Johann Ludwig Krebs

Biography

Born: October 12, 1713; Buttelstedt, Germany   Died: January 1, 1780; Altenburg, Germany  
Johann Ludwig Krebs was a composer whose career spanned the end of the Baroque and beginning of the Classical era. In many respects, it typifies the problems many musicians had in coping with the drastic change of style this implies. Since he was an exceptionally skilled writer of counterpoint, he might have ended up with considerably wider fame if he had been born 20 years earlier.

Johann Ludwig was the son of Johann Tobias Krebs, the
Read more organist of Buttelstedt, near Weimar, who had studied with Bach. Father taught son organ, harmony, theory, and counterpoint. The lad was sent to enter the Thomasschule in Leipzig, where Bach was music director. Krebs general studies and lessons in singing, lute, violin, and keyboard. He remained a singer in Bach's choir until 1730.

Krebs attended the University of Leipzig from 1735 to 1737, took part on an as-needed basis in Bach's choir at the Thomaskirche and was the harpsichord player in the university's collegium musicum, which was also directed by Bach. Krebs left Leipzig in 1737 to take a position as organist of the Marienkirche in Zwickau, an ill-paid job playing an equally ill-maintained organ. While there, he met and married Johanna Sophie Nackens, daughter of a civil servant there. Soon, they had the first of their children, Johann Gottfried Krebs (1741 - 1814), an organist who wrote a large number of cantatas in his long-standing tenure as Mittelorganist or Stadtkantor of Altenberg. In 1744, Krebs moved to Zeitz to become organist there for 12 years. He tried unsuccessfully to become Bach's successor. In 1755, he accepted a position as organist to the court of Prince Friedrich of Gotha-Altenberg. The organ was better, the court was more exalted, but the pay was little improvement. Still, he continued to get by and retained the post until death. Family finances were somewhat helped when Johann Gottfried became his assistant organist.

Krebs had a very high reputation among his contemporaries. Bach held him in high regard, punning on both their names ( Krebs [crab or crayfish] and Bach [brook or stream]) by saying "He is the only crayfish in my stream." It is not surprising that many of his works, especially his organ compositions, are very much like those of Bach. His harpsichord music is probably what was best-known of his work in his own time, published extensively, particularly in four volumes of Clavier Ubung. Krebs also wrote significant quantities of orchestral and choral music. His name and music contributed to one of the most delicious inside jokes in movie music history. To echo the on-screen motion of the giant crab in the film Mysterious Island, with its independently moving legs, Bernard Herrmann orchestrated a cancrizan (i.e. crab-motion) fugue by the "crab" composer, Krebs. Read less
Browse 51-73 of 73 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Toccata! - Great Organs Of Japan Vol 2 / Hatsumi Miura
    Label: Loft Recordings   Catalog: 1058 Release Date: 01/06/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Alexandre Guilmant,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Jehan-Ariste Alain  ... 
    Performer:  Hatsumi Miura
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  • 52.
    Krebs: Organ Works Vol 1 / Beatrice-maria Weinberger
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1271 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Beatrice-Maria Weinberger
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  • 53.
    Toccata - Bach, Mendelssohn, Reger, Et Al / Bram Beekman
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186003 Release Date: 04/22/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried August Homilius,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Max Reger,  Joseph Rheinberger  ... 
    Performer:  Bram Beekman
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  • 54.
    All' Italiana / Catherine Todorovski
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2110 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Catherine Todorovski
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  • 55.
    Krebs: Sämtliche Orgelwerke Vol 2 / Gerhard Weinberger
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1272 Release Date: 12/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Gerhard Weinberger
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  • 56.
    Trombone & Organ / Abbie Conant, Klemens Schnorr
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 97410 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Martino Cesare,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Benedetto Marcello  ... 
    Performer:  Abbie Conant,  Klemens Schnorr
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  • 57.
    Organeum - The Bach Circle Vol 2 - Walther, Et Al / Vogel
    Label: Loft Recordings   Catalog: 2102 Release Date: 11/06/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg F. Kauffmann,  Anonymous,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  Harald Vogel
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  • 58.
    Organ Music From The Baroque And Romantic Eras / Tillmanns
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 529 Release Date: 11/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Edvard Grieg,  Max Reger  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Helmut Tillmanns
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  • 59.
    Krebs: Clavier-ubung / William Porter
    Label: Loft Recordings   Catalog: 1026 Release Date: 08/07/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  William Porter
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  • 60.
    Two Silbermann Organs At Freiberg Cathedral / Wagler
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 1245 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John James,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  François Couperin,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Wagler
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  • 61.
    The Organ Encyclopedia - Krebs Vol 1 / Gerhard Gnann
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553924 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Gerhard Gnann
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  • 62.
    Die Himmel Erzählen Die Ehre Gottes / Güttler Brass Ensemble
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9388 Release Date: 03/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Schütz,  Max Reger,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ludwig Güttler Brass Ensemble
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  • 63.
    Frederick Swann Plays Two Organs By Reuter
    Label: Gothic Records   Catalog: 49102 Release Date: 03/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Augustine Arne,  Louis Marchand,  Anonymous,  Charles-Marie Widor  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Lewis Swann
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  • 64.
    Bach, W.F. Bach, Krebs, Matheson: Works for 2 Harpsichords
    Label: Globe   Catalog: 5179 Release Date: 02/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wilhelm Friedemann Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Johann Mattheson,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Patrick Ayrton,  Richard Egarr
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  • 65.
    Organ History - German Classicism / Arturo Sacchetti
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47111 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christian H Rinck,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  Arturo Sacchetti
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  • 66.
    Old Swedish Organs Played By Engsö, Jacobson And Fagius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 123/125 Release Date: 06/18/1996   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christian Ritter,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Rune Engsö,  Hans Fagius,  Lena Jacobson
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  • 67.
    The Artistry Of Hans Fagius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 140/141 Release Date: 04/16/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Heinrich Scheidemann,  Georg Böhm,  Johann Adam Reincken,  Dietrich Buxtehude  ... 
    Performer:  Hans Fagius
    CD: $44.49
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  • 68.
    Historic Organs Of Maine
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 92 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Théodore Dubois,  John Stanley,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Louis J.A. Lefébure-Wely  ... 
    Performer:  Dr. Frances Nobert,  Lorenz Maycher,  J. Bryan Dyker,  George Bozeman  ... 
    On sale! $51.98
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  • 69.
    German Organ Music Vol 2 / Joseph Payne
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550965 Release Date: 11/29/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Xaver Murschauser,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Payne
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  • 70.
    Sweelinck, Buxtehude, Et Al - Organ Works / Mats Åberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 229 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg F. Kauffmann,  Johann P. Kellner,  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Pär Sjöberg,  Mats Åberg
    CD: $21.49
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  • 71.
    Music For Lute, Guitar & Mandolin - Vivaldi, Logy, Carulli
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 3022 Release Date: 02/24/1994   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Edith Bauer-Sleis,  Maria Hinterleitner,  Elfriede Kunschak,  Leo Witoszinskyj  ... 
    Conductor:  Vinzenz Hladky,  Willfried Boettcher,  Paul Angerer,  Jörg Faerber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Pro Musica Orchestra,  Vienna Festival Chamber Orchestra,  Vienna Mandolin and Guitar Ensemble  ... 
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  • 72.
    Trumpet Voluntary / Maurice André
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 92123 Release Date: 09/07/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jeremiah Clarke,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André
    Conductor:  Jörg Faerber,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 73.
    Krebs: Klavierubung / Dominique Ferran
    Label: K 617   Catalog: 617002 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Dominique Ferran
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Johann Ludwig Krebs


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Adagio
II. Non molto allegro
WORKS
1. Moderato
2. Amabile
3. Presto
I. Allemande
II. Courante
III. Sarabande
IV. Passepied
V. Air
VI. Menuet
VII. Gigue
I. Allemande
II. Courante
III. Sarabande
IV. Rondeaux
V. Menuet Altemat. - Trio
VI. Gigue
I. Adagio
II. Non molto allegro