Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No. 2
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550523-24   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 5
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550528   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 6 / Wit, Polish National Radio Symphony
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550529-30   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 1 / Michael Halász, Polish National Rso
Release Date: 12/13/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550522   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 7 / Michael Halász, Polish National So
Release Date: 07/18/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550531   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Symphony no 3 in D minor

Browse 51-75 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Wit, Halasz, Olson
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501502 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lynda Russell,  Ewa Podles,  Jadwiga Rappé,  Hanna Lisowska
    Conductor:  Robert Olson,  Michael Halász,  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Boys' Choir,  Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir  ... 
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  • 52.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Leonard Bernstein [11-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001408102 Release Date: 03/30/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Margaret Price,  Kenneth Riegel,  Agnes Baltsa,  Hermann Prey  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
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  • 53.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Svetlanov, Russian State Federation Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564688862 Release Date: 12/22/2009   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Natalia Gerassimova,  Olga Alexandrova,  Galina Borissova,  Alexei Martynov  ... 
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian State Symphony Orchestra,  Russian Academic Chorus,  Moscow Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 54.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056334 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Lucerne Festival Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Gergiev, London So, Et Al
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 660 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  Tiffin Children's Choir,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Abbado, Lucerne Festival Orchestra
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056338 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Tölz Boys Choir
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  • 57.
    Basics - Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Rogner, Rappe, Berlin Rso, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 149322 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jadwiga Rappé
    Conductor:  Heinz Rögner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Zinman, Tonhalle Orchestra
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 712918 Release Date: 10/30/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra,  Swedish Chamber Chorus,  Zurich Vocal Ensemble
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  • 59.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Klagende Lied, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 00721 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Simon Keenlyside,  Amanda Roocroft,  Soile Isokoski  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 60.
    Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Horne, Chicago So
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 1757 Release Date: 07/23/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Glen Ellyn Children's Choir,  Chicago Symphony Chorus,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Haitink, Deyoung, Chicago So
    Label: Cso Resound   Catalog: 901701 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michelle DeYoung
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Desert Island Collection - Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Mitropoulos
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 344 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Beatrice Krebs
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir
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  • 63.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
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  • 64.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Rögner, Rappé, Berlin Rso, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2121 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jadwiga Rappé
    Conductor:  Heinz Rögner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Children's Choir,  Berlin Radio Female Chorus
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  • 65.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Chailly, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000482702 Release Date: 07/12/2005   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Melanie Diener,  Petra Lang,  Barbara Bonney,  Peter Mattei  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 66.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-9, Adagio / Michael Gielen
    Label: Swr Music   Catalog: 93130 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Cornelia Kallisch,  Juliane Banse,  Christine Whittlesey,  Wolfgang Hock  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  European Soloists Academy,  Europa Chorakademie  ... 
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  • 67.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108046 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christian Böld,  Markus Wolf
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    CD: $19.99
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  • 68.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108047 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Markus Wolf
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
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  • 69.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Bach Suite / Chailly, Concertgebouw
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 475514 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Petra Lang,  Annelie De Man
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonic Chorus,  Netherlands Children's Choir,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 70.
    What The Universe Tells Me - Mahler Symphony No 3
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4267 Release Date: 03/30/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Mignon Dunn
    Conductor:  Glen Cortese
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Manhattan School of Music Orchestra
    DVD: $38.99
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  • 71.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Zander, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80599 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lilli Paasikivi
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Chorus Women,  Tiffin School Boys Chorus
    CD: $16.99
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  • 72.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3 / Kubelik, Bavarian Radio Symphony [Vinyl]
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 80403 Release Date: 01/06/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Marjorie Thomas
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Womens' Choir,  Tölz Boys Choir
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 3 / Boulez, Von Otter, Vienna Po, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474038 Release Date: 03/11/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Singverein Women's Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Boys' Choir
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  • 74.
    Mitropoulos Conducts Mahler: Symphonies 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 07/14/2002   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Otto Edelmann,  Mimi Coertse,  Hilde Zadek  ... 
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 75.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Abbado, Larsson, Berlin Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471502 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anna Larsson
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus,  City of Birmingham Symphony Youth Chorus
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