Kiril Kondrashin

Biography

Born: March 6, 1914; Moscow, Russia   Died: March 7, 1981; Amsterdam, The Netherlands  
Kiril Petrovich Kondrashin was internationally the best-known conductor of the Soviet Union and also the most prominent one to emigrate from that country. He was known for vigorous and solid performances of a wide repertory, particularly the Russian masters.

He was brought up with music, as his family included several orchestral musicians. He took piano lessons, and the family got him lessons in musical theory at the Musical Teknikum with
Read more Nikolai Zhilyayev, who had a strong influence on him. While still a student, he made his conducting debut in 1931 at the Children's Theater. He entered the Moscow Conservatory in 1934, where he studied conducting with Boris Khaikin. He graduated in 1936, but by then had obtained a job as assistant conductor at the Nemirovich-Danchenko Music Theater in 1934, debuting with the operetta Les cloches de Corneville by Planquette.

In 1936 he was conductor at the Maly Opera Theater in Leningrad, retaining that post until 1943. Along with other artists who were deemed important to the war effort, he was evacuated from besieged Leningrad after the German invasion of Russia. In 1943, he became a member of the conducting staff of the Moscow Bolshoi Theater, which was also in a wartime home outside the capital. He remained with the Bolshoi until 1956, making marked improvement in his interpretation that he attributed to working with the experienced conductors of the Bolshoi and to his being entrusted with several important new productions.

Meanwhile, a demand was building for him as a concert conductor. He received Stalin Prizes in 1948 and 1949. When he left the Bolshoi, it was with the intention of centering his career on the podium rather than in the pit. His fame grew greatly in 1958, when he led the orchestra in the prizewinning appearances of American pianist Van Cliburn at the Tchaikovsky International Competition. Cliburn charmed both his home country and his Russian hosts, and the resulting LP record of the Tchaikovsky First Piano Concerto, conducted by Kondrashin, was a long-time best seller. This led to his American and British debuts, making Kondrashin the first Soviet conductor to appear in the U.S.

In 1960 he was named artistic director of the Moscow Philharmonic, and as such participated in another piano concerto blockbuster recording with a U.S. piano star, the great Prokofiev Third Concerto recording for Mercury with Byron Janis, still considered by many the greatest interpretation of that brilliant work on disc. Kondrashin's performances were bright and dramatic, tending to programmatic interpretations that commentators saw as the legacy of his theater career. He was the U.S.S.R.'s finest interpreter of Mahler, leading all the symphonies with unusual restraint and with the expressive and dramatic qualities of the music seemingly enhanced by understatement.

He left the Moscow Philharmonic in 1975, turning to guest conducting. As a result of high demand outside the U.S.S.R., he decided to emigrate in 1978. He was named permanent conductor of the Amsterdam Concertgebouw in 1979, and immediately began making a notable series of recordings with them, but died in that city only two years later. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 127 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Ashkenazy: Complete Concerto Recordings / Various
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4831752 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 48
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Keith Puddy,  Fou Ts'ong,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Anatole Fistoulari,  Lorin Maazel,  Kiril Kondrashin,  David Zinman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Singers,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $169.98
    CD: $144.99
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  • 2.
    Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No. 2 & 3 Etudes-Tableaux / Kondrashin, Ashkenazy, Moscow Philharmonic [Vinyl]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4832251 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
    LP: $32.99
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  • 3.
    Kogan Plays Russian Violin Concertos
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250373 Release Date: 07/14/2017  
    Composer:  Aram Khachaturian,  Tikhon Khrennikov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Mieczyslaw Weinberg  ... 
    Performer:  Leonid Kogan
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Yevgeny Svetlanov,  Pavel Kogan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra,  State Academic Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $22.99
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  • 4.
    Shostakovich: Violin Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 & Suite from Alone / Oistrakh
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1337 Release Date: 05/02/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Mstislav Rostropovich: Cellist of the Century
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559857 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Nikolay Myaskovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Alexander Dedyukhin,  Alexander Dedyuhkin,  David Oistrakh  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Adrian Boult,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $166.99
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  • 6.
    Mahler, Vol. 2: Symphonies Nos. 1, 5 & 9 / Sladkovsky, Kondrashin
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002475 Release Date: 02/17/2017   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Alexander Sladkovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonia Orchestra,  Tatarstan National Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $72.99
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  • 7.
    Shostakovich: Execution of Stenka Razin & Symphonies Nos. 4 & 9 / Kondrashin, Moscow Philharmonic
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 333 Release Date: 01/27/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Vitaly Gromadsky
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  USSR Radio Choir
    CD: $29.99
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  • 8.
    Tchaikovsky: Orchestral Works / Kondrashin, Moscow Philharmonic
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 312 Release Date: 01/27/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Daniil Shafran,  Leonid Kogan
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $29.99
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  • 9.
    Mstislav Rostropovich: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002593102 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 37
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich,  Rudolf Serkin,  Bruno Giuranna  ... 
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan,  Seiji Ozawa,  Paul Sacher  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $128.99
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  • 10.
    Prokofiev: Violin Concertos Nos. 1, 2 & 5 Pieces from Cinderella / Oistrakh, Yampolsky
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1318 Release Date: 06/03/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Vladimir Yampolsky
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Alceo Galliera
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 11.
    Mahler: Symphony No. 3 - Prokofiev: October / Kondrashin, Moscow Philharmonic
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 308 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gustav Mahler,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Valentina Levko
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Yurlov State Capella
    CD: $29.99
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  • 12.
    Shostakovich: All Symphonies - 110th Anniversary Album
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 10024 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Yevgeny Svetlanov,  Yevgeny Mravinsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra,  Moscow Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Academy Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $88.99
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  • 13.
    Khachaturian & Rachmaninov: Orchestral Works / Kondrashin
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 303 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Aram Khachaturian
    Performer:  Alexei Bolshakov,  Mikhail Dovenman,  Yelisaveta Shumskaya,  Yakov Flier
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Yurlov Russian Choir,  RCA Victor Orchestra
    On sale! $39.99
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  • 14.
    Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto No. 3 & The Bells / Cliburn, Kondrashin, Moscow Philharmonic
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350123 Release Date: 04/01/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Van Cliburn
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
    SuperAudio CD: $24.99
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  • 15.
    Great Chopin Pianists
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002437202 Release Date: 01/15/2016   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Lev Oborin,  Alexandre Uninsky,  Yakov Zak,  Bella Davidovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Václáv Smetácek
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Symphony Orchestra,  Czech Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $57.49
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  • 16.
    Richter Rarities With Orchestra
    Label: Parnassus Records   Catalog: 96056 Release Date: 10/16/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander Scriabin,  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Riccardo Muti,  Yevgeny Svetlanov,  George Georgeseu
    CD: $13.99
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  • 17.
    Martha Argerich: The Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002364402 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 48
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Johannes Brahms,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Guy Touvron,  Gidon Kremer,  Alexandre Gurning  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Charles Dutoit,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Jörg Faerber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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    CD: $182.49
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  • 18.
    From The History Of The Tchaikovsky Competition Phonodocuments
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002349 Release Date: 08/14/2015   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Frédéric Chopin,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Naum Shtarkman,  Stefan Ruha,  Victoria Stefanescu,  Lev Vlasenko  ... 
    Conductor:  Boris Khaikin,  Neeme Järvi,  Kiril Kondrashin,  Fuat Mansurov  ... 
    CD: $88.99
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  • 19.
    Brahms, Dvorák: Violin Concertos / Oistrakh, Kondrashin
    Label: Vanguard Classics   Catalog: 1024 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $10.99
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  • 20.
    Glazunov, Kabalevsky: Concertos;  Gliere / Oistrakh, Et Al
    Label: Vanguard Classics   Catalog: 1025 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Reinhold Gliere,  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Alexander Glazunov
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Dmitri Kabalevsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $10.99
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  • 21.
    Schumann, Kabalevsky, Falla, Granados, Haydn /Shafran, Et Al
    Label: Vanguard Classics   Catalog: 1026 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Daniil Shafran,  Nina Musinian
    Conductor:  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $10.99
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  • 22.
    Weinberg: Symphonies Nos. 5, 10 / Barshai, Kondrashin
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002281 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mieczyslaw Weinberg
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Rudolf Barshai
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 23.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $213.99
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  • 24.
    Rachmaninov: Complete Symphonies & Concertos
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 6005 Release Date: 01/20/2015   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Performer:  Byron Janis,  Sviatoslav Richter,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli,  Abbey Simon  ... 
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin,  Stanislaw Wislocki,  Pavel Kogan,  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $28.99
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  • 25.
    David Oistrakh, Vol. 1 [Vinyl]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: MELLP0056 Release Date: 01/13/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra
    LP: $48.99
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