Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less
Mahler: Symphony No. 5 / Vanska, Minnesota Orchestra
Release Date: 08/04/2017   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2226   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Wit, Warsaw National Po, Et Al
Release Date: 04/18/2006   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550533   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No. 7 / Jarvi, Residentie Orchestra The Hague
Release Date: 07/27/2010   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5079   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde /  Hans Graf, Houston Symphony
Release Date: 11/15/2011   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8572498   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 1
Release Date: 01/31/2012   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 4360   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Browse 1-25 of 102 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Leonard Bernstein: Remastered Edition
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 541714 Release Date: 10/27/2017   Number of Discs: 100
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Darius Milhaud,  Leonard Bernstein,  Harold Shapero  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
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  • 2.
    Schumann & Mahler: Lieder / Boesch, Martineau
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 511 Release Date: 10/13/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Florian Boesch,  Malcolm Martineau
    CD: $18.99
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  • 3.
    Sir Georg Solti: The Complete Chicago Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4831375 Release Date: 09/15/2017   Number of Discs: 108
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $373.99
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  • 4.
    Daniel Barenboim: A Retrospective / Various
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985393632 Release Date: 08/18/2017   Number of Discs: 46
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Carl Stamitz  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Barenboim,  Saschko Gawriloff,  Halina Lukomska,  Pinchas Zukerman  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez,  Daniel Barenboim,  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 5.
    Mahler: Song Cycles / Albrecht, Coote, Netherlands Philharmonic
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186576 Release Date: 07/07/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Alice Coote
    Conductor:  Marc Albrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Mahler: Lieder / Perl, Romberger
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 903172 Release Date: 11/04/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Alfredo Perl,  Gerhild Romberger
    CD: $18.99
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  • 7.
    Charles Munch: The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 516979 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 86
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert,  Vincent D'Indy  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Artur Rubinstein,  Margaret Roggero,  Leslie Chabey  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Harvard Glee Club  ... 
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    CD: $226.99
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  • 8.
    Mahler: Songs (Arranged by Schoenberg)
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573536 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Roderick Williams,  Susan Platts,  Charles Reid
    Conductor:  JoAnn Falletta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Attacca Quartet,  Virginia Arts Festival Chamber Players
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  • 9.
    Gustav Mahler Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14000 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Jard van Nes,  Charlotte Margiono,  Dennis Egan,  Helen Watts  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Bernard Haitink,  Jascha Horenstein,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Saxony State Opera Chorus Dresden,  Dresden Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 10.
    Frederica von Stade: The Complete Columbia Recital Albums
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 518341 Release Date: 06/03/2016   Number of Discs: 18
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Ernest Chausson,  Franz Schubert,  Alessandro Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Charles Wadsworth,  Judith Blegen,  Joel del Maria  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Antonio de Almeida,  Raymond Leppard,  Mario Bernardi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Wynton Marsalis Septet,  Perspectives Ensemble
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  • 11.
    The Leonard Bernstein Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002462302 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 64
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Alessi,  Philip Smith,  Glenn Dicterow,  Jaap van Zweden  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble
    CD: $195.99
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  • 12.
    Mahler Symphonies - Live in Concert / Tennstedt, London Philharmonic
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 100 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Jard Van Nes,  Yvonne Kenny,  Jane Eaglen  ... 
    Conductor:  Klaus Tennstedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $88.99
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  • 13.
    The History of Classical Music in 24 Hours
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002403602 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Pérotin,  Guillaume de Machaut,  John Dunstable  ... 
    Performer:  Konrad Ragossnig,  Charles [Tenor Vocals] Daniels,  Susan Gritton,  Trevor Pinnock  ... 
    Conductor:  Pater Godehard Joppich,  David Munrow,  Josef Ulsamer,  Bruno Turner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Early Music Consort of London,  Ulsamer-Collegium,  Pro Cantione Antiqua  ... 
    CD: $75.49
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  • 14.
    Mahler: Songs / Peter Mattei
    Label: Ladybird   Catalog: 79556834 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Peter Mattei
    Conductor:  Jochen Rieder
    CD: $19.99
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  • 15.
    Strauss: Four Last Songs; Mahler: Songs Of A Wayfarer; Kindertotenlieder
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002386802 Release Date: 10/16/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dame Kiri Te Kanawa,  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Deutsches Sinfonie-orchester Berlin
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  • 16.
    Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen / Fischer-Dieskau, Barenboim, Berlin
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88697721012 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 17.
    Mahler: Lieder / Thomas Laske, Verena Louis
    Label: Klanglogo   Catalog: 1512 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Laske,  Verena Louis
    CD: $18.99
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  • 18.
    Mahler: Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Arr. Schoenberg)… / Pinnock
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 481 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Ferruccio Busoni,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Gareth Brynmor John,  Katie Bray
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Academy of Music Soloists Ensemble
    SuperAudio CD: $22.49
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  • 19.
    Fahrende Gesellen
    Label: Passacaille   Catalog: 1008 Release Date: 02/24/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Alexander von Zemlinsky,  Ferruccio Busoni,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Dietrich Henschel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oxalys
    CD: $18.99
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  • 20.
    Vaclav Neumann: Early Recordings, 1953-1968
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4133 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Edvard Grieg,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Albert Roussel  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Chuchro,  Vera Soukupová,  Yvonne Loriod
    Conductor:  Václav Neumann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Symphony Orchestra,  Film Symphony Orchestra,  Brno Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $56.98
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  • 21.
    Alma & Gustav Mahler: Lieder / Cargill, Lepper
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 453 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alma Mahler,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Karen Cargill,  Simon Lepper
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  • 22.
    Dreams / Dagmar Peckova, Jiri Belohlavek, Prague Philharmonia
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4171 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms,  Luciano Berio
    Performer:  Dagmar Pecková
    Conductor:  Jiří Bělohlávek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Philharmonia,  Prague Philharmonic Choir
    CD: $24.99
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  • 23.
    Fritz Reiner conducts Richard Strauss - The Complete RCA & Columbia Recordings
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 379055 Release Date: 05/19/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Inge Borkh,  Francis Yeend  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 24.
    Mahler: Lieder / Bernarda Fink
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 902173 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Bernarda Fink,  Anthony Spiri
    Conductor:  Andres Orozco-Estrada
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gustav Mahler Ensemble,  Lower Austrian Tonkünstler Orchestra
    Recommendation
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 25.
    Rca Living Stereo Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300350 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Byron Janis,  Gary Graffman,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Krips,  Fritz Reiner,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $125.98
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