Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Wit, Halasz, Olson
Release Date: 04/27/2010   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8501502   Number of Discs: 15
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Work: Symphony no 3 in D minor

Browse 26-50 of 97 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 557 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Denis Wick,  Dennis Egan,  Claudio Arrau
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
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  • 27.
    Boulez Conducts Mahler - Complete Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001931702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Johan Botha,  Dorothea Röschmann,  Anna Larsson,  Christian Gerhaher  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 28.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos 1-3  / Maazel, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 360 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sally Matthews,  Michelle DeYoung,  Sarah Connolly
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
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  • 29.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Lied Von Der Erde / Royal Concertgebouw
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 12101 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernarda Fink,  Ricarda Merbeth,  Miah Persson,  Camilla Nylund  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Mariss Jansons,  Iván Fischer,  Daniele Gatti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Choir,  Boys of the Breda Sacrament Choir  ... 
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  • 30.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1-9 / Gergiev, London Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Lso Live   Catalog: 730 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Elena Mosuc,  Zlata Bulycheva,  Anna Larsson,  Laura Claycomb  ... 
    Conductor:  Valery Gergiev,  Joseph Cullen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus,  Tiffin Children's Choir  ... 
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  • 31.
    Mahler: Symphony No  3 / Stenz, Cologne Gurzenich Orchestra
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 648 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michaela Schuster
    Conductor:  Markus Stenz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / De Waart, Netherlands Radio Philharmonic
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 27604 Release Date: 02/21/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Larissa Diadkova
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3  / Schwarz, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, Seattle Symphony
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 57-2 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Catherine Wyn-Rogers
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Choir,  Seattle Symphony Orchestra
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  • 34.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3 / Thomas, DeYoung, Pacific Boychoir, San Francisco Girls Chorus, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 60045 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Michelle DeYoung
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 35.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3 / Honeck, Pittsburgh Symphony
    Label: Exton   Catalog: 450 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Peter Sullivan,  George Vosburgh,  Michelle DeYoung
    Conductor:  Manfred Honeck
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Tennstedt, London Philharmonic
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5033 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    The Mahler Project / Michael Tilson Thomas, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabel Bayrakdarian,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Michelle DeYoung,  Alexander Barantschik  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 38.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Fujimura, Nott, Bamberg Symphony
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7170 Release Date: 08/30/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Mihoko Fujimura
    Conductor:  Jonathan Nott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 3 / Kondrashin, Moscow Philharmonic
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1000808 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 & 9 / Kondrashin, Moscow & Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestras
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1000814 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
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  • 41.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Fink, Jansons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 10004 Release Date: 07/12/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernarda Fink
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Netherlands Radio Choir,  Boys of the Breda Sacrament Choir  ... 
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  • 42.
    Mahler: Symphonies no 3, 6 & 10 / Adler, Vienna SO
    Label: Classics   Catalog: 51279 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hilde Rössl-Majdan
    Conductor:  Charles Adler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Boys' Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 43.
    Klaus Tennstedt - The Complete Mahler Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 94493 Release Date: 06/07/2011   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Edith Mathis,  Ortrun Wenkel,  Lucia Popp  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Choir,  Southend Boys Choir  ... 
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  • 44.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3; Debussy: La Mer / Mitropoulos, Cologne Rso
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5021 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Gustav Mahler,  Spoken Word
    Performer:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
    Conductor:  Dimitri Mitropoulos
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  • 45.
    Mahler: The Symphonies / Abravanel, Utah Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 182 Release Date: 05/17/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Beverly Sills,  Florence Kopleff,  Christina Krooskos,  Netania Davrath  ... 
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra,  University of Utah Civic Chorale,  University of Utah Civic Chorale Women's Voices  ... 
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  • 46.
    Mahler: Symphonies 3 & 10 / Charles Adler, Vienna SO
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1249 Release Date: 02/08/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hilde Rössl-Majdan
    Conductor:  Charles Adler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Mahler - The People's Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001501802 Release Date: 12/14/2010   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Ileana Cotrubas,  Anna Larsson,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Zubin Mehta,  Claudio Abbado,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 48.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3 / Nagano, Peckova, Deutsches Symphonie
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4681617 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dagmar Pecková
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Die Frauen Der Rundfunkchor Berlin,  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 49.
    Mahler: The Complete Works
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 08985 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger,  Christa Ludwig,  Fritz Wunderlich  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Otto Klemperer,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 50.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies / Wit, Halasz, Olson
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501502 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Lynda Russell,  Ewa Podles,  Jadwiga Rappé,  Hanna Lisowska
    Conductor:  Robert Olson,  Michael Halász,  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Warsaw Boys' Choir,  Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir  ... 
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