Gustav Mahler

Biography

Born: July 7, 1860; Czech Republic   Died: May 18, 1911; Austria   Period: Romantic
"Imagine the universe beginning to sing and resound," Mahler wrote of his Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand." "It is no longer human voices; it is planets and suns revolving." Mahler was late Romantic music's ultimate big thinker. In his own lifetime he was generally regarded as a conductor who composed on the side, producing huge, bizarre symphonies accepted only by a cult following.
Born in 1860, in Kalischt, Bohemia, he came
Read more from a middle-class family. He entered the Vienna Conservatory in 1875, studying piano, harmony, and composition in a musically conservative atmosphere. Nevertheless, he became a supporter of Wagner and Bruckner, both of whose works he would later conduct frequently, and became part of a social circle interested in socialism, Nietzschean philosophy, and pan-Germanism. Around 1880, he began conducting and wrote his first mature work, Das klagende Lied. Mahler's conducting career advanced rapidly, moving him from Kassel to Prague to Leipzig to Budapest; he was usually either greatly respected or thoroughly despised by the performers for his exacting rehearsals and perfectionism. In 1897 he became music director of the Vienna Court Opera and then, a year later, of the Vienna Philharmonic. Mahler's conducting career permitted composition only during the summers, in a series of "composing huts" he had built in picturesque rural locations. He completed his first symphony in 1888, but it met with utter audience incomprehension. He reserved this time for symphonies, all of them large-scale works, and song cycles. In Das Lied von der Erde (The Song of the Earth), he merged the two forms into an immense song-symphony. The Viennese public largely failed to understand his music, but Mahler took their reactions calmly, accurately predicting that "My time will yet come." Meanwhile, his autocratic ways as a conductor alienated musicians. In 1901, the press and the musicians essentially forced his resignation from the Philharmonic. He married a young composition student, Alma Schindler in 1902, and they soon had two daughters. By 1907 Mahler was increasingly away from Vienna, conducting his own works, and thus he resigned from the opera as well. Just after accepting the position of principal conductor of New York's Metropolitan Opera, but before leaving Vienna, Mahler's older daughter, age 4, died from scarlet fever and diphtheria, and he learned he himself had a defective heart valve. In New York, he was impressed by the caliber of talent and quickly gained audience approval. In 1909 he became conductor of the New York Philharmonic, which he found much more agreeable than the opera work by this time. The following year, he had a triumphant premiere of his massive Symphony No. 8 in Munich. Despite the professional successes, his personal life suffered another blow when his and Alma's marriage began having problems. They stayed together, and after he became ill in February 1911, she saw to it that he made it back to Vienna, where he died on May 18.
The conductors Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Willem Mengelberg, and Maurice Abravanel kept Mahler's legacy alive, and Mahler's are now among the most recorded of any symphonies. His frequent incorporation of vocal elements into symphonic writing brought to full fruition a process that had begun with Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, demonstrating his music's firm roots in the Germanic classical tradition. However, it was his huge tapestries of shifting moods and tones, ranging from tragedy to bitter irony (often explicitly indicated in performance directions), from café music to evocations of the sublime, that portended a century in which multiplicity ruled. Read less

Work: Das Lied von der Erde

Browse 1-25 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Eugen Jochum: Complete Recordings on DG, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002565702 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum
    CD: $108.49
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  • 2.
    Gustav Mahler Edition
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 14000 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Jard van Nes,  Charlotte Margiono,  Dennis Egan,  Helen Watts  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter,  Bernard Haitink,  Jascha Horenstein,  Klaus Tennstedt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Saxony State Opera Chorus Dresden,  Dresden Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 3.
    The Leonard Bernstein Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002462302 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 64
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Alessi,  Glenn Dicterow,  Philip Smith,  Jaap Van Zweden  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Bach Festival Percussion Ensemble
    CD: $202.99
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  • 4.
    The CBSO Years / Rattle
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552758 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Benjamin Britten,  Kurt Weill,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Felicity Palmer,  Ameral Gunson,  John Mitchinson,  Malcolm King  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Chorus,  Christ Church Cathedral Choir Men and Boys  ... 
    CD: $118.99
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  • 5.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552125 Release Date: 09/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Fritz Wunderlich
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    CD: $12.99
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  • 6.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5136 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Markus Schäfer,  Ivonne Fuchs
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Linos Ensemble
    CD: $17.99
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  • 7.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde /  Davis, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109114 Release Date: 08/28/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Kenneth Riegel
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $19.99
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  • 8.
    Mahler: Das Lied von Der Erde / Davis, Bavarian Radio Symphony
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109113 Release Date: 08/28/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Doris Soffel,  Kenneth Riegel
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
    DVD: $19.99
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  • 9.
    Strauss, Mahler - Masterworks / Haenchen, Sanderling, Tilson Thomas, Leinsdorf
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5133 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Richard Strauss,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Erich Leinsdorf,  Kurt Sanderling,  Hartmut Haenchen,  Michael Tilson Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra,  La Monnaie Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    DVD: $44.49
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  • 10.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Kleiber, Ludwig, Kmentt
    Label: Wiener Symphoniker   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Waldemar Kmentt
    Conductor:  Carlos Kleiber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 11.
    Mahler: Symphony No 4 / Bruno Walter, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5041 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Hilde Gueden,  Julius Patzak,  Kathleen Ferrier
    Conductor:  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection, Vol. 1
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 541497 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Berj Zamkochian,  John Weicher,  Philip Farkas,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  New England Conservatory Alumni Chorus  ... 
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    On sale! $125.98
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  • 13.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde, (Chamber Version) / Perl, Romberger, Rugamer, Detmolder Kammerorchester
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 9011845 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Gerhild Romberger,  Stephan Rügamer
    Conductor:  Alfredo Perl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detmolder Kammerorchester
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 14.
    Boulez Conducts Mahler - Complete Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001931702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Johan Botha,  Dorothea Röschmann,  Anna Larsson,  Christian Gerhaher  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Boulez
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Nezet-Seguin, Connolly, Spence, London Philharmonic
    Label: Lpo   Catalog: 73 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Sarah Connolly,  Toby Spence
    Conductor:  Yannick Nézet-Séguin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Fritz Reiner - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 370198 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 63
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Rolf Liebermann,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  Emil Gilels,  Inge Borkh  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Lyric Theatre Chorus,  Studio Orchestra
    Recommendation
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 17.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde (Chamber Version) / Seldon, Martingale Ensemble
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1406 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Robert Breault
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Martingale Ensemble
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 18.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Hampson, Groves, Jarvi, Suisse Romande [blu-ray]
    Label: Video Artists Int'l   Catalog: 813 Release Date: 07/16/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Paul Groves,  Thomas Hampson
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
    On sale! $34.95
    Blu-ray Video: $31.99
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  • 19.
    Das Lied Von Der Erde
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Kathleen Ferrier,  Julius Patzak
    Conductor:  Clemens Krauss,  Bruno Walter
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Chorus,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 20.
    Thomas Hampson: 5 Classic Albums
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 844232 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Daniil Shtoda,  Timothy Robinson,  Geoffrey Parsons  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Armstrong,  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 21.
    Colin Davis: The Philips Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001850302 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Hector Berlioz,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Kovacevich,  Claudio Arrau,  Jessye Norman,  Jon Vickers  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $65.99
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  • 22.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde / Hampson, Groves, Jarvi, Suisse Romande
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4559 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Thomas Hampson,  Paul Groves
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
    On sale! $24.95
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  • 23.
    Mahler: Symphonies 2, 4, 7 & 9, Das Lied von der Erde / Klemperer
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 483982 Release Date: 05/07/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Hilde Rössl-Majdan,  Elisabeth Schwarzkopf,  Christa Ludwig,  Fritz Wunderlich
    Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus,  New Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde / Coote, Fritz, Albrecht, Netherlands Philharmonic
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186502 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Alice Coote,  Burkhard Fritz
    Conductor:  Marc Albrecht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Mahler: Das Lied Von Der Erde
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001818802 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Performer:  Francisco Araiza
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    CD: $7.99
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