Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies No 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 7686092   Number of Discs: 10
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Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Thomas Hampson
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001508502   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony no 3 / Salonen, Larsson, Los Angeles PO
Release Date: 03/17/1998   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 60250   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 3 / Fink, Jansons, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Release Date: 07/12/2011   Label: Rco Live  
Catalog: 10004   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 6 / Jansons, Et Al
Release Date: 06/13/2006   Label: Rco Live  
Catalog: 6001   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 51-75 of 113 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mahler: Symphony No 6, Lieder / Haitink, Norman, Berlin Po
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426257 Release Date: 12/01/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Jessye Norman
    Conductor:  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    The Flagstad Recitals Vol 3 / Flagstad, Knappertsbusch, Solti, Boult
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4801796 Release Date: 11/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad,  Egil Nordsjo
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Sir Georg Solti,  Oivin Fjeldstad
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Norwegian State Radio Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Schubert, Mahler: Wanderer Lieder
    Label: Ameson   Catalog: 517 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Anne Le Bozec,  Christoph Sökler
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  • 54.
    Mahler: Symphonie No 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415959 Release Date: 03/17/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Rosalind Plowright
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus
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  • 55.
    Singers To Remember - Heinrich Schlusnus - The Quintessential Baritone Vol 2
    Label: Dutton Laboratories/Vocalion   Catalog: 9791 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Jacques Offenbach
    Performer:  Franz Rupp,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Michael Raucheisen,  Sebastian Peschko
    Conductor:  Leo Blech,  Hermann Weigert,  Manfred Gurlitt
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  • 56.
    Mahler, Walter: Lieder / Christian Hilz, Katia Bouscarrut
    Label: Two-l   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 03/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Bruno Walter
    Performer:  Christian Hilz,  Katia Bouscarrut
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  • 57.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Kindertotenlieder / Bertini, Quasthoff, Hagegard, Et Al
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Quasthoff,  Håkan Hagegård
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Mahler: Orchestral Lieder / Lorenz, Masur, Herbig, Suitner
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 185872 Release Date: 07/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Siegfried Lorenz
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Günther Herbig,  Otmar Suitner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Staatskapelle Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Kurt Sanderling - 95th Birthday Celebration - Bruckner, Shostakovich, Mahler
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8415 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Hermann Prey,  Peter Schreier,  Maria Croonen,  Annelies Burmeister
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Songs / Fischer-dieskau, Böhm
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415191 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian State Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Mahler: Symphony No 6, Lieder / Mehta, Hampson, Israel Phil
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 87795 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  David Lutz
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Simply Mahler
    Label: Union Square   Catalog: 1205861 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Diego Pagin,  Bernd [Baritone Vocal] Weikl,  Iris Vermillion  ... 
    Conductor:  Eliahu Inbal
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  • 63.
    Looking Ahead: Works For Trombone
    Label: Greenmill   Catalog: 5637517297 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Harald Genzmer,  Jacques Castérède,  George Frideric Handel,  Leslie Bassett  ... 
    Performer:  Roger Verdi,  Martha Locker
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  • 64.
    Bach: Wedding Cantata;  Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Etc
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 320 Release Date: 05/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Hermann Schey,  George London
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Mahler: Lieder;  Schoenberg: Chamber Symphony / Gerhaher
    Label: Arte Nova   Catalog: 878180 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg
    Performer:  Christian Gerhaher,  Gerold Huber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hyperion Ensemble
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  • 66.
    Mahler: Song Cycles / Marilyn Horne, Zubin Mehta, Henry Lewis
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4428287 Release Date: 10/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Henry Lewis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, Etc / Luisi, Soffel, Et Al
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 428 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Wolfgang Müller-Lorenz,  Roman Trekel
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Middle German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer, Symphony No 1 / Tennstedt, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 69.
    The Post-war Revival / Van Beinum, Lpo
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 11 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Malcolm Arnold,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Eugenia Zareska
    Conductor:  Eduard Van Beinum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Invitation Au Voyage / Henschel, Schwinghammer
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 901875 Release Date: 07/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Henri Duparc,  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Performer:  Dietrich Henschel,  Fritz Schwinghammer
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  • 71.
    Classic Library - Mahler: Symphony No 1 Etc / Ormandy, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 76233 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Gilbert Johnson
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Fritz Reiner Conducts Richard Strauss / Pittsburgh So
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 83067/68 Release Date: 02/27/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hugo Kolberg,  Vladimir Bakaleinikoff,  Henri Temianka,  Gregor Piatigorsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Lieder / Fischer-dieskau, Barenboim
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76780 Release Date: 02/07/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim
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  • 74.
    Bernstein Collectors Edition - Mahler I: Symphonies 1-4, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000532202 Release Date: 11/08/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Christa Ludwig,  Barbara Hendricks,  Helmut Wittek  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Brooklyn Boys Chorus  ... 
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  • 75.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Etc / Maltman, Zander, Et Al
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80628 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christopher Maltman
    Conductor:  Benjamin Zander,  John Page
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra Off-Stage Brass
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