Zoltán Kodály

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Kodály: Háry János Suite, Etc / Järvi, Chicago So
Release Date: 04/09/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8877   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Solo Cello Sonata, Duo  / Turovsky, Turovsky
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8427   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Missa Brevis, Mátra Pictures, Etc / Parkman, Et Al
Release Date: 10/19/1999   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 754   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 26-50 of 290 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Micromania: 85 Piano Miniatures
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 12009 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  John Bull,  Hugo Distler  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Veit
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  • 27.
    Label: Farao   Catalog: B108031 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferdinand Ries,  Gabriel Fauré,  Enrique Granados,  Francesco Maria Veracini  ... 
    Performer:  Benjamin Rawitz,  Janos Maté
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  • 28.
    Eugene Ormandy Conducts 20th Century Classics
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 5417202 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Gustav Holst,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Van Cliburn,  Isaac Stern  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Mendelssohn Club Chorus Philadelphia,  Rutgers University Chorus
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  • 29.
    Liszt: Mazeppa, Mephisto Waltz; Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite / Kurt Masur
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564659418 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Myron Romanul
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
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  • 30.
    The Best Of The King's Singers
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 297 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Cyrillus Kreek,  William Byrd,  Carlo Gesualdo,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers
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  • 31.
    On The Shoulders Of Giants / Cantus
    Label: Cantus Recordings   Catalog: 5638019872 Release Date: 10/23/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Tallis,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Paul Hewson  ... 
    Performer:  Aaron Humble,  Adam Reinwald,  David Walton,  Paul Rudoi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cantus
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  • 32.
    Solti Conducts Bartok
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001746002 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Leó Weiner,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Alexandru Agache,  Tamás Daróczy,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Kyung-Wha Chung  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra Strings,  Hungarian Radio/TV Chorus  ... 
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  • 33.
    Debussy, Ravel, Kodaly: String Quartets / Melos Quartet
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001739402 Release Date: 10/09/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Zoltán Kodály
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos String Quartet Stuttgart
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  • 34.
    Kodaly, Janacek, Prokofiev: Sonatas Pour Violincelle Et Piano
    Label: Anima Records (Classical)   Catalog: 50600001 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek
    Performer:  Bertrand Giraud,  Agnčs Vesterman
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  • 35.
    Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite, Dances of Galanta; Dohnanyi / Schwarz, Seattle
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572749 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Ernö von Dohnányi
    Performer:  Christopher Sereque,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seattle Symphony Orchestra,  Seattle Symphony Chorus
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  • 36.
    Lucia Popp - Die Unvergessene (The Unforgettable) / Munchner Rundfunkorchester
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233353 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Lucia Popp,  Carole Dawn Reinhart,  Adalbert Kraus
    Conductor:  Kurt Eichhorn,  Marinus Voorberg,  Heinz Wallberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Amsterdam Chamber Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Neeme Jarvi - Highlights From A Remarkable 30 Year Recording Career
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 24144 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johan Halvorsen,  Gustav Mahler,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Melina Madozzi,  Linda Finnie,  Felicity Lott,  Suzanne Murphy  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
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  • 38.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection [84 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 39.
    Seiber: A Cappella - Yugoslav , Hungarian and Nonsense Songs / Choir of the 21st Century
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 9855 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erich Itor Kahn,  Alan Gibbs,  Zoltán Kodály,  Mátyás Seiber
    Conductor:  Howard Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Choir of the 21st Century
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  • 40.
    Kodaly, Ravel, Schulhoff: Duos For Violin & Cello
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72542 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Zoltán Kodály,  Erwin Schulhoff
    Performer:  Liza Ferschtman,  Dmitri Ferschtman
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  • 41.
    Magnificat - 500 Years Of Choral Masterworks [50-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001664502 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Gregorio Allegri,  Antonio Lotti,  Orlando de Lassus,  Josquin Des Préz  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Russill,  Marinella Pennicchi,  Michael Chance,  Mark Tucker  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Christophers,  Paul McCreesh,  Stephen Cleobury,  Edward Wickham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen,  Gabrieli Consort,  Gabrieli Players  ... 
    CD: $179.99
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  • 42.
    Lakatos
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 473 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Traditional,  Zoltán Kodály,  Vittorio Monti  ... 
    Performer:  Lakatos Róbert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Roby Lakatos Ensemble
    On sale! $52.98
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  • 43.
    The Very Best Of David Oistrakh
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 678987 Release Date: 03/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Franz Schubert,  Alexander Zaracycki  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin,  Svyatoslav Knushevitsky,  Vladimir Yampolsky  ... 
    Conductor:  George Szell,  Alceo Galliera,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
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  • 44.
    Solo
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2124 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Eugčne Ysa˙e,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Toshiro Mayuzumi,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Francis Gouton
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  • 45.
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: ARPCD0391 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Alexander Glazunov,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Heinz Stanske
    Conductor:  Carl Schuricht
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  • 46.
    Josef Suk - Early Recordings
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4075 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Josef Suk,  Leos Janácek,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Suk,  Jan Panenka,  Josef Hála,  André Navarra  ... 
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  • 47.
    The Art Of Luigi Alberto Bianchi
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 690 Release Date: 11/22/2011   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Bazzini,  Niccolň Paganini,  Fritz Kreisler,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Luigi A. Bianchi,  Aldo Arvieto,  Maruizio Preda,  Bruno Canino  ... 
    Conductor:  Jacques Delacôte
    CD: $58.99
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  • 48.
    The Boy Whose Father Was God / Chanticleer
    Label: Chanticleer Records   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henryk Mikolaj Górecki,  Roxanna Panufnik,  Mason Bates,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chanticleer
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  • 49.
    Liszt: Missa Choralis; Kodaly: Pange Lingua; Widor: Messe  / Hennig
    Label: Ars Musici   Catalog: 232198 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály,  Charles-Marie Widor
    Performer:  Tobias Götting,  Martin Lüssenhop
    Conductor:  Heinz Hennig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Boys' Choir
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  • 50.
    Music For Viola And Piano / Sarah-jane Bradley, Anthony Hewitt
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572533 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bohuslav Martinu,  Zoltán Kodály,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Joseph Joachim  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah-Jane Bradley,  Anthony Hewitt
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