Zoltán Kodály

Composition Types

Biography

Born: December 16, 1882; Kecskemét, Hungary   Died: March 6, 1967; Budapest, Hungary  
Hungarian composer Zoltán Kodály is today remembered as much for his contributions to the fields of ethnomusicology and music education as he is for his own musical creations. Born in 1881, Kodály was the son of a local railway station master and amateur violinist who provided a rich musical environment for his child. Young Zoltán's early exposure to the German classics was tempered by an interest in the folk heritage of his native land; in 1900, Read more after graduating from the Archiepiscopal Grammar School in Nagyszombat, he enrolled simultaneously at Budapest University (where he studied Germanic and Hungarian literature) and at the Budapest Academy of Music. Composition studies at the Academy were fruitful for Kodály, and he took a diploma in the subject in 1904. In 1905 he received a second diploma in music education, and in 1906 Kodály crowned his academic career with a Ph.D. earned for his thorough structural analysis of Hungarian folksong. During the preparation of this dissertation Kodály went on the first of many excursions into rural Hungary to record and transcribe authentic folk music, and in doing so built a strong and lasting friendship with Béla Bartók (who was engaged in the same practice at the time, and with whom Kodály would go on to publish several collections of Hungarian folk music).

Kodály's debut as a composer came in October 1906 with a successful performance of his orchestral poem Summer Evening (Nyári este) at the Academy of Music. Two months later Kodály left Hungary for the first time, having received funding from the Academy for a period of study in Berlin and Paris. Upon his return in 1907 he was appointed to the faculty of the Academy, eventually succeeding his teacher Koessler as professor of composition (and becoming Dohnányi's assistant when the latter was appointed director of the Academy in 1919). With the creation of the New Hungarian Music Society in 1911, Kodály firmly established himself alongside Bartók and Dohnányi as a powerful force in Hungary's developing musical culture.

Kodály produced a steady stream of music (his most famous works being the opera Háry János from 1927 and the orchestral suite from that opera) and important educational works (which have collectively become known to music educators as the Kodály method, and rank in significance alongside similar contributions by Orff and Dalcroze) until his death in 1967. In later years he made frequent concert tours during which he appeared as a conductor of his own music, though he never abandoned what he himself considered to be his primary work: the collection and systematization of Hungarian folk music and culture, and a corresponding assimilation of that body of work into a new Hungarian artistic aesthetic (a goal also shared by his friend Bartók). In the years after the Second World War he was honored by countless academic, musical, and political organizations around the globe; in 1961 he served as president of the International Folk Music Council, and, in 1964, as honorary president of the International Society of Music Educators. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 279 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Duo Sessions / Fischer, Muller-Schott
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 902161 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Erwin Schulhoff,  Maurice Ravel,  Johan Halvorsen
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Daniel Müller-Schott
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  • 2.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Jascha Heifetz: The Complete Stereo Collection (Remastered)
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 309534 Release Date: 08/26/2016   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
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  • 4.
    Le violoncelle au xxe siecle / Bertrand
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 508466 Release Date: 08/19/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Henri Dutilleux,  Hans Werner Henze,  George Crumb,  György Ligeti  ... 
    Performer:  Emmanuelle Bertrand
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  • 5.
    Bartok the Pianist
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32790 Release Date: 08/15/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Zoltán Kodály,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Ditta Bartók-Pásztory,  Mária Basilides,  Vilma Medgyaszay  ... 
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  • 6.
    Mosaic / Trio 826
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 403 Release Date: 07/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Alexander Borodin,  Hans Krása,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio 826
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  • 7.
    Project Hungarica / Krzeszowiec, Niziol
    Label: Accord   Catalog: 226 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Szymon Krzeszowiec,  Barolomiej Niziol,  Adam Krzeszowiec
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  • 8.
    Kodaly: Duo for Violin & Cello - Ravel: Sonata for Violin & Cello / Yon, Lastrapes
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3465 Release Date: 04/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Kirsten Yon,  Jeffrey Lastrapes
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  • 9.
    Nicolai Malko Conducts the BBC Symphony Orchestra (1957-1960)
    Label: Lyrita   Catalog: 2120 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Performer:  Norma Proctor,  Elizabeth Simon,  Kathleen Joyce,  Duncan Robertson  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicolai Malko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Time And Its Passing
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 445 Release Date: 02/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Tavener,  Gabriel Jackson,  Arvo Pärt,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Jaivin [Baritone Vocal] Raj,  Max Barley,  Hannah Wright,  Isabel [Soprano Vocal] Gibber  ... 
    Conductor:  Ralph Allwood
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  • 11.
    Dance! / Huijnen & Grotenhuis
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72683 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Antonín Dvorák,  Zoltán Kodály,  Ernest Bloch  ... 
    Performer:  Cecile Huijnen,  Marieke Grotenhuis
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  • 12.
    New Year's Eve Concert 2014 / Berlin Philharmonic | Menahem Pressler Documentary
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 26113 Release Date: 12/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Aram Khachaturian,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Menahem Pressler
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 13.
    New Year's Eve Concert 2014 / Berlin Philharmonic | Menahem Pressler Documentary [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 26113 Release Date: 12/18/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Aram Khachaturian,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Menahem Pressler
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Cello Con Fuoco: Bach, Ligeti, Kodaly
    Label: Klanglogo   Catalog: 1507 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  György Ligeti,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Veronika Wilhelm
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  • 15.
    Cassado, Kodaly
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2351 Release Date: 11/06/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Cassadó,  Zoltán Kodály
    Performer:  Antonio Meneses,  Claudio Cruz
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  • 16.
    Adagio & Allegro / Devich, Kovalszki
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32756 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Zoltán Kodály,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Gergely Devich,  Mária Kovalszki
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  • 17.
    Martha Argerich: The Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002364402 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 48
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Guy Touvron,  Gidon Kremer,  Alexandre Gurning  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Charles Dutoit,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Jörg Faerber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 18.
    Hungarian Masterpieces
    Label: Atlantic Crossing   Catalog: 6 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jenö Hubay,  Leó Weiner,  Zoltán Kodály,  Karl Goldmark  ... 
    Performer:  Angelika Merkle,  Key-Thomas Maerkl
    CD: $12.99
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  • 19.
    Inspired By Bach
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 6302 Release Date: 08/07/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms,  Albrecht Gusching,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Oliver Kern,  Julius Berger
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  • 20.
    Ferenc Fricsay - Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon Vol 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002346910 Release Date: 07/17/2015   Number of Discs: 37
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hertha Töpper,  Helmut Krebs,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir  ... 
    CD: $154.49
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  • 21.
    Kodaly: Dances of Galanta; Bartok / Mackerras, Scottish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 234 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Béla Bartók
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Seiji Ozawa: The Complete Warner Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564613951 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Béla Bartók,  Zoltán Kodály  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Michel Béroff,  Masuko Ushioda  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris,  Japan Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 23.
    Remembrances / Koornhof, van der Walt
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3476 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Paul Schoenfield,  John T. Williams,  William Bolcom  ... 
    Performer:  Truida Van Der Walt,  Piet Koornhof
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    Decca Sound  – Mono Years 1944 -1956
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002280602 Release Date: 04/07/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Maurice Ravel,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Wilhelm Backhaus,  Clifford Curzon,  Alfredo Campoli,  Henry Datyner  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Ataulfo Argenta,  Roger Desormičre,  Karl Münchinger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Paris Conservatoire Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 25.
    Battles In Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 578293 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Leonardo Balada,  Roy Harris  ... 
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd,  Salvador Mas Conde,  Marin Alsop,  Dmitry Yablonsky  ... 
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