Zoltán Kodály

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Kodály: Háry János Suite, Etc / Järvi, Chicago So
Release Date: 04/09/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8877   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Solo Cello Sonata, Duo  / Turovsky, Turovsky
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8427   Number of Discs: 1
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Janácek: Glagolitic Mass;  Kodály: Psalmus / Mackerras
Release Date: 10/25/1994   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9310   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Missa Brevis, Mátra Pictures, Etc / Parkman, Et Al
Release Date: 10/19/1999   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 754   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 290 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Grieg, Janacek, Kodaly / Danjulo Ishizaka, Shai Wosner
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4120 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Zoltán Kodály,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Shai Wosner,  Danjulo Ishizaka
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  • 2.
    Karajan: Orchestra Spectaculars From Handel To Bartok
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633621 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 13
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Benjamin Britten,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $79.99
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  • 3.
    RCA Living Stereo Collection Vol 2
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 300350 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Byron Janis,  Gary Graffman,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Krips,  Fritz Reiner,  Pierre Monteux,  Charles Munch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Symphony of the Air,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $125.98
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  • 4.
    Istvan Kertesz: The London Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002033602 Release Date: 04/15/2014   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Berry,  Christa Ludwig,  Pilar Lorengar,  Erzsébet Komlossy  ... 
    Conductor:  István Kertész
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Brighton Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 5.
    Kodaly: String Quartets... / Dante Quartet
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67999 Release Date: 02/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dante Quartet
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  • 6.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
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  • 7.
    Splinters: 20th Century Hungarian Works For Piano / Mariann Marczi
    Label: Odradek   Catalog: 307 Release Date: 11/05/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  György Ligeti,  Béla Bartók,  György Kurtág,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Mariann Marczi
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  • 8.
    BBC Legends - Great Recordings from the Archive
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5113 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Robert Schumann,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Beryl Hatt,  Agnes Giebel,  Joyce Barker,  Kerstin Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein,  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Arturo Toscanini,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orpington Junior Singers,  Goldsmiths' Choral Union  ... 
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  • 9.
    Dances From Hungary
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 44434 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferenc Erkel,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Leó Weiner,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Conductor:  Domonkos Héja
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Danubia Orchestra Óbuda
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  • 10.
    Bartok & Kodaly: The Complete String Quartets
    Label: Foghorn Classics   Catalog: 2009 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
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  • 11.
    Entendre / duoW [CD & Blu-Ray Audio]
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 92171 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Johan Halvorsen,  Adrien François Servais,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Arianna Warsaw-Fan,  Meta Weiss
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  duoW
    Blu-ray Audio: $24.99
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  • 12.
    Recital For Cello & Piano  / Wen-sinn Yang, Adrian Oetiker
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 866 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Schubert,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Wenn-Sinn Yang,  Adrian Oetiker
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  • 13.
    A Folk Song Runs Through It / Andrew Rangell
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 30018 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leos Janácek,  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Andrew Rangell
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  • 14.
    Mon Cirque - Kodaly, Tortelier, Cassado / Chiffoleau
    Label: Maguelone   Catalog: 111156 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Gaspar Cassadó,  Paul Tortelier
    Performer:  Yvan Chiffoleau
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  • 15.
    Dohnanyi, Liszt, Kodaly / Raphael Wallfisch, John York
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5901 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  John York,  Raphael Wallfisch
    On sale! $35.98
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  • 16.
    Et Incarnates Est Weihnachten In St. Augustin
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 3582 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Spoken Word,  Traditional,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Ana Puche Rosado,  Jan Petryka,  Norbert Ernst,  Alexander Kaimbacher  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Rieder
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  • 17.
    Hungarian Horizon /  Valentina Toth
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72522 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Valentina Tóth
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  • 18.
    Works For Violin And Cello / Friedemann Eichhorn, Alexander Hulshoff
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93301 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Mátyás Seiber,  Miklós Rózsa,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Performer:  Friedemann Eichhorn,  Alexander Hülshoff
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  • 19.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 2
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001831802 Release Date: 06/04/2013   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Arnold Schoenberg,  Anton Webern,  Alban Berg,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Helga Pilarczyk,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mihaly Székely,  Olga Szönyi  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Rafael Kubelik,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Frederick Fennell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 20.
    Solo / 	Santiago Canon Valencia
    Label: Atoll Records (New Zealand)   Catalog: 884 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Alberto Ginastera,  György Ligeti,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Santiago Canon Valencia
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 21.
    The Heifetz-Piatigorsky Concerts Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 545145 Release Date: 05/07/2013   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Laurence Lesser,  Paul Rosenthal,  Israel Baker  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
    On sale! $69.98
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  • 22.
    40 Tracks for 40 Years - Delos Anniversary Set
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3440 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Antonín Dvorák,  Aram Khachaturian,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Performer:  James Earl Jones,  Charles Butler,  Marina Domashenko,  Dmitri Hvorostovsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Zdenek Macal,  Constantine Orbelian,  James DePreist  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dallas Symphony Orchestra,  New Jersey Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 23.
    Sacred And Profane
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 185 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sir Edward Elgar,  William Byrd  ... 
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  • 24.
    The Art Of Sir Georg Solti
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 1037609 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leó Weiner,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Alexandru Agache,  Tamás Daróczy,  Julia Varády,  Iris Vermillion  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Hungarian Radio/TV Chorus,  Budapest Festival Orchestra  ... 
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  • 25.
    Micromania: 85 Piano Miniatures
    Label: Tyx Art   Catalog: 12009 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  John Bull,  Hugo Distler  ... 
    Performer:  Matthias Veit
    CD: $24.99
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