Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Kodály: Galánta Dances, Marosszék Dances, Etc / Leaper
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550520   Number of Discs: 1
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Kodály: Missa Brevis, Psalms, Etc / Duijck, Et Al
Release Date: 03/28/2006   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 922202   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 278 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Bartok & Kodaly: Concertos for Orchestra / Hrusa, Berlin Radio Symphony
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186626 Release Date: 05/18/2018   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Béla Bartók
    Conductor:  Jakub Hrusa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 2.
    South America / Lysy
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 80167 Release Date: 02/23/2018   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Astor Piazzolla,  Zoltán Kodály,  Pablo Casals  ... 
    Performer:  Antonio Lysy,  Marcia Dickstein,  Alberto Lysy,  Anastasia Petanova  ... 
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  • 3.
    Kodaly: Concerto for Orchestra / Falletta, Buffalo Philharmonic
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573838 Release Date: 01/12/2018   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály
    Conductor:  JoAnn Falletta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Endre Wolf in Sweden (Studio & Private Recordings: 1944-78)
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: DACOCD763-768 Release Date: 01/05/2018   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Anton von Webern,  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Endre Wolf,  Hans Leygraf,  Erling Blondal Bengtsson,  Sixten Eckerberg
    Conductor:  Michael Gielen,  Endre Wolf,  Stig Westerberg,  Sergiu Commissiona  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Copenhagen Chamber Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of Stockholm  ... 
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  • 5.
    Opus 8 / Gaponenko
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 1884 Release Date: 01/05/2018   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Anatole Liadov,  Nikolai Medtner,  Sergei Lyapunov,  Alexander Scriabin  ... 
    Performer:  Elena Gaponenko
    CD: $34.99
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  • 6.
    Victor de Sabata: Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon & Decca
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4798196 Release Date: 12/08/2017   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Richard Strauss,  Jean Sibelius,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pia Tassinari,  Ebe Stignani,  Ferruccio Tagliavini,  Italo Tajo
    Conductor:  Victor de Sabata,  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $46.99
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  • 7.
    Andre Navarra: Prague Recordings
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 2542292 Release Date: 09/29/2017   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Ernest Bloch,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Performer:  Josef Suk,  André Navarra,  Alfred Holecek,  Frantisek Maxian
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl,  Martin Turnovsky,  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Kyrie / Nethsingha, St. John's College Choir, Cambridge
    Label: Signum Classics   Catalog: 489 Release Date: 09/01/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Zoltán Kodály,  Leos Janácek
    Conductor:  Andrew Nethsingha
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge St. John's College Choir
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  • 9.
    En Voyage: Music for Violin & Cello / Soh-Hyun Park Altino, Leonardo Altino
    Label: Msr   Catalog: MS1550 Release Date: 08/08/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Maurice Ravel,  Paul Desenne
    Performer:  Soh-Hyun Park Altino,  Leonardo Altino
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  • 10.
    DG 111: The Conductors / Various
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797477 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander Scriabin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gaston Litaize,  Alain Moglia,  Luben Yordanoff,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Leonard Bernstein,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $138.99
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  • 11.
    Zoltan Kocsis A Tribute
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32803 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Zoltán Kocsis,  Miklós Perényi,  János Bálint,  Péter Csaba  ... 
    Conductor:  János Rolla,  Zoltán Kocsis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra,  Hungarian National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Tomkins Vocal Ensemble Budapest
    CD: $34.99
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  • 12.
    Toscanini: The Essential Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 537604 Release Date: 03/10/2017   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Edna Phillips,  Jon Garrison,  Gladys Swarthout,  Nicola Moscona  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 13.
    The Warner Classics Recordings / Argerich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 558208 Release Date: 11/04/2016   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Alberto Ginastera  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich
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  • 14.
    Stralande Jul / Ahmann, MDR Rundfunkchor
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 15381 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andreas Hammerschmidt,  Gustaf Nordqvist,  Traditional,  Michael Praetorius  ... 
    Performer:  Kent Carlson,  Anna [Soprano Vocal] Rad-Markowska,  Marina Scharnberg,  Antje [Soprano Vocal] Moldenhauer-Schrell  ... 
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  • 15.
    Duo Sessions / Fischer, Muller-Schott
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 902161 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Erwin Schulhoff,  Maurice Ravel,  Johan Halvorsen
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Daniel Müller-Schott
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  • 16.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $142.49
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  • 17.
    Le violoncelle au xxe siecle / Bertrand
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 508466 Release Date: 08/19/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Henri Dutilleux,  Hans Werner Henze,  George Crumb,  György Ligeti  ... 
    Performer:  Emmanuelle Bertrand
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  • 18.
    Bartok the Pianist
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32790 Release Date: 08/15/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Ditta Bartók-Pásztory,  Mária Basilides,  Vilma Medgyaszay  ... 
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  • 19.
    Mosaic / Trio 826
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 403 Release Date: 07/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Alexander Borodin,  Hans Krása,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio 826
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  • 20.
    Project Hungarica / Krzeszowiec, Niziol
    Label: Accord   Catalog: 226 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Szymon Krzeszowiec,  Bartlomiej Niziol,  Adam Krzeszowiec
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  • 21.
    Kodaly: Duo for Violin & Cello - Ravel: Sonata for Violin & Cello / Yon, Lastrapes
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3465 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Kirsten Yon,  Jeffrey Lastrapes
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  • 22.
    Nicolai Malko Conducts the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1957-1960)
    Label: Lyrita   Catalog: 2120 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Norma Proctor,  Elizabeth Simon,  Kathleen Joyce,  Duncan Robertson  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Time And Its Passing
    Label: Signum Classics   Catalog: 445 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Tavener,  Gabriel Jackson,  Arvo Pärt,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Jaivin [Baritone Vocal] Raj,  Max Barley,  Hannah Wright,  Isabel [Soprano Vocal] Gibber  ... 
    Conductor:  Ralph Allwood
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  • 24.
    Dance! / Huijnen & Grotenhuis
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72683 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Antonín Dvorák,  Zoltán Kodály,  Ernest Bloch  ... 
    Performer:  Cecile Huijnen,  Marieke Grotenhuis
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  • 25.
    New Year's Eve Concert 2014 / Berlin Philharmonic | Menahem Pressler Documentary
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 26113 Release Date: 12/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Aram Khachaturian,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Menahem Pressler
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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