Johann Philipp Krieger

Biography

Born: February 27, 1649; Weißenfels   Died: February 6, 1725; Weißenfels  
Johann Philipp Krieger was one of the most outstanding composers of his time, the author of an immense amount of sacred music. It is likely that the sole reason for his lack of fame is the fact that a large proportion of it has been lost.

Confusingly, he was the elder brother of Johann Krieger (1651 - 1735), also a composer. Their family had been present in Nuremberg since the fifteenth century, at a minimum, and the family trade was rug
Read more making with a member of the Krieger family still making rugs in Nuremberg as late as 1925. According to his earliest biographies, J.P. Krieger began his clavier studies with Johann Dreschel at the age of eight and received instruction in other instruments with Gabriel Schütz. By the age of nine, he was amazing audiences with many musical skills, including his keyboard playing, his own well-crafted compositions, and his ability to sing or play any melody that was sung to him.

In his mid-teens, he traveled to Copenhagen to become the pupil of Johannes Schröder, the royal Danish court organist, and study composition with Kaspar Förster. He had a job offer to go to Christiana (the future Oslo, Norway), but preferred to return home, arriving back in Nuremberg around 1670. There is some inconsistency in the record about this period. Both of his primary biographers say he worked in the town of Zeitz but disagree on the dates while that town's records don't show that he was there at all. They then place him as concert master in Bayreuth, while the only record of his presence there lists him merely as court organist in 1673.

In 1673, war broke out between some German states and France and the Margrave of Bayreuth, Christian Ernst, led his troops out of the region. He generously gave Krieger permission to travel to Italy, at no loss in pay, to study. In Venice, he was taught composition by Johann Rosenmüller and clavier with A.M. Abbatini. In Rome, he studied both subjects with Bernardo Pasquini. On his way back through Austria, he played for Emperor Leopold I, who was so overwhelmed by Krieger's playing that he granted patents of nobility to the entire Krieger family, male and female. Krieger stayed in Bayreuth only a short while. Traveling on through Frankfurt to Main and Kasel, he got job offers in both places. But he finally accepted a position with the grand ducal court in Hallé on November 1, 1677, as concert master. The Grand Duke August, died three years later. His successor, Johann Adolph I, confirmed Krieger in the same job. This required Krieger to make a move with the rest of the court when Johann Adolph moved it to Weissenfels. Krieger remained in that position until he died.

When the ducal court moved to Weissenfels in connection with a sale of some music to the Marienkirch there, he made a catalog of his own compositions and works of other composers he had acquired and presumably played in Hallé. He continued to keep detailed and meticulous lists of all the vocal music he performed in his 45 years in Weissenfels. It shows that he performed well over 2,000 separate works from his own pen, 225 by his brother Johann, and 475 by other composers. Just the list of his cantatas numbers more than 2,000 works, making up the vast bulk of this listing. However, only 74 of them are extant. He also wrote 13 operas, all lost; some other sacred music; and a small amount of secular music.

Krieger made a great contribution to the history of the German church cantata by adopting madrigal verse forms for his texts. The religious purpose of these cantatas was to comment on or illustrate the day's Scripture lesson. Older cantatas were written on texts from the Bible, chorales, or odes. Krieger's more dramatic form was modeled on Italian secular cantatas and consisted of recitatives and arias, which might include specifically written texts, many of which were written by the deacon at Weissenfels, the pastor and poet Erdmann Neumeister. These cantatas sometimes but not always included chorale and Bible texts. This format became known as the "new German cantata," and is the form that Johann Sebastian Bach elevated to its highest level. Krieger's examples are of very high quality, ranking with those of any other of his contemporaries besides Bach himself. The sections of his cantatas are generally in clearly understandable forms with sturdy, uncomplicated rhythmic and harmonic structure.

The extent of his composition of instrumental music is less well-known: He published two sets of trio sonatas (12 for two violins and continuo and 12 for viola da gamba, violin, and continuo) and six suites, called Lustige Feld-Musik, for four wind instruments. These works survive, but some "sonatas" that were obviously early specimens of concerto grosso did not. Of his keyboard works, only three works (a passacaglia, a set of 24 variations on an aria, and a toccata and fugue) survive. Read less
Krieger: Musicalischer Seelen-Frieden / Mields, Eckert, Hamburger Ratsmusik
Release Date: 03/26/2013   Label: Carus  
Catalog: 83372   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-24 of 24 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    A German Soul - Devotional Music From 17th-century Hamburg / Frigole, Ensemble Meridien
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94717 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Rosenmüller,  Heinrich Scheidemann,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Tunder  ... 
    Performer:  Juan de la Rubia,  Laia Frigole
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Meridien
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  • 2.
    Claviermusik Aus Nurnberg
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 13037 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Leo Hassler,  Johann Erasmus Kindermann,  Johann Staden,  Paul Hainlein  ... 
    Performer:  Ralf Waldner
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  • 3.
    Fortuna Scherzosa / Ina Siedlaczek, Hamburger Ratsmusik
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 92703 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Philipp Heinrich Erlebach,  Johann Ulich,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Philipp Krieger
    Performer:  Ina Siedlaczek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburger Ratsmusik
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  • 4.
    Grand Tour
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 1002 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Dario Castello,  Alessandro Stradella,  Biagio Marini,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio Settecento
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  • 5.
    Krieger: Musicalischer Seelen-Frieden / Mields, Eckert, Hamburger Ratsmusik
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83372 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Philipp Krieger
    Performer:  Dorothee Mields
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburger Ratsmusik
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  • 6.
    A Baroque Christmas [3-CD Set]
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 329 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Various,  Samuel Scheidt,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Matthias Weckman  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Cristina Kiehr,  John Elwes,  Ian Honeyman,  James Bowman  ... 
    Conductor:  Bruno Boterf,  Jean Tubery,  Philippe Pierlot,  Leonardo Garcia Alarcon  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ricercar Consort,  Namur Chamber Choir,  La Fenice  ... 
    CD: $44.49
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  • 7.
    Christmas Through The Centuries
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 233599 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Traditional,  Orlando de Lassus,  Michael Praetorius  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Lehrndorfer,  Kay Stiefermann
    Conductor:  Johannes B. Goschl,  Martin Zobeley,  Raimund Hug,  Heinz Hennig  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Gregoriana Monacensis,  Munich Group for Early Music,  Freiburg Spielleyt Ensemble  ... 
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  • 8.
    Music For Hautbois Band / Marianne R. Pfau, Toutes Suites
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 12536 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Philipp Krieger,  Johann Christian Schiefer
    Conductor:  Marianne R. Pfau
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toutes Suites
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  • 9.
    The Organ In Renaissance And Baroque, North German Organ Music / Leonhardt
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 796457 Release Date: 03/06/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Newman,,  Elias Nikolaus Ammerbach,  Taylor,,  John Blitheman  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Leonhardt
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  • 10.
    Mein Herz Ist Bereit / Peter Kooij, Cordarte
    Label: Pan Classics   Catalog: 10211 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Tunder,  Johann Heinrich Schmelzer,  Johann Rosenmüller,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Kooy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cordearte
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  • 11.
    Deutsche Barocklieder / Andreas Scholl
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 501505 Release Date: 07/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nauwach,  Johann Philipp Krieger,  Heinrich Albert,  Adam Krieger  ... 
    Performer:  Alix Verzier,  Karl-Ernst Schröder,  Markus Märkl,  Andreas Scholl  ... 
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  • 12.
    A German Bouquet / Trio Settecento
    Label: Cedille Records   Catalog: 114 Release Date: 09/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Georg Pisendel,  Philipp Heinrich Erlebach,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Rachel Barton Pine,  John Mark Rozendaal,  David Schrader
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio Settecento
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  • 13.
    Krieger: Lieben Und Geliebet Werden
    Label: Nca   Catalog: 60200 Release Date: 07/28/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Philipp Krieger
    Performer:  Mona Spagele,  Wolf Matthias Friedrich,  Wilfried Jochens
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Katschner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lautten Compagney
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  • 14.
    Ich Will In Friede Fahren / Franz Vitzthum, Les Escapades
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 77305 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Antonio Rigatti,  Johann Rudolf Ahle,  Johann Philipp Krieger,  Ferdinand III  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Vitzthum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Escapades
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  • 15.
    Bach: Jauchzet Gott Bwv 51;  Rosenmuller: Sacred Concerti, Etc  / Ziesak, Friedrich, Berlin Baroque Compagney
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 102 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Rosenmüller,  Jan Dismas Zelenka,  Gottfried Finger  ... 
    Performer:  Reinhold Friedrich,  Ruth Ziesak
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berliner Barock Compagney
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  • 16.
    German 17th-century Church Music / Robin Blaze, Et Al
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55230 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Bach,  Johann Christoph Bach,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Johann Rosenmüller  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Holman,  Robin Blaze
    Conductor:  Peter Holman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Parley of Instruments
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  • 17.
    Scheidt: Concertuum Sacrorum / Pierlot, Et Al
    Label: Ricercar   Catalog: 254 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Hermann Schein,  Johann Rudolf Ahle,  Christoph Bernhard,  Heinrich Schütz  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Pierlot
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ricercar Consort,  La Fenice
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  • 18.
    Krieger: Trio Sonatas / Parnassi Musici
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777294 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Philipp Krieger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Parnassi musici
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  • 19.
    Baroque Organ Music Vol 2 / Herbert Tachezi
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 460713 Release Date: 10/13/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Xaver Murschhauser,  Georg Muffat,  Johannes Speth,  Johann Jacob Froberger  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Tachezi
    CD: $8.99
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  • 20.
    Fritz Wunderlich - Sacred Songs - Historical Recordings
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93025 Release Date: 02/13/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christoph Graupner,  Johann Philipp Krieger,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Max Schulze,  Marianne Klemm-Ott,  Hermann Klaiss,  Hermann Werdemann  ... 
    Conductor:  August Langenbeck
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  • 21.
    Enclosure 5 - Harry Partch
    Label: Innova   Catalog: 405 Release Date: 11/24/1998   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Douglas Moore,  Harry Partch,  Johann Philipp Krieger
    Performer:  George Bishop,  Lyndel Davis,  Nina Cutler,  Evelyn Garvey  ... 
    Conductor:  John Garvey,  Marjorie Sweazey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chorus
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  • 22.
    Great European Organs Vol 49 / John Kitchen
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 627 Release Date: 11/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Johann Christian Kittel,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  John Kitchen
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  • 23.
    Old Pennsylvania-german Organs Vol 1 / Philip Cooper
    Label: Afka   Catalog: 540 Release Date: 04/28/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg F. Kauffmann,  Latour,,  Shaw,,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Philip T.D. Cooper
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  • 24.
    Organ Music In France And Southern Netherlands / Leonhardt
    Label: Sony Classical Vivarte Series   Catalog: 57963 Release Date: 05/30/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Abraham Van Kerckhoven,  Lambert Chaumont,  Johann Jacob Froberger,  Carl Luython  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Leonhardt
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