Leopold Stokowski

Composers

Biography

Born: Apr 18, 1882; England   Died: Sep 13, 1977; England  
Leopold Anthony Stokowski, one of the true conducting luminaries of the twentieth century, was born in London in 1882. His father was English, of Polish and Scottish descent, and his mother of Irish lineage. Stokowski himself was raised as an Englishman. His famous, vaguely foreign, accent somehow appeared later in his life. The young Stokowski was a precocious musician, and as a child learned to play the violin, piano, and organ with apparently Read more little effort. At the age of 13, he became the youngest person to have been admitted to the Royal College of Music.
By 18, Stokowski had been appointed organist and choirmaster at St. James', Piccadilly. He attended Queen's College, Oxford, receiving a Bachelor of Music degree in 1903. He moved to the United States in 1905, but returned to Europe each summer for further musical studies in Berlin, Munich, and Paris. When a conductor fell ill in Paris in 1908, he made his debut as an emergency substitute. The impression he made led to a position with the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra in which he quickly achieved notable success. However, a more tempting prospect faced him when he was asked to take over the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1912. It was during his long and fruitful association with this ensemble that Stokowski established himself as one of the leading musicians of his day.
Stokowski gave the orchestra an entirely new sound, popularly known as the "Philadelphia Sound" or the "Stokowski Sound." Its foundation was a luxuriant, sonorous tone and an exacting attention to color. He pioneered the use of "free" bowing, which produced a rich, homogenized string tone. A relentless innovator, Stokowski experimented with orchestral seating, famously lining up the string basses across the rear of the stage and, in an early instance, massing all the violins on the left side of the orchestra and the cellos on the right. He also had spotlights directed on his hands and his impressively prominent hair to enhance his dramatic, theatrical aura. One of the first modern conductors to give up the use of the baton, Stokowski employed graceful, almost hypnotic, hand gestures to work his magic.
Indeed, Stokowski was the first conductor to become a true superstar. He was regarded as something of a matinee idol, an image aided by his appearances in such films as the Deanna Durbin spectacle One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937) and, most famously, as the flesh-and-blood leader of the Philadelphia Orchestra in Walt Disney's animated classic Fantasia (1940). In one memorable instance, he appears to be talking to the cartoon figure of Mickey Mouse, the "star" of a sequence featuring Dukas' The Sorcerer's Apprentice. In a clever parody, when the slumbering apprentice dreams of himself directing the forces of Nature with the masterful sweep of his hands, Disney artists copied Stokowski's own conducting gestures.
Following his tenure in Philadelphia, Stokowski directed several other ensembles, including the All-American Youth Orchestra (which he founded), the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the New York Philharmonic (both as co-conductor), the Houston Symphony Orchestra (1955-1960), and the American Symphony Orchestra, which he organized in 1962. He continued to make concert appearances and studio recordings of both standard works and unusual repertoire (including the first performance and recording of Charles Ives' decades-old Symphony No. 4) well into his nineties. He made his last public appearance as conductor in Venice in 1975, remaining active in the recording studio through 1977. He died on September 13, 1977, in Nether Wallop, Hampshire, England. Read less
Browse 76-100 of 125 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Mussorgsky, Wagner: Opera Highlights / Stokowski
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 535 Release Date: 08/05/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Raymond Cauwet,  Nicola Rossi-Lemeni,  Lawrence Mason
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Opera Chorus  ... 
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  • 77.
    Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Historic Telecasts / Reiner, Stokowski, Hindemith
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4237 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Paul Hindemith,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Hindemith,  Leopold Stokowski,  Fritz Reiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Stokowski - Classic 1947-1949 Columbia Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 533 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Richard Wagner,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 79.
    Stokowski - Classic 1947-1949 Columbia Recordings Vol 2
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 534 Release Date: 10/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Lipton
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 80.
    For Your Life - For When You're Alone
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 472482 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ottorino Respighi,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Irena Grafenauer,  Maria Graf,  Mischa Maisky,  Monica Huggett  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Myung-Whun Chung,  Semyon Bychkov,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Bastille Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Schumann: Symphony No 2;  Et Al / Stokowski, Et Al
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 532 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Ives: Symphony No 1, Three Places In New England / Ormandy
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 89851 Release Date: 01/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Ives
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Rca Red Seal Century - Soloists & Conductors
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63861 Release Date: 10/23/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Franz Schubert,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Aaron Copland  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  Richard Stoltzman,  Richard Goode,  Hugh Porter  ... 
    Conductor:  Günter Wand,  Arturo Toscanini,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 84.
    Tchaikovsky: Aurora's Wedding;  Debussy, Et Al / Stokowksi
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 529 Release Date: 07/31/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    Vaughan Williams, Dvorák, Purcell / Leopold Stokowski, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66760 Release Date: 05/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Antonín Dvorák,  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Escape Through Opera - World's Best Collection Of Opera
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89370 Release Date: 03/06/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Wagner,  Gustave Charpentier  ... 
    Performer:  Ileana Cotrubas,  Frederica Von Stade,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Bo Skovhus  ... 
    Conductor:  John Pritchard,  Emerson Buckley,  James Conlon,  Georges Prętre  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Children's Choir,  Cologne Gürzenich Orchestra,  Emilia Romagna Arturo Toscanini Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 87.
    Vaughan Williams: Symphony No 4 / Stokowski, Nbc So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 528 Release Date: 01/02/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Butterworth,  George Antheil,  Ralph Vaughan Williams
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    The Art Of Robert Bloom - Music For Oboe And Strings Vol 2
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1032 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Cimarosa,  Igor Stravinsky,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Wayne Barlow  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Bloom,  Julius Walter Guetter,  Marcel Tabuteau,  Robert McGinnis  ... 
    Conductor:  Keith Wilson,  Leopold Stokowski,  Paul Wolfe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Norfolk Festival Orchestra,  Sarasota Music Festival Orchestra,  New College String Quartet  ... 
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  • 89.
    Looking To The East - Harrison, Cowell, Mcphee, Et Al
    Label: Composers Recordings, Inc. (Cri)   Catalog: 836 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lou Harrison,  Henry Cowell,  Colin McPhee,  Alan Hovhaness
    Performer:  Anahid Ajemian,  Maro Ajemian,  Mitchell Andrews,  Leopold Avakian  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  David Van Vactor,  Alan Hovhaness,  Arthur Bennet Lipkin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leopold Stokowski Orchestra,  Hessian Radio Symphony Orchestra Frankfurt,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 90.
    Stokowski - J. S. Bach Symphonic Transcriptions
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 527 Release Date: 09/19/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-American Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Rachmaninoff: Vocalise / Rachmaninoff, Moffo, Kissin, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63669 Release Date: 04/04/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Victor Babin,  Vitya Vronsky,  Wolfram Huschke,  Dieter Huschke  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov,  Morton Gould,  Leopold Stokowski,  Sir Neville Marriner  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra,  Morton Gould Orchestra,  Norman Luboff Choir  ... 
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  • 92.
    Holst: The Planets;  Debussy, Gould / Stokowski, Nbc So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 526 Release Date: 03/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Morton Gould,  Claude Debussy,  Gustav Holst
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
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  • 93.
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4845 Release Date: 02/22/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Richard Strauss,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-American Youth Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Beethoven, Brahms / Stokowsky, All-american Youth Orchestra
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4857 Release Date: 01/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-American Youth Orchestra
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  • 95.
    Franck: Symphony In D;  Messiaen, Et Al / Stokowski, Et Al
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 525 Release Date: 10/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Olivier Messiaen,  César Franck,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hilversum Radio Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Merit - Stokowski Conducts Music From Russia
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 4831 Release Date: 09/21/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Sophie Sante
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hilversum Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Hague Residentie Orchestra
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  • 97.
    Revueltas - Centennial Anthology / Stokowski, Mata, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63548 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Silvestre Revueltas
    Performer:  Margarita Pruneda
    Conductor:  L. Herrera de la Fuente,  David Atherton,  Eduardo Mata,  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Xalapa Symphony Orchestra,  London Sinfonietta,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 98.
    Elgar: Enigma Variations;  Brahms / Stokowski, London So
    Label: Cala Records   Catalog: 524 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Sir Edward Elgar
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 99.
    More Tears From Heaven - Bach, Handel, Rachmaninoff, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 63450 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Tallis,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Carissimi  ... 
    Performer:  Leontyne Price,  José van Dam,  Dame Janet Baker,  Veriano Luchetti
    Conductor:  Richard Westenburg,  Enoch zu Guttenberg,  Sir Georg Solti,  Konrad Junghänel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Sacra,  Tölz Boys Choir,  Munich Bach Collegium  ... 
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  • 100.
    Label: Avid Master Series   Catalog: 601 Release Date: 09/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Benjamin Britten,  Georges Bizet
    Performer:  Basil Rathbone,  Jeanne Behrend,  Sylvan Levin,  Joseph Levine
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  All-American Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $19.98
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