Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Shostakovich: Cello Concerto;  Kodály / Wispelwey, Et Al
Release Date: 02/08/2000   Label: Channel Classics  
Catalog: 15398   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 251-264 of 264 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Kodaly: Organ Works / Hans Fagius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 199 Release Date: 03/25/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Hans Fagius
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  • 252.
    Popular & Serious Music For Cello & Piano / Lavotha, Aberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 72 Release Date: 02/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bohuslav Martinu,  Ingvar Lidholm,  Frédéric Chopin,  Ernst Toch  ... 
    Performer:  Elémér Lavotha,  Kerstin Ĺberg
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  • 253.
    Hungarian Festival / Antal, Hungarian State Orchestra
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550142 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Jenö Hubay,  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Ferenc Balogh
    Conductor:  Mátyás Antal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Orchestra
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  • 254.
    Kodály: Galánta Dances, Marosszék Dances, Etc / Leaper
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550520 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Gabriel Koncer
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
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  • 255.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 31046 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Miklós Perényi,  Jénö Jandó,  Vilmos Tátrai,  György Konrád  ... 
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  • 256.
    Kodály, Liszt: Piano Music / László Simon
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 194 Release Date: 01/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  László Simon
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  • 257.
    Music Of The World - Scandinavia & Eastern Europe - Forests
    Label: Imp Discover The Classics   Catalog: 24 Release Date: 10/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Jean Sibelius,  Johan Svendsen,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
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  • 258.
    Classics For Kids
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61489 Release Date: 06/08/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Raymond Scott,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Al Hirt,  Leo Litwin,  Martin Hoherman,  Samuel Lipman  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Eduardo Mata,  Morton Gould,  Georges Prętre  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Morton Gould Orchestra  ... 
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  • 259.
    Second Stage - The Symphonic Sound Stage Vol 2
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3504 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Howard Hanson,  Walter Piston,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Rosenberger,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  James DePreist,  Eleazar de Carvalho
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Seattle Symphony Orchestra,  Oregon Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 260.
    Starker Plays Kodaly
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1015 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Bottermund,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  János Starker,  Josef Gingold
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  • 261.
    Kodály: Háry János Suite, Etc / Järvi, Chicago So
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8877 Release Date: 04/09/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Laurence Kaptain
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 262.
    Dvorak: Requiem / Kertész, Lorengar, London Symphony
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 421810 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy,  Robert Ilosfalvy
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 263.
    Doráti Conducts Kodály And Bartók
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 432005 Release Date: 09/12/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Béla Bartók
    Performer:  Toni Koves-Steiner
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica
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  • 264.
    Dvorak: American Quartet, Cypresses; Kodaly: Quartet No 2 / Hagen
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4196012 Release Date: 01/09/1987   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Antonín Dvorák
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hagen String Quartet
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