Johann Ludwig Krebs

Biography

Born: October 12, 1713; Buttelstedt, Germany   Died: January 1, 1780; Altenburg, Germany  
Johann Ludwig Krebs was a composer whose career spanned the end of the Baroque and beginning of the Classical era. In many respects, it typifies the problems many musicians had in coping with the drastic change of style this implies. Since he was an exceptionally skilled writer of counterpoint, he might have ended up with considerably wider fame if he had been born 20 years earlier.

Johann Ludwig was the son of Johann Tobias Krebs, the
Read more organist of Buttelstedt, near Weimar, who had studied with Bach. Father taught son organ, harmony, theory, and counterpoint. The lad was sent to enter the Thomasschule in Leipzig, where Bach was music director. Krebs general studies and lessons in singing, lute, violin, and keyboard. He remained a singer in Bach's choir until 1730.

Krebs attended the University of Leipzig from 1735 to 1737, took part on an as-needed basis in Bach's choir at the Thomaskirche and was the harpsichord player in the university's collegium musicum, which was also directed by Bach. Krebs left Leipzig in 1737 to take a position as organist of the Marienkirche in Zwickau, an ill-paid job playing an equally ill-maintained organ. While there, he met and married Johanna Sophie Nackens, daughter of a civil servant there. Soon, they had the first of their children, Johann Gottfried Krebs (1741 - 1814), an organist who wrote a large number of cantatas in his long-standing tenure as Mittelorganist or Stadtkantor of Altenberg. In 1744, Krebs moved to Zeitz to become organist there for 12 years. He tried unsuccessfully to become Bach's successor. In 1755, he accepted a position as organist to the court of Prince Friedrich of Gotha-Altenberg. The organ was better, the court was more exalted, but the pay was little improvement. Still, he continued to get by and retained the post until death. Family finances were somewhat helped when Johann Gottfried became his assistant organist.

Krebs had a very high reputation among his contemporaries. Bach held him in high regard, punning on both their names ( Krebs [crab or crayfish] and Bach [brook or stream]) by saying "He is the only crayfish in my stream." It is not surprising that many of his works, especially his organ compositions, are very much like those of Bach. His harpsichord music is probably what was best-known of his work in his own time, published extensively, particularly in four volumes of Clavier Ubung. Krebs also wrote significant quantities of orchestral and choral music. His name and music contributed to one of the most delicious inside jokes in movie music history. To echo the on-screen motion of the giant crab in the film Mysterious Island, with its independently moving legs, Bernard Herrmann orchestrated a cancrizan (i.e. crab-motion) fugue by the "crab" composer, Krebs. Read less
Johann Ludwig Krebs: Orchestral Works And Cantatas
Release Date: 11/12/2013   Label: Querstand  
Catalog: 1306   Number of Discs: 4
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Browse 26-50 of 87 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Bach's Students / Kopp, Vocal Concert Dresden
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83263 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christoph Altnickol,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Gottfried August Homilius  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Kopp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Instrumental Concert,  Dresden Vocal Concert,  Bremen Vocal Ensemble
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  • 27.
    The Last Schnitger Organ - Sweelinck, Bach / Elisabeth Harrison
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 914 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Scheidemann,  Ulrich Steigleder,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  Elizabeth Harrison
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  • 28.
    Best Wedding 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64262 Release Date: 06/16/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Markus Klinko,  Ian Brown,  Christopher van Kampen,  Susan Tomes  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Reginald Kilbey,  Sir John Barbirolli,  Stephen Cleobury  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nash Ensemble,  Vienna String Sextet Members,  Ensemble Berlin  ... 
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  • 29.
    The Art Of Two Manuals - Bach, Haydn, Vivaldi, Couperin, Vierne, Etc / Jason Alden, Susan De Kam, Ronald Krebs
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 911 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Traditional,  Sigfrid Karg-Elert  ... 
    Performer:  Jason Alden,  Susan De Kam,  Ronald Krebs
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  • 30.
    Hommage A Gottfried Silbermann / Martin Schmeding
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 380215 Release Date: 02/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Otfried Büsing,  Gottfried August Homilius,  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Johann Christian H Rinck  ... 
    Performer:  Martin Schmeding
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  • 31.
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28145 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Claudio Brizi,  Thomas Indermühle
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  • 32.
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 5024 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edward Bairstow,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Hendrik Andriessen  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Spedding
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  • 33.
    Hommage A Gottfried Silbermann / Martin Schmeding
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 38021 Release Date: 02/09/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Kuhnau,  Otfried Büsing,  Gottfried August Homilius,  Johann Gottfried Walther  ... 
    Performer:  Martin Schmeding
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  • 34.
    Let The Trumpet Sound
    Label: Kgr   Catalog: 5637364467 Release Date: 11/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jimenez,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  David J. Wagner,  Kenneth G. Robinson,  Michael McGown,  Brian Moon  ... 
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  • 35.
    Reference - Music For Horn And Organ From The Cathedral Of Dresden - Krebs, Poulenc, Homilius, Etc / Damm, Scholze
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 14062 Release Date: 09/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried August Homilius,  Alain Weber,  Bernhard Krol,  Francis Poulenc  ... 
    Performer:  Hansjürgen Scholze,  Peter Damm
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  • 36.
    Inventio - Buxtehude: Organ Works / Eric Quist
    Label: D.e. Versluis   Catalog: 1016 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Matthias Weckmann,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Georg Böhm  ... 
    Performer:  Eric Quist
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  • 37.
    Bach, Buxtehude, Etc / Ludwig Guttler, Friedrich Kircheis
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 1621 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-B Loeillet,  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Alcock, John, Sr.,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler,  Friedrich Kircheis
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  • 38.
    Ja Kyung Oh Plays The Yokota-goart Organ - Buxtehude, Bach, Mozart, Mendelssohn, Etc
    Label: Loft Recordings   Catalog: 1101 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dietrich Buxtehude,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Ja Kyung Oh
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  • 39.
    Rampal And Friends - Krebs, Quantz, Bach, Etc
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 83125 Release Date: 03/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Joachim Quantz,  Wilhelm Friedemann Bach,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Jean-B Loeillet  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Mario Duschenes,  Kenneth Gilbert
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  • 40.
    Johann Ludwig Krebs Organ Music Vol 7 / Beatrice-maria Weinberger
    Label: Motette   Catalog: 2771 Release Date: 02/19/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Beatrice-Maria Weinberger
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  • 41.
    Second Wind - Kittel, Krebs, Kellner, Et Al / John Brock
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 970 Release Date: 12/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christian Kittel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens,  Gerald Near  ... 
    Performer:  John Brock
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  • 42.
    Krebs: Chorales & Fantasias / Peter Hurford, Et Al
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 430208 Release Date: 06/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Peter Hurford,  Michael Laird,  Neil Black,  Michael Thompson  ... 
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  • 43.
    Bach And His Circle - Walther, Krebs, Hurlebusch / Pechefsky
    Label: Quill Classics   Catalog: 1006 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Conrad F. Hurlebusch,  Johann Gottfried Walther,  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Rebecca Pechefsky
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  • 44.
    Krebs: Organ Works / Jan Van De Laar
    Label: Globe   Catalog: 5079 Release Date: 05/09/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Ludwig Krebs
    Performer:  Jan Van De Laar
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  • 45.
    Music For Trumpet, Etc From St. Thomas / Güttler, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 361 Release Date: 04/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Max Reger,  Siegfried Thiele,  Johann Ludwig Krebs  ... 
    Performer:  Friedrich Kircheis,  Ludwig Güttler
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  • 46.
    Ludwig Güttler - Festliche Klänge Aus Dresden
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8391 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried Finger,  Johann Mathias Sperger  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler,  Friedrich Kircheis,  Andreas Lorenz,  Günter Klier  ... 
    Conductor:  Ludwig Güttler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ludwig Güttler Brass Ensemble,  Bach Collegium Leipzig,  Virtuosi Saxoniae
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  • 47.
    The Art Of Peter Hurford
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4756828 Release Date: 08/09/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Soler,  Louis Vierne,  Eugene Gigout,  Marco Enrico Bossi  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Hurford,  Thomas Trotter,  Margaret Urquhart,  Brian Pollard  ... 
    Conductor:  Joshua Rifkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Players,  Royal Concertgebouw Chamber Orchestra,  Michael Laird Brass Ensemble  ... 
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  • 48.
    An Evening At Edgewood - Mendelssohn, Krebs, Bach / Ketterer
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1115 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Billy Strayhorn,  Marcel Dupré,  Thomas Augustine Arne  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Ketterer
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  • 49.
    Great Australasian Organs, Vol 5 / Calvin Bowman
    Label: Priory Records   Catalog: 662 Release Date: 04/26/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Heinrich Nikolaus Gerber,  Johann P. Kellner,  J. C. F. Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Calvin Bowman
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  • 50.
    Salem's Large Tannenberg Organ Restored / Peter Sykes
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 700 Release Date: 09/28/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Ludwig Krebs,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Sykes
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