Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No 9 / Fischer, Budapest Festival
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 36115   Number of Discs: 1
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Brahms, Schumann, Mahler: Piano Quartets /  Hope, Neubauer, Finckel, Han
Release Date: 04/21/2015   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002290602  
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Mahler: Symphony No. 5, Kindertotenlieder / Tennstedt, NDR Symphony
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 13058   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 9 / Elder, Halle Orchestra
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Hallé  
Catalog: 7541   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler Symphonies No 4 & 5 / Gergiev, World Orchestra For Peace [blu-ray]
Release Date: 06/30/2015   Label: C Major  
Catalog: 731304   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 51-75 of 112 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mahler: Lieder Cycles Arranged For Chamber Ensemble
    Label: Nca   Catalog: 60166 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens
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  • 52.
    Lieder Von Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms Und Richard Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93456 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hermann Schey,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Christel Goltz
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  • 53.
    Mahler: Symphony No 6, Lieder / Haitink, Norman, Berlin Po
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426257 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Schubert, Mahler: Wanderer Lieder
    Label: Ameson   Catalog: 517 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Le Bozec,  Christoph Sökler
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  • 55.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415959 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Rosalind Plowright
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 56.
    Mahler, Walter: Lieder / Christian Hilz, Katia Bouscarrut
    Label: Two-l   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 03/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Bruno Walter
    Performer:  Christian Hilz,  Katia Bouscarrut
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  • 57.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Kindertotenlieder / Bertini, Quasthoff, Hagegard, Et Al
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Mahler: Orchestral Lieder / Lorenz, Masur, Herbig, Suitner
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185872 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Siegfried Lorenz
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Günther Herbig,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Kurt Sanderling - 95th Birthday Celebration - Bruckner, Shostakovich, Mahler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8415 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Peter Schreier,  Maria Croonen,  Annelies Burmeister
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Songs / Fischer-dieskau, Böhm
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415191 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 391 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alexander Glazunov,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Heinz Stanske
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
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  • 62.
    Mahler: Symphony No 6, Lieder / Mehta, Hampson, Israel Phil
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 87795 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  David Lutz
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Looking Ahead: Works For Trombone
    Label: Greenmill   Catalog: 5637517297 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Harald Genzmer,  Jacques Castérède,  George Frideric Handel,  Leslie Bassett  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Locker,  Roger Verdi
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  • 64.
    Bach: Wedding Cantata;  Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 320 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Hermann Schey,  George London
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Mahler: Lieder;  Schoenberg: Chamber Symphony / Gerhaher
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 878180 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Christian Gerhaher,  Gerold Huber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hyperion Ensemble
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  • 66.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, Etc / Luisi, Soffel, Et Al
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 428 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Wolfgang Müller-Lorenz,  Roman Trekel
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Middle German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer, Symphony No 1 / Tennstedt, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 68.
    The Post-war Revival / Van Beinum, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 11 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Malcolm Arnold,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Eugenia Zareska
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Invitation Au Voyage / Henschel, Schwinghammer
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901875 Release Date: 07/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Henri Duparc,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Ildebrando Pizzetti  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Henschel,  Fritz Schwinghammer
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  • 70.
    Classic Library - Mahler: Symphony No 1 Etc / Ormandy, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 76233 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Gilbert Johnson
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss / Pittsburgh So
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 83067/68 Release Date: 02/27/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hugo Kolberg,  Vladimir Bakaleinikoff,  Henri Temianka,  Gregor Piatigorsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Etc / Maltman, Zander, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80628 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christopher Maltman
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander,  John Page
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra Off-Stage Brass
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  • 74.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3253 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Günther Herbig,  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Horenstein Conducts Mahler
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90669 Release Date: 08/30/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Norman Foster
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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1 2 3 4 5

Gustav Mahler


WORKS
1. Langsam. Schleppend
2. Kräftig bewegt
3. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen
4. Stürmisch bewegt
1. Trauermarsch (In gemessenem Schritt. Streng. Wie ein Kondukt - Plötzlich schneller. Leidenschaftlich. Wild - Tempo I)
2. Stürmisch bewegt. Mit größter Vehemenz - Bedeutend langsamer - Tempo I subito
3. Scherzo (Kräftig, nicht zu schnell)
4. Adagietto (Sehr langsam)
5. Rondo-Finale (Allegro)
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Das Trinklied vom Jammer der Erde
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Einsame im Herbst
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Von der Jugend
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Von der Schönheit
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Trunkene im Frühling
Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde - Der Abschied
Nun will die Sonn' so hell aufgeh'n
Nun seh' ich wohl, warum so dunkle Flammen
Wenn dein Mütterlein
Oft denk' ich, sie sind nur ausgegangen
In diesem Wetter
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): I: Wenn mein Schatz Hochzeit macht
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): II: Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): III: Ich hab' ein glühend Messer
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (1999 Digital Remaster): IV: Die zwei blauen Augen
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): I. Allegro Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): II. Andante moderato
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): III. In ruhig fliessender Bewegung
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): IV. Urlicht. Sehr feierlich, aber schlicht
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): V. Im Tempo des Scherzos. Wild herausfahrend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder sehr breit
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Ritardando...Maestoso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Wieder zurückaltend
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Langsam. Misterioso
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Etwas bewegter
Symphony No.2 in C minor ("Resurrection") (2000 Digital Remaster): Mit Aufschwung aber nicht eilen
1. Bedächtig. Nicht eilen - Recht gemächlich
2. In gemächlicher Bewegung. Ohne Hast
3. Ruhevoll (Poco adagio)
4. Sehr behaglich: "Wir genießen die himmlischen Freuden"
Andante comodo
Etwas frischer
(Horns)
Mit Wut. Allegro risoluto
(Brass)
Bewegter
Wie von Anfang
Ploetzlich bedeutend langsamer (Lento) und leise
Im Tempo eines gemaechlichen Laendlers. Etwas taeppisch und sehr derb
Poco più mosso subito (Tempo II)
Tempo III
A tempo II
Tempo I
Tempo II
Tempo I. subito
Rondo-Burleske. Allegro assai. Sehr trotzig.
L'istesso tempo
Sempre l'istesso tempo
L'istesso tempo
(Clarinets)
Tempo I subito
Più stretto
Adagio. Sehr langsam und noch zurueckhaltend
Ploetzlich wieder sehr langsam (wie zu Anfang) und etwas zoegernd
Molto adagio subito
A tempo (Molto adagio)
Stets sehr gehalten
Fliessender, doch durchaus nicht eilend
Tempo I. Molto adagio
Adagissimo
1. Kräftig. Entschieden
1. - Langsam. Schwer
1. - Tempo I
1. - a tempo
1. - Immer dasselbe Tempo. (Marsch.) Nicht eilen
1. - Im alten Marschtempo (Allegro Moderato)
1. - Tempo I
2. Tempo di minuetto. Sehr mäßig
2. - A tempo. (Wie im Anfang)
2. - Ganz ploetzlich gemaechlich. Tempo di Menuetto
3. Comodo. Scherzando. Ohne Hast
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, wie zu Anfang
3.- Sehr gemächlich (Posthorn)
3.- Tempo I
3.- Wieder sehr gemaechlich, beinahe langsam
4. Sehr langsam. Misterioso: "O Mensch! Gib acht!" 'O Mensch! Gib acht'
4.- Più mosso subito
5. Lustig im Tempo und keck im Ausdruck: "Bimm Bamm. Es sungen drei Engel"
6. Langsam. Ruhevoll. Empfunden
6.- Nicht mehr so breit
6.- Tempo I. Ruhevoll
6.- a tempo (Etwas bewegter)
6.- Tempo I
6.- Langsam. Tempo I