Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
James Levine Conducts Mahler: Symphonies No 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 & 10
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Rca  
Catalog: 7686092   Number of Discs: 10
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Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn / Thomas Hampson
Release Date: 12/21/2010   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 001508502   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Simonov, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 03/09/2010   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28630   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 5 / Shipway, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 08/09/2011   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28750   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2  (Arranged For Small Orchestra) / Kaplan, Vienna Chamber Orchestra
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2290   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 26-50 of 113 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Gustav Mahler: Kindertotenlieder; Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen
    Label: Eloquentia   Catalog: 1233 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferruccio Busoni,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sara Mingardo
    Conductor:  Luigi Piovano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musici Aurei
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  • 27.
    Late Romantic Masterpieces / Charles Munch
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 899792 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Henryk Szeryng,  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Kirsten Flagstad Edition - The Decca Recitals
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001683102 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Wagner,  Jean Sibelius,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Kirsten Flagstad,  Sigvart Fotland,  Edwin McArthur
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Hans Knappertsbusch,  Oivin Fjeldstad,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 10130 Release Date: 04/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hertha Klust,  Gerald Moore,  Klaus Billing  ... 
    Conductor:  André Cluytens,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Herbert von Karajan,  Ferenc Fricsay
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  • 30.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen; Kindertotenlieder; 5 Lieder
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 02298 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Christa [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Ludwig
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  André Vandernoot,  Otto Klemperer
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  • 31.
    Alois, Um Mitternacht - Mahler, Strauss / Farnberger, Muhlbacher
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 91192 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Franz Farnberger,  Alois Mühlbacher
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  • 32.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0391 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alexander Glazunov,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Heinz Stanske
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
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  • 33.
    Klemperer: The Concertgebouw Recordings, 1948-1951 - Mozart, Mahler, Beethoven, Bartok
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0142 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Gustav Mahler,  Béla Bartók
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  • 34.
    Lyric - Orchestral Songs / Schafer, Quasthoff, Goerne, Albrecht
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5101 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Hugo Wolf,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Egon Wellesz  ... 
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  • 35.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen / Woods, Stout, Curtis, Guillory
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 109 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  David Stout,  Emma Curtis,  Brennen Guillory
    Conductor:  Kenneth Woods
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Swan
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  • 36.
    Mahler: Lieder / Boulianne, Rivest, Ensemble Orford
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 22665 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alma Mahler
    Performer:  Julie Boulianne
    Conductor:  Jean-François Rivest
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orford Ensemble
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  • 37.
    Mahler, Fortner, Martin, Wolff / Roman Trekel
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300264 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Fortner,  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Frank Martin
    Performer:  Roman Trekel,  Burkhard Kehring
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  • 38.
    The Mahler Project / Michael Tilson Thomas, San Francisco Symphony
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Isabel Bayrakdarian,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson,  Michelle DeYoung,  Alexander Barantschik  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Chorus,  San Francisco Girls Chorus  ... 
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  • 39.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer / Haselbock, Ryan
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9341 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hermine Haselböck,  Russell Ryan
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  • 40.
    Mahler: Kindertotenlieder, Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen, Ruckert-lieder / Karneus
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1600 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Katarina Karnéus
    Conductor:  Susanna Mälkki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Hermann Prey - Arias And Songs
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300223 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Franz Schubert,  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Hermann Prey
    Conductor:  Otmar Suitner,  Kurt Sanderling,  Kurt Thomas
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  • 42.
    Mahler: Symphony 6, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Solti, Minton
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 414674 Release Date: 03/10/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Yvonne Minton
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 232763 Release Date: 02/15/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Albert Lortzing,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Hans Pfitzner,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Rita Streich,  Lisa Della Casa,  Rudolf Schock  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Arthur Rother,  Richard Kraus,  Joseph Keilberth  ... 
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  • 44.
    Mahler: Lieder / Angelika Kirchschlager, Helmut Deutsche
    Label: Quinton   Catalog: 1001 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Angelika [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Kirchschlager,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 45.
    Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer, Ruckert Lieder / Frederica Von Stade
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 78517 Release Date: 11/02/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Mahler: Songs With Orchestra / Graham, Hampson, Tilson Thomas
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 60036 Release Date: 09/14/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Susan Graham
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Mahler: The Complete Works
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 08985 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 16
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Wolfram Rieger,  Christa Ludwig,  Fritz Wunderlich  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Otto Klemperer,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 48.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 85th Birthday - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56352 Release Date: 04/06/2010   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Hugo Wolf,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
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  • 49.
    Mahler: Lieder Cycles Arranged For Chamber Ensemble
    Label: Nca   Catalog: 60166 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Klaus Mertens
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  • 50.
    Lieder Von Gustav Mahler, Johannes Brahms Und Richard Strauss
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93456 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Elisabeth Höngen,  Hermann Schey,  Heinrich Schlusnus,  Christel Goltz
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