Kiril Kondrashin

Biography

Born: March 6, 1914; Moscow, Russia   Died: March 7, 1981; Amsterdam, The Netherlands  
Kiril Petrovich Kondrashin was internationally the best-known conductor of the Soviet Union and also the most prominent one to emigrate from that country. He was known for vigorous and solid performances of a wide repertory, particularly the Russian masters.

He was brought up with music, as his family included several orchestral musicians. He took piano lessons, and the family got him lessons in musical theory at the Musical Teknikum with
Read more Nikolai Zhilyayev, who had a strong influence on him. While still a student, he made his conducting debut in 1931 at the Children's Theater. He entered the Moscow Conservatory in 1934, where he studied conducting with Boris Khaikin. He graduated in 1936, but by then had obtained a job as assistant conductor at the Nemirovich-Danchenko Music Theater in 1934, debuting with the operetta Les cloches de Corneville by Planquette.

In 1936 he was conductor at the Maly Opera Theater in Leningrad, retaining that post until 1943. Along with other artists who were deemed important to the war effort, he was evacuated from besieged Leningrad after the German invasion of Russia. In 1943, he became a member of the conducting staff of the Moscow Bolshoi Theater, which was also in a wartime home outside the capital. He remained with the Bolshoi until 1956, making marked improvement in his interpretation that he attributed to working with the experienced conductors of the Bolshoi and to his being entrusted with several important new productions.

Meanwhile, a demand was building for him as a concert conductor. He received Stalin Prizes in 1948 and 1949. When he left the Bolshoi, it was with the intention of centering his career on the podium rather than in the pit. His fame grew greatly in 1958, when he led the orchestra in the prizewinning appearances of American pianist Van Cliburn at the Tchaikovsky International Competition. Cliburn charmed both his home country and his Russian hosts, and the resulting LP record of the Tchaikovsky First Piano Concerto, conducted by Kondrashin, was a long-time best seller. This led to his American and British debuts, making Kondrashin the first Soviet conductor to appear in the U.S.

In 1960 he was named artistic director of the Moscow Philharmonic, and as such participated in another piano concerto blockbuster recording with a U.S. piano star, the great Prokofiev Third Concerto recording for Mercury with Byron Janis, still considered by many the greatest interpretation of that brilliant work on disc. Kondrashin's performances were bright and dramatic, tending to programmatic interpretations that commentators saw as the legacy of his theater career. He was the U.S.S.R.'s finest interpreter of Mahler, leading all the symphonies with unusual restraint and with the expressive and dramatic qualities of the music seemingly enhanced by understatement.

He left the Moscow Philharmonic in 1975, turning to guest conducting. As a result of high demand outside the U.S.S.R., he decided to emigrate in 1978. He was named permanent conductor of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw in 1979, and immediately began making a notable series of recordings with them, but died in that city only two years later. Read less
Weinberg: Symphonies Nos. 5, 10 / Barshai, Kondrashin
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Melodiya  
Catalog: 1002281   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 51-75 of 125 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Russian Easter Overture; Franck: Symphony / Kondrashin
    Label: Br Klassik   Catalog: 900704 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  César Franck
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Brahms: Violin Concerto; Dvorak: Violin Concerto
    Label: Regis   Catalog: 1349 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
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  • 53.
    Boris Tchaikovsky: Symphony No 2, Piano Works / Kondrashin, Tchaikovsky
    Label: Profil   Catalog: 10038 Release Date: 07/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Boris Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Boris Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 54.
    The Art Of Violin
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 4639 Release Date: 06/29/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Ernest Chausson,  Franz Schubert (Dresden),  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Arthur Grumiaux,  Nathan Milstein,  Christian Ferras,  David Oistrakh  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Aram Khachaturian
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  • 55.
    50 Classical Music Favorites
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001388102 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Luigi Boccherini,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Heinz Holliger,  Italo Colandrea,  Antonio Perez,  Michael Copley  ... 
    Conductor:  Frans Brüggen,  Sir Colin Davis,  Kurt Masur,  Silvio Varviso  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
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  • 56.
    Best Violin 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 58521 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Vittorio Monti,  Fritz Kreisler,  Pablo de Sarasate  ... 
    Performer:  Tasmin Little,  John Lenehan,  Leon Pommers,  Nathan Milstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Alceo Galliera,  Iain Sutherland,  Leonard Slatkin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Europa Galante,  Virtuosi,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 57.
    Shostakovich: Symphony No 15, Violin Concerto No 2 / Oistrakh
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1062 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 58.
    Chopin Compact Edition - Concerto No 1, Scherzo, Ballade No 2 / Zimerman
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431580 Release Date: 05/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 59.
    The Essential Richter - The Virtuoso
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 454168 Release Date: 04/24/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Anthology Of The Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
    Label: Rco Live   Catalog: 8005 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Nielsen,  Luigi Dallapiccola,  Anton Bruckner  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Dorow,  George Pieterson,  Werner Herbers,  Theo Olof  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Lucas Vis,  Eugen Jochum  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 61.
    The Kondrashin Recordings - Shostakovich, Nielsen
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438283 Release Date: 02/18/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 62.
    The Kondrashin Recordings - Stravinsky, Borodin
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438280 Release Date: 02/18/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Alexander Borodin
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1; Rachmaninov, Kabalevsky / Cliburn, Kondrashin, Moscow PO
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1440 Release Date: 01/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Dmitri Kabalevsky
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Shostakovich: Violin Concerto No 2 / Oistrakh
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4473 Release Date: 12/09/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Franz Schubert,  Jean Sibelius,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Frida Bauer
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Tchaikovsky: Symhony No 6, Romeo And Juliet Overture / Kondrashin, Et Al
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1000956 Release Date: 10/20/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Van Cliburn Recital - Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No 1;  Beethoven, Liszt / Kondrashin, Et Al
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1000250 Release Date: 10/20/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Liszt,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 67.
    Dvorak: Symphony No 9, Czech Suite / Kondrashin, Dorati
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 448245 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Detroit Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 68.
    Van Cliburn In Moscow Vol 3 - Rachmaninov
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4454 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Vasily Solov'yov-Sedoy
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Van Cliburn In Moscow Vol 1
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4452 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 70.
    Van Cliburn In Moscow Vol 2 - Grieg, Brahms
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4453 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Edvard Grieg
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 71.
    Original Masters - David Oistrakh - Concertos And Encores
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4777479 Release Date: 07/10/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Vladimir Yampolsky
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  David Oistrakh,  Gabril Yudin,  Dmitri Kabalevsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR State Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    The Kondrashin Recordings - Prokofiev, Shostakovich
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438284 Release Date: 12/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 73.
    Artist Profile - Leonid Kogan
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 67732 Release Date: 12/10/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Edouard Lalo,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Leonid Kogan
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Constantin Silvestri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
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  • 74.
    The Kondrashin Recordings - Beethoven: Symphony No. 3
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438277 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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  • 75.
    The Kondrashin Recordings - Brahms, Mendelssohn: Symphonies
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438278 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Felix Mendelssohn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
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Biography

Born: March 6, 1914; Moscow, Russia   Died: March 7, 1981; Amsterdam, The Netherlands  
Kiril Petrovich Kondrashin was internationally the best-known conductor of the Soviet Union and also the most prominent one to emigrate from that country. He was known for vigorous and solid performances of a wide repertory, particularly the Russian masters.

He was brought up with music, as his family included several orchestral musicians. He took piano lessons, and the family got him lessons in musical theory at the Musical Teknikum with
Read more
WORKS ALBUMS
TITLE/COMPOSER
LABEL
I. Allegro energico, ma non troppo. Heftig, aber markig
II. Scherzo: Wuchtig
III. Andante moderato
IV. Finale: Allegro moderato - Allegro energico
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 in B flat minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 in B flat minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 in B flat minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco
I. Molto Allegro
II. Largo
III. Allegretto
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto In E Minor, Op.64 - 1. Allegro molto appassionato
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto In E Minor, Op.64 - 2. Andante
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto In E Minor, Op.64 - 3. Allegretto - Allegro molto vivace
Glazunov: Violin Concerto in A minor, Op.82 - 1. Moderato
Glazunov: Violin Concerto in A minor, Op.82 - 2. Andante - Tempo I
Glazunov: Violin Concerto in A minor, Op.82 - 3. Allegro
Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D, Op.19 - 1. Andantino
Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D, Op.19 - 2. Scherzo. Vivacissimo
Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No.1 in D, Op.19 - 3. Moderato
The Sea and Sinbad's Ship
The Story of the Calender Prince
The Young Prince and the Young Princess
Festival at Bagdad - The Sea - The Shipwreck against a rock surmounted by a bronze warrior (The Shipwreck)
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 1. Moderato
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 2. Adagio sostenuto
Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No.2 in C minor, Op.18 - 3. Allegro scherzando
No. 1. Danse: Con moto
No. 2. Excentrique: Moderato
No. 3. Cantique: Largo
No. 4. Madrid: Allegro con moto
I. Allegro
II. Moderato
III. Presto
IV. Largo
VI. Allegretto
I. Prelude a la nuit
II. Malaguena
III. Habanera
IV. Feria
1. Moderato
2. Adagio sostenuto
3. Allegro scherzando
Waltz
Nocturne
Mazurka
Romance
Galop
The Comedians, Op. 26: Prologue
Comedians' Gallop
March
Waltz
Pantomime
Intermezzo
Little Lyrical Scene
Gavotte
Scherzo
Epilogue
Capriccio espagnol, Op. 34: Alborada
Variazioni
Alborada
Scena e canto gitano
Fandango asturiano
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 1. Allegro non troppo e molto maestoso - Allegro con spirito
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 2. Andantino semplice - Prestissimo - Tempo I
Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No.1 In B Flat Minor, Op.23 - 3. Allegro con fuoco