt,  Hans Sotin,  Nadine Denize,  Edith Wiens  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tiffin School Boys Chorus,  London Philharmonic Choir  ... 
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  • 85.
    Mitropoulos Conducts Mahler: Symphonies 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 07/21/1998   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Giuseppe Zampieri,  Hermann Prey,  Lucretia West,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Friends of Music Society,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 86.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Kindertotenlieder / Maazel, Baltsa
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 42403 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Agnes Baltsa
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Sinopoli, Schwarz, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 447051 Release Date: 05/29/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hanna Schwarz
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New London Children's Choir,  Philharmonia Chorus Women
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  • 88.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Etc / Wit, Polish Radio Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550525-26 Release Date: 10/24/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1 & 3 / Mehta, Los Angeles & Israel Po
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443030 Release Date: 03/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 90.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Haitink, Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442050 Release Date: 02/25/1994   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hans Sotin,  William Cochran,  Hanneke van Bork,  Heather Harper  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  St. Willibrod Children's Chorus,  St. Pius X Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Inbal, Soffel, Frankfurt Radio So
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 7828 Release Date: 08/27/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Kantorei Women's Chorus,  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Limburg Cathedral Boys Choir
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  • 92.
    The Royal Edition - Mahler: Symphony No 3, Etc / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47576 Release Date: 11/17/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jennie Tourel,  Martha Lipton
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Schola Cantorum New York members,  Transfiguration Boys Choir
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  • 93.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Solti, Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430804 Release Date: 02/11/1992   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  René Kollo,  Heather Harper,  Arleen Augér,  Yvonne Minton  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Boys' Choir,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    CD: $112.49
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Haitink, Berliner Philharmoniker
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432162 Release Date: 01/13/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jard Van Nes
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Ruckert Lieder / Baker, Tilson Thomas
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 44553 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Southend Boys Choir,  London Symphony Chorus
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  • 96.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 3 / Bernstein, Ludwig, New York Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 427328 Release Date: 07/20/1989   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New York Choral Artists,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus
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  • 97.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Abbado, Norman, Vienna Po & Chorus
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 410715 Release Date: 06/11/1984   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Boys' Choir,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Solti, Helen Watts
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 414254 Release Date: 02/1991   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Helen Watts
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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