Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.

Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.

The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Mahler: Symphony No 1 / Jurowski, London PO
Release Date: 05/28/2013   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 70   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Jurowski, Stotijn, Kucerova
Release Date: 06/28/2011   Label: Lpo  
Catalog: 54   Number of Discs: 2
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Mahler: Symphony No 8 / Solti, Chicago [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993346   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphony No 2 / Mehta, Vienna Philharmonic [Blu-ray Audio]
Release Date: 02/11/2014   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 001993646   Number of Discs: 1
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Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 9 & 10 (Adagio) / Markus Stenz, Cologne  Gurzenich Orchestra
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Oehms  
Catalog: 654   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Das Lied von der Erde

Browse 51-75 of 115 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Mahler: Symphony no 4, Ruckert Lieder, Das Lied von der Erde / Karajan, Giulini
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 469304 Release Date: 02/25/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Edith Mathis,  Francisco Araiza,  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Mahler:  Das Lied Von Der Erde / Bernstein, Ludwig, Kollo, Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 42201 Release Date: 02/11/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  René Kollo
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Reiner, Forrester, Lewis
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60178 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Richard Lewis,  Maureen Forrester
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Nagano
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 750821 Release Date: 08/18/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Klaus Florian Vogt,  Christian Gerhaher
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Verillion, Lewis, Sinopoli
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453437 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Keith Lewis,  Iris Vermillion
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
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  • 56.
    Bernstein - The Mahler Symphonies
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 745369 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Gwenyth Annear,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Erna Spoorenberg,  Anna Reynolds  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  London Symphony Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde (Original Version) / Berchtold, Haselbock, Vorzellner
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553125 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Markus Vorzellner,  Hermine Haselböck,  Bernhard Berchtold
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  • 58.
    Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Finnila, Schreier, Sanderling [LP]
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 33261 Release Date: 10/14/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Finnilä,  Peter Schreier
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra
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  • 59.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde;  Brahms: Alto Rhapsody / Baker, Leppard, Boult, Et Al
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4243 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  John Mitchinson,  Dame Janet Baker
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Sir Adrian Boult
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Northern Symphony,  BBC Men's Chorus,  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Thomas, Skelton, Hampson, San Francisco SO
    Label: San Francisco Symphony   Catalog: 60019 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Stuart Skelton
    Conductor:  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, Etc / Ferrier, Patzak, Walter, Vienna Po
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7036 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Julius Patzak,  Kathleen Ferrier
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Brahms, Mahler / Dominguez, Svanholm, Kletzki, Et Al
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 748071 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Oralia Dominguez,  Set Svanholm
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 566892 Release Date: 01/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich,  Christa Ludwig
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1547 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Warren Mok,  Liang Ning
    Conductor:  Lan Shui
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  • 65.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Lan Shui, Ning Liang, Et Al
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1547 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Warren Mok,  Liang Ning
    Conductor:  Lan Shui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Singapore Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Mahler: Symphonies No 1-10, Das Klagende Lied, Etc / Rattle
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 00721 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Peter Seiffert,  Thomas Hampson,  Helena Döse,  Alfreda Hodgson  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 67.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde - Chamber Version
    Label: Fuga Libera   Catalog: 516 Release Date: 09/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Margriet Van Reisen,  André Post
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oxalys
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  • 68.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Reiner, Forrester, Lewis
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 708281 Release Date: 07/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Maureen Forrester,  Richard Lewis
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Slowik, Elwes, Braun, Et Al
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90322 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  John Elwes,  Russell Braun
    Conductor:  Kenneth Slowik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Santa Fe Pro Musica Chamber Orchestra,  Smithsonian Chamber Players
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  • 70.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Rattle, Seiffert, Hampson
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 88668 Release Date: 06/05/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Peter Seiffert
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Walter, Svanholm, Nikolaidi
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 950 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Set Svanholm,  Elena Nikolaidi
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, Etc / Luisi, Soffel, Et Al
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 428 Release Date: 10/10/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Wolfgang Müller-Lorenz,  Roman Trekel
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Middle German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Herreweghe, Remmert, Et Al
    Label: Harmonia Mundi Musique D'abord   Catalog: 1951477 Release Date: 07/11/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Birgit Remmert,  Hans-Peter Blochwitz
    Conductor:  Philippe Herreweghe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musique Oblique
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  • 74.
    Schubert, Mendelssohn, Mahler / Schippers, Susskind
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5138 Release Date: 03/22/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Lili Chookasian,  Richard Cassilly
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Thomas Schippers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 75.
    Gemini - Mahler: Symphony No 4, Lied Von Der Erde / Kletzki
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 76912 Release Date: 02/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Emmy Loose,  Murray Dickie,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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