Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; Schumann: Frauenliebe und Leben; Brahms: Four Serious Songs / Ferrier
Release Date: 11/08/2011   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1153   Number of Discs: 1
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Kathleen Ferrier Sings Mahler
Release Date: 09/14/2010   Label: Musical Concepts  
Catalog: 1120   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphonies, Nos. 3 & 4 / Paavo Jarvi, Frankfurt Radio Symphony
Release Date: 02/24/2015   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 719108   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Coote, Fritz, Albrecht, Netherlands Philharmonic
Release Date: 04/30/2013   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186502    Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Haenchen, Netherlands Po
Release Date: 04/22/2003   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186004   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 3 in D minor

Browse 51-75 of 97 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Quivar, Haitink, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 000654109 Release Date: 07/04/2006  
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Florence Quivar
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tölz Boys Choir,  Ernst Senff Choir,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Desert Island Collection - Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Mitropoulos
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 344 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Beatrice Krebs
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir
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  • 53.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Segerstam, Gjevang, Danish Radio Sym
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8970/71 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Gjevang
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Copenhagen Boys' Choir,  Danish Radio Chorus
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  • 54.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1-10, Etc / Bertini, Kölner Rundfunk
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 40238 Release Date: 01/10/2006   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ben Heppner,  Marjana Lipovsek,  Florence Quivar,  Paul Frey  ... 
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Little Singers Of Tokyo,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 55.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 1 - 10
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463738 Release Date: 01/02/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Franz Crass,  Martina Arroyo,  Donald Grobe  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Munich Motet Choir,  Bavarian Radio Chorus  ... 
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  • 56.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
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  • 57.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Rögner, Rappé, Berlin Rso, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2121 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jadwiga Rappé
    Conductor:  Heinz Rögner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Children's Choir,  Berlin Radio Female Chorus
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  • 58.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Etc / Jarvi, Royal Scottish No
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9117/18 Release Date: 09/06/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Linda Finnie
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish National Orchestra Junior Chorus,  Scottish National Chorus,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Chailly, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000482702 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Melanie Diener,  Petra Lang,  Barbara Bonney,  Peter Mattei  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-9, Adagio / Michael Gielen
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93130 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Juliane Banse,  Cornelia Kallisch,  Christine Whittlesey,  Wolfgang Hock  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Soloists Academy,  Aurelius Boys Choir of Calw  ... 
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  • 61.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108046 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christian Böld,  Markus Wolf
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
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  • 62.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108047 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Markus Wolf
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
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  • 63.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Barbirolli, West, Berlin Po, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1350 Release Date: 09/14/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Sir John Barbirolli
    Performer:  Lucretia West
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Children's Choir of St. Hedwig's Cathedral,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3; Strauss: Alpine Symphony / Schuricht
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93151 Release Date: 08/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ruth Siewert
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Chorus Women,  Eberhard Ludwig School Children's Choir,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Bach Suite / Chailly, Concertgebouw
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 475514 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Petra Lang,  Annelie De Man
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 66.
    What The Universe Tells Me - Mahler Symphony No 3
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4267 Release Date: 03/30/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Mignon Dunn
    Conductor:  Glen Cortese
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Manhattan School of Music Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Zander, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80599 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lilli Paasikivi
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Chorus Women,  Tiffin School Boys Chorus
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  • 68.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3;  Zemlinsky: Lyric Symphony / Jordan
    Label: Virgin Classics Special Import   Catalog: 62215 Release Date: 01/06/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Andreas Schmidt,  Edith Wiens,  Jadwiga Rappé
    Conductor:  Armin Jordan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Lausanne Womens Chorus,  Geneva Public Conservatory of Music Choir
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  • 69.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 3 / Boulez, Von Otter, Vienna Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474038 Release Date: 03/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein Women's Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 70.
    Mitropoulos Conducts Mahler: Symphonies 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 07/14/2002   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Otto Edelmann,  Mimi Coertse,  Hilde Zadek  ... 
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 71.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Abbado, Larsson, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471502 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus
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  • 72.
    Mahler - The Complete Recordings / Sinopoli, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471451 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernd Weikl,  Iris Vermillion,  Keith Lewis,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Shinyukai Choir  ... 
    CD: $162.49
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Kubelik, Thomas, Bavarian Rso, Et Al
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 23403 Release Date: 04/30/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Marjorie Thomas
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Tölz Boys Choir
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  • 74.
    Mahler: Symphonies 3 & 4 / Tennstedt, Popp, Wenkel, London
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 74296 Release Date: 07/03/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lucia Popp,  Ortrun Wenkel
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Chorus Women,  Southend Boys Choir
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  • 75.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3;  Schubert, Et Al / Gielen, Swr Radio
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93017 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anton Webern,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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