Johann Nepomuk Hummel

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Biography

Born: 1778   Died: 1837   Country: Austria   Period: Classical
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778-1837) was an important composer from the late Classical period primarily known for his solo piano compositions and piano concertos. In recent years, however, attention has been given to his chamber music, operas, and sacred works. He tended to write long-breathed melodies, often used Alberti bass accompaniments and dotted rhythms, and favored the sonata-allegro and rondo forms. Among his greatest works in the keyboard Read more genre are the Sonata in A Flat, for piano 4 hands, Op. 92, and the Sonata in F Sharp, Op. 81. His Mass, Op. 111, and some of his cantatas are also important works. Hummel wrote a highly-regarded three-volume treatise on pianism, entitled A Complete Theoretical and Practical Course on the Art of Pianoforte Playing.

Hummel was born on November 14, 1778, in Bratislava (then Pressburg), Slovakia. Young Johann's first musical studies came on the violin at the behest of his father, a player of string instruments himself, and director of the local Imperial School of Military Music. By the age of five Hummel could play the violin with proficiency. But he would abandon it in favor of the piano, on which he developed an astonishing technique by age six.

When the family moved to Vienna in 1786, Johann studied with Mozart, with whom he lived for two years. After concert appearances throughout Europe at age ten, Hummel and his father traveled to London, where they settled temporarily. Johann met Clementi there, and took private instruction from him.

Hummel returned to Vienna in 1793 and began studies with Albrechtsberger. Now 14, the young composer largely turned away from the concert stage, in favor of teaching and composing. Among his works were a set of variations for piano in 1794, and, four years later, two sonatas for piano and violin, and one for piano and viola. But he struggled with opera: Il viaggiator ridicolo (1797), and Don Anchise (c. 1800) were left incomplete. He did, however, finish Dankgefühl einer Geretten (1799).

His Piano Trio in E Flat and the Variations in G on a Romance by Méhul came in the early years of the next century, and he completed his opera Le vicende d'amore in 1804. Soon more operas would come, as well as his Concerto in G, for piano and violin. His first major appointment came in April, 1804, when he accepted the post of Concertmaster to Prince Nikolaus Esterházy at his Eisenstadt court. Hummel also wrote several masses, including the Mass in E Flat (1804), and Mass in D (1808); and he composed a Te Deum (1806), and two Salve Reginas. More operas came, too: Der vereitelten Ränke (1806) and Mathilde von Guise (1810; revised in 1821).

In May, 1811, Hummel was dismissed as Kapellmeister in a controversy and returned to Vienna to focus on composition. Two years later he married Elizabeth Röckel. Late the following year, at his wife's behest, he launched a concert tour in Vienna, scoring triumph after triumph. He subsequently toured Germany and Europe with great success, sometimes also assuming the role of conductor.

Hummel accepted the Kapellmeister posts in Stuttgart (1816) and Weimar (1819). This was a most productive period for him, as many of his best works appeared, including the Trio for Piano, Violin, and Cello, Op. 83 (1819), the Sonata in A Flat, for piano four hands, Op. 92 (1820), and two "birthday" cantatas for the Duke (1823 and 1827). By 1832, Hummel's health was in decline, and he frequently took leave of his Kapellmeister duties in Weimar because of sickness. He died on October 17, 1837. Read less
Hummel: Piano Concertos Opp 89 & 85 / Hough, Thomson
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8507   Number of Discs: 1
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Trios By Wilms, Hummel, Czerny & Beethoven / Trio Wiek
Release Date: 02/28/2012   Label: Profil  
Catalog: 10045   Number of Discs: 1
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Hummel: Piano Works / Howard Shelley
Release Date: 04/25/2000   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9807   Number of Discs: 1
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Hummel: Piano Concertos / Shelley, London Mozart Players
Release Date: 10/21/1997   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9558   Number of Discs: 1
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Hummel: Piano Concerto Op. 34a, Rondo Brillante Op. 56, Op. 98 / Shelley, London Mozart Players
Release Date: 07/27/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10216   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 270 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Beethoven, Hummel: Piano Trios, Sonatas / Staier, Sepec, Queyras
    Label: Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 508398 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Andreas Staier,  Daniel Sepec,  Jean-Guihen Queyras
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  • 2.
    Great Trumpet Concertos / Payne, Hopkins, Melbourne Symphony
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4763531 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  William Lovelock,  Henri Tomasi,  Richard Mills,  Alexander Arutiunian  ... 
    Performer:  Geoffrey Payne
    Conductor:  John Hopkins,  Michael Halász
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melbourne Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 3.
    Karajan And His Soloists, Vol. 2 (1969-1984)
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 633624 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris
    On sale! $64.99
    CD: $55.99
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  • 4.
    Haydn, Hummel, Neruda: Trumpet Concertos
    Label: Danacord   Catalog: 742 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Johann Baptist Georg Neruda
    Performer:  Ketil Christensen
    Conductor:  Atvars Lakstigala
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  • 5.
    Hummell, Schubert: Piano Quintets
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 800 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Susan Alexander-Max
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Music Collection
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  • 6.
    Classical Wellness: Musical Tonics For Mind, Body And Spirit
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3464 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Henri Vieuxtemps,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Wolseley Charles,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Dmitry Khakhamov,  Oleg Sergeev,  Grant Gershon,  John Aler  ... 
    Conductor:  Constantine Orbelian,  James DePreist,  Gerard Schwarz,  Anatoly Lapunov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Style of Five,  The Russian Folk Ensemble Balalaika,  Brazilian Guitar Quartet  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 7.
    Con Garbo - Hummel: Sonatas For Flute & Piano / Meininger, Gepp
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 13042 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Christiane Meininger,  Rainer Gepp
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  • 8.
    From Vienna With Love - Piano Concertos By Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Hummel
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300535 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ... 
    Performer:  Jolanda Violante,  Alessandro Commellato,  Klára Würtz,  Shoko Sugitani
    Conductor:  Federico Guglielmo,  Dirk Vermeulen,  Didier Talpain,  Gérard Oskamp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prima La Musica,  L'Arte dell'Arco,  Berlin Symphony Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 9.
    Ludwig Guttler: Die Jubilaums-edition
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300549 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Neruda,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Mathias Sperger  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler
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  • 10.
    Songs Of The Mozart Era
    Label: Delta Classics   Catalog: 90072 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolaus Von Krufft,  Antonio Salieri,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Ignaz Moscheles  ... 
    Performer:  Christine Schornsheim,  Markus Schäfer
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  • 11.
    Inspired by The Freemasons / Zakotnik, Alvarenga-Lahmann
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 13541 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Katja Zakotnik,  Naila Alvarenga-Lahmann
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  • 12.
    Christmas Trumpet In St. Augustin
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 6613 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Giovanni Battist Martini,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Gernot Kahofer,  Elke Eckerstorfer,  Gunter Haumer,  Elisabeth Wimmer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna "St Augustin" Orchestra,  Vienna "St Augustin" Chorus
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  • 13.
    The First Queen Of Trumpet And Her Best Recordings
    Label: Acanta/Pilz   Catalog: 233701 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  George Frideric Handel,  Jeremiah Clarke,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ... 
    Performer:  Carole Dawn Reinhart,  Jorma Hynninen
    Conductor:  Helmut Winschermann,  Marinus Voorberg,  Marc Andreae
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  German Bach Soloists
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  • 14.
    Classical Caffeine
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1628 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Rodion Shchedrin,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Darius Milhaud,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Svetlana Safonova,  Rouben Aharonian,  Gerard Schwarz,  Eugenia Zukerman  ... 
    Conductor:  James DePreist,  Gerard Schwarz,  Constantine Orbelian,  Anatoly Lapunov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Style of Five,  The Russian Folk Ensemble Balalaika,  Shanghai Quartet  ... 
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  • 15.
    Musik Der Wiener Hofkapelle
    Label: Delta Records   Catalog: 90085 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joseph Leopold Eybler,  Antonio Salieri,  Michael Haydn,  Johann Joseph Fux  ... 
    Performer:  Lenneke Ruiten,  Johannes Martin Kränzle,  Dominik Wortig,  Annika Sophie [Soprano Vocal] Ritlewski  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmuth Froschauer
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  • 16.
    Hummel: Schone Minka / Hinterhuber, Auer, Rummel
    Label: Paladino Music   Catalog: 19 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Christopher Hinterhuber,  Martin Rummel,  Walter Auer
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  • 17.
    Popular Trumpet Concertos / Maurice Murphy, Robert Haydon Clark
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1325 Release Date: 01/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Alexander Arutiunian,  Jeremiah Clarke  ... 
    Performer:  Maurice Murphy
    Conductor:  Robert Haydon Clark
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consort of London
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  • 18.
    Caio Pagano: Live In Japan
    Label: Soundset Recordings   Catalog: 1044 Release Date: 12/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Caio Pagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Jacques Thibaud Trio Berlin
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  • 19.
    Philips Original Jackets Collection  [55-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001767702 Release Date: 12/04/2012   Number of Discs: 55
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Elisabeth Unger,  Claudio Arrau,  Thomas Zehetmair  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Masur,  Bernard Haitink,  Frans Brüggen,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
    CD: $148.49
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  • 20.
    Trumpet Concertos / Rolla, Tarr, Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Entree   Catalog: 178 Release Date: 11/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Conradin Kreutzer,  Augustin Millares  ... 
    Performer:  Edward H. Tarr
    Conductor:  János Rolla
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Liszt Academy Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 21.
    Hummel: Piano Concertos / Alessandro Commellato
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94338 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Alessandro Commellato
    Conductor:  Didier Talpain
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Solamente Naturali
    CD: $8.99
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  • 22.
    Beethoven, Hummel, Schubert, Weber: Sonatas And Variations For Flute And Piano
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 728 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Franz Schubert,  Carl Maria von Weber
    Performer:  Stefania Neonato,  Fabio De Rosa
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  • 23.
    Trompetenkonzerte: Haydn, Hummel, Neruda, Kreutzer, Millares
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 1782 Release Date: 10/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Johann Baptist Georg Neruda,  Conradin Kreutzer  ... 
    Performer:  Edward H. Tarr
    Conductor:  János Rolla
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  • 24.
    Serenade For Dieter Klocker / Consortium Classicum
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 3011775 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Ignace Joseph Pleyel,  Carl Czerny  ... 
    Performer:  Dieter Klöcker,  Helman Jung,  Sonja Prunnbauer,  Andreas Krecher  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consortium Classicum,  Czech Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $28.99
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  • 25.
    Weber, Hummel & Mendelssohn: Flute Trios / Schulz, Bartolomey, Bognar
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28239 Release Date: 09/11/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Performer:  Ferenc Bognár,  Wolfgang Schulz,  Franz Bartolomey
    On sale! $25.98
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