Vittorio Gui

Biography

Born: September 14, 1885; Rome, Italy   Died: October 16, 1975; Florence, Italy  
While lacking the celebrity of certain other more glamorous figures, Vittorio Gui was a conductor of exceptional gifts, a knowledgeable leader and supportive accompanist to the hundreds of singers whose careers were enhanced by his tutelage and care, and a vivid and musically sound conductor of the symphonic literature. During a long career, he helped establish one important music festival and greatly influenced another, even while appearing in Read more numerous other venues to great acclaim.

Gui was trained at Rome's Academy of Saint Cecilia, following piano instruction from his mother. Study in composition was accompanied by courses in the humanities at Rome University from which institution he obtained his degree. On short notice, Gui was summoned to take over a December 1907 performance of La Gioconda at the Teatro Adriano in his native city. The success he enjoyed led quickly to engagements at Turin and Naples. Within three years of his debut, Gui was appointed principal conductor at the San Carlo Opera in Naples. During this time, he also led a number of symphonic programs, most prominently at the 1911 Turin Exposition and, in 1912, at the Augusteo in Rome.

Gui's early achievements gave considerable luster to his name. Termed "a young Toscanini," he was celebrated for his meticulous preparation. Mastering a broad repertory of operatic and symphonic works, he invariably conducted from memory. In 1923, he was engaged by Toscanini to make his debut at La Scala in Strauss' Salome, therein being entrusted with the opening of the theatre's 1923 - 1924 season. In 1925, Gui was appointed music director of the Teatro Torino, instituting a regime of revitalized repertory and carefully restudied performance, and conducting many of the productions himself. An example of his intentions in managing the theatre came with a first-year revival of Rossini's L'italiana in Algeri featuring Conchita Supervia.

Three years into his work at Turin, Gui established the Orchestra Stabile in Florence, leading in 1933 to the beginning of the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino. Also in 1933, Gui received an invitation from Bruno Walter to appear at Salzburg where he would become the festival's first Italian guest conductor. At Salzburg, he arrived with a reputation as not only a superb conductor of opera, but also as a symphonic director with particular abilities in the music of Debussy and Brahms.

Gui's warm relationship with the English public began with his debut at Covent Garden in 1938, when he conducted productions of Rigoletto, La bohème, and Tosca. Although his return there was delayed until a 1952 Norma with Callas and Stignani, he had followed wartime appearances in Vienna and Berlin with a debut at the Glyndebourne Festival in 1948. His sparkling manner and thorough preparation in both Mozart and Rossini made him a welcome part of that company. Assuming duties as music director in 1952 following the death of Fritz Busch, Gui remained at Glyndebourne until 1964 when he was approaching 80. Several recordings preserve his work, notably La Cenerentola, Le comte Ory (a brilliantly conducted, well cast production from 1952), Le nozze di Figaro from 1955 (with Jurinac, Bruscantini, and Stevens) and Il barbiere di Siviglia from 1962 (Bruscantini and de los Angeles).

Vittorio Gui also gained favorable comments for his composing. Writing in a neo-impressionistic style, he produced two operas of some merit, a symphonic poem, and several cantatas. Gui made substantial contributions to musicology as well, with numerous articles and editions of important scores. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 32 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Stars Der Oper
    Label: Zyx Records   Catalog: 38 Release Date: 04/21/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Beniamino Gigli,  Giuseppe de Luca,  Amelita Galli-Curci,  Ezio Pinza  ... 
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon,  Giulio Setti,  Bruno Reibold,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler  ... 
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  • 2.
    Verdi: Nabucco / Gui, Callas, Bechi
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1491 Release Date: 03/05/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Gino Sinimberghi,  Gino Bechi
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 3.
    Weber: Der Freischutz / Gui, Jurinac, Christoff, Albanese
    Label: Andromeda   Catalog: 5032 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Francesco Albanese,  Sena Jurinac,  Boris Christoff,  Sesto Bruscantini
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Italian Radio Chorus Turin
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  • 4.
    Verdi: Falstaff / Evans, Ligabue, Carlin, Oncina, Rota
    Label: Glyndebourne Festival Opera   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Sesto Bruscantini,  Hugues Cuénod,  Ilva Ligabue,  Geraint Evans  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 12/21/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Juan Oncina
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
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  • 6.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit: Boris Christoff, Vol. 4
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89734 Release Date: 04/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Vincenzo Bellini
    Performer:  Boris Christoff,  Jussi Björling,  Giulio Neri
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui,  Georges Tzipine,  Jonel Perlea,  Gabriele Santini  ... 
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  • 7.
    Claude Debussy: Pelleas Et Melisande / Denise Duval; Michel Roux
    Label: Glyndebourne Festival Opera   Catalog: 3-63 Release Date: 03/31/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Claude Debussy
    Performer:  John Shirley-Quirk,  Anna Reynolds,  Denise Duval,  Guus Hoekman  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Glyndebourne Festival Chorus,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $44.49
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  • 8.
    Il Mito Dell'opera - Franco Corelli
    Label: Bongiovanni   Catalog: 1208 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Umberto Giordano,  Giacomo Puccini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Antonietta Stella,  Franco Corelli,  Giangiacomo Guelfi
    Conductor:  Franco Capuana,  Sir Alexander Gibson,  Antonino Votto,  Gabriele Santini  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 9.
    Graziella Sciutti: The Studio Recitals, 1953, 1955, 1956
    Label: Archipel   Catalog: 372 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Graziella Sciutti,  Sena Jurinac,  Sesto Bruscantini,  Rise [Mezzo-Soprano Vocal] Stevens  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Dervaux,  Vittorio Gui,  Rudolf Moralt
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  • 10.
    Opera Treasure - From The Archives Of Emi 1936-1968
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56603 Release Date: 05/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Umberto Giordano,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Francesco Cilèa  ... 
    Performer:  Hélène Bouvier,  Mario Sereni,  Irene Companeez,  Mirella Freni  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Fourestier,  Gabriele Santini,  Antonino Votto,  Vittorio Gui  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Opera Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 11.
    Label: Myto Records   Catalog: 64120 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Anita [Soprano Vocal] Cerquetti,  Nicoletta Panni,  Petre Monteanu,  Liliana Poli  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
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  • 12.
    Rossini: L'occasione Fa Il Ladro / Gui, Rinaldi, Gaifa, Rai
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1458 Release Date: 08/08/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Carlo Gaifa,  Antonio Pirino,  Enrico Fissore,  Gianni Socci  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin,  Italian Radio Chorus Turin
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  • 13.
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 285 Release Date: 11/29/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arrigo Boito
    Performer:  Giacinto Prandelli,  Boris Christoff,  Orietta Moscucci
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera House Chorus,  Rome Opera House Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Verdi: Aida / Gui, Massaria, Simionato, Mancini, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 20042 Release Date: 09/27/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Giulietta Simionato,  Antonio Massaria,  Caterina Mancini,  Mario Filippeschi  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Chorus Rome
    On sale! $27.98
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  • 15.
    Beethoven: Piano Concertos No 1 & 3 / Giani, Et Al
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7849 Release Date: 11/02/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Dino Ciani
    Conductor:  Bruno Bartoletti,  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 16.
    Verdi: Arias / Luisa Maragliano
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 2040 Release Date: 02/24/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Luisa Maragliano,  Enzo Consuma,  Mimi Aarden,  Edgardo Coralli  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre-Michel Lecomte,  Peter Maag,  Riccardo Muti,  F. Manino  ... 
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  • 17.
    Great Voices Of The Past - The Sopranos
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 8013 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet,  Giacomo Puccini,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Claudia Muzio,  Conchita Supervia,  Magda Olivero,  Rosa Ponselle  ... 
    Conductor:  Ugo Tansini,  Fritz Stiedry,  Hector Panizza,  Richard Kraus  ... 
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 18.
    Great Voices Of The Past - Verdi's Masterworks Vol 2
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 8014 Release Date: 07/01/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Tancredi Pasero,  Tito Schipa,  Nina Garelli,  Elvino Ventura  ... 
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon,  Vittorio Gui,  Carlo Sabajno,  Herbert Sandberg  ... 
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  • 19.
    Debut Series - Callas - My First Record
    Label: Fono Enterprise   Catalog: 1071 Release Date: 11/05/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Vincenzo Bellini
    Performer:  Giuseppe Modesti,  Maria Callas,  Africo Baldelli
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui,  Arturo Basile
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 20.
    Gluck: Alceste / Gui, Gencer, Picchi, Rome Opera, Et Al
    Label: Opera D'oro   Catalog: 1356 Release Date: 07/02/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Christoph W. Gluck
    Performer:  Leyla Gencer,  Renza Jotti,  Maurizio Piacente,  Attilio D'Orazi  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera House Orchestra,  Rome Opera House Chorus
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 21.
    Verdi: Macbeth / Gui, Varnay, Petroff, Tajo, Penno, Et Al
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 90482 Release Date: 05/28/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Astrid Varnay,  Leonard Warren,  Gino Sarri,  Luciana Veroni  ... 
    Conductor:  Renato Cellini,  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Chorus
    On sale! $46.98
    CD: $35.99
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  • 22.
    Debut Series - Callas - 1949 - One Year, One Voice
    Label: Fono Enterprise   Catalog: 1044 Release Date: 03/05/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giacomo Puccini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Vincenzo Bellini
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Mario Del Monaco,  Gino Bechi,  Fedora Barbieri
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Vittorio Gui,  Arturo Basile
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Buenos Aires Teatro Colón Orchestra,  Buenos Aires Teatro Colón Chorus,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 23.
    Wagner: Parsifal / Gui, Callas, Baldelli, Panerai, Et Al
    Label: Fono Enterprise   Catalog: 1035 Release Date: 11/13/2001   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Anna Maria Canali,  Liliana Rossi,  Mario Frosini,  Africo Baldelli  ... 
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian Radio Chorus Rome
    On sale! $56.94
    CD: $51.49
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  • 24.
    Beniamino Gigli Rarities - Live Performances 1934-1940
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1199 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Cilèa,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Umberto Giordano,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Magda Olivero,  Beniamino Gigli,  Benvenuto Franci,  John Howell  ... 
    Conductor:  Mario Rossi,  Oliviero de Fabritiis,  Tullio Serafin,  Gaetano Merola  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rome Opera Teatro Reale Orchestra,  San Francisco Opera Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra  ... 
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  • 25.
    Callas - Verdi: Nabucco, Aida, Il Trovatore
    Label: Fono Enterprise   Catalog: 3001 Release Date: 10/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Giulietta Simionato,  Kurt Baum,  Leonard Warren
    Conductor:  Guido Picco,  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mexico City Palacio de Bellas Artes Orchestra,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Orchestra
    On sale! $18.98
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