Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Brahms, Schumann, Mahler: Piano Quartets /  Hope, Neubauer, Finckel, Han
Release Date: 04/21/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002290602  
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Mahler: Symphonies No  5 & 6  / Paavo Jarvi, Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 03/31/2015   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 729308   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 4 - Chamber Version / Manning, Jamieson, Royal Conservatoire of Scotland
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Nimbus  
Catalog: 6300   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Leaper, Gran Canaria
Release Date: 09/12/2006   Label: Arte Nova  
Catalog: 433140   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 9 / Myung-whun Chung, Seoul Philharmonic
Release Date: 03/31/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002278502   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 76-100 of 107 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Mahler: Songs / Stephan Genz, Roger Vignoles
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67392 Release Date: 11/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Stephan Genz,  Roger Vignoles
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  • 77.
    Mahler's Songs Of Youth / Dame Janet Baker, Geoffrey Parsons
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55160 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Dame Janet Baker
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  • 78.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Etc / Jarnot, Et Al
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 324 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Konrad Jarnot,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 79.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Slowik, Smithsonian Chamber Players
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90315 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christine Brandes
    Conductor:  Kenneth Slowik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Smithsonian Chamber Players
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  • 80.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Knaben Wunderhorn
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90536 Release Date: 03/25/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Alfred Poell,  Lorna Sydney,  Josef Metternich
    Conductor:  Felix Prohaska,  Leopold Ludwig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 81.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Blanche Thebom
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89559 Release Date: 12/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Amilcare Ponchielli  ... 
    Performer:  Blanche Thebom,  William Hughes
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Frieder Weissmann,  Warwick Braithwaite
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Mahler: Symphony No 5, Etc / Saraste, Mackerras, Litton
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 61507 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Ann Murray,  Thomas Allen
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Andrew Litton,  Jukka-Pekka Saraste
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc / Ludwig, Boult, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 74738 Release Date: 08/13/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Vandernoot,  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 84.
    Mahler - The Complete Recordings / Sinopoli, Philharmonia
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471451 Release Date: 05/14/2002   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernd Weikl,  Iris Vermillion,  Keith Lewis,  Brigitte Fassbaender  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle,  Shinyukai Choir  ... 
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  • 85.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc;  Wagner / Flagstad, Et Al
    Label: London/Decca Legends   Catalog: 468486 Release Date: 02/12/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Mahler: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, Kindertotenlieder / Fischer-Dieskau, Furtwangler
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 67557 Release Date: 04/10/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc;  Strauss / Järvi, Finnie
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9545 Release Date: 07/30/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Linda Finnie
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Thomas Hampson - Mahler, Mahler/Berio: Lieder / Lutz, Berio
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 74002 Release Date: 07/17/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  David Lutz
    Conductor:  Luciano Berio
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Mahler: Symphonies 1 & 9, Etc / Masur, Hagegård, Nypo
    Label: Ultima   Catalog: 21339 Release Date: 06/20/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 90.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 4;  Mahler, Schumann / Böhm, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 522991 Release Date: 11/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Etc /Komatsu, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554164 Release Date: 08/31/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hidenori Komatsu
    Conductor:  Cord Garben
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hannover Radio Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 92.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4, Songs Of A Wayfarer / Levi, Von Stade
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80499 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Yoel Levi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Ruckertlieder / Janet Baker
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 66996 Release Date: 05/04/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hallé Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Mahler: Complete Symphonies & Orchestral Songs / Bernstein
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459080 Release Date: 11/10/1998   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  James King,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Trudeliese Schmidt,  Gerti Zeumer  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Boys' Choir  ... 
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  • 95.
    Leonard Bernstein: A Portrait - Mahler Songs
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47170 Release Date: 02/27/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Leonard Bernstein,  Christa Ludwig,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 96.
    Beethoven, Schumann, Mahler: Songs / Benton, Kirkland
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1221 Release Date: 11/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Graham Kirkland,  Jeffrey Benton
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  • 97.
    Donald Knaub - Sound Waves
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 680 Release Date: 10/28/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Donald Grantham,  Samuel Adler,  Gustav Mahler,  Frigyes Hidas  ... 
    Performer:  Donald Knaub,  Rex Woods
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  • 98.
    Mahler: Das Knaben Wunderhorn, Etc /Inbal, Vermillion, Et Al
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 18018 Release Date: 05/27/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jorma Hynninen,  Bernd Weikl,  Iris Vermillion
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Mahler: Symphonie no 1, Lieder / Kubelik, Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449735 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 100.
    Mahler, Zemlinsky: Lieder / Von Otter, Gardiner, Ndr So
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439928 Release Date: 03/11/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Sofie von Otter
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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1 2 3 4 5

Gustav Mahler


WORKS
1. Langsam. Schleppend
2. Kräftig bewegt
3. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
4. Stürmisch bewegt
1. Trauermarsch (In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt - Plötzlich schneller. Leidenschaftlich. Wild - Tempo I)
2. Stürmisch bewegt. Mit größter Vehemenz - Bedeutend langsamer - Tempo I subito
3. Scherzo (Kräftig, nicht zu schnell)
4. Adagietto (Sehr langsam)
5. Rondo-Finale (Allegro)
Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
Der Einsame im Herbst
Von der Jugend
Von der Schönheit
Der Trunkene im Frühling
Der Abschied
Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Wenn dein Mütterlein
Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen
In diesem Wetter
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Wenn mein Schatz Hochzeit macht
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Ich hab' ein glühend Messer
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Die zwei blauen Augen
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Andante moderato
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): III. In ruhig fliessender Bewegung
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Urlicht. Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): V. Im Tempo des Scherzos. Wild herausfahrend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder sehr breit
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Ritardando...Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder zurückaltend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Langsam. Misterioso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Etwas bewegter
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Mit Aufschwung aber nicht eilen
1. Bedächtig. Nicht eilen - Recht gemächlich
2. In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast
3. Ruhevoll (Poco adagio)
4. Sehr behaglich: "Wir genießen die himmlischen Freuden"
Andante comodo
Etwas frischer
(Horns)
Mit Wut. Allegro risoluto
(Brass)
Bewegter
Wie von Anfang
Ploetzlich bedeutend langsamer (Lento) und leise
Im Tempo eines gemaechlichen Laendlers. Etwas taeppisch und sehr derb
Poco più mosso subito (Tempo II)
Tempo III
A tempo II
Tempo I
Tempo II
Tempo I. subito
Rondo-Burleske. Allegro assai. Sehr trotzig.
L'istesso tempo
Sempre l'istesso tempo
L'istesso tempo
(Clarinets)
Tempo I subito
Più stretto
Adagio. Sehr langsam und noch zurueckhaltend
Ploetzlich wieder sehr langsam (wie zu Anfang) und etwas zoegernd
Molto adagio subito
A tempo (Molto adagio)
Stets sehr gehalten
Fliessender, doch durchaus nicht eilend
Tempo I. Molto adagio
Adagissimo
1. Kräftig. Entschieden
1. - Langsam. Schwer
1. - Tempo I
1. - a tempo
1. - Immer dasselbe Tempo. (Marsch.) Nicht eilen
1. - Im alten Marschtempo (Allegro Moderato)
1. - Tempo I
2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
2. - A tempo. (Wie im Anfang)
2. - Ganz ploetzlich gemaechlich. Tempo di Menuetto
3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, wie zu Anfang
3.- Sehr gemächlich (Posthorn)
3.- Tempo I
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, beinahe langsam
4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
4.- Più mosso subito
5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
6.- Nicht mehr so breit
6.- Tempo I. Ruhevoll
6.- a tempo (Etwas bewegter)
6.- Tempo I
6.- Langsam. Tempo I