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Aram Khachaturian

Biography

Born: 1903   Died: 1978   Country: Russia   Period: 20th Century
Although he was indicted (along with Shostakovich, Prokofiev, and a number of other prominent Soviet musicians) for "formalism," in the infamous Zhdanov decree of 1948, Aram Khachaturian was, for most of his long career, one of the Soviet musical establishment's most prized representatives. Born into an Armenian family, in Tbilisi, in 1903, Khachaturian's musical identity formed slowly, and, although a tuba player in his school band and a Read more self-taught pianist, he wanted to be a biologist, and did not study music formally until entering Moscow's Gnesin Music Academy (as a cellist) in 1922. His considerable musical talents soon manifested themselves, and by 1925 he was studying composition privately with Gnesin himself. In 1929, Khachaturian joined Miaskovsky's composition class at the Moscow Conservatory. Khachaturian graduated in 1934, and before the completion, in 1937, of his postgraduate studies, the successful premieres of such works as the Symphony No. 2 in A Minor "With a Bell" (1935) and, especially, the Piano Concerto in D flat Major (1936) established Khachaturian as the leading Soviet composer of his generation. During the vicious government-sponsored attacks, in 1948, on the Soviet Composers' Union (in which Khachaturian, an active member since 1937, also held an administrative function) Khachaturian took a great deal of criticism. However, although he was officially censured for employing modernistic, politically incorrect musical techniques which fostered an "anti-people art," Khachaturian's music contained few, if any, of the objectionable traits found in the music of some of his more adventuresome colleagues. In retrospect, it was most likely Khachaturian's administrative role in the Union, perceived by the government as a bastion of politically incorrect music, and not his music as such, which earned him a place on the black list of 1948. Nevertheless, Khachaturian made a very full and humble apology for his artistic "errors" following the Zhdanov decree; his musical style, however, underwent no changes. Khachaturian joined the composition faculty of the Moscow Conservatory and the Gnesin Academy in 1950, and that same year he made his debut as a conductor. During the years until his death in 1978 Khachaturian made frequent European conducting appearances, and in January of 1968 he made a culturally significant trip to Washington, D.C., conducting the National Symphony Orchestra in a program of his own works. Khachaturian's characteristic musical style draws on the melodic and rhythmic vitality of Armenian folk music. Although not adverse to sharp dissonance, Khachaturian never strayed from a basically diatonic musical language. The Piano Concerto and the Violin Concerto in D Minor are truly Romantic works, virtuosic, clear, and unaffectedly expressive, remaining therefore popular and frequently performed composition. Of course, many neither of these works matches the popularity of the famous "Sabre Dance" from the ballet Gayane, which made Khachaturian a household name during World War II. His other works include film scores, songs, piano pieces, and chamber music. The degree of Khachaturian's success as a Soviet composer can be measured by his many honors, which include the 1941 Lenin Prize, for the Violin Concerto, the 1959 Stalin Prize, for the ballet Spartacus, and the title, awarded in 1954, of People's Artist. Read less
Khachaturian: Othello Suite, Battle of Stalingrad Suite / Adriano
Release Date: 07/08/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573389   Number of Discs: 1
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Prokofiev, Khachaturian: Piano Concertos / Nareh Arghamanyan
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186510   Number of Discs: 1
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Khachaturian: Piano Concerto, Etc / Yablonskaya, Yablonsky
Release Date: 04/29/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550799   Number of Discs: 1
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Khachaturian: Gayane Suites Nos 1-3 / André Anichanov
Release Date: 10/04/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550800   Number of Discs: 1
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Khachaturian: Spartacus Suites 1-3 / Anichanov
Release Date: 11/21/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550801   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin in D minor

Browse 1-25 of 33 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto & Piano Concertos
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1255 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Boris Gutnikov,  Annette Servadei
    Conductor:  Konstantin Ivanov,  Joseph Giunta
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  • 2.
    Yoon-hee Kim Plays Khachaturian & Tchaikovsky Violin Concertos
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 46 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Yoon-Hee Kim
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth
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  • 3.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto; Shostakovich / Ehnes
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4121 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  James Ehnes,  Robert De Maine,  Amy Schwartz Moretti,  Richard O’Neill
    Conductor:  Mark Wigglesworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melbourne Symphony Orchestra,  Ehnes Quartet
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  • 4.
    Brahms, Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Kondrashin, Monteux, Philharmonia Orchestra
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2394 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Leonid Kogan
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Pierre Monteux
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  • 5.
    Sibelius & Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Menuhin, Kun, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7091 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Hu Kun
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Aram Khachaturian - Composer, Pianist, Conductor
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 4100 Release Date: 07/24/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Antonín Jemelík,  Svyatoslav Knushevitsky,  Leonid Kogan,  Aram Khachaturian
    Conductor:  Aram Khachaturian,  Alois Klima,  Alexander Gauk
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Karlovy Vary Symphony Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 7.
    Two Souls - Barber, Khachaturian / Mikhail Simonyan,  Kristjan Jarvi
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001617002 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Samuel Barber
    Performer:  Mikhail Simonyan
    Conductor:  Kristjan Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 8.
    PentaTone - The First 10 Years
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186500 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Julia Fischer,  Sa Chen,  Arabella Steinbacher,  Bram Beekman  ... 
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg,  Simon Murphy,  Lawrence Foster,  Marek Janowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra,  Russian National Orchestra,  Chamber Soloists of The New Dutch Academy  ... 
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  • 9.
    Khachaturian, Bartok: Violin Concertos / Haendel , Kray, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 94207 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Ida Haendel
    Conductor:  Hans Müller-Kray
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Khachaturian: Piano Concerto; Violin Concerto
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27890 Release Date: 08/10/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Mindru Katz,  Cristina Ortiz,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Alfred Newman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto, Masquerade Suite / Amigo, Malikian, Extremadura Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Non Profit Music   Catalog: 812 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Ara Malikian
    Conductor:  Jesus Amigo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Extremadura Symphony Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Khachaturian: Concerto-Rhapsody, Violin Concerto / Koeckert, Serebrier, Royal PO
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570988 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Nicolas Koeckert
    Conductor:  José Serebrier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Composers In Person
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17575 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Vilma Medgyaszay,  Ferenc Szekeres,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian,  Arthur Honegger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Percurama Percussion Ensemble
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  • 14.
    David Oistrakh - The Complete EMI Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 14712 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Karen Khachaturian,  Eugčne Ysa˙e  ... 
    Performer:  Jacov Shapiro,  Joseph Stidel,  Joseph Gertovich,  Mikhail Terian  ... 
    Conductor:  Nicolai Malko,  Aram Khachaturian,  Maxim Shostakovich,  Lovro von Matacic  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Archive - Sibelius, Khachaturian: Violin Concerti;  Sarasate / Taschner, Sandberg, Et Al
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6421508 Release Date: 07/22/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Aram Khachaturian,  Pablo de Sarasate
    Performer:  Gerhard Taschner
    Conductor:  Herbert Sandberg,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Fritz Lehmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra,  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Brahms, Khachaturian: Violin Concertos / Szeryng, Doráti
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434318 Release Date: 11/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Rodrigo, Khachaturian: Flute Concertos / Patrick Gallois
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435767 Release Date: 09/17/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Patrick Gallois
    Conductor:  Ion Marin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Khachaturian, Shostakovich / Manoukian, Armenian Po
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81339 Release Date: 01/30/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Catherine Manoukian
    Conductor:  Edvard Topchian
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto;  Taneyev / Oistrakh, Et Al
    Label: Emi Great Recordings Of The Century   Catalog: 61571 Release Date: 10/03/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Taneyev
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Aram Khachaturian,  Nicolai Malko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 20.
    The Art Of Yulian Sitkovetsky Vol V
    Label: Artek   Catalog: 31 Release Date: 08/29/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Julian Sitkovetsky
    Conductor:  Alexander Gauk,  Aram Khachaturian
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Classic Portraits - The Best Of Mischa Elman
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1656 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Aram Khachaturian,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Elman,  Joe Seiger
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
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  • 22.
    Khachaturian: Violin Concerto, Etc / Jelden, Et Al
    Label: Edition Hera   Catalog: 2104 Release Date: 06/28/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Michael Jelden
    Conductor:  Gustavo Plis-Sterenberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Great Concertos - Great Artists Vol I - The Violin
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Alexander Gauk,  William Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 24.
    Russian Violin Concertos / Fischer, Kreizberg, Russian NO
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186059 Release Date: 12/14/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Alexander Glazunov
    Performer:  Julia Fischer
    Conductor:  Yakov Kreizberg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian National Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Khachaturian: Cello Concerto, Violin Concerto / Muller-Schott, Steinbacher, Oramo
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 623041 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Arabella Steinbacher,  Daniel Müller-Schott
    Conductor:  Sakari Oramo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
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