Orchestra of the 18th Century

Biography

Active: 1981 - ; Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century is one of the leading Classical-era "period" orchestras, known for its lively and attractive playing in what appears to be the authentic style of the period of the music. Frans Brueggen, one of the world's leading recorder players for a career than nearly three decades long, decided to switch his emphasis to conducting during the 1970s. This was a period when new researches in early music were presenting a Read more new picture of how music before roughly 1825 was performed. At that time, specialists were founding so-called "original instruments" orchestras, especially in London, Amsterdam, and Vienna, leading centers of the movement. Brueggen formed the Orchestra of the 18th Century in 1981. Unlike most of the other ensembles using period instruments, the Orchestra was intended to represent a full-scale orchestra such as might be found in the leading music centers of Vienna, Paris, and London. Brueggen gathered specialists in playing early instruments from twenty-two countries, many of them members of some of the smaller early instrument ensembles. There were sixty members in all. Rather than creating a full-time orchestra, Brueggen planned that the orchestra would meet in Amsterdam three or four times a year to rehearse programs then go on tour. All its members play instruments either built during the Baroque or Classical eras, or on modern-built instruments that are replicas of authentic period instruments. In the cases of woodwinds, all the instruments, including the flutes, are made of wood, and do not use the modern Boehm system of keys. Instead, they tend to have air holes that are covered directly by the fingers, or simpler keying systems. Their sounds are harder-edged and more assertive than their modern equivalents, except for the flutes, which are more liquid in tone. The brasses are all valveless "natural" instruments. Except for the trombones (not often used in that period but already possessing its characteristic slide), these brasses can only play a few "natural" overtone notes of the selected key. The horns could reach adjacent notes, but only by sticking the fist up the instrument's bell, drastically altering the characteristics of the sound. These brass instruments are brighter and edgier than their modern equivalents.

"Period" strings are any strings that are set up in the eighteenth-century manner, with flatter bridges, gut-only strings, no chin rests, and a convex rather than modern concave bow. They are generally played without vibrato and had a softer, feathery sound, which some people think is a whiny sound, but this is more a function of some players' understanding of the style of playing than inherent in the instruments. The resulting sound gives the winds more prominence. This and the opinion that the music of the period was played faster than later became common results in performances that can be strikingly vigorous and exciting. The Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century rapidly became popular and gained a recording contract with the giant Philips label (which it no longer has). It has recorded large-orchestra works by Purcell, Bach, and Rameau of the Baroque era. Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven of the Classical era, and the music of Schubert (who straddles the Classical and early Romantic) and Mendelssohn of the early Romantic. Many of these recordings have earned major record awards. Frans Brueggen still frequently conducts it on records and during its extensive tours. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 55 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Beethoven: Missa solemnis / Reuss
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 921124 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Carolyn Sampson,  Thomas Walker,  Marianne Beate Kielland,  David Wilson-Johnson
    Conductor:  Daniel Reuss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cappella Amsterdam,  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 2.
    Mozart: The Oboe Concerto & Other Works for Oboe / Bruine, Orchestra of the 18th Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 921123 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Frank De Bruine,  Remy Baudet,  Toshiko Morita,  Albert Brüggen  ... 
    Conductor:  Kenneth Montgomery
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century,  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 3.
    Mozart: Requiem / Bruggen, Orchestra of the 18th Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 81111 Release Date: 07/29/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Mona Julsrud,  Wilke te Brummelstroete,  Zeger Vandersteene,  Jelle Draijer
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Netherlands Chamber Choir
    CD: $12.99
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  • 4.
    Vivaldi, Marcello, Platti, Handel, Telemann, Corelli & Hotteterre: Concertos & Sonatas for Wind Instruments
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88725463932 Release Date: 06/10/2016   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  George Frideric Handel,  Jacques Hotteterre,  Alessandro Marcello  ... 
    Performer:  Frans Brüggen,  Anner Bylsma,  Bob van Asperen,  Hansjurg Lange  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Museum Trio,  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 5.
    Haydn: 107 Symphonies / Hogwood, Bruggen, Dantone
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002488702 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 35
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Performer:  Wouter Moller,  Lucy Van Dael,  Ku Ebbinge,  Danny Bond
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood,  Frans Brüggen,  Ottavio Dantone
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music,  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment,  Accademia Bizantina  ... 
    CD: $72.49
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  • 6.
    Mozart Recordings / Bruggen, Orchestra of the 18th Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 921121 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Thomas Zehetmair,  Ruth Killius,  Cyndia Sieden,  Teunis Van der Zwart  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Netherlands Chamber Choir
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    CD: $46.99
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  • 7.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3 / Bruggen, Orchestra of the 18th Century
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109117 Release Date: 08/28/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
    DVD: $18.99
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  • 8.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 3 / Bruggen, Orchestra of the 18th Century [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 109118 Release Date: 08/28/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
    Blu-ray Video: $18.99
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  • 9.
    Karol Kurpinski: The Battle Of Mozhaysk; Beethoven: Symphony
    Label: Fryderyk Chopin Society   Catalog: 39 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karol Kurpinski,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
    CD: $15.99
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  • 10.
    Schubert: The Symphonies / Bruggen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002260202 Release Date: 02/03/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 11.
    Beethoven: Complete Symphonies / Bruggen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002161102 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Eike Wilm Schulte,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Jard Van Nes,  Lynne Dawson  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Gulbenkian Foundation Chorus Lisbon
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    On sale! $44.98
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  • 12.
    Mozart: The Last Three Symphonies / Bruggen, Orchestra of the 18th Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 921119 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
    On sale! $24.99
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  • 13.
    Beethoven: The Symphonies / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The Eighteenth Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 921116 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Michael Tews,  Marcel Beekman,  Wilke te Brummelstroete,  Rebecca Nash
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Laurens Collegium,  Gulbenkian Foundation Chorus Lisbon
    On sale! $69.99
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  • 14.
    Haydn: Symphonies 94, 95, 96 / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The 18th Century
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438152 Release Date: 07/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 15.
    Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night's Dream / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The 18th Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 81101 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Gulbenkian Chorus
    CD: $14.99
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  • 16.
    Rameau: Orchestral Suites, Vol. 2 / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The 18th Century
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 81106 Release Date: 03/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 17.
    Beethoven: 9 Symphonies / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The 18th C
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442156 Release Date: 01/28/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Eike Wilm Schulte,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Jard Van Nes,  Lynne Dawson
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century,  Gulbenkian Foundation Chorus Lisbon
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    On sale! $59.98
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  • 18.
    Mendelssohn: Symphonies No 3, 4, & 5 / Bruggen, 18th Century
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 456267 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 19.
    Mozart: Symphonies No 31, 35 / Bruggen, Orchestra Of The 18th Century
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 416490 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 20.
    Chopin: Piano Concertos 1 & 2 / Thai Son Dang, Frans Bruggen, Et Al
    Label: Fryderyk Chopin Society   Catalog: 4 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Dang Thai Shon
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 21.
    The World Of Ian Bostridge
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 467788 Release Date: 10/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Nyman,  Igor Stravinsky,  Benjamin Britten,  Gerald Finzi  ... 
    Performer:  Catherine Bott,  Ian Bostridge,  Hilary Summers,  Rosemary Hardy  ... 
    Conductor:  Dominique Debart,  Reinbert De Leeuw,  Sir Colin Davis,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Normandy Orchestral Ensemble,  Schönberg Ensemble,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Haydn: Symphonies No 90, 91 & 92 / Frans Brüggen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446677 Release Date: 03/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 23.
    Haydn: The London Symphonies / Franz Brüggen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442788 Release Date: 03/27/2009   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
    On sale! $41.98
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  • 24.
    Mozart: Symphonies Nos 34 & 40 / Franz Brüggen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434113 Release Date: 02/18/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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  • 25.
    Mozart: Coronation Mass, Etc / Franz Brüggen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434799 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Chamber Choir,  Orchestra of the 18th Century
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