Aram Khachaturian

Biography

Born: 1903   Died: 1978   Country: Russia   Period: 20th Century
Although he was indicted (along with Shostakovich, Prokofiev, and a number of other prominent Soviet musicians) for "formalism," in the infamous Zhdanov decree of 1948, Aram Khachaturian was, for most of his long career, one of the Soviet musical establishment's most prized representatives. Born into an Armenian family, in Tbilisi, in 1903, Khachaturian's musical identity formed slowly, and, although a tuba player in his school band and a Read more self-taught pianist, he wanted to be a biologist, and did not study music formally until entering Moscow's Gnesin Music Academy (as a cellist) in 1922. His considerable musical talents soon manifested themselves, and by 1925 he was studying composition privately with Gnesin himself. In 1929, Khachaturian joined Miaskovsky's composition class at the Moscow Conservatory. Khachaturian graduated in 1934, and before the completion, in 1937, of his postgraduate studies, the successful premieres of such works as the Symphony No. 2 in A Minor "With a Bell" (1935) and, especially, the Piano Concerto in D flat Major (1936) established Khachaturian as the leading Soviet composer of his generation. During the vicious government-sponsored attacks, in 1948, on the Soviet Composers' Union (in which Khachaturian, an active member since 1937, also held an administrative function) Khachaturian took a great deal of criticism. However, although he was officially censured for employing modernistic, politically incorrect musical techniques which fostered an "anti-people art," Khachaturian's music contained few, if any, of the objectionable traits found in the music of some of his more adventuresome colleagues. In retrospect, it was most likely Khachaturian's administrative role in the Union, perceived by the government as a bastion of politically incorrect music, and not his music as such, which earned him a place on the black list of 1948. Nevertheless, Khachaturian made a very full and humble apology for his artistic "errors" following the Zhdanov decree; his musical style, however, underwent no changes. Khachaturian joined the composition faculty of the Moscow Conservatory and the Gnesin Academy in 1950, and that same year he made his debut as a conductor. During the years until his death in 1978 Khachaturian made frequent European conducting appearances, and in January of 1968 he made a culturally significant trip to Washington, D.C., conducting the National Symphony Orchestra in a program of his own works. Khachaturian's characteristic musical style draws on the melodic and rhythmic vitality of Armenian folk music. Although not adverse to sharp dissonance, Khachaturian never strayed from a basically diatonic musical language. The Piano Concerto and the Violin Concerto in D Minor are truly Romantic works, virtuosic, clear, and unaffectedly expressive, remaining therefore popular and frequently performed composition. Of course, many neither of these works matches the popularity of the famous "Sabre Dance" from the ballet Gayane, which made Khachaturian a household name during World War II. His other works include film scores, songs, piano pieces, and chamber music. The degree of Khachaturian's success as a Soviet composer can be measured by his many honors, which include the 1941 Lenin Prize, for the Violin Concerto, the 1959 Stalin Prize, for the ballet Spartacus, and the title, awarded in 1954, of People's Artist. Read less

Work: Sabre Dance

Browse 151-162 of 162 Available Recordings
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  • 151.
    Dances For Flute / James Galway
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60917 Release Date: 02/09/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Saverio Mercadante,  Fritz Kreisler,  François Joseph Gossec  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Conneff,  James Galway,  Marisa Robles,  Graham Oppenheimer
    Conductor:  Marisa Robles,  Claudio Scimone,  Charles Gerhardt,  James Galway  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marisa Robles Harp Ensemble,  The Chieftains,  National Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 152.
    Russian Festival / Bramall, Slovak Radio Symphony
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550085 Release Date: 02/05/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Aram Khachaturian,  Mikhail Glinka,  Reinhold Gliere  ... 
    Conductor:  Anthony Bramall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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    MP3:  $7.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 153.
    Khachaturian: Symphony No 2, Etc / Jarvi, Royal Scottish
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8945 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 154.
    Russian Masterpieces / Järvi, Scottish National Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6511 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Aram Khachaturian,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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    MP3:  $9.99 Add MP3 to Cart

  • 155.
    Sarah Chang - Debut
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54352 Release Date: 08/18/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Franz Liszt,  George Gershwin,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Sandra Rivers,  Sarah Chang
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  • 156.
    Classics - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60836 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  James Pappoutsakis,  Newton Wayland,  José Luis Garcia
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Fritz Reiner,  Rudolf Baumgartner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 157.
    Fiedler - Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60835 Release Date: 09/06/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Georges Bizet,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    CD: $8.99
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  • 158.
    Classical Jukebox Vol II
    Label: Cbs Composers'greatest Hits   Catalog: 45737 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Ivan Davis
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 159.
    James Galway's Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7778 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Barry Gibb,  Traditional,  John Denver  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway
    CD: $9.99
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  • 160.
    The Canadian Brass - More Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 5628 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Thomas "Fats" Waller,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gerardo Matos Rodríguez  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass
    CD: $9.99
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  • 161.
    Pops A La Russe / John Williams, Boston Pops
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426247 Release Date: 03/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    ArkivCD $16.99
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