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Aram Khachaturian

Biography

Born: 1903   Died: 1978   Country: Russia   Period: 20th Century
Although he was indicted (along with Shostakovich, Prokofiev, and a number of other prominent Soviet musicians) for "formalism," in the infamous Zhdanov decree of 1948, Aram Khachaturian was, for most of his long career, one of the Soviet musical establishment's most prized representatives. Born into an Armenian family, in Tbilisi, in 1903, Khachaturian's musical identity formed slowly, and, although a tuba player in his school band and a Read more self-taught pianist, he wanted to be a biologist, and did not study music formally until entering Moscow's Gnesin Music Academy (as a cellist) in 1922. His considerable musical talents soon manifested themselves, and by 1925 he was studying composition privately with Gnesin himself. In 1929, Khachaturian joined Miaskovsky's composition class at the Moscow Conservatory. Khachaturian graduated in 1934, and before the completion, in 1937, of his postgraduate studies, the successful premieres of such works as the Symphony No. 2 in A Minor "With a Bell" (1935) and, especially, the Piano Concerto in D flat Major (1936) established Khachaturian as the leading Soviet composer of his generation. During the vicious government-sponsored attacks, in 1948, on the Soviet Composers' Union (in which Khachaturian, an active member since 1937, also held an administrative function) Khachaturian took a great deal of criticism. However, although he was officially censured for employing modernistic, politically incorrect musical techniques which fostered an "anti-people art," Khachaturian's music contained few, if any, of the objectionable traits found in the music of some of his more adventuresome colleagues. In retrospect, it was most likely Khachaturian's administrative role in the Union, perceived by the government as a bastion of politically incorrect music, and not his music as such, which earned him a place on the black list of 1948. Nevertheless, Khachaturian made a very full and humble apology for his artistic "errors" following the Zhdanov decree; his musical style, however, underwent no changes. Khachaturian joined the composition faculty of the Moscow Conservatory and the Gnesin Academy in 1950, and that same year he made his debut as a conductor. During the years until his death in 1978 Khachaturian made frequent European conducting appearances, and in January of 1968 he made a culturally significant trip to Washington, D.C., conducting the National Symphony Orchestra in a program of his own works. Khachaturian's characteristic musical style draws on the melodic and rhythmic vitality of Armenian folk music. Although not adverse to sharp dissonance, Khachaturian never strayed from a basically diatonic musical language. The Piano Concerto and the Violin Concerto in D Minor are truly Romantic works, virtuosic, clear, and unaffectedly expressive, remaining therefore popular and frequently performed composition. Of course, many neither of these works matches the popularity of the famous "Sabre Dance" from the ballet Gayane, which made Khachaturian a household name during World War II. His other works include film scores, songs, piano pieces, and chamber music. The degree of Khachaturian's success as a Soviet composer can be measured by his many honors, which include the 1941 Lenin Prize, for the Violin Concerto, the 1959 Stalin Prize, for the ballet Spartacus, and the title, awarded in 1954, of People's Artist. Read less
Khachaturian: Othello Suite, Battle of Stalingrad Suite / Adriano
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573389   Number of Discs: 1
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Prokofiev, Khachaturian: Piano Concertos / Nareh Arghamanyan
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186510   Number of Discs: 1
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Khachaturian: Piano Concerto, Etc / Yablonskaya, Yablonsky
Release Date: 04/29/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550799   Number of Discs: 1
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Khachaturian: Gayane Suites Nos 1-3 / André Anichanov
Release Date: 10/04/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550800   Number of Discs: 1
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Khachaturian: Spartacus Suites 1-3 / Anichanov
Release Date: 11/21/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550801   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor

Browse 26-33 of 33 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Khachaturian, Sibelius: Violin Concertos / Khachatryan
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4959 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Sergey Khachatryan
    Conductor:  Emmanuel Krivine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia Varsovia
    CD: $17.99
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  • 27.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto, Concerto-rhapsody / Martin
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555919 Release Date: 01/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Mihaela Martin
    Conductor:  Theodore Kuchar
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ukrainian National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Original Masters - Ruggiero Ricci
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 475105 Release Date: 11/25/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Carlo Bussotti
    Conductor:  Anatole Fistoulari,  Ernest Ansermet,  Piero Gamba,  Anthony Collins
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto, Etc / Mordkovitch, Wallfisch
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9866 Release Date: 05/21/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Raphael Wallfisch,  Lydia Mordkovitch
    Conductor:  Bryden Thomson,  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Sibelius, Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Aaron Rosand
    Label: Vox Classics   Catalog: 7904 Release Date: 01/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Jean Sibelius
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Kees Bakels
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky;  Khachaturian / Reiner, Elias
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 63708 Release Date: 09/12/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Leonid Kogan,  Rosalind Elias
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Khachaturian: Piano Concerto, Violin Concerto, Etc
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 448252 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  John Georgiadis,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Alicia De Larrocha
    Conductor:  Aram Khachaturian,  Stanley Black,  Anatole Fistoulari,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 33.
    Martinu, Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Louis Kaufman
    Label: Cambria   Catalog: 1063 Release Date: 08/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bohuslav Martinu,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Traditional,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Louis Kaufman,  Paul Ulanowsky
    Conductor:  Jean-Michel Leconte,  Bernard Herrmann,  Jacques Rachmilovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF Philharmonic Orchestra,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  Santa Monica Orchestra
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