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Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Kodály: Galánta Dances, Marosszék Dances, Etc / Leaper
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550520   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Music For Cello / Maria Kliegel, Jenö Jandó
Release Date: 12/17/1996   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553160   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Music For Cello Vol 2 / Kliegel, Preucil, Jandó
Release Date: 01/25/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554039   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 292 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    111 Classics for Christmas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002179902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Leroy Anderson,  Leopold Mozart,  Johnny Marks,  John Frederic Coots  ... 
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Anna Reynolds,  Christa Ludwig,  Maria Teresa Garatti  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Karl Richter,  Stephen Cleobury,  Sir David Willcocks  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir  ... 
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  • 2.
    Decca - Vienna Philharmonic - The Orchestral Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002227902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 65
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Tom Krause,  Werner Krenn,  Elly Ameling,  Werner Tripp  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Herbert von Karajan,  Karl Münchinger,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Singverein  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 3.
    Moderne
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 2908710 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Francis Poulenc,  Maurice Ravel,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Guihen Queyras,  Alexandre Tharaud,  Ronald Van Spaendonck,  Eric Le Sage  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrea Quinn
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  • 4.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
    On sale! $199.98
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  • 5.
    Solo / Alisa Weilerstein
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002160802 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Osvaldo Golijov,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Bright Sheng
    Performer:  Alisa Weilerstein
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  • 6.
    Postcards / The King's Singers
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 393 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Goff Richards,  Robert Chilcott,  Traditional  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers
    CD: $17.99
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  • 7.
    Zoltan Kodaly: Choral Works
    Label: Budapest Music Center/Bmc (Hungary)   Catalog: 144 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Conductor:  Adám Fischer
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  • 8.
    Kodaly: Bicinia Hungarica, Tricinia / Andor, Szebelledi, Uhereczky, Ori
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32711 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Conductor:  Ferenc Sapszon,  Ilona Andor,  Attila Kertesz,  Laszlo Duranyik  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zoltan Kodaly Girls' Choir,  Magnificat Children's Chorus,  Angelica Girls' Choir  ... 
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  • 9.
    Ferenc Fricsay: Complete Recordings On Deutsche Grammophon, Vol. 1 - Orchestral Works
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002132602 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  César Franck  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Tibor Varga,  Helmut Krebs,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 10.
    Grieg, Janacek, Kodaly / Danjulo Ishizaka, Shai Wosner
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4120 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Zoltán Kodály,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Shai Wosner,  Danjulo Ishizaka
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  • 11.
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002050402 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Wolfgang Schöne,  John Birch,  Teresa Kubiak,  Robert Tear  ... 
    Conductor:  Rudolf Kempe,  Laszlo Heltay
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  • 12.
    Karajan: Orchestra Spectaculars From Handel To Bartok
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633621 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Benjamin Britten,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $78.99
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  • 13.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 2
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300350 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Byron Janis,  Gary Graffman,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Krips,  Fritz Reiner,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $125.98
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  • 14.
    Istvan Kertesz: The London Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002033602 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Christa Ludwig,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Brighton Festival Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 15.
    Kodaly: String Quartets Nos. 1 & 2; Intermezzo; Gavotte / Dante Quartet
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67999 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dante Quartet
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  • 16.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
    CD: $148.49
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  • 17.
    Splinters: 20th Century Hungarian Works For Piano / Mariann Marczi
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 307 Release Date: 11/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  György Ligeti,  Béla Bartók,  György Kurtág,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Mariann Marczi
    CD: $17.99
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  • 18.
    BBC Legends - Great Recordings from the Archive
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5113 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Robert Schumann,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Beryl Hatt,  Agnes Giebel,  Joyce Barker,  Kerstin Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein,  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpington Junior Singers,  Goldsmiths' Choral Union  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 19.
    Dances From Hungary
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 44434 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferenc Erkel,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Leó Weiner,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Conductor:  Domonkos Héja
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danubia Orchestra Óbuda
    CD: $8.99
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  • 20.
    Bartok & Kodaly: The Complete String Quartets
    Label: Foghorn Classics   Catalog: 2009 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
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  • 21.
    At The Still Point Of The Turning World
    Label: Musica Omnia   Catalog: 603 Release Date: 09/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Ralf Yusif Gawlick
    Performer:  Rafael Popper-Keizer
    CD: $14.99
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  • 22.
    Entendre / duoW [CD & Blu-Ray Audio]
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92171 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Johan Halvorsen,  Adrien François Servais,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Arianna Warsaw-Fan,  Meta Weiss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  duoW
    On sale! $24.99
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  • 23.
    Recital For Cello & Piano  / Wen-sinn Yang, Adrian Oetiker
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 866 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Schubert,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Wenn-Sinn Yang,  Adrian Oetiker
    CD: $19.99
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  • 24.
    A Folk Song Runs Through It / Andrew Rangell
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30018 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Andrew Rangell
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  • 25.
    Mon Cirque - Kodaly, Tortelier, Cassado / Chiffoleau
    Label: Maguelone   Catalog: 111156 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Paul Tortelier
    Performer:  Yvan Chiffoleau
    CD: $15.99
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