Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 7 / Dudamel, Simon Bolivar SO
Release Date: 10/07/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002155002   Number of Discs: 1
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James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies No 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 7686092   Number of Discs: 10
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Mahler: Lieder / Bernarda Fink
Release Date: 05/13/2014   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902173   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Deyoung, Villars, Oue, Et Al
Release Date: 08/17/1999   Label: Reference Recordings  
Catalog: 88   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic
Release Date: 04/29/2014   Label: Andromeda  
Catalog: 5041   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Kindertotenlieder

Browse 51-75 of 91 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Kindertotenlieder / Bertini, Quasthoff, Hagegard, Et Al
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Mahler: Orchestral Lieder / Lorenz, Masur, Herbig, Suitner
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185872 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Siegfried Lorenz
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Günther Herbig,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 1-10 (Limited Edition)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 805461 Release Date: 07/01/2008   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman,  Eva Martón,  Josef Pomberger,  Agnes Baltsa  ... 
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
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  • 54.
    Mahler: Songs / Fischer-dieskau, Böhm
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415191 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Beethoven: Egmont Overture;  Brahms: Symphony No 1;  Mahler
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  George London
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; Ruckert Lieder; Des Knaben Wunderhorn
    Label: Forlane   Catalog: 920635 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  José Van Dam
    Conductor:  Jean-Claude Casadesus
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  • 57.
    Bach: Wedding Cantata;  Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 320 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Hermann Schey,  George London
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Marian Anderson Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89678 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Marian Anderson,  Franz Rupp
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale Men
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  • 59.
    Mahler: Lieder;  Schoenberg: Chamber Symphony / Gerhaher
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 878180 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Christian Gerhaher,  Gerold Huber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hyperion Ensemble
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Song Cycles / Marilyn Horne, Zubin Mehta, Henry Lewis
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4428287 Release Date: 10/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Henry Lewis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler II: Symphonies 5-7, etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532102 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 62.
    Mahler: Symphony No 3, Etc / Jarvi, Royal Scottish No
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9117/18 Release Date: 09/06/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Linda Finnie
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish National Orchestra Junior Chorus,  Scottish National Chorus,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Mahler: Lieder / Otter, Quasthoff, Urmana, Boulez, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000389402 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Violeta Urmana,  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Mahler: Songs / Stephan Genz, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67392 Release Date: 11/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Stephan Genz,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 65.
    Wien 1900 / Pierre-alain Monot, Et Al
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2312 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky
    Performer:  Maria Riccarda Wesseling
    Conductor:  Pierre-Alain Monot
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nouvel Ensemble Moderne
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  • 66.
    Jascha Horenstein - Broadcast Performances From Paris
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 08/31/2004   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Samuel Barber,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Lola Bobesco,  Marian Anderson,  Pilar Lorengar,  Marga Höffgen  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc;  Webern: Passacaglia /Gielen
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93062 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Webern,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Cornelia Kallisch
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Mozart Symphony No 25; Mahler, Strauss / Böhm, Ludwig
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 607031 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 69.
    Mahler: Song Cycles
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 473725 Release Date: 03/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Susan Dunn,  Markus Baur,  Werner Hollweg  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Düsseldorf Städtischer Musikvereins Chorus,  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 70.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc / Ludwig, Boult, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74738 Release Date: 08/13/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Vandernoot,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Mahler - The Complete Recordings / Sinopoli, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471451 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernd Weikl,  Iris Vermillion,  Keith Lewis,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Shinyukai Choir  ... 
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  • 72.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc;  Wagner / Flagstad, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 468486 Release Date: 02/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Heinrich Rehkemper Vol 3
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89538 Release Date: 09/25/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Heinrich Rehkemper
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 74.
    Mahler: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, Kindertotenlieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Furtwangler
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67557 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Bernstein Century - Mahler: Symphony No 8, Kindertotenlieder
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 61837 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  John Mitchinson,  Vladimir Ruzdjak,  Donald McIntyre  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Finchley Children's Music Group  ... 
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