Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda

Biography

Born: February 21, 1801; Prague, Czech Republic   Died: December 3, 1866; Karlsruhe, Germany  
Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda was a music director and violinist in Germany during the first half of the nineteenth century and a composer who seemed more important at the time than his subsequent place in history indicates. His given name was in Czech, Jan Krtitl Vaclav Kalivoda, the more familiar form is a Germanized version. He excelled at violin as a boy and with the help of the Prince of Thurn and Taxis was enrolled in the Prague Conservatory, Read more then a brand-new institution. His violin teacher was Bedrich Vilem Pixis and he studied composition with Dionys Weber. He graduated in 1816 at the age of 15 and got a job in the orchestra of the Stavovske Theatre. At the time, its conductor was Carl Maria von Weber. It is not known if he had informal studies or consultations with Weber, but his music shows Weber's influence.

When Kalliwoda left the orchestra in 1821, it gave him a farewell concert comprising his own compositions. He went on a tour of Germany, Holland, and Switzerland as a violinist. When he visited Munich, Prince Karl Egon II of Fürstenberg invited him to become music director of his musical establishment. The terms included hard work but generous benefits. He was to conduct the prince's orchestra in Donaueschingen, teach singing, play violin as a soloist, and supervise the music of the cathedral. However, he was given two or three months off every year to study, travel, and undertake concert tours. Kalliwoda moved there with his family at the end of 1822. Donaueschingen was already known as one of the most cultured capitals among the many German states, and Kalliwoda elevated its musical life to rank with the finest in Germany, residing there most of the rest of his life. While there, he married Teresa Brunetti, who was one of the leading prima donnas of the day. Their son, Wilhelm (1827 - 1893), was a notable pianist and conductor who also composed.

In 1848, revolution broke out in many parts of Europe and the Principality of Fürstenberg was not spared. Its ruler was forced to give up the symphony orchestra, which dispersed. In 1856, the theater burned down and at that point, Kalliwoda effectively retired, but was given a generous pension. He moved to Karlsruhe in 1857 to live with Wilhelm, who directed the city theater there, and retired from concert touring in 1858. One of his last performances was in Prague, where he conducted a program including his own Overture in E, Op. 226, at a concert commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Prague Conservatory. Kalliwoda was given a chance to rebuild the Prince's orchestra in 1857, but was unable to establish the high level he had previously attained.

Kalliwoda was a prolific composer. His published works run to 243 opus numbers and there were nearly 50 others without opus numbers. He left at least that amount of music in manuscript form. His music was widely played during his lifetime; a choral work, Das Deutsche Lied, remained solidly entrenched in the repertory in Germany until the 1930s.

He was capable of considerable inventive power, with fresh melodies and well-executed counterpoint, with truly inspired ideas in his orchestration. This is mostly evident in his early music. After he was securely established in Donaueschingen, the quality of his work drastically dropped, whether from complacency or the pressures of his jobs. He seemingly no longer worked at shaping his thematic ideas into truly good melodies, treating the resulting second-rate material with conventional musical devices. The music is regarded as pretty, but little more. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 33 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Der Hirt Auf Dem Felsen
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233734 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Franz Paul Lachner,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Louis Spohr
    Performer:  Dieter Klöcker,  Klaus Donath,  Helen Donath
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  • 2.
    Dambusters! Organ X-plosion Vol II / Kevin Bowyer
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 8104 Release Date: 07/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jackson Hill,  Eric Coates,  Arthur Meale,  Arthur Willis  ... 
    Performer:  Kevin Bowyer
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  • 3.
    The Romantic Oboist / Ramon Ortega Quero, Kateryna Titova
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 12254 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert,  Antonio Pasculli,  Theodore Lalliet  ... 
    Performer:  Ramon Ortega Quero,  Kateryna Titova
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  • 4.
    Solo Turban!
    Label: Telos   Catalog: 72 Release Date: 04/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Niccolò Paganini,  Camillo Sivori,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Leon de Saint-Lubin  ... 
    Performer:  Ingolf Turban
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  • 5.
    Oboe Collection / Robin Canter
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 22 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Antonio Pasculli,  Thomas Attwood Walmisley,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Burnett,  Robin Canter,  Melvyn Tan,  Anthony Pleeth
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  • 6.
    Kalliwoda: Symphonies Nos. 2 & 4; Concert Overture
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777469 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Conductor:  Michael Alexander Willens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Die Kölner Akademie
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  • 7.
    The Virtuoso Romantic Oboe
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 10030 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Johann Peter Pixis
    Performer:  Paul Dombrecht,  Jos van Immerseel
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  • 8.
    Crusell, Kreutzer: Bassoon Concertos / Thunemann, Marriner
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446096 Release Date: 06/19/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Berwald,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Conradin Kreutzer,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Klaus Thunemann
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 9.
    Romantic Oboe Concertos - Hummel, Kalliwoda, Reitz, Molique / Indermuhle, Turkovic, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28158 Release Date: 04/14/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  August Julius Rietz,  Wilhelm Bernhard Molique
    Performer:  Thomas Indermühle
    Conductor:  Milan Turkovic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Estonian National Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Impression - Katusay Watanabe / Watanabe, Johnson
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 8038 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Alwyn,  Antonio Pasculli,  Nino Rota,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda  ... 
    Performer:  Katsuya Watanabe,  David Johnson
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  • 11.
    Spohr Rolla Kalliwoda - Works For Violin & Viola
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637348217 Release Date: 06/24/2008  
    Composer:  Alessandro Rolla,  Louis Spohr,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Performer:  Reiad Chibah,  Vaughan Jones
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  • 12.
    Karl Leister And Friends - Spohr, Beethoven, Weber, Et Al
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28081 Release Date: 11/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Conradin Kreutzer,  Franz Schubert,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Letizia Scherrer,  Ferenc Bognár,  Karl Leister
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  • 13.
    Virtuous & Enchanting Oboe & Piano Music
    Label: Bongiovanni   Catalog: 5148 Release Date: 07/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustav Schreck,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Johann Peter Pixis
    Performer:  Alessandro Baccini,  Alessandro Cappella
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  • 14.
    Kalliwoda: 3 Quatuors À Cordes / Quatuor Talich
    Label: Calliope   Catalog: 9357 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Talich String Quartet
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  • 15.
    Schubert, Kalliwoda / Ashan Pillai, Michael Endres
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 591 Release Date: 03/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Performer:  Michael Endres,  Ashan Pillai
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  • 16.
    Kalliwoda: Symphonies No 5 & 7 / Spering, Neue Orchester
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777139 Release Date: 08/29/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Conductor:  Christoph Spering
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Das Neue Orchester
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  • 17.
    Kalliwoda: Symphonies / Bernius, Stuttgart Hofkapelle
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 677061 Release Date: 07/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Conductor:  Frieder Bernius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hofkapelle Stuttgart
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  • 18.
    Kalliwoda: Orchestral Works / Moesus, Et Al
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm) Gold   Catalog: 3291387 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
    Performer:  Dieter Klöcker,  Radovan Vlatkovic
    Conductor:  Johannes Moesus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Music For Fanny Hünerwadel  / Howard, Edgar-wilson, Et Al
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 7293 Release Date: 06/06/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Carl Eschmann,  Wilhelm Baumgartner,  Fanny Hünerwadel,  Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Kathron Sturrock,  Richard Edgar-Wilson,  Yvonne Howard,  Ileana Ruhemann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Fibonacci Sequence
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  • 20.
    Oboekonzerte - Schuncke, Nielsen, Et Al / Lencses, Et Al
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 67134 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Joseph Guy Ropartz
    Performer:  Lajos Lencsés
    Conductor:  Bernard Güller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Sound In Motion - Pasculli, Bozza, Kalliwoda / Izotov, Brown
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1068 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Pasculli,  Eugène Bozza,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Eugene Izotov,  Christopher Brown,  Elizaveta Kopelman
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  • 22.
    The Obligato Clarinet - Lachner, Obiols, Spohr / James
    Label: Divine Art   Catalog: 25025 Release Date: 05/31/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andreas Späth,  Richard Walthew,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Friedrich Wilhelm Kücken  ... 
    Performer:  Colin Bradbury,  Eirian James,  Robert Murray,  Oliver Davies
    CD: $18.99
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  • 23.
    Czech Mates / Duo Patterson
    Label: Ante Aeternum Records   Catalog: 5637283339 Release Date: 03/23/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Ladislav Vycpalek,  Bohuslav Martinu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Duo Patterson
    CD: $26.99
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  • 24.
    The Art of Han De Vries
    Label: Oboe Classics   Catalog: 2004 Release Date: 12/01/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Louis Andriessen,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Han de Vries,  Jaap Van Zweden,  Bob van Asperen
    Conductor:  Anton Kersjes,  Howard Williams
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 25.
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2572 Release Date: 05/21/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leó Weiner,  Luigi Bassi,  Louis Cahuzac,  Eugène Bozza  ... 
    Performer:  Caroline Hartig
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