Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Kodály: Missa Brevis, Psalms, Etc / Duijck, Et Al
Release Date: 03/28/2006   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 922202   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 26-50 of 291 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Entendre / duoW [CD & Blu-Ray Audio]
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92171 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Johan Halvorsen,  Adrien François Servais,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Arianna Warsaw-Fan,  Meta Weiss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  duoW
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  • 27.
    Recital For Cello & Piano  / Wen-sinn Yang, Adrian Oetiker
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 866 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Schubert,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Wenn-Sinn Yang,  Adrian Oetiker
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  • 28.
    A Folk Song Runs Through It / Andrew Rangell
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30018 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Andrew Rangell
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  • 29.
    Mon Cirque - Kodaly, Tortelier, Cassado / Chiffoleau
    Label: Maguelone   Catalog: 111156 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Paul Tortelier
    Performer:  Yvan Chiffoleau
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  • 30.
    Dohnanyi, Liszt, Kodaly / Raphael Wallfisch, John York
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5901 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  John York,  Raphael Wallfisch
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  • 31.
    Et Incarnates Est Weihnachten In St. Augustin
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 3582 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Spoken Word,  Traditional,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Ana Puche [Soprano Vocal] Rosado,  Norbert Ernst,  Jan Petryka,  Elisabeth Flechl  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Rieder
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  • 32.
    Hungarian Horizon /  Valentina Toth
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72522 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Valentina Tóth
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  • 33.
    Works For Violin And Cello / Friedemann Eichhorn, Alexander Hulshoff
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93301 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Mátyás Seiber,  Miklós Rózsa,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Performer:  Friedemann Eichhorn,  Alexander Hülshoff
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  • 34.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
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  • 35.
    Solo / 	Santiago Canon Valencia
    Label: Atoll Records (New Zealand)   Catalog: 884 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Alberto Ginastera,  György Ligeti,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Santiago Canon Valencia
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  • 36.
    The Heifetz-Piatigorsky Concerts Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 545145 Release Date: 05/07/2013   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Laurence Lesser,  Paul Rosenthal,  Israel Baker  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
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  • 37.
    40 Tracks for 40 Years - Delos Anniversary Set
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3440 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Antonín Dvorák,  Aram Khachaturian,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Performer:  James Earl Jones,  Charles Butler,  Marina Domashenko,  Dmitri Hvorostovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Zdenek Macal,  Constantine Orbelian,  James DePreist  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  New Jersey Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 38.
    Sacred And Profane
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 185 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sir Edward Elgar,  William Byrd  ... 
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  • 39.
    Micromania: 85 Piano Miniatures
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 12009 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Hugo Distler,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Veit
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  • 40.
    Eugene Ormandy Conducts 20th Century Classics
    Label: Sony (Nax615)   Catalog: 417202 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Van Cliburn,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Mendelssohn Club Chorus Philadelphia,  Rutgers University Chorus
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  • 41.
    Liszt: Mazeppa, Mephisto Waltz; Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite / Kurt Masur
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564659418 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Myron Romanul
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
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  • 42.
    The Best Of The King's Singers
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 297 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Cyrillus Kreek,  William Byrd,  Carlo Gesualdo,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers
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  • 43.
    On The Shoulders Of Giants / Cantus
    Label: Cantus Recordings   Catalog: 5638019872 Release Date: 10/23/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Tallis,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Paul Hewson  ... 
    Performer:  Aaron Humble,  Adam Reinwald,  David Walton,  Paul Rudoi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cantus
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  • 44.
    Solti Conducts Bartok
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001746002 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Leó Weiner,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Alexandru Agache,  Tamás Daróczy,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Kyung-Wha Chung  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra Strings,  Hungarian Radio/TV Chorus  ... 
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  • 45.
    Debussy, Ravel, Kodaly: String Quartets / Melos Quartet
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001739402 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Zoltán Kodály
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart
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  • 46.
    Kodaly, Janacek, Prokofiev: Sonatas Pour Violincelle Et Piano
    Label: Anima Records (Classical)   Catalog: 50600001 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek
    Performer:  Bertrand Giraud,  Agnčs Vesterman
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  • 47.
    Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite, Dances of Galanta; Dohnanyi / Schwarz, Seattle
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572749 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Ernö von Dohnányi
    Performer:  Christopher Sereque,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra,  Seattle Symphony Chorus
    CD: $12.99
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  • 48.
    Lucia Popp - Die Unvergessene (The Unforgettable) / Munchner Rundfunkorchester
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233353 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Lucia Popp,  Carole Dawn Reinhart,  Adalbert Kraus
    Conductor:  Kurt Eichhorn,  Marinus Voorberg,  Heinz Wallberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Amsterdam Chamber Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Neeme Jarvi - Highlights From A Remarkable 30 Year Recording Career
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 24144 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johan Halvorsen,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Melina Madozzi,  Linda Finnie,  Felicity Lott,  Suzanne Murphy  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
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  • 50.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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Zoltán Kodály


WORKS
I. Kezdodik a mese (The Fairy Tale Begins)
II. Becsi harangjatek (Viennese Musical Clock)
III. Dal (Song)
IV. Napoleon csataja (The Battle and Defeat of Napoleon)
V. Kozjatek (Intermezzo)
VI. A csaszari udvar bevonulasa (Entrance of the Emperor and his Court)
[Theme]: Moderato
Variation 1: Con brio
Variation 2: -
Variation 3: Piu mosso
Variation 4: Poco calmato
Variation 5: Appassionato
Variation 6: Tempo [calmato]
Variation 7: Vivo
Variation 8: Piu vivo
Variation 9: [L'istesso tempo]
Variation 10: Molto vivo
Variation 11: Andante espressivo
Variation 12: Adagio
Variation 13: Tempo di Marcia funebre
Variation 14: Andante, poco rubato
Variation 15: Allegro giocoso
Variation 16: Maestoso
Finale: Vivace
Sonata for Cello Solo, Op. 8: I. Allegro maestoso ma appassionato
II. Adagio
III. Allegro molto vivace