Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Browse 251-275 of 277 Available Recordings
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  • 251.
    Bartok & Kodaly / Julianne Baird, The Crofut Consort
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 46 Release Date: 04/16/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Julianne Baird
    Conductor:  Steven Lipsitt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Crofut Consort,  Boston University Women's Chorus
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  • 252.
    Szymanowski, Kodaly, Schnittke: Sonatas For Cello And Piano
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 827 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfred Schnittke,  Zoltán Kodály,  Karol Szymanowski
    Performer:  Jan-Erik Gustafsson,  Heini Kärkkäinen
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  • 253.
    Kodaly, Ravel: Works for Violin & Cello / Bianchi, Ormezowski
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 26 Release Date: 01/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Franco Maggio Ormezowski,  Luigi A. Bianchi
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  • 254.
    The Begian Years Vol 10 / University Of Illinois Symphonic Band
    Label: Mark Records   Catalog: 1651 Release Date: 01/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Gomes,  Hector Berlioz,  Gustav Holst,  Malcolm Arnold  ... 
    Conductor:  Harry Begian
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  University of Illinois Symphonic Band
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  • 255.
    Trumpet - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66702 Release Date: 12/06/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Jean-Baptiste Arban,  Leroy Anderson,  Herbert L. Clarke  ... 
    Performer:  William Vacchiano,  André Previn,  Wynton Marsalis,  Mark Gould  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Donald Hunsberger,  Stanley Black,  Gunther Schuller  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Eastman Wind Ensemble,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 256.
    Janácek: Glagolitic Mass;  Kodály: Psalmus / Mackerras
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9310 Release Date: 10/25/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Danish National Radio Choir,  Copenhagen Boys' Choir
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  • 257.
    Kodály: String Quartets No 1 & 2, Gavotte / Kontra Quartet
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 564 Release Date: 10/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Anton Kontra,  Boris Samsing,  Peter Fabricius,  Morten Zeuthen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kontra String Quartet
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  • 258.
    Elisabeth Söderström & Kerstin Meyer / Jan Eyron
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 17 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gunnar Wennerberg,  Erik Gustaf Geijer,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Eyron,  Kerstin Meyer,  Elisabeth Söderström
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  • 259.
    Stockholm Philharmonic - 75 Years 1914-1989
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 421 Release Date: 09/23/1994   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gösta Nyström,  Daniel-François Auber  ... 
    Performer:  Frederick Hemke,  Kerstin Thorborg,  Joel Berglund,  Harriet Selin  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein,  Arturo Toscanini,  Tor Mann,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Musikaliska Sällskapet,  Stockholm University Chorus
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  • 260.
    Kodaly: Works For Cello / Lavotha, Aberg, Sparf
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 172 Release Date: 09/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Kerstin Ĺberg,  Elémér Lavotha,  Nils-Erik Sparf
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  • 261.
    The Solitary Cello / Frans Helmerson
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 25 Release Date: 09/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aulis Sallinen,  Paul Hindemith,  George Crumb,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Frans Helmerson
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  • 262.
    Bartók, Et Al / The Chamber Music Society Of Lincoln Center
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3151 Release Date: 07/06/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály,  Ernö von Dohnányi
    Performer:  Richard Fitz,  Lee Luvisi,  Gordon Gottlieb,  Gilbert Kalish  ... 
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  • 263.
    Meditations at Sunset
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7010 Release Date: 05/02/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Béla Bartók,  William Boyce,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhart Hetzel,  Martin Jones
    Conductor:  William Boughton,  Adám Fischer,  Tadaaki Otaka
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English String Orchestra,  Hungarian State Symphony Orchestra,  Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra  ... 
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  • 264.
    Kodaly: Organ Works / Hans Fagius
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 199 Release Date: 03/25/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Hans Fagius
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  • 265.
    Popular & Serious Music For Cello & Piano / Lavotha, Aberg
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 72 Release Date: 02/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bohuslav Martinu,  Ingvar Lidholm,  Frédéric Chopin,  Ernst Toch  ... 
    Performer:  Elémér Lavotha,  Kerstin Ĺberg
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  • 266.
    Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite, Dances Of Galanta, Etc / Dorati
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 4430062 Release Date: 02/21/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Hungarica
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  • 267.
    Hungarian Festival / Antal, Hungarian State Orchestra
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550142 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Jenö Hubay,  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Ferenc Balogh
    Conductor:  Mátyás Antal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Orchestra
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  • 268.
    Kodály: Galánta Dances, Marosszék Dances, Etc / Leaper
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550520 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Gabriel Koncer
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
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  • 269.
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 31046 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Miklós Perényi,  Jénö Jandó,  Vilmos Tátrai,  György Konrád  ... 
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  • 270.
    Kodály, Liszt: Piano Music / László Simon
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 194 Release Date: 01/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  László Simon
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  • 271.
    Classics For Kids
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61489 Release Date: 06/08/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Raymond Scott,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Al Hirt,  Leo Litwin,  Martin Hoherman,  Samuel Lipman  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Eduardo Mata,  Morton Gould,  Georges Prętre  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  Morton Gould Orchestra  ... 
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  • 272.
    Second Stage - The Symphonic Sound Stage Vol 2
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3504 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Howard Hanson,  Walter Piston,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Rosenberger,  János Starker
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  James DePreist,  Eleazar de Carvalho
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra,  Seattle Symphony Orchestra,  Oregon Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 273.
    Starker Plays Kodaly
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1015 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Bottermund,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  János Starker,  Josef Gingold
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  • 274.
    Kodály: Háry János Suite, Etc / Järvi, Chicago So
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8877 Release Date: 04/09/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Laurence Kaptain
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 275.
    Dvorak: Requiem / Kertész, Lorengar, London Symphony
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 421810 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy,  Robert Ilosfalvy
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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