Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Browse 226-250 of 276 Available Recordings
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  • 226.
    Kodály: Psalmus Hungaricus, Missa Brevis / Jóo, Budapest Po
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47378 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Veronika Kincses,  Mária Zempléni,  Tamara Takács,  János B. Nagy  ... 
    Conductor:  Arpád Joó
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra,  Hungarian Radio/TV Children's Chorus,  Hungarian Radio Chorus
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  • 227.
    Orchestral Excerpts For Viola / Robert Vernon
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 217 Release Date: 01/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  George Enescu,  Maurice Ravel,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Vernon
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  • 228.
    Elgar: Enigma Variations; Kodaly, Blacher / Solti, Vienna PO
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 452853 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Boris Blacher,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Zoltán Kodály
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 229.
    Bartok For Orchestra;  Kodaly / Adam Fischer, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 1771 Release Date: 10/07/1997   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Gerhart Hetzel
    Conductor:  Adám Fischer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hungarian State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 230.
    Music For A Glass Bead Game /Arturo Delmoni, Nathaniel Rosen
    Label: John Marks Records   Catalog: 15 Release Date: 10/07/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Tommaso Giordani,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Bohuslav Martinu  ... 
    Performer:  Arturo Delmoni,  Nathaniel Rosen
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  • 231.
    Conversations In Silence / Gambil, Nashville Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Warner Bros Mod Afw   Catalog: 46739 Release Date: 09/23/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  John Mock,  J. Mark Scearce,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Performer:  Paula Engerer
    Conductor:  Paul Gambill
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nashville Chamber Orchestra
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  • 232.
    The Heifetz Collection, Vol 27 - Arensky, Turina: Trios
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61758 Release Date: 04/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Arensky,  Zoltán Kodály,  Joaquin Turina
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Leonard Pennario,  Jascha Heifetz
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  • 233.
    Kodály: Music For Cello / Maria Kliegel, Jenö Jandó
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553160 Release Date: 12/17/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Jénö Jandó,  Maria Kliegel
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  • 234.
    Mystery Classics
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1601 Release Date: 07/16/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Maurice Ravel,  Louis Vierne,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Rodney Bennett,  Carol Rosenberger,  David Britton,  Ani Kavafian  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  Eleazar de Carvalho
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sequoia String Quartet,  Seattle Symphony Orchestra,  Chamber Music Northwest  ... 
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  • 235.
    Kodály: Symphonic Works / Fürst, Helsinki Philharmonic
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32153 Release Date: 06/20/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Conductor:  Janos Fürst
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 236.
    Janácek: Sinfonietta, Etc;  Kodály: Dances / Szell, Ormandy
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 62404 Release Date: 04/16/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Sir Andrew Davis,  George Szell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Toronto Symphony Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra
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  • 237.
    Liszt: Mephisto Waltz No 1, Mazeppa;  Kodaly / Kurt Masur
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 77547 Release Date: 01/09/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Liszt
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 238.
    Ensemble Vocal Euterpe Lausanne En Concert
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 766 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Benjamin Britten,  Maurice Duruflé,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Marianne Amrein,  Yves Rechsteiner,  Christian Delafontaine,  Christine Sartoretti
    Conductor:  Christophe Gesseney
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Euterpe Vocal Ensemble,  Instrumental Ensemble
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  • 239.
    Evocations - The Poet / David Pereira, David Bollard
    Label: Tall Poppies   Catalog: 10 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arthur Walter Kramer,  Frederick Delius,  Joaquin Nin,  Bohuslav Martinu  ... 
    Performer:  David Bollard,  David Pereira
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  • 240.
    Haydn: Streichquartett Op 20/3;  Kodály, Etc / Végh Quartett
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 316931 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Zoltán Kodály,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Végh String Quartet
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  • 241.
    Kodály: Psaumes De Genčve;  Janacek: Elégie, Etc / Gesseney
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 784 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Miroslav Dvorsky,  Gilles Landini,  Chantal Mathieu,  Yves Rechsteiner
    Conductor:  Christophe Gesseney
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Euterpe Vocal Ensemble
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  • 242.
    Kodaly: Works For Cello And Piano / Bredstrup, Gislinge
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32217 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Leos Janácek,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Katrine Gislinge,  Henrik Brendstrup
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  • 243.
    Only Cello - Bach, Kodaly, Sculthorpe / David Pereira
    Label: Tall Poppies   Catalog: 17 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Peter Sculthorpe,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  David Pereira
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  • 244.
    Kodály: Laudes Organi, Missa Brevis / Gronostay, Krapp
    Label: Globe   Catalog: 5115 Release Date: 12/01/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Edgar Krapp
    Conductor:  Uwe Gronostay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Chamber Choir
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  • 245.
    Prokofiev, Kodály, Brahms, Mozart, Etc / Popp, Parsons
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 363941 Release Date: 11/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Franz Lehár,  Antonín Dvorák,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Parsons,  Lucia Popp
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  • 246.
    Ilona Tokody - Portrait Of The Artist
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1009 Release Date: 11/06/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  María Grever,  Abraham Goldfaden,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Ilona Tokody,  József Simándy,  José Carreras
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  • 247.
    Favourite Violin Encores / Arthur Grumiaux, István Hajdu
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 446560 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Maria Theresia Paradis,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  István Hajdu,  Arthur Grumiaux
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  • 248.
    Historic Organs Of Baltimore / Armstrong, Ballinger, Bowie
    Label: Raven Recordings   Catalog: 91 Release Date: 09/26/1995   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Louis J.A. Lefébure-Wely,  Charles Zeuner,  Healey Willan  ... 
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  • 249.
    Orchestral Excerpts For Bass Trombone, Tenor Tuba, Etc
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 158 Release Date: 07/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Gustav Holst,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Jeffrey Reynolds,  Michael Mulcahy
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  • 250.
    Twentieth Century Viola / James Creitz, Mihail Sarbu
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 61 Release Date: 07/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Krzysztof Penderecki,  Zoltán Kodály,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  James Creitz,  Mihail Sarbu
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