Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra

Biography

Active: December 25, 1882 - ; St. Petersburg, Russia
The Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra has roots dating to 1882, when it was formed for the Court of Tsar Alexander III and called the Imperial Music Choir. Its inaugural concert was given on December 25, 1882, and most of its performances for the next two decades were for Court purposes. The first music director, G. Flige, served from 1882 until 1907, by which time the orchestra was staging public concerts. Under its next director, G. Varlikh, who Read more took the podium in 1907, the orchestra began performing music by contemporary non-Russian composers such as Richard Strauss, who led the group in concert in 1912. After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, the orchestra members renamed the ensemble the State Orchestra. Serge Koussevitzky succeeded Varlikh that same year and the orchestra began performing in the Pavlovsky Vokzal concert hall. It was under Emil Cooper, music director from 1920 to 1923, that the orchestra began receiving state support and started performing in the Great Hall of the Philharmonic, formerly the Court Assembly concert hall.

Cooper presided over many spectacular concerts, including one of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 featuring nearly 500 performers. Valery Berdyaev and well-known Soviet conductor Nicolai Malko succeeded Cooper. The orchestra was now known as the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, carrying the name of its resident city, which had changed from Petrograd to Leningrad in 1924. By the late 1920s, the LPO had developed the reputation as the Soviet Union's finest orchestra. It attracted many famous conductors during this time, including Bruno Walter, Ernest Ansermet, and Hans Knappertsbusch. Malko was succeeded by Alexander Gauk in 1930. He remained only three seasons, but introduced many new compositions by Russian composers like Prokofiev, Shostakovich, and Miaskovsky. Austrian conductor Fritz Stiedry served as music director from 1934-37, further developing the orchestra's accuracy and precision. His departure in 1937 came as a result of the developing political turmoil in Europe.

Yevgeny Mravinsky was appointed music director in 1938 and would serve a half century in that capacity. He probably introduced as many famous contemporary compositions as any conductor of his time. He premiered many by Shostakovich, including his Symphony No. 5, as a guest conductor in 1937, and the Sixth in November 1939. He also introduced the Prokofiev Sixth in October 1947 and numerous other compositions by Soviet composers. He made many recordings of works by Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, and other Russian composers, but usually avoided the studio, preferring the "live concert" venue. Because of the war, the Leningrad Philharmonic was evacuated to Novosibirsk in 1941, where it performed until its 1944 return. It suffered a noticeable decline in its ensemble skills in the postwar era, owing to the death of some of the orchestra personnel and to defections, but Mravinsky, assisted by Kurt Sanderling, gradually rebuilt the LPO and by the late 1960s, it was once again considered a world-class ensemble. Many tours abroad in the 1970s confirmed this judgment. In the last decade or so of Mravinsky's tenure, he was largely inactive, allowing assistant conductors to lead the orchestra. Upon his death, Yuri Temirkanov was appointed music director. In 1991, when the city of Leningrad reverted to its old name of St. Petersburg, the orchestra was renamed the St. Petersburg Philharmonic. Read less
Browse 26-46 of 46 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Yevgeny Mravinsky In Moscow - Schubert:
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350053 Release Date: 05/12/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 27.
    Mozart, Shostakovich: Violin Concerti / Oistrakh, Mravinsky, Leningrad Po
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 736081 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 28.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker;  Prokofiev: Romeo & Juliet
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420483 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Shostakovich: The Nose, The Gamblers / Rozhdestvensky, Et Al
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1001192 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Vladimir Rybasenko,  Vladimir Tarkhov,  Yaroslav Radivonik,  Aschot Sarkisov  ... 
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Opera
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  • 30.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 4, 5 & 6 / Mravinsky, Leningrad Po
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1000688 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 31.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 8 / E Mravinsky, Leningrad Phil
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422442 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 32.
    Sophia Preobrazhenskaya - Historic Performances
    Label: Boheme Music   Catalog: 71 Release Date: 08/21/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell
    Performer:  Issaya Braudo,  Sofya P. Preobrajenskaya
    Conductor:  Gemal Dalgat
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 33.
    Shostakovich: Cheryomushki  (Chery Town) / Rabinovich, Zabotkina
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000662209 Release Date: 07/10/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Marina Khotuntseva,  Olga Zabotkina,  Vladimir Vasilyev,  Grigori Bortnikov  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolai Rabinovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 34.
    The Glory Of Rostropovich / 8-Disc Set
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000839202 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Robert Schumann,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giuseppe Tartini  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Rudolf Serkin,  Martha Argerich
    Conductor:  Paul Sacher,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Collegium Musicum,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 35.
    Prokofiev: Symphony No 5, Etc;  Britten / Rozhdestvensky
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4184 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Benjamin Britten
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 36.
    Berlioz, Tchaikovsky / Rozhdestvensky, Leningrad Po
    Label: Bbc Legends   Catalog: 4163 Release Date: 02/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Hector Berlioz
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 37.
    Rachmaninov: Orchestral Works / Mariss Jansons
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75510 Release Date: 11/05/2002   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Mikhail Rudy
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Rostropovich - Mastercellist - Legendary Recordings 1956-78
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471620 Release Date: 04/02/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Dedyukhin,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 39.
    Legendary Treasures - Brahms: Four Symphonies / Mravinsky
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7798 Release Date: 02/05/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $38.98
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  • 40.
    Legendary Treasures - Daniel Shafran Vol 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7741 Release Date: 08/21/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Bedrich Smetana,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nicolai Petrovich Rakov  ... 
    Performer:  Daniil Shafran,  Nina Musinian,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 41.
    Music from the Movies
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 46956 Release Date: 01/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John T. Williams,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Carl Orff  ... 
    Performer:  Trevor Pinnock,  Carlo Bergonzi,  Harold Wright,  Anatol Ugorski  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock,  John Mauceri,  Herbert von Karajan,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert Winds,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $17.98
    CD: $13.99
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  • 42.
    Rachmaninov: Symphony No 2 / Sanderling, Leningrad Po
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 449767 Release Date: 01/27/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Conductor:  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 43.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 5; Tchaikovsky / Rowicki
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 453988 Release Date: 09/08/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Witold Rowicki,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 44.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos 4, 5 & 6 / Sanderling, Mravinsky
    Label: Dg The Originals   Catalog: 447423 Release Date: 02/13/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Kurt Sanderling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $24.98
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  • 45.
    Prokofiev: Symphony No 5 / Jansons, Leningrad Phil Orch
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8576 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 46.
    Tchaikovsky: Symphonies Nos. 4, 5 & 6 / Mravinsky, Leningrad PO
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 419745 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra
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