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Bavarian State Opera Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1651 - ; Munich, Germany
The Bavarian State Opera has one of the longest and most honored histories of any opera house in the world. Its orchestra also serves the Bavarian State Ballet and gives concerts as the Bavarian State Orchestra. From the fifteenth century, Munich's major force in music was the Electoral court. The enthusiasm of Henriette Adelheid of Savoy (wife of the Elector's son) expedited the building of an opera house, which hosted its first performances in Read more 1653. The Court Kapellmeister, Kerll, rapidly built the opera into the equal of any in Europe.

But the Electoral court moved to Brussels when Maximilian II Emmanuel was appointed governor of the Netherlands, taking the opera company with him. He returned in 1725. His successors Karl Albrecht (1726-1745) and Maximilian III Joseph (1745-1777) restored the opera to its earlier sumptuousness. A Residenztheater (also called the Cuvilliéstheater) was built in the electoral palace in 1753. In 1787, Elector Carl Theodor (1778-1799) banned Italian opera, which drastically lessened the activities and standards of the opera. It was not until 1805 that this ban ended.

In the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, the rulers of Bavaria were elevated to the rank of King. The Residenztheater saw the world premieres of Weber's Abu Hassan (1811) and Meyerbeer's first opera, Jephthas Gelübde (1812). King Ludwig I approved the construction of a Hof- und Nationaltheater (Court and National Theater). Designed by Karl von Fisher, it was finished in 1818, destroyed by fire in 1823, and rebuilt the same year. The appointment of Franz Lachner as conductor brought the Bavarian Court Opera back up to its rank among the top of European companies.

When the young Irish dancer Lola Montez appeared on the Hof- und Nationaltheater stage in 1846, King Ludwig became infatuated. He made her a countess, showered her with gold and jewelry, and let her control governmental decisions. This sparked the populace revolt of 1848, forcing Ludwig's abdication in favor of his son, Maximilian.

The next king, Ludwig II, had his own historic operatic infatuation -- with the music of Richard Wagner, who had been exiled for his role in the 1848 Revolution in Leipzig. Ludwig brought Wagner back to Germany in 1864, and his opera gave the premieres of Tristan und Isolde and Die Meistersinger. Extravagant living and a notorious extramarital affair compelled Wagner to leave Munich. Ludwig had the Opera stage the two completed parts of Das Ring der Nibelungen against Wagner's will in 1869 and 1870. The angered Wagner built his Festival Theater in Bayreuth instead of Munich, but well after Ludwig's mysterious death in 1876. Munich built the Prinzergententheater, modeled after Bayreuth.

The Munich Opera maintained its reputation throughout the twentieth century. It was renamed the Bavarian State Opera, and the house became simply the Nationaltheater after 1918. Hans Knappertsbusch and Clemens Krauss were leading conductors up to World War II, during which the Cuvilliés and the Nationaltheater were both destroyed. After the war, the company moved to the Prinzregententheater. The two houses were rebuilt and reopened in 1958 and 1963 respectively. The immediate postwar years saw the tradition of great conductors continue, with Georg Solti, Ferenc Fricsay, Rudolf Kempe, and Joseph Keilberth on the podium. In 1971 Wolfgang Sawallisch began a long reign, stepping down in 1998. The Prinzregententheater was renovated in 1996, and is now used by the State Opera for some events. Zubin Mehta became music director of the Bavarian State Opera and State Orchestra in 1998. Read less
Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 002013902   Number of Discs: 33
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Browse 1-25 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Wagner: Lohengrin / Nagano, Kaufmann, Harteros, Koch, Schuster [blu-ray]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002247759 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Evgeny Nikitin,  Michaela Schuster,  Anja Harteros,  Jonas Kaufmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    Blu-ray Video: $19.99
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  • 2.
    Richard Strauss Collection
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107539 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Matthias Klink,  Falk Struckmann,  Peter Bronder,  Nadja Michael  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 4.
    Wagner: Tristan Und Isolde / Knappertsbusch, Klose, Braun, Treptow, Frantz
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9011 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Albrecht Peter,  Helena Braun,  Ferdinand Frantz,  Paul Schöffler  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
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  • 5.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Operettas / Boskovsky, Welser-Most
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8466429 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Elizabeth Magnuson,  Martina Jankova,  Michael Volle,  Alexander Pereira  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst,  Franz Allers,  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Opera Chorus,  Zurich Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 6.
    Chin: Alice In Wonderland / Nagano [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072414 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Unsuk Chin
    Performer:  Sally Matthews,  Guy de Mey,  Dietrich Henschel,  Steven Humes  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Children's Choir
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 7.
    Busoni: Doktor Faust / Koch, Naglestad, Daszak, Netopil, Bavarian State Opera
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 956 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferruccio Busoni
    Performer:  Wolfgang Koch,  John Daszak,  Catherine Naglestad,  Steven Humes  ... 
    Conductor:  Tomas Netopil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    CD: $39.99
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  • 8.
    Wagner: Die Feen; Das Liebesverbot; Rienzi / Sawallisch, Bavarian State Opera [9-CD Set]
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 688139 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  June Anderson,  Linda Esther-Gray,  Krisztina Láki,  Kari Lövaas  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $118.99
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  • 9.
    Electrola Recitals - Oper & Lied / Edda Moser [9-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 282812 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Hans Pfitzner,  Robert Schumann,  Hugo Wolf  ... 
    Performer:  Erik Werba,  Edda Moser,  Christoph Eschenbach,  Peter Schreier  ... 
    Conductor:  Peter Schneider,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt,  Eugen Jochum
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    CD: $32.49
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  • 10.
    Great Wagner Singers [6-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001826302 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Hans Hotter,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Heinrich Hollreiser,  Wilhelm Pitz,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Richard Kraus  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 11.
    Lortzing: Der Waffenschmied / Lehan , Prey, Litz, Ollendorff
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 123102 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Albert Lortzing
    Performer:  Fritz Ollendorff,  Lotte Schädle,  Kurt Böhme,  Gisela Litz  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Lehan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    CD: $24.99
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  • 12.
    The Art Of Verdi / Placido Domingo
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001809102 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Nicolai Ghiaurov,  Piero Cappuccilli,  Placido Domingo,  Eduardo Valdés  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Claudio Abbado,  Valery Gergiev,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Kirov Theater Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 13.
    Verdi: The Complete Works
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001806202 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 75
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Maria Guleghina,  Samuel Ramey,  Violeta Urmana,  Sara Fulgoni  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Lamberto Gardelli,  James Levine,  Richard Bonynge  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  London Voices,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $236.99
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  • 14.
    Richard Wagner - Great Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 543504 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Ben Heppner,  Deborah Voigt,  Jan-Hendrik Rootering,  Birgitta Svendén  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Marek Janowski,  Joseph Keilberth  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Chorus,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Lortzing: Der Wildschutz / Rothenberger, Wunderlich, Heger
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235522 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Albert Lortzing
    Performer:  Gisela Litz,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Hermann Prey,  Anneliese Rothenberger
    Conductor:  Robert Heger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    CD: $14.99
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  • 16.
    Nicolai: Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor / Frick, Mathis, Wunderlich, Heger
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235362 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Otto Nicolai
    Performer:  Edith Mathis,  Gottlob Frick,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Ruth Margaret Pütz
    Conductor:  Robert Heger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 17.
    Weber: Der Freischutz / Heger, Gedda, Nilsson, Koth, Berry
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 235482 Release Date: 02/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Dieter Weller,  Birgit Nilsson,  Erika Köth,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Heger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    CD: $12.99
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  • 18.
    Flieg, Gedanke: Verdi auf Deutsch [10-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 166512 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Gottlob Frick,  Rudolf Schock,  Erika Köth,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Werner Schmidt-Boelcke,  Horst Stein,  Giuseppe Patané  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $57.98
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  • 19.
    The Essential Wagner
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 973399 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Siegfried Jerusalem,  Peter Haage,  Nicolai Gedda,  Reiner Goldberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Heger,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Klaus Tennstedt,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 20.
    Mascagni: Cavalleria Rusticana; Leoncavallo: Pagliacci  / Santi, Domingo, Stratas, Varnay
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 845122 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Pietro Mascagni,  Ruggero Leoncavallo
    Performer:  Astrid Varnay,  Wolfgang Brendel,  Placido Domingo,  Leonie Rysanek  ... 
    Conductor:  Nello Santi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 21.
    Mozart: Idomeneo / Ainsley, Breslik, Nagano [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072444 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Guy de Mey,  Rainer Trost,  Annette Dasch,  John Mark Ainsley  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
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  • 22.
    Voices Of German Opera
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 40497 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Heinrich Marschner  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay,  Edda Moser,  Kurt Moll,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Berislav Klobucar,  Rudolf Moralt  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 23.
    11 Kurzopern - The Original Electrola One-Act-Operas
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64314 Release Date: 06/19/2012   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Franz Schubert,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Nicolai Gedda,  Edda Moser,  Peter Brand,  Heidy Forster  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Eberhard Schoener,  Otmar Suitner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 24.
    Best Overtures 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27333 Release Date: 05/22/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Gianluigi Gelmetti,  Lamberto Gardelli,  Sir Colin Davis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 25.
    Dvorak: Rusalka / Hanus, Opolais, Vogt, Bayerische Staatsoper
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4801 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Kristine Opolais,  Günther Groissböck,  Klaus Florian Vogt,  Nadia Krasteva  ... 
    Conductor:  Tomás Hanus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    On sale! $29.99
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