Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Songs (Arranged by Schoenberg)
Release Date: 10/14/2016   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573536   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No. 2
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550523-24   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 5
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550528   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 6 / Wit, Polish National Radio Symphony
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550529-30   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 1 / Michael Halász, Polish National Rso
Release Date: 12/13/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550522   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 26-50 of 101 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Dame Janet Baker - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 37712 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Henry Lawes  ... 
    Performer:  Dame Janet Baker,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Kenneth Heath,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Sir John Barbirolli,  André Previn,  Sir Alexander Gibson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 27.
    Mahler Songs / Eilana Lappalainen, Robert Miller
    Label: Elysium   Catalog: 728 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Eilana Lappalainen,  Robert Miller
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  • 28.
    Wilhelm Furtwangler: Wiener Konzerte 1944-1954 [18-CD Set]
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 834118 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  César Franck,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Badura-Skoda,  Dagmar Bella,  Paul Schöffler,  Anton Dermota  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Furtwängler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singakademie,  Vienna Boys' Choir
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    CD: $118.99
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  • 29.
    Icon - Brigitte Fassbaender [8-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 829682 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Hugo Wolf,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Karl Engel,  Erik Werba,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Baumgart,  Lawrence Foster,  Jeffrey Tate,  Wolfgang Eber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Bavariae,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $52.99
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  • 30.
    Faure, Strauss, Mahler, Copland, Ives, Canteloube: Lieder / Von Stade, Katz
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 870121 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler,  Aaron Copland  ... 
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Martin Katz
    CD: $22.49
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  • 31.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice of the Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $108.49
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  • 32.
    Gary Bertini Conducts Strauss, Mahler, Ravel, Debussy, Berlioz
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 7136 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Hĺkan Hagegĺrd,  Thomas Quasthoff,  Elisabeth Leonskaja
    Conductor:  Gary Bertini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 33.
    Mahler: Symphony No 1, Lieder Eines Farhenden Gesellen / Masur, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564659420 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hĺkan [Baritone Vocals] Hagegĺrd
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    CD: $8.99
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  • 34.
    Mahler: Totenfeier, Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen / Connolly, Jurowski
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 259 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sarah Connolly
    Conductor:  Vladimir Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
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  • 35.
    Bruno Walter Conducts Mahler
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 920102 Release Date: 08/07/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Emilia Cundari,  Maureen Forrester,  Mildred Miller,  Desi Halban  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Westminster Choir,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 36.
    Das Mahler Album / Wolfgang Holzmair, Russell Ryan
    Label: Nightingale Classics   Catalog: 1011 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Wolfgang Holzmair,  Russell Ryan
    CD: $18.99
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  • 37.
    Late Romantic Masterpieces / Charles Munch
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 899792 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Henryk Szeryng,  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Kirsten Flagstad Edition - The Decca Recitals
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001683102 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad,  Sigvart Fotland,  Edwin McArthur
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Oivin Fjeldstad,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10130 Release Date: 04/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hertha Klust,  Gerald Moore,  Klaus Billing  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferenc Fricsay
    CD: $13.99
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  • 40.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen; Kindertotenlieder; 5 Lieder / Ludwig
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 02298 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Vandernoot,  Otto Klemperer
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  • 41.
    Alois, Um Mitternacht - Mahler, Strauss / Farnberger, Muhlbacher
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91192 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Farnberger,  Alois Mühlbacher
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  • 42.
    Klemperer: The Concertgebouw Recordings, 1948-1951 - Mozart, Mahler, Beethoven, Bartok
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 142 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Gustav Mahler,  Béla Bartók
    CD: $14.99
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  • 43.
    Lyric - Orchestral Songs / Schafer, Quasthoff, Goerne, Albrecht
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5101 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Hugo Wolf,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Egon Wellesz  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 44.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen / Woods, Stout, Curtis, Guillory
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 109 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  David Stout,  Emma Curtis,  Brennen Guillory
    Conductor:  Kenneth Woods
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Swan
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  • 45.
    Mahler: Lieder / Boulianne, Rivest, Ensemble Orford
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 22665 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alma Mahler
    Performer:  Julie Boulianne
    Conductor:  Jean-François Rivest
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orford Ensemble
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  • 46.
    Mahler, Fortner, Martin, Wolff / Roman Trekel
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300264 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Fortner,  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Frank Martin
    Performer:  Roman [Baritone Vocals] Trekel,  Burkhard Kehring
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  • 47.
    The Mahler Project / Michael Tilson Thomas, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabel Bayrakdarian,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Michelle DeYoung,  Alexander Barantschik  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 48.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer / Haselbock, Ryan
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9341 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hermine Haselböck,  Russell Ryan
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  • 49.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Ruckert-lieder / Karneus
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1600 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Katarina Karnéus
    Conductor:  Susanna Mälkki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Hermann Prey - Arias And Songs
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300223 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann [Baritone Vocal] Prey
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Kurt Sanderling,  Kurt Thomas
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