Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Fischer, Budapest Festival
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 36115   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Davis, Bavarian Radio
Release Date: 08/28/2015   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 109113   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 6 / Leinsdorf, Bavarian Radio So
Release Date: 09/25/2001   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 554011   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde; Mozart / Giulini, Fassbaender, Vienna
Release Date: 09/27/2005   Label: Orfeo D'or  
Catalog: 654052   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Gilbert, Royal Stockholm Po
Release Date: 09/29/2009   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1710   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Kindertotenlieder

Browse 1-25 of 84 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 1.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 5, Kindertotenlieder / Tennstedt, NDR Symphony
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13058 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Des Todes Tod / Barbara Hofling, Helian Quartet
    Label: Dreyer-gaido   Catalog: 21092 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Barbara Höfling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helian Quartet
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  • 3.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; Ruckert Lieder / Schwanewilms, Martineau
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4146 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Schwanewilms,  Malcolm Martineau
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  • 4.
    Mahler: Lieder / Thomas Laske, Verena Louis
    Label: Klanglogo   Catalog: 1512 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Laske,  Verena Louis
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  • 5.
    Mahler / Teddy Tahu Rhodes
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4810484 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Teddy Tahu Rhodes,  Sharolyn Kimmorley
    Conductor:  Marko Letonja
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 7.
    Seiji Ozawa - The Philips Years: Original Jacket Collection [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002185602 Release Date: 11/18/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Mariko Kobayashi,  Everett Firth,  Hiroshi Arimori,  Sawako Yasue  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Saito Kinen Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers  ... 
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  • 8.
    Pohadka
    Label: Es-dur   Catalog: 2045 Release Date: 11/17/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Josef Suk,  Antonín Dvorák,  Leos Janácek,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  David Geringas,  Ian Fountain
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  • 9.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; Gluck / Kathleen Ferrier
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350109 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler,  Christoph W. Gluck
    Performer:  Phyllis Spurr,  Max Gilbert,  John Newmark
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter,  Charles Bruck
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  • 10.
    Claudio Abbado - The Complete RCA & Sony Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 304505 Release Date: 08/05/2014   Number of Discs: 39
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Claudio Abbado,  Murray Perahia,  Anatoly Kotcherga,  Midori  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
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  • 11.
    Dreams / Dagmar Peckova, Jiri Belohlavek, Prague Philharmonia
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4171 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Luciano Berio
    Performer:  Dagmar Pecková
    Conductor:  Jiri Belohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonia,  Prague Philharmonic Choir
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  • 12.
    Mahler: Lieder / Bernarda Fink
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902173 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernarda Fink,  Anthony Spiri
    Conductor:  Andres Orozco-Estrada
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gustav Mahler Ensemble,  Lower Austrian Tonkünstler Orchestra
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  • 13.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 2
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300350 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Byron Janis,  Gary Graffman,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Krips,  Fritz Reiner,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 14.
    Mozart: Symphony No. 40; Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; R. Strauss: Also Sprach Zarathustra
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1489 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Recorded Sound,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
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  • 15.
    Boulez Conducts Mahler - Complete Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001931702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Johan Botha,  Dorothea Röschmann,  Anna Larsson,  Christian Gerhaher  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 16.
    Label: Gala   Catalog: 307 Release Date: 11/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  George Frideric Handel,  Gustav Mahler,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Bruno Walter
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  • 17.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 22321 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Bruno Walter,  Kathleen [Contralto Vocals] Ferrier
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
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  • 18.
    Thomas Hampson: 5 Classic Albums
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 844232 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Daniil Shtoda,  Timothy Robinson,  Geoffrey Parsons  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Armstrong,  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Dame Janet Baker - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 37712 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Henry Lawes  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Kenneth Heath,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Sir John Barbirolli,  André Previn,  Sir Alexander Gibson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $99.95
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  • 20.
    Mahler Songs / Eilana Lappalainen, Robert Miller
    Label: Elysium   Catalog: 728 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Eilana Lappalainen,  Robert Miller
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  • 21.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; Berg: Violin Concerto; Altenberg Lieder
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5135 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Marion Eckstein,  Winfried Rademacher
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  • 22.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc;  Brahms / Kathleen Ferrier
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1153 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Phyllis Spurr,  Max Gilbert,  John Newmark
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Gary Bertini Conducts Strauss, Mahler, Ravel, Debussy, Berlioz
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 7136 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Håkan Hagegård,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Elisabeth Leonskaja
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Das Mahler Album / Wolfgang Holzmair, Russell Ryan
    Label: Nightingale Classics   Catalog: 1011 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Wolfgang Holzmair,  Russell Ryan
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  • 25.
    Kathleen Ferrier: A Centenary Celebration
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 4011 Release Date: 07/17/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Spoken Word,  Traditional,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  John Newmark,  Phyllis Spurr,  Max Gilbert,  Julius Patzak
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter
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1 2 3 4

Gustav Mahler


WORKS
1. Langsam. Schleppend
2. Kräftig bewegt
3. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
4. Stürmisch bewegt
1. Trauermarsch (In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt - Plötzlich schneller. Leidenschaftlich. Wild - Tempo I)
2. Stürmisch bewegt. Mit größter Vehemenz - Bedeutend langsamer - Tempo I subito
3. Scherzo (Kräftig, nicht zu schnell)
4. Adagietto (Sehr langsam)
5. Rondo-Finale (Allegro)
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Einsame im Herbst
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Von der Jugend
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Von der Schönheit
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Trunkene im Frühling
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Abschied
Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Wenn dein Mütterlein
Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen
In diesem Wetter
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Wenn mein Schatz Hochzeit macht
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Ich hab' ein glühend Messer
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Die zwei blauen Augen
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Andante moderato
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): III. In ruhig fliessender Bewegung
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Urlicht. Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): V. Im Tempo des Scherzos. Wild herausfahrend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder sehr breit
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Ritardando...Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder zurückaltend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Langsam. Misterioso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Etwas bewegter
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Mit Aufschwung aber nicht eilen
1. Bedächtig. Nicht eilen - Recht gemächlich
2. In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast
3. Ruhevoll (Poco adagio)
4. Sehr behaglich: "Wir genießen die himmlischen Freuden"
Andante comodo
Etwas frischer
(Horns)
Mit Wut. Allegro risoluto
(Brass)
Bewegter
Wie von Anfang
Ploetzlich bedeutend langsamer (Lento) und leise
Im Tempo eines gemaechlichen Laendlers. Etwas taeppisch und sehr derb
Poco più mosso subito (Tempo II)
Tempo III
A tempo II
Tempo I
Tempo II
Tempo I. subito
Rondo-Burleske. Allegro assai. Sehr trotzig.
L'istesso tempo
Sempre l'istesso tempo
L'istesso tempo
(Clarinets)
Tempo I subito
Più stretto
Adagio. Sehr langsam und noch zurueckhaltend
Ploetzlich wieder sehr langsam (wie zu Anfang) und etwas zoegernd
Molto adagio subito
A tempo (Molto adagio)
Stets sehr gehalten
Fliessender, doch durchaus nicht eilend
Tempo I. Molto adagio
Adagissimo
1. Kräftig. Entschieden
1. - Langsam. Schwer
1. - Tempo I
1. - a tempo
1. - Immer dasselbe Tempo. (Marsch.) Nicht eilen
1. - Im alten Marschtempo (Allegro Moderato)
1. - Tempo I
2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
2. - A tempo. (Wie im Anfang)
2. - Ganz ploetzlich gemaechlich. Tempo di Menuetto
3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, wie zu Anfang
3.- Sehr gemächlich (Posthorn)
3.- Tempo I
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, beinahe langsam
4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
4.- Più mosso subito
5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
6.- Nicht mehr so breit
6.- Tempo I. Ruhevoll
6.- a tempo (Etwas bewegter)
6.- Tempo I
6.- Langsam. Tempo I