Erich Wolfgang Korngold

Biography

Born: 1897   Died: 1957   Period: 20th Century
Erich Wolfgang Korngold's career bridged astonishing gaps in history and music -- from the final years of Imperial Austria, when he was hailed as "a new Mozart," to Hollywood in the heyday of the studio system, to the darkened era of postwar Europe. In Vienna of the 1920s, his name evoked the best that engagingly melodic, tonal music had to offer in the concert hall or the opera house; in Hollywood he was synonymous with the swashbucklers of Read more Errol Flynn. Born in Brünn, in Moravia (now Brno, Czechoslovakia) he was the son of Julius Korngold, one of the most influential music critics in Vienna. Korngold was beating time with a spoon by the age of three, playing basic melodies at age 5, and composing at age 6. He was encouraged by Gustav Mahler to pursue his musical studies, and his teachers included Alexander Von Zemlinsky. He'd written a Piano Sonata in D minor and a ballet entitled The Snowman before he was 10, and at 13, he saw his second piano sonata premiered by Artur Schnabel. He wrote his first two operas, Der Ring des Polykrates and Violanta, in his teens, and in 1920, at 23, Korngold completed his most celebrated operatic work, Die tote Stadt; it was an immediate hit in Austria and Germany, and quickly entered the repertory of opera companies around the world.

The 1920s saw Korngold add theatrical music to his activities -- his adaptation of Johann Strauss' Eine Nacht in Venedig was a worldwide success, as was his Strauss pastiche, Waltzes in Vienna. In 1929, Korngold was commissioned by the producer Max Reinhardt to work on a new stage production of Die Fledermaus. Reinhardt was pleased with the results and impressed with Korngold's work; three years later, when Warner Bros. studios engaged Reinhardt to adapt his stage version of A Midsummer Night's Dream into a film, he engaged Korngold to arrange Felix Mendelssohn's music for the movie. The resulting film was a financial failure, but the studio was impressed with what Korngold had done with the music. He was offered a contract, which he accepted after some slight hesitation.

His first film score, for Captain Blood (1935), delighted both the studio's executives and millions of filmgoers -- Korngold's music added a richness to the sweeping tale of heroism and triumph over injustice that startled viewers with its inventiveness, adding an extra dimension to the drama, and excitement and beauty of the movie. Over the next two years, Korngold turned in dazzling musical scores for Anthony Adverse (1936), Green Pastures (1936), and The Prince and the Pauper (1937).

In late 1937, he returned to Vienna in hope of premiering a new operatic work, but the growing Nazi influence over politics and art made it impossible for Korngold and his family (all of whom were Jewish) to remain. In early 1938, he accepted a new contract offer from Warner Bros. and got himself and his family to America just before Germany annexed Austria. Korngold spent the next nine years in Hollywood among the movie colony's artistic elite, able to pick and choose his films and always doing superb work. Korngold turned in a dozen memorable scores that defined elegance in film music -- from costumed adventures like The Sea Hawk (1940) to serious drama such as Kings Row (1942).

Following the end of World War II, he returned to Austria and got a harsh reception from a populace resentful of his years in Hollywood, and derision from critics over his melodic, tonal music. Korngold lived his final years comfortably in California, in near complete artistic eclipse. Read less
Browse 251-275 of 284 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Renée Fleming - The Beautiful Voice
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458858 Release Date: 02/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Canteloube,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Antonín Dvorák,  José Maria Cano  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Clive Greensmith,  Paul Willey,  Osian Ellis  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Tate
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  London Voices
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  • 252.
    The Romantic Piano Concerto Vol 18 - Korngold, Marx /Hamelin
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66990 Release Date: 02/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Marx,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Marc-André Hamelin
    Conductor:  Osmo Vänskä
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
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  • 253.
    Korngold, Reznicek: String Quartets / Franz Schubert Quartet
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5506 Release Date: 11/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  E. Nikolaus von Reznicek
    Performer:  Helge Rosenkranz,  Florian Zwiauer,  Attila Székely,  Hartmut Pascher
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Schubert String Quartet
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  • 254.
    Four Famous German Baritones
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89978 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Albert Lortzing,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard Hüsch,  Hans Wocke,  Karl Hammes,  Herbert Janssen  ... 
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  • 255.
    Korngold, Goldmark: Violin Concertos / Vera Tsu, Yu Long
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553579 Release Date: 08/05/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Goldmark,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Vera Tsu
    Conductor:  Long Yu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Razumovsky Sinfonia
    CD: $12.99
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  • 256.
    Korngold: Die Tote Stadt / Segerstam, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8660060-61 Release Date: 08/05/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Katarina Dalayman,  Anders Bergstrom,  Ingrid Tobiasson,  Hilde Leidland  ... 
    Conductor:  Leif Segerstam
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Opera Orchestra,  Tomtberga School Children's Choir,  Royal Stockholm Opera Chorus
    CD: $25.49
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  • 257.
    Korngold: Symphony, Much Ado About Nothing / Previn, LSO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453436 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 258.
    The Heifetz Collection Vol 21 - Korngold, Rozsa, Waxman
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61752 Release Date: 06/17/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Miklós Rózsa,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Gregor Piatigorsky
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees,  Walter Hendl,  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 259.
    The Music Survives - An Introduction To Entartete Musik
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452664 Release Date: 06/10/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erwin Schulhoff,  Ernst Krenek,  Pavel Haas,  Berthold Goldschmidt  ... 
    Performer:  Krister St. Hill,  Heinz Kruse,  Michael Kraus,  Martin Petzold  ... 
    Conductor:  John Mauceri,  Lothar Zagrosek,  Berthold Goldschmidt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Hawthorne String Quartet
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  • 260.
    Sure On This Shining Night / Robert White, Samuel Sanders
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66920 Release Date: 04/10/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Amy Marcy Beach,  John Musto,  Horatio Parker,  Victor Herbert  ... 
    Performer:  Robert White,  Samuel Sanders
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  • 261.
    Korngold: Der Ring Des Polykrates / Seibel, Wottrich, Et Al
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999402 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Beate Bilandzija,  Jürgen Sacher,  Kirsten Blanck,  Dietrich Henschel  ... 
    Conductor:  Klauspeter Seibel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin
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  • 262.
    Der Junge Richard Tauber - Arien Und Duette 1919-1926
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89219 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Tauber,  Benno Ziegler,  Lotte Lehmann,  Emmy Bettendorf  ... 
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  • 263.
    Discover New Worlds With Werner Andreas Albert
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999310 Release Date: 06/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Frankel,  Paul Hindemith,  Robert Volkmann,  Hans Pfitzner  ... 
    Performer:  David Geringas
    Conductor:  Werner Andreas Albert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queensland Symphony Orchestra,  Sydney Symphony Orchestra,  Northwest German Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 264.
    Captain Blood / Richard Kaufman, Brandenburg PO Potsdam
    Label: Marco Polo   Catalog: 223607 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Steiner,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Victor Young,  Miklós Rózsa
    Conductor:  Richard Kaufman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brandenburg Philharmonic
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  • 265.
    Film Music And Variations / Leonard Pennario
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1093 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Jerry Goldsmith,  Bronislaw Kaper,  Nino Rota  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Pennario
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  • 266.
    Joseph Schmidt - Religiöse Gesänge Und Arien
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90145 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Giacomo Puccini,  Jules Massenet,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Performer:  Joseph Schmidt
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  • 267.
    Unvergessene Stimmen Der Wiener Staatsoper
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89401 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Hilde Konetzni,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Esther Réthy,  Set Svanholm  ... 
    On sale! $104.98
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  • 268.
    Korngold, Wolf: Eichendorff Lieder / Skovhus, Deutsch
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 57969 Release Date: 01/24/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Hugo Wolf
    Performer:  Bo Skovhus,  Helmut Deutsch
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  • 269.
    Barber, Korngold: Violin Concertos / Shaham, Previn
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439886 Release Date: 08/16/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Samuel Barber
    Performer:  André Previn,  Gil Shaham
    Conductor:  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 270.
    Hollywood Screen Classics / Gerhardt, National Philharmonic
    Label: Chesky Records   Catalog: 71 Release Date: 06/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manos Hadjidakis,  Miklós Rózsa,  Fumio Hayasaka,  Henry Mancini  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Gerhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 271.
    Love's Twilight / Anne Sophie Von Otter, Bengt Forsberg
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437515 Release Date: 03/21/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Bengt Forsberg,  Anne Sofie von Otter
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  • 272.
    The Great Waltz / John Mauceri, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438685 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dimitri Tiomkin,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Rodney Bennett,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Conductor:  John Mauceri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 273.
    Korngold In Vienna
    Label: Cambria Master   Catalog: 1066 Release Date: 08/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Conductor:  Max Schonherr
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  • 274.
    Korngold: From The Operas / Loibner, Janowitz, Hoppe
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1032 Release Date: 08/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Anton Dermota,  Alfred Poell,  Rosl Schwaiger,  Ilona Steingruber  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Gottfried Kassowitz,  Wilhelm Loibner,  Joseph Strobl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Austrian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 275.
    Entartete Musik - Korngold: Das Wunder Der Heliane / Mauceri
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 436636 Release Date: 04/13/1993   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Reinhart Gröschel,  Gotthold Schwarz,  Regina Schudel,  Reinhild Runkel  ... 
    Conductor:  John Mauceri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Chorus
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