Erich Wolfgang Korngold

Biography

Born: 1897   Died: 1957   Period: 20th Century
Erich Wolfgang Korngold's career bridged astonishing gaps in history and music -- from the final years of Imperial Austria, when he was hailed as "a new Mozart," to Hollywood in the heyday of the studio system, to the darkened era of postwar Europe. In Vienna of the 1920s, his name evoked the best that engagingly melodic, tonal music had to offer in the concert hall or the opera house; in Hollywood he was synonymous with the swashbucklers of Read more Errol Flynn. Born in Brünn, in Moravia (now Brno, Czechoslovakia) he was the son of Julius Korngold, one of the most influential music critics in Vienna. Korngold was beating time with a spoon by the age of three, playing basic melodies at age 5, and composing at age 6. He was encouraged by Gustav Mahler to pursue his musical studies, and his teachers included Alexander Von Zemlinsky. He'd written a Piano Sonata in D minor and a ballet entitled The Snowman before he was 10, and at 13, he saw his second piano sonata premiered by Artur Schnabel. He wrote his first two operas, Der Ring des Polykrates and Violanta, in his teens, and in 1920, at 23, Korngold completed his most celebrated operatic work, Die tote Stadt; it was an immediate hit in Austria and Germany, and quickly entered the repertory of opera companies around the world.

The 1920s saw Korngold add theatrical music to his activities -- his adaptation of Johann Strauss' Eine Nacht in Venedig was a worldwide success, as was his Strauss pastiche, Waltzes in Vienna. In 1929, Korngold was commissioned by the producer Max Reinhardt to work on a new stage production of Die Fledermaus. Reinhardt was pleased with the results and impressed with Korngold's work; three years later, when Warner Bros. studios engaged Reinhardt to adapt his stage version of A Midsummer Night's Dream into a film, he engaged Korngold to arrange Felix Mendelssohn's music for the movie. The resulting film was a financial failure, but the studio was impressed with what Korngold had done with the music. He was offered a contract, which he accepted after some slight hesitation.

His first film score, for Captain Blood (1935), delighted both the studio's executives and millions of filmgoers -- Korngold's music added a richness to the sweeping tale of heroism and triumph over injustice that startled viewers with its inventiveness, adding an extra dimension to the drama, and excitement and beauty of the movie. Over the next two years, Korngold turned in dazzling musical scores for Anthony Adverse (1936), Green Pastures (1936), and The Prince and the Pauper (1937).

In late 1937, he returned to Vienna in hope of premiering a new operatic work, but the growing Nazi influence over politics and art made it impossible for Korngold and his family (all of whom were Jewish) to remain. In early 1938, he accepted a new contract offer from Warner Bros. and got himself and his family to America just before Germany annexed Austria. Korngold spent the next nine years in Hollywood among the movie colony's artistic elite, able to pick and choose his films and always doing superb work. Korngold turned in a dozen memorable scores that defined elegance in film music -- from costumed adventures like The Sea Hawk (1940) to serious drama such as Kings Row (1942).

Following the end of World War II, he returned to Austria and got a harsh reception from a populace resentful of his years in Hollywood, and derision from critics over his melodic, tonal music. Korngold lived his final years comfortably in California, in near complete artistic eclipse. Read less
The Korngold Project Part 1
Release Date: 08/14/2015   Label: Twopianists (Label)  
Catalog: 1039282   Number of Discs: 1
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Korngold, Dvarionas: Violin Concertos / Gluzman, Jarvi, Hague Residentie
Release Date: 07/27/2010   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1822   Number of Discs: 1
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Korngold: Violin Concerto, Violin Sonata / Barati
Release Date: 02/24/2015   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 95006   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 275 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Perlman Sound
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 551699 Release Date: 08/28/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
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  • 2.
    The Korngold Project Part 1
    Label: Twopianists (Label)   Catalog: 1039282 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Daniel Rowland,  Priya Mitchell,  Julian Arp,  Luis Magalhaes
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  • 3.
    Beaux Arts Trio - Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002341702 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Isidore Cohen,  Bernard Greenhouse,  Menahem Pressler,  Stephen Kovacevich  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Beaux Arts Trio,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio members  ... 
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    On sale! $203.98
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  • 4.
    Martin Jones - 75th Birthday Tribute
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1718 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Czerny,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms,  Anatole Liadov  ... 
    Performer:  Martin Jones,  Richard McMahon,  Adrian Farmer
    Conductor:  William Boughton
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  • 5.
    Tony Palmer -  The Adventures Of Benjamin Schmid
    Label: United States Dist (Dvd)   Catalog: 149 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Benjamin Schmid
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  • 6.
    Yarlung Records: 10th Anniversary
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 42482 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Diego Ortiz,  Diego Schissi,  Jerome Kern,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel Armstrong,  Petteri Iivonen,  Frederic Rosselet,  Lorraine Hunt Lieberson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Margaret Batjer,  Gerard Schwarz,  Jeffrey Kahane  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ciaramella,  Sophisticated Lady,  Capitol Ensemble  ... 
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  • 7.
    Korngold: The Adventures of Robin Hood / Stromberg
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573369 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Conductor:  William T. Stromberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 8.
    Anne Sofie Von Otter - 10 Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002281102 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Antonio Bertali,  Giovanni Legrenzi,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Dane Roberts,  Florian Deuter,  Reinhard Goebel,  Anne Sofie von Otter  ... 
    Conductor:  Reinhard Goebel,  Marc Minkowski,  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Antiqua Cologne,  Les Musiciens du Louvre,  Choeur des Musiciens du Louvre  ... 
    CD: $72.49
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  • 9.
    Korngold: Violin Concerto, Violin Sonata / Barati
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95006 Release Date: 02/24/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Kristóf Baráti,  Gabor Farkas
    Conductor:  Otto Tausk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonie Zuidnederland
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  • 10.
    Battles In Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 578293 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Leonardo Balada,  Roy Harris  ... 
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Salvador Mas Conde,  Marin Alsop,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
    CD: $25.49
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  • 11.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 12.
    Rarities of Piano Music, 2013
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 739 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Geirr Tveitt,  Christian Sinding,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Hĺvard Gimse,  Jean-Frederic Neuberger,  Henri Sigfridsson,  Ludmil Angelov  ... 
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  • 13.
    Love And Passion In Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 7828990 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Léo Delibes,  Claude Debussy,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Rivka Golani,  János Selmeczy
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner,  Andrew Mogrelia,  Alexander Rahbari,  Konstantin Krimetz  ... 
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  • 14.
    Bach, Bartok, Korngold / Nigel Armstrong
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 65007 Release Date: 10/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Nigel Armstrong
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Colburn Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $163.49
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  • 16.
    A  Recital With Renee Fleming - Vienna At The Turn Of The 20th Century [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108117 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Maciej Pikulski
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 17.
    A Recital with Renee Fleming - Vienna at the Turn of the 20th Century
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102196 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hugo Wolf,  Gustav Mahler,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Alexander von Zemlinsky  ... 
    Performer:  Renée Fleming,  Maciej Pikulski
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 18.
    You Mean the World to Me / Jonas Kaufmann
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 308771 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Robert Stolz,  Hans May,  Mischa Spoliansky  ... 
    Performer:  Jonas Kaufmann,  Julia Kleiter
    Conductor:  Jochen Rieder
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  • 19.
    Pavel Haas, E.w. Korngold, Joseph Haydn
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 99011 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pavel Haas,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Franz Joseph Haydn
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  • 20.
    Escape to Paradise - The Hollywood Album / Daniel Hope
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002145302 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Hanns Eisler  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Hope,  Maria Todtenhaupt,  Sting,  Jacques Ammon  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Shelley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Deutsches Kammerorchester Berlin Quartet,  Deutsches Kammerorchester Berlin Quintet
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 21.
    Divergence - Music Of Altman, Korngold & Schoenberg / Kobantschenko, Mallinger, Eggner
    Label: Neos   Catalog: 21306 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Laurie Altman,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold
    Performer:  Flip Philipp,  Aurore Cany,  Kirill Kobantschenko,  Bernie Mallinger  ... 
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  • 22.
    Waldbuhne / Fleming, Bronfman, Chailly, Marin, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 59988 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Ion Marin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Waldbuhne / Fleming, Bronfman, Chailly, Marin, Rattle, Berlin Philharmonic [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 59984 Release Date: 07/29/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Igor Stravinsky,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Yefim Bronfman,  Renée Fleming
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Ion Marin,  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $64.49
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  • 24.
    Strauss,   Liszt,   Korngold,   Busoni,   Schreker / Yamada, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 186518 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Franz Liszt,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Ferruccio Busoni
    Conductor:  Kazuki Yamada
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 25.
    The Glenn Dicterow Collection
    Label: New York Philharmonic   Catalog: 140201 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Béla Bartók,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  John T. Williams
    Performer:  Glenn Dicterow
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  Alan Gilbert,  David Robertson,  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $17.99
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Erich Wolfgang Korngold


WORKS
Moderato nobile
Romance
Finale: Allegro assai vivace