Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.

Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.

The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Mahler: Symphony No 4; Mozart / Tennstedt, Boston
Release Date: 05/29/2012   Label: Ica Classics  
Catalog: 5072   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Solti, Chicago [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993346   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Jurowski, Stotijn, Kucerova
Release Date: 06/28/2011   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 54   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Jurowski, London PO
Release Date: 05/28/2013   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Mehta, Vienna Philharmonic [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993646   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 76-100 of 115 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
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  • 77.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Etc / Maltman, Zander, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80628 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christopher Maltman
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander,  John Page
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra Off-Stage Brass
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3253 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Günther Herbig,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Horenstein Conducts Mahler
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90669 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Norman Foster
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Furtwängler - Die Salzburger Orchesterkonzerte 1949 - 1954
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 409048 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Igor Stravinsky,  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Josef Greindl,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Irmgard Seefried  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus
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  • 81.
    Grieg, Mahler: Songs With Orchestra / Lintu, Wallén, Et Al
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 2310 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Herman Wallen
    Conductor:  Hannu Lintu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsingborg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Lieder / Otter, Quasthoff, Urmana, Boulez, Vienna PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000389402 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Violeta Urmana,  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Mahler Arranged For Chamber Ensemble By Schoenberg And Stein
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90607 Release Date: 12/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Susan Maclean,  Hélène Lindqvist
    Conductor:  Peter Stangel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Taschenphilharmonie
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  • 84.
    Mahler: Songs / Stephan Genz, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67392 Release Date: 11/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Stephan Genz,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 85.
    Mahler's Songs Of Youth / Dame Janet Baker, Geoffrey Parsons
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55160 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Dame Janet Baker
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  • 86.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Etc / Jarnot, Et Al
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 324 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Konrad Jarnot,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Slowik, Smithsonian Chamber Players
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90315 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christine Brandes
    Conductor:  Kenneth Slowik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Smithsonian Chamber Players
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  • 88.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Knaben Wunderhorn
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90536 Release Date: 03/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Alfred Poell,  Lorna Sydney,  Josef Metternich
    Conductor:  Felix Prohaska,  Leopold Ludwig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Song Cycles
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 473725 Release Date: 03/11/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Susan Dunn,  Markus Baur,  Werner Hollweg  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Düsseldorf Städtischer Musikvereins Chorus,  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 90.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Blanche Thebom
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89559 Release Date: 12/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Amilcare Ponchielli  ... 
    Performer:  Blanche Thebom,  William Hughes
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Frieder Weissmann,  Warwick Braithwaite
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5, Etc / Saraste, Mackerras, Litton
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61507 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ann Murray,  Thomas Allen
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Andrew Litton,  Jukka-Pekka Saraste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc / Ludwig, Boult, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74738 Release Date: 08/13/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Vandernoot,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Mahler - The Complete Recordings / Sinopoli, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471451 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernd Weikl,  Iris Vermillion,  Keith Lewis,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Shinyukai Choir  ... 
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc;  Wagner / Flagstad, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 468486 Release Date: 02/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Mahler: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, Kindertotenlieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Furtwangler
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67557 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Thomas Hampson - Mahler, Mahler/Berio: Lieder / Lutz, Berio
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 74002 Release Date: 07/17/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  David Lutz
    Conductor:  Luciano Berio
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1 & 9, Etc / Masur, Hagegård, Nypo
    Label: Ultima   Catalog: 21339 Release Date: 06/20/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 98.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 4;  Mahler, Schumann / Böhm, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 522991 Release Date: 11/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Etc /Komatsu, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554164 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hidenori Komatsu
    Conductor:  Cord Garben
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hannover Radio Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4, Songs Of A Wayfarer / Levi, Von Stade
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80499 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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