Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra

Biography

Active: December 25, 1882 - ; St. Petersburg, Russia
The Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra has roots dating to 1882, when it was formed for the Court of Tsar Alexander III and called the Imperial Music Choir. Its inaugural concert was given on December 25, 1882, and most of its performances for the next two decades were for Court purposes. The first music director, G. Flige, served from 1882 until 1907, by which time the orchestra was staging public concerts. Under its next director, G. Varlikh, who Read more took the podium in 1907, the orchestra began performing music by contemporary non-Russian composers such as Richard Strauss, who led the group in concert in 1912. After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, the orchestra members renamed the ensemble the State Orchestra. Serge Koussevitzky succeeded Varlikh that same year and the orchestra began performing in the Pavlovsky Vokzal concert hall. It was under Emil Cooper, music director from 1920 to 1923, that the orchestra began receiving state support and started performing in the Great Hall of the Philharmonic, formerly the Court Assembly concert hall.

Cooper presided over many spectacular concerts, including one of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 featuring nearly 500 performers. Valery Berdyaev and well-known Soviet conductor Nicolai Malko succeeded Cooper. The orchestra was now known as the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, carrying the name of its resident city, which had changed from Petrograd to Leningrad in 1924. By the late 1920s, the LPO had developed the reputation as the Soviet Union's finest orchestra. It attracted many famous conductors during this time, including Bruno Walter, Ernest Ansermet, and Hans Knappertsbusch. Malko was succeeded by Alexander Gauk in 1930. He remained only three seasons, but introduced many new compositions by Russian composers like Prokofiev, Shostakovich, and Miaskovsky. Austrian conductor Fritz Stiedry served as music director from 1934-37, further developing the orchestra's accuracy and precision. His departure in 1937 came as a result of the developing political turmoil in Europe.

Yevgeny Mravinsky was appointed music director in 1938 and would serve a half century in that capacity. He probably introduced as many famous contemporary compositions as any conductor of his time. He premiered many by Shostakovich, including his Symphony No. 5, as a guest conductor in 1937, and the Sixth in November 1939. He also introduced the Prokofiev Sixth in October 1947 and numerous other compositions by Soviet composers. He made many recordings of works by Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, and other Russian composers, but usually avoided the studio, preferring the "live concert" venue. Because of the war, the Leningrad Philharmonic was evacuated to Novosibirsk in 1941, where it performed until its 1944 return. It suffered a noticeable decline in its ensemble skills in the postwar era, owing to the death of some of the orchestra personnel and to defections, but Mravinsky, assisted by Kurt Sanderling, gradually rebuilt the LPO and by the late 1960s, it was once again considered a world-class ensemble. Many tours abroad in the 1970s confirmed this judgment. In the last decade or so of Mravinsky's tenure, he was largely inactive, allowing assistant conductors to lead the orchestra. Upon his death, Yuri Temirkanov was appointed music director. In 1991, when the city of Leningrad reverted to its old name of St. Petersburg, the orchestra was renamed the St. Petersburg Philharmonic. Read less
Prokofiev: Symphony No 5 / Jansons, Leningrad Phil Orch
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8576   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 26-50 of 50 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Boris I. Tischenko: Symphony No 1, Etc / Chistiakov, Et Al
    Label: Northern Flowers   Catalog: 9942 Release Date: 01/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Boris Tishchenko
    Conductor:  Andrey Chistiakov,  Eduard Serov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Weekend Classics - A Russian Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000769302 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Modest Mussorgsky,  Igor Stravinsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Mikhail Glinka  ... 
    Performer:  Torgny Sporsen
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Rafael Kubelik,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Mikhail Pletnev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 28.
    Prokofiev: Symphony No 5, Etc;  Britten / Rozhdestvensky
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4184 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Benjamin Britten
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Evgeni Mravinsky (Box)
    Label: Membran International Gmbh   Catalog: 1073090 Release Date: 04/27/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 30.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos. 4, 5 & 6 / Mravinsky, Leningrad
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775911 Release Date: 01/02/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Berlioz, Tchaikovsky / Rozhdestvensky, Leningrad Po
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4163 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hector Berlioz
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Musik...sprache Der Welt - Beethoven: Symphony No 2, Etc
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000265102 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Musik...sprache Der Welt - Fricsay, Furtwängler, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 474980 Release Date: 06/01/2004   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Diana Eustrati,  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Eugen Jochum,  Karl Böhm,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  Igor Markevitch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Motet Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 34.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Evgeny Mravinsky
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75953 Release Date: 08/05/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alexander Glazunov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 35.
    Legendary Treasures - Tchaikovsky, Berlioz, Etc / Mravinsky
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7610 Release Date: 11/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Hector Berlioz,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Rachmaninov: Orchestral Works / Mariss Jansons
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75510 Release Date: 11/05/2002   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Mikhail Rudy
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 7 / Jansons, Leningrad Po
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49494 Release Date: 09/10/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Rostropovich - Mastercellist - Legendary Recordings 1956-78
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471620 Release Date: 04/02/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Dedyukhin,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Legendary Treasures - Brahms: Four Symphonies / Mravinsky
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7798 Release Date: 02/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 40.
    Legendary Treasures - Daniel Shafran Vol 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7741 Release Date: 08/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Bedrich Smetana,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nicolai Petrovich Rakov  ... 
    Performer:  Daniil Shafran,  Nina Musinian,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Music from the Movies
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 46956 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John Williams,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Carl Orff  ... 
    Performer:  Trevor Pinnock,  Carlo Bergonzi,  Harold Wright,  Anatol Ugorski  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  John Mauceri,  Herbert von Karajan,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert Winds,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 42.
    Rihm: Orchestral And Chamber Works
    Label: Col Legno   Catalog: 20508 Release Date: 08/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Rihm
    Performer:  Richard Salter,  Bernhard Wambach,  Isolde Siebert,  Carmen Fuggis
    Conductor:  Alexander Dmitriev,  Michael Gielen,  Hans Zender
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Rachmaninov: Piano Concertos, Etc;  Tchaikovsky /Rudy, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 73765 Release Date: 04/11/2000   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Mikhail Rudy
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $32.99
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  • 44.
    Rachmaninov: Symphony No 2 / Sanderling, Leningrad Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449767 Release Date: 01/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 45.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 5; Tchaikovsky / Rowicki
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453988 Release Date: 09/08/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Witold Rowicki,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 46.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos 4, 5 & 6 / Sanderling, Mravinsky
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447423 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 47.
    Schumann: Piano Concerto, Cello Concerto / Argerich, Rostropovich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449100 Release Date: 10/02/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  National Symphony, Washington, D. C.
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  • 48.
    Prokofiev: Symphony No 5 / Jansons, Leningrad Phil Orch
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8576 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 49.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, 5 & 6 / Mravinsky, Leningrad Po
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419745 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 50.
    Tchaikovsky Gala In Leningrad / Ma, Norman, Perlman, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60739 Release Date: 09/10/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Evgeni Shenderovich,  Jessye Norman,  Yo-Yo Ma
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Military Orchestra
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