Johann Nepomuk Hummel

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Born: 1778   Died: 1837   Country: Austria   Period: Classical
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778-1837) was an important composer from the late Classical period primarily known for his solo piano compositions and piano concertos. In recent years, however, attention has been given to his chamber music, operas, and sacred works. He tended to write long-breathed melodies, often used Alberti bass accompaniments and dotted rhythms, and favored the sonata-allegro and rondo forms. Among his greatest works in the keyboard Read more genre are the Sonata in A Flat, for piano 4 hands, Op. 92, and the Sonata in F Sharp, Op. 81. His Mass, Op. 111, and some of his cantatas are also important works. Hummel wrote a highly-regarded three-volume treatise on pianism, entitled A Complete Theoretical and Practical Course on the Art of Pianoforte Playing.

Hummel was born on November 14, 1778, in Bratislava (then Pressburg), Slovakia. Young Johann's first musical studies came on the violin at the behest of his father, a player of string instruments himself, and director of the local Imperial School of Military Music. By the age of five Hummel could play the violin with proficiency. But he would abandon it in favor of the piano, on which he developed an astonishing technique by age six.

When the family moved to Vienna in 1786, Johann studied with Mozart, with whom he lived for two years. After concert appearances throughout Europe at age ten, Hummel and his father traveled to London, where they settled temporarily. Johann met Clementi there, and took private instruction from him.

Hummel returned to Vienna in 1793 and began studies with Albrechtsberger. Now 14, the young composer largely turned away from the concert stage, in favor of teaching and composing. Among his works were a set of variations for piano in 1794, and, four years later, two sonatas for piano and violin, and one for piano and viola. But he struggled with opera: Il viaggiator ridicolo (1797), and Don Anchise (c. 1800) were left incomplete. He did, however, finish Dankgefühl einer Geretten (1799).

His Piano Trio in E Flat and the Variations in G on a Romance by Méhul came in the early years of the next century, and he completed his opera Le vicende d'amore in 1804. Soon more operas would come, as well as his Concerto in G, for piano and violin. His first major appointment came in April, 1804, when he accepted the post of Concertmaster to Prince Nikolaus Esterházy at his Eisenstadt court. Hummel also wrote several masses, including the Mass in E Flat (1804), and Mass in D (1808); and he composed a Te Deum (1806), and two Salve Reginas. More operas came, too: Der vereitelten Ränke (1806) and Mathilde von Guise (1810; revised in 1821).

In May, 1811, Hummel was dismissed as Kapellmeister in a controversy and returned to Vienna to focus on composition. Two years later he married Elizabeth Röckel. Late the following year, at his wife's behest, he launched a concert tour in Vienna, scoring triumph after triumph. He subsequently toured Germany and Europe with great success, sometimes also assuming the role of conductor.

Hummel accepted the Kapellmeister posts in Stuttgart (1816) and Weimar (1819). This was a most productive period for him, as many of his best works appeared, including the Trio for Piano, Violin, and Cello, Op. 83 (1819), the Sonata in A Flat, for piano four hands, Op. 92 (1820), and two "birthday" cantatas for the Duke (1823 and 1827). By 1832, Hummel's health was in decline, and he frequently took leave of his Kapellmeister duties in Weimar because of sickness. He died on October 17, 1837. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 220 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Romantic Piano Concertos
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 95300 Release Date: 06/24/2016   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Johann Baptist Cramer,  Carl Czerny,  Ferdinand Ries,  Muzio Clementi  ... 
    Performer:  Akiko Sagara,  Michael Ponti,  Maria Littauer,  Felicja Blumental  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Cao,  Paul Angerer,  Alois Springer,  Alberto Zedda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Southwest German Chamber Orchestra,  Hamburg Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Philips Classics: The Stereo Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002445602 Release Date: 02/19/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elly Ameling,  Dalton Baldwin,  Jörg Demus  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Colin Davis,  Bernard Haitink,  Raymond Leppard,  Eduard Van Beinum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $134.49
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  • 3.
    Nami Plays Diabelli Variations: Beethoven & More
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 16404 Release Date: 01/08/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Diabelli,  Carl Czerny,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Frederic Kalkbrenner  ... 
    Performer:  Nami Ejiri
    CD: $18.99
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  • 4.
    Bassoon Concertos: Theofanidis, Hummel, Mozart
    Label: Estonian Record Productions   Catalog: 8215 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christopher Theofanidis,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Tőnu Kőrvits
    Performer:  Martin Kuuskmann
    Conductor:  Barry Jekowsky,  Risto Joost
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Northwest Sinfonia,  Tallinn Chamber Orchestra
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    CD: $18.99
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  • 5.
    Learning from the Legends: Hummel's Trumpet / Rolf Smedvig
    Label: Learning From The Legends   Catalog: 4 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Rolf Smedvig
    DVD: $78.99
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  • 6.
    The Florilegium Series - Classical & Early Romantic
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 002386502 Release Date: 10/15/2015   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Wenzel Stamitz,  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Hacker,  Anthony Rolfe Johnson,  Emma Kirkby,  Michael George  ... 
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood,  Simon Preston,  Alan Hacker,  Arnold Östman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music,  The Music Party,  Oxford New College Choir  ... 
    CD: $148.49
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  • 7.
    Maurice Andre: Trumpet Maestro
    Label: Indesens   Catalog: 75 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Michael Haydn,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Marcel Lagorce,  Rheinhold Barchet,  Kurt Redel  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-Baptiste Mari,  Jean-François Paillard,  Karl Ristenpart,  Frans Brüggen  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 8.
    Beaux Arts Trio - Complete Philips Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002341702 Release Date: 07/10/2015   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Isidore Cohen,  Bernard Greenhouse,  Menahem Pressler,  Stephen Kovacevich  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Beaux Arts Trio,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio members  ... 
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    CD: $218.99
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  • 9.
    Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Piano Sonatas, Vol. 2
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3411 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Antonio Pompa-Baldi
    CD: $17.99
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  • 10.
    Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Sonaten & Variationen
    Label: Fra Bernardo   Catalog: 1502793 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Bart Van Oort,  Jaap ter Linden,  Linde Brunmayr
    CD: $18.99
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  • 11.
    Hummel: Piano Trios No 1, 4 & 5 / Gould Piano Trio
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 573261 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gould Piano Trio
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  • 12.
    Hummel: Complete Piano Trios / Deljavan, Cammarano, Magariello
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94898 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Alessandro Deljavan,  Daniela Cammarano,  Luca Magariello
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  • 13.
    Haydn, Hummel: Piano Trios
    Label: Mirare   Catalog: 271 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trio Chausson
    CD: $22.99
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  • 14.
    Weber, Hummel: Early Romantic Concertos for Clarinet & Trumpet
    Label: Indesens   Catalog: 67 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Philippe Cuper,  Eric Aubier
    Conductor:  Claude Schnitzler,  Vincent Barthe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brittany Symphony Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Hummel: Piano Trios Vol 1 / Gould Piano Trio
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 573098 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gould Piano Trio
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  • 16.
    Hummel: Septette
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 762141 Release Date: 09/09/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Florian Uhlig
    Conductor:  Dieter Klöcker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consortium Classicum
    CD: $22.49
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  • 17.
    Beethoven, Hummel: Piano Trios, Sonatas / Staier, Sepec, Queyras
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 508398 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Andreas Staier,  Daniel Sepec,  Jean-Guihen Queyras
    CD: $15.99
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  • 18.
    Great Trumpet Concertos / Payne, Hopkins, Melbourne Symphony
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4763531 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  William Lovelock,  Henri Tomasi,  Richard Mills,  Alexander Arutiunian  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Payne
    Conductor:  John Hopkins,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melbourne Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 19.
    Karajan And His Soloists, Vol. 2 (1969-1984)
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633624 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris
    CD: $64.49
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  • 20.
    Le Meilleur D'une Vie: Enregistrements 1958-1997
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 631289 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  George Frideric Handel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice André,  Jane Parker-Smith,  Pierre Pierlot,  Gérard Jarry  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Martini,  Herbert von Karajan,  Jean-François Paillard,  Riccardo Muti  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 21.
    Haydn, Hummel, Neruda: Trumpet Concertos
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 742 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Johann Baptist Georg Neruda
    Performer:  Ketil Christensen
    Conductor:  Atvars Lakstigala
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  • 22.
    Hummell, Schubert: Piano Quintets
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 800 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Susan Alexander-Max
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Music Collection
    CD: $18.99
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  • 23.
    Classical Wellness: Musical Tonics For Mind, Body And Spirit
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3464 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Henri Vieuxtemps,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Wolseley Charles,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitry Khakhamov,  Oleg Sergeev,  John Aler,  Grant Gershon  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantine Orbelian,  James DePreist,  Gerard Schwarz,  Anatoly Lapunov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Style of Five,  The Russian Folk Ensemble Balalaika,  Brazilian Guitar Quartet  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    Con Garbo - Hummel: Sonatas For Flute & Piano / Meininger, Gepp
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13042 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Rainer Gepp,  Christiane Meininger
    CD: $17.99
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  • 25.
    From Vienna With Love - Piano Concertos By Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Hummel
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300535 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ... 
    Performer:  Jolanda Violante,  Alessandro Commellato,  Klára Würtz,  Shoko Sugitani
    Conductor:  Federico Guglielmo,  Dirk Vermeulen,  Didier Talpain,  Gérard Oskamp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prima La Musica,  L'Arte dell'Arco,  Berlin Symphony Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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