Bavarian State Opera Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1651 - ; Munich, Germany
The Bavarian State Opera has one of the longest and most honored histories of any opera house in the world. Its orchestra also serves the Bavarian State Ballet and gives concerts as the Bavarian State Orchestra. From the fifteenth century, Munich's major force in music was the Electoral court. The enthusiasm of Henriette Adelheid of Savoy (wife of the Elector's son) expedited the building of an opera house, which hosted its first performances in Read more 1653. The Court Kapellmeister, Kerll, rapidly built the opera into the equal of any in Europe.

But the Electoral court moved to Brussels when Maximilian II Emmanuel was appointed governor of the Netherlands, taking the opera company with him. He returned in 1725. His successors Karl Albrecht (1726-1745) and Maximilian III Joseph (1745-1777) restored the opera to its earlier sumptuousness. A Residenztheater (also called the Cuvilliéstheater) was built in the electoral palace in 1753. In 1787, Elector Carl Theodor (1778-1799) banned Italian opera, which drastically lessened the activities and standards of the opera. It was not until 1805 that this ban ended.

In the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, the rulers of Bavaria were elevated to the rank of King. The Residenztheater saw the world premieres of Weber's Abu Hassan (1811) and Meyerbeer's first opera, Jephthas Gelübde (1812). King Ludwig I approved the construction of a Hof- und Nationaltheater (Court and National Theater). Designed by Karl von Fisher, it was finished in 1818, destroyed by fire in 1823, and rebuilt the same year. The appointment of Franz Lachner as conductor brought the Bavarian Court Opera back up to its rank among the top of European companies.

When the young Irish dancer Lola Montez appeared on the Hof- und Nationaltheater stage in 1846, King Ludwig became infatuated. He made her a countess, showered her with gold and jewelry, and let her control governmental decisions. This sparked the populace revolt of 1848, forcing Ludwig's abdication in favor of his son, Maximilian.

The next king, Ludwig II, had his own historic operatic infatuation -- with the music of Richard Wagner, who had been exiled for his role in the 1848 Revolution in Leipzig. Ludwig brought Wagner back to Germany in 1864, and his opera gave the premieres of Tristan und Isolde and Die Meistersinger. Extravagant living and a notorious extramarital affair compelled Wagner to leave Munich. Ludwig had the Opera stage the two completed parts of Das Ring der Nibelungen against Wagner's will in 1869 and 1870. The angered Wagner built his Festival Theater in Bayreuth instead of Munich, but well after Ludwig's mysterious death in 1876. Munich built the Prinzergententheater, modeled after Bayreuth.

The Munich Opera maintained its reputation throughout the twentieth century. It was renamed the Bavarian State Opera, and the house became simply the Nationaltheater after 1918. Hans Knappertsbusch and Clemens Krauss were leading conductors up to World War II, during which the Cuvilliés and the Nationaltheater were both destroyed. After the war, the company moved to the Prinzregententheater. The two houses were rebuilt and reopened in 1958 and 1963 respectively. The immediate postwar years saw the tradition of great conductors continue, with Georg Solti, Ferenc Fricsay, Rudolf Kempe, and Joseph Keilberth on the podium. In 1971 Wolfgang Sawallisch began a long reign, stepping down in 1998. The Prinzregententheater was renovated in 1996, and is now used by the State Opera for some events. Zubin Mehta became music director of the Bavarian State Opera and State Orchestra in 1998. Read less
Mayr: Medea In Corinto / Bolton, Miles, Vargas, Michael, Bavarian State Opera [blu-ray]
Release Date: 10/25/2011   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 108030   Number of Discs: 1
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Mayr: Medea In Corinto / Bolton, Miles, Vargas, Michael, Bavarian State Opera
Release Date: 10/25/2011   Label: Arthaus Musik  
Catalog: 101578   Number of Discs: 2
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Browse 1-25 of 96 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 1.
    Verdi: The Complete Works
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002459302 Release Date: 03/25/2016   Number of Discs: 75
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Violeta Urmana,  Stuart Neill,  Maria Guleghina,  Samuel Ramey  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Lamberto Gardelli,  James Levine,  Richard Bonynge  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  London Voices,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $219.98
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  • 2.
    Wagner: Lohengrin / Knappertsbusch
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 900153 Release Date: 03/11/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Astrid Varnay,  Ingrid Bjoner,  Hans Gunther Nocker,  Kurt Böhme  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $54.49
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  • 3.
    111: The Collector's Editions [111 CDs]
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002422702 Release Date: 12/11/2015   Number of Discs: 111
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lorin Maazel,  Franz Konwitschny  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Amadeus Quartet,  Orchestre de Paris  ... 
    CD: $325.49
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  • 4.
    Ferenc Fricsay - Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon Vol 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002346910 Release Date: 07/17/2015   Number of Discs: 37
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Hertha Töpper,  Helmut Krebs,  Ernst Haefliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus,  St. Hedwig's Cathedral Choir  ... 
    CD: $154.49
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  • 5.
    Nicolai Gedda - My Favorite Operetta Heroes
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 550579 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Franz Lehár
    Performer:  Nicolai Gedda,  Wolfgang Anheisser,  Kurt Böhme,  Rita Streich  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Allers,  Willy Mattes,  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Graunke Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $33.99
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  • 6.
    Wagner: Lohengrin / Nagano, Kaufmann, Harteros, Koch, Schuster [blu-ray]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002247759 Release Date: 01/20/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Evgeny Nikitin,  Michaela Schuster,  Anja Harteros,  Jonas Kaufmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    Blu-ray Video: $22.49
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  • 7.
    Wagner: Die Walkure / Mehta, Seiffert, Rydl, Meier
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108088 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Peter Seiffert,  Mihoko Fujimura,  Waltraud Meier,  John Tomlinson  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    Blu-ray Audio: $32.49
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  • 8.
    Richard Strauss Collection
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 107539 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Matthias Klink,  Falk Struckmann,  Peter Bronder,  Nadja Michael  ... 
    Conductor:  Daniel Harding,  Claudio Abbado,  Karl Böhm,  Wolfgang Sawallisch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $149.99
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  • 9.
    Richard Strauss: Complete Operas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002013902 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Anneliese Rothenberger,  Cäcilie Reich,  Eva Maria Rogner,  Ira Malaniuk  ... 
    Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth,  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Karl Böhm,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $175.98
    CD: $167.49
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  • 10.
    Wagner: Tristan und Isolde / Knappertsbusch, Klose, Braun, Treptow, Frantz
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 9011 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Albrecht Peter,  Helena Braun,  Ferdinand Frantz,  Paul Schöffler  ... 
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
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    CD: $9.99
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  • 11.
    J. Strauss Jr.: Operettas / Boskovsky, Welser-Most
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 8466429 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.
    Performer:  Elizabeth Magnuson,  Martina Jankova,  Michael Volle,  Alexander Pereira  ... 
    Conductor:  Franz Welser-Möst,  Franz Allers,  Willi Boskovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Opera Chorus,  Zurich Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 12.
    Chin: Alice In Wonderland / Nagano [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072414 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Unsuk Chin
    Performer:  Sally Matthews,  Guy de Mey,  Dietrich Henschel,  Steven Humes  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Children's Choir
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 13.
    Busoni: Doktor Faust / Koch, Naglestad, Daszak, Netopil, Bavarian State Opera
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 956 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ferruccio Busoni
    Performer:  Wolfgang Koch,  John Daszak,  Catherine Naglestad,  Steven Humes  ... 
    Conductor:  Tomas Netopil
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    CD: $39.99
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  • 14.
    Wagner: Die Feen; Das Liebesverbot; Rienzi / Sawallisch, Bavarian State Opera [9-CD Set]
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 688139 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  June Anderson,  Linda Esther-Gray,  Krisztina Láki,  Kari Lövaas  ... 
    Conductor:  Wolfgang Sawallisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $118.99
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  • 15.
    Great Wagner Singers [6-CD Set]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001826302 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Hans Hotter,  Sieglinde Wagner,  Dame Gwyneth Jones,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Heinrich Hollreiser,  Wilhelm Pitz,  Ferdinand Leitner,  Richard Kraus  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 16.
    Flieg, Gedanke: Verdi auf Deutsch [10-CD Set]
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 166512 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Gottlob Frick,  Rudolf Schock,  Erika Köth,  Josef Metternich  ... 
    Conductor:  Wilhelm Schüchter,  Werner Schmidt-Boelcke,  Horst Stein,  Giuseppe Patané  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus,  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $57.98
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  • 17.
    Mascagni: Cavalleria Rusticana; Leoncavallo: Pagliacci  / Santi, Domingo, Stratas, Varnay
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 845122 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Pietro Mascagni,  Ruggero Leoncavallo
    Performer:  Astrid Varnay,  Wolfgang Brendel,  Placido Domingo,  Leonie Rysanek  ... 
    Conductor:  Nello Santi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 18.
    Mozart: Idomeneo / Ainsley, Breslik, Nagano [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072444 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Guy de Mey,  Rainer Trost,  Annette Dasch,  John Mark Ainsley  ... 
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
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  • 19.
    Dvorak: Rusalka / Hanus, Opolais, Vogt, Bayerische Staatsoper
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4801 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Kristine Opolais,  Günther Groissböck,  Klaus Florian Vogt,  Nadia Krasteva  ... 
    Conductor:  Tomás Hanus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    On sale! $29.99
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  • 20.
    Donizetti: Lucrezia Borgia / Gruberova, De Billy [blu-ray]
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072454 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti
    Performer:  Steven Humes,  Alice Coote,  Franco Vassallo,  Edita Gruberova  ... 
    Conductor:  Bertrand De Billy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra
    Blu-ray Video: $39.99
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  • 21.
    Bruckner: Symphonies / Hans Knappertsbusch
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1256 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Hans Knappertsbusch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 22.
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 828262 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Wolfgang Gönnenwein,  David Munrow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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  • 23.
    Best Choruses 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 80416 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Wolfgang Gönnenwein,  David Munrow  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 24.
    Mayr: Medea In Corinto / Bolton, Miles, Vargas, Michael, Bavarian State Opera
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 101578 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Simone Mayr
    Performer:  Laura Nicorescu,  Francesco Petrozzi,  Kenneth Roberson,  Alek Schrader  ... 
    Conductor:  Ivor Bolton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    On sale! $39.99
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  • 25.
    Mayr: Medea In Corinto / Bolton, Miles, Vargas, Michael, Bavarian State Opera [blu-ray]
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 108030 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Simone Mayr
    Performer:  Ramón Vargas,  Alastair Miles,  Alek Schrader,  Elena Tsallagova  ... 
    Conductor:  Ivor Bolton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian State Opera Orchestra,  Bavarian State Opera Chorus
    Recommendation
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