Munich Chamber Orchestra

Biography

Active: 1950 - ; Munich, Germany
The Munich Chamber Orchestra (Münchener Kammerorchester) is one of the oldest and most respected permanent chamber orchestras in Europe. It is particularly known for performances of twentieth-century music, and also for Classical and earlier music.

As the seat of the dukes of Upper Bavaria since 1255 and the capital since 1550, Munich became a natural center for music whose influence varied along with the fortunes of its rulers. Even
Read more before them it was a center of church activity, particularly of the monasteries that gave the city its name, München, which is German for "monks." Opera was established in Munich in 1651 and soon the court of the Elector of Bavaria was known for having some of the most sumptuous performances in Europe. A court orchestra naturally was part of the opera, and began to perform public concerts in the 1700s.

At that time, the orchestra's size was that which would be counted a chamber orchestra in today's terms, as were the orchestras organized for specific concerts by the Musikalische Akademie, founded in 1811, and private orchestras, but these grew as the Romantic era's taste for large, rich sonorities took hold. When the private Kaim orchestra became the Munich Philharmonic in 1924, it was a full-sized symphony.

Musical academics began to realize that such ensembles were much larger than those usually imagined by composers of Beethoven's era and earlier and that smaller groups were arguably better suited for such music and for the new Neo-Classical works being written from the 1920s. A chamber orchestra movement took hold in Europe and elsewhere, with some of the pioneers being Boyd Neel of Britain and Paul Sacher of Switzerland.

After World War II, there was a further growth in interest in chamber orchestras and in earlier music. In the decade after the end of World War II, Munich alone saw the formation of not only three new full-sized orchestras but several smaller groups. Soon, Munich was one of the most active sites of the chamber music movement as the home of the Capella Antiqua, the Capella Monacensis, the Studio der Frühen Musik, the Bach Society, the Musica Bavarica, the Studio for New Music and the Münchener Kammerorchester.

Of all of them, the last-named, founded in 1950 by Christoph Stepp, had the broadest mandate. The others all specialized in a particular era or (in the case of Musica Bavarica) research in Bavarian music.

In 1956, Hans Stadlmair became music director, and brought the Munich Chamber Orchestra to a new level. He made innovative and provocative programs organized around given ideas or eras, and devoted the majority of the orchestra's efforts to music of the twentieth century, especially to the most recent contemporary music. It was a pioneer in playing much music of Schoenberg and Webern, of post-twelve-tone composers like Stockhausen or Xenakis, and the music of Munich's own Karl Amadeus Hartmann. In 1995, Christoph Poppen became music director and has continued this path.

Poppen has also continued the orchestra's frequent and extensive touring. Since he assumed leadership, the orchestra has toured throughout Eastern Europe, to the American cities of New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Las Vegas; and to the Chinese cities of Shanghai, Hong Kong, Jinan, and Qingdao, as well as to Japan, Manila, Hanoi, Bangkok, and Singapore. It appears often at leading music festivals.

In recent years, it has revived Richard Strauss' Der Bürger als Edelmann (the early version of Ariadne auf Naxos) and premiered Tan Don's opera Marco Polo in 1996. It has won many recording prizes and other recognition and recorded for Koch, ECM, Tudor, and other labels. Read less
Browse 1-10 of 10 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    C.P.E. Bach: Cello Concertos / Meneses, Munich Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Pan Classics   Catalog: 10294 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach
    Performer:  Antonio Meneses
    Conductor:  Antonio Meneses
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Nikolaus Brass: Zeit im Grund, Von wachsender Gegenwart
    Label: Neos   Catalog: 1112 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolaus Brass
    Conductor:  Alexander Liebreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra,  Zelinsky-Smeyers Clarinet Duo
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  • 3.
    Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - Voice Of The Century [23 CDs & 2 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001792900 Release Date: 01/15/2013   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Daniel Barenboim,  Jörg Demus,  Gerald Moore  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael Kubelik,  Karl Böhm,  Lorin Maazel,  Karl Richter  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Hosokawa: Landscapes / Miyata, Liebreich, Munich Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 001607302 Release Date: 10/24/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Toshio Hosokawa
    Conductor:  Alexander Liebreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Faure: Requiem / Dijkstra, Bavarian Radio Choir, Munich Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7911082 Release Date: 09/06/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Conductor:  Peter Dijkstra
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Chorus,  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Rossini Overtures / Liebreich, Munchener Kammerorchester
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7771412 Release Date: 04/19/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Alexander Liebreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 7.
    111 More Classic Tracks [6-CD Set - Limited Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001483202 Release Date: 11/09/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Franz Liszt,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Géza Anda,  Maurice André,  Stefan Askenase,  Martha Argerich  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Karel Ancerl,  Hans Stadlmair,  John Nelson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra,  Munich Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Mozart: Complete Operas [33 DVDs]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001470109 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 33
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Chaya Czernowin
    Performer:  Elina Garanca,  Michael Schade,  Dorothea Röschmann,  Barbara Bonney  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Riccardo Muti,  Roger Norrington,  Manfred Honeck  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung,  Vienna State Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 9.
    Thomas Larcher: Madhares
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 001431402 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1s
    Composer:  Thomas Larcher
    Performer:  Till Fellner,  Kim Kashkashian
    Conductor:  Dennis Russell Davies
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra,  Quatuor Diotima
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  • 10.
    Bach - Violin And Voice / Hilary Hahn
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001383202 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Hilary Hahn,  Matthias Goerne,  Christine Schäfer,  Henrik Wiese
    Conductor:  Alexander Liebreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Neharot / Kim Kashkashian
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 4763281 Release Date: 08/25/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tigran Mansurian,  Komitas Vardapet,  Betty Olivero,  Eitan Steinberg
    Performer:  Kim Kashkashian,  Tigran Mansurian,  Robyn Schulkowsky
    Conductor:  Gil Rose,  Alexander Liebreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Modern Orchestra Project,  Munich Chamber Orchestra,  Kuss String Quartet
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  • 12.
    L. Mozart: Sinfonia Pastorella, Etc / Stadlmair, Munich Co
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7066 Release Date: 06/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Leopold Mozart
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 13.
    M. Haydn: Missa In Hon. S. Gotthardi, Etc / Poppen, Et Al
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7046 Release Date: 06/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Haydn
    Performer:  Gerhard Späth,  Ioannis Ikonomou,  Gisela Schubert,  Friedemann Winklhofer  ... 
    Conductor:  Christoph Poppen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Zurich Boys' Choir,  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Schubert: Der Tod Und Das Madchen, Etc /Poppen, Banse, Et Al
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7070 Release Date: 06/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Performer:  Juliane Banse,  Paul Meyer
    Conductor:  Christoph Poppen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Stamitz, Hoffmeister, Pokorny: Clarinet Concertos / Brunner
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 7008 Release Date: 06/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Franz Xaver Pokorny,  Franz Anton Hoffmeister
    Performer:  Eduard Brunner
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Carnevale Di Venezia / Eduard Brunner
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 728 Release Date: 06/26/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Saverio Mercadante,  Gioachino Rossini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Eduard Brunner
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Concerto Con Salterio - L. Mozart, Salulini, Jommelli
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 712 Release Date: 04/06/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benedetto Marcello,  Paolo Salulini,  Leopold Mozart,  Niccolò Jommelli
    Performer:  Karl-Heinz Schickhaus
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Domenico Scarlatti: Le Quattro Stagioni
    Label: Tudor Records   Catalog: 707 Release Date: 04/06/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti
    Performer:  Regina Marheineke,  Heiner Hopfner,  Kari Lövaas,  Ria Bollen
    Conductor:  Hans Ludwig Hirsch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra,  Munich Vocal Soloists
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  • 19.
    The Most Relaxing Pachelbel Canon And Baroque Favorites In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17723 Release Date: 03/03/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Kurt Redel,  Karl Stangenberg,  Philipe Emanuel Haas,  Thierry Escaich  ... 
    Conductor:  Hanspeter Gmür,  Alberto Lizzio,  Hans Reinartz,  Genadi Cherkasov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra,  Musici di San Marco,  Würzburg Camerata  ... 
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  • 20.
    Gubaidulina: Seven Words, Ten Preludes, De Profundis
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 9461897 Release Date: 11/18/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sofia Gubaidulina
    Performer:  Boris Pergamenschikow,  Elsbeth Moser
    Conductor:  Christoph Poppen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Classical Essentials - String Essentials - Bach, Bartok, Mozart, Ravel, Etc / I Solisti Italiani, Munich Co, Et Al
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17715 Release Date: 06/03/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Maurice Ravel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow,  Sigrid Cenariu
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair,  Rudolf Baumgartner,  Vassil Kazandjiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra,  I Solisti Italiani,  Lucerne Festival Strings  ... 
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  • 22.
    Haydn: Symphonies No 39 & 45;  Yun / Liebreich, Munich Co
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 001071802 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Isang Yun
    Conductor:  Alexander Liebreich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Concerti Brillanti: C.P.E. Bach, Graf, Haydn, Hasse / Vogler
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 711997 Release Date: 10/29/2007  
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Friedrich Hartmann Graf,  Johann Adolf Hasse,  Michael Haydn
    Performer:  Jan Vogler
    Conductor:  Reinhard Goebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Silvestrov: Bagatellen Und Serenaden / Poppen, Lubimov
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 000966202 Release Date: 09/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Valentin Silvestrov
    Performer:  Alexei Lubimov,  Valentin Silvestrov
    Conductor:  Christoph Poppen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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  • 25.
    A Scarlatti: Il Giardino D'amore / Fassbaender, Gayer, Et Al
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 431122 Release Date: 08/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alessandro Scarlatti
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender,  Catherine Gayer
    Conductor:  Hans Stadlmair
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Chamber Orchestra
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