Karl Böhm

Biography

Born: August 28, 1894   Died: August 14, 1981   Country: Austria  
Karl Böhm was one of the greatest conductors of the twentieth century in the German tradition. He studied music as a child and continued to work and study in music while serving in the Austrian Army during World War I -- and while completing a doctorate in law. He coached singers at the Graz Opera and was permitted to conduct a performance of Nessler's Der Trompeter von Sackingen. He never had conducting lessons, but made close studies of the Read more work of both Bruno Walter and Carl Muck.

In 1921 he was hired by the Bavarian State Opera in Munich, and then he became Generalmusikdirektor in both Darmstadt (1927) and Hamburg (1931-1933). He gained a reputation for his fine performances of Mozart, Wagner, and Richard Strauss, as well as his championing of modern German music, including operas by Krenek and Berg. Böhm debuted in Vienna in 1933, leading Wagner's Tristan und Isolde. In 1934 he became director of the Dresden State Opera, Richard Strauss's favorite theater. There, Böhm conducted premieres of Strauss's Die schweigsame Frau (1935) and Dafne (1938). He remained at the helm in Dresden through 1943, at which point he became director of the Vienna State Opera (1943-1945). Richard Strauss was not in official favor, and Joseph Goebbels banned any recognition of the great composer's 80th birthday in 1944. However, Böhm participated in a de facto observance, as a large number of Strauss's orchestral and operatic works "just happened" to be played about the time of the birthday.

After the war, Böhm was forbidden to perform until he underwent "de-Nazification," a procedure whereby prominent Austro-Germans were investigated for complicity in Nazi crimes. He was eventually cleared of any suspicion, and was permitted to resume work in 1947.

Böhm oversaw the German repertory at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires (1950-1953), and again served as director of the Vienna State Opera (1954-1956). He debuted in the USA at New York's Metropolitan Opera with Mozart's Don Giovanni in 1957, and took prominent German orchestras and opera companies on tour. The Vienna Philharmonic bestowed on him the title "Ehrendirigent," and he was proclaimed Generalmusikdirector of Austria. He left a legacy of many great recordings, including a complete Wagner Ring cycle considered by many critics to be the best. While his Wagner and Strauss were sumptuously Romantic, his Mozart was scrupulously Classical in approach. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 271 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Wagner: Tristan und Isolde / Bohm, Bayreuth Festival [3 CD & Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 2894837394 Release Date: 08/09/2019   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Christa Ludwig,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Birgit Nilsson,  Martti Talvela  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus
    On sale! $41.98
    CD: $39.99
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  • 2.
    150 Years - Wiener Staatsoper Anniversary Edition
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: ORF-C980120 Release Date: 07/19/2019   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Richard Strauss,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Karl Dönch,  Peter Klein,  Walter Berry,  Max Lorenz  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm,  Herbert von Karajan,  Claudio Abbado,  Franz Welser-Möst  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $98.99
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  • 3.
    Karl Bohm: Dresden Farewell Concert in 1979 / Staatskapelle Dresden
    Label: Profil   Catalog: PH19023 Release Date: 05/17/2019   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Schubert
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden Staatskapelle
    CD: $22.49
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  • 4.
    Birgit Nilsson: The Great Live Recordings
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88985392322 Release Date: 09/07/2018   Number of Discs: 31
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Richard Wagner,  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Birgit Nilsson,  Bernhard Sönnerstedt,  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Theo Adam  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Hans Knappertsbusch  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus  ... 
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  • 5.
    Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms & Schumann: Orchestral Works / Bohm
    Label: Datum   Catalog: 12305 Release Date: 05/04/2018   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Stefan Askenase,  Elly Ney,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan,  Enrico Mainardi  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $25.49
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  • 6.
    Mozart: Symphonies 32, 35, 36 & 38 / Bohm, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1335 Release Date: 04/13/2018  
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 7.
    Mozart: Le nozze di Figaro / Bohm, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5147 Release Date: 04/06/2018   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  William Wernigk,  Murray Dickie,  Rosette Anday,  Sena Jurinac  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Chorus,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $24.99
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  • 8.
    Mozart: Requiem / Mathis, Bohm, Vienna Philharmonic [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4798517 Release Date: 02/02/2018   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Hans Haselbock,  Edith Mathis,  Julia Hamari,  Wieslaw Ochman  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Chorus Konzertvereinigung
    LP: $32.99
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  • 9.
    Karl Bohm: The Complete Opera & Vocal Recordings on DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4798358 Release Date: 01/26/2018   Number of Discs: 70
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg,  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Martti Talvela,  James King,  Walter Taussig,  Dame Gwyneth Jones  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Leipzig Radio Chorus,  Staatskapelle Dresden  ... 
    CD: $353.99
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  • 10.
    Walter Gieseking - His First Concerto Recordings
    Label: Apr   Catalog: 7308 Release Date: 01/05/2018   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Walter Gieseking
    Conductor:  Hans Rosbaud,  Karl Böhm,  Bruno Walter,  Henry Wood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Saxon State Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 11.
    Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 / Bohm, Bayreuther Festspiele
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 935171 Release Date: 11/17/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Jess Thomas,  Grace Bumbry,  George London
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus
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    CD: $14.99
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  • 12.
    DG 111: The Conductors / Various
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797477 Release Date: 08/04/2017   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Alexander Scriabin,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gaston Litaize,  Alain Moglia,  Luben Yordanoff,  Christa Ludwig  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Leonard Bernstein,  Karl Böhm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  New England Conservatory Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $162.49
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  • 13.
    Insolita / Tebaldi, Various
    Label: Hardy Classics   Catalog: 6021 Release Date: 07/28/2017   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Richard Wagner,  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Rolando Panerai,  Carlo Bergonzi,  Renata Tebaldi,  Giulio Scarenci  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfredo Simonetto,  Karl Böhm,  Antonino Votto,  Guido Cantelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan RAI Orchestra,  Milan RAI Chorus,  Naples Teatro San Carlo Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $39.95
    CD: $36.99
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  • 14.
    The Gundula Janowitz Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797348 Release Date: 07/14/2017   Number of Discs: 14
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Gundula Janowitz,  Hedwig Bilgram,  Elmar Schloter,  Marga Höffgen  ... 
    Conductor:  Willfried Boettcher,  John Pritchard,  Karl Richter,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Hamburg Telemann-Gesellschaft Orchestra,  Munich Bach Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $87.49
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  • 15.
    Wagner: Tristan und Isolde / Bohm, Nilsson, Bayreuther Festspiele [3CD + Blu-ray]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797291 Release Date: 06/09/2017   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Richard Wagner
    Performer:  Wolfgang Windgassen,  Christa Ludwig,  Birgit Nilsson,  Martti Talvela  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra,  Bayreuth Festival Chorus
    CD: $46.99
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  • 16.
    Karl Bohm: The Early Years
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 561986 Release Date: 06/02/2017   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Dahmen,  Max Zimolong,  Elisabeth Höngen,  Josef Herrmann  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Staatskapelle Dresden,  Dresden State Opera Chorus,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
    On sale! $47.98
    CD: $45.99
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  • 17.
    Wiener Philharmoniker: 175th Anniversary Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797090 Release Date: 03/31/2017   Number of Discs: 45
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Bruckner,  Emmanuel Chabrier  ... 
    Performer:  Anton Dermota,  Irmgard Seefried,  Rosette Anday,  Paul Schöffler  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Rafael Kubelik,  Wilhelm Furtwängler,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Arnold Schoenberg Choir,  Kuchl String Quartet  ... 
    CD: $203.99
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  • 18.
    Karl Bohm: Great Recordings 1953-1972
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797021 Release Date: 02/24/2017   Number of Discs: 17
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Max Reger,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Meyer,  Marianna Radev,  Josef Greindl,  Maria Stader  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin St. Hedwig Cathedral Choir,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $70.99
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  • 19.
    The Inaugural Season: Extraordinary Met Performances from 1966-67
    Label: Metropolitan Opera   Catalog: 70182 Release Date: 12/16/2016   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Giacomo Puccini,  Richard Strauss,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Jess Thomas,  Leontyne Price,  Justino Diaz,  Franco Corelli  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Schippers,  Zubin Mehta,  Karl Böhm,  Richard Bonynge  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Chorus,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
    CD: $145.99
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  • 20.
    50 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002596702 Release Date: 12/02/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  David Garrett,  Hélène Grimaud,  Max Richter,  Daniel Hope  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel,  Rafael Kubelik,  Herbert von Karajan,  André de Ridder  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Konzerthaus Kammerorchester Berlin  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 21.
    Mozart: The Singles
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002576902 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Josef Triebensee,  André Rieu
    Performer:  Andras Schiff,  Barry Tuckwell,  Joshua Bell,  Erik Smith  ... 
    Conductor:  Willi Boskovsky,  James Levine,  Sandor Végh,  Peter Maag  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Members of the Netherlands Wind Ensemble,  Amsterdam Mozart Players,  Vienna Mozart Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 22.
    Mozart 225: The New Complete Edition
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002549202 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 200
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  David Busch,  Amandine Beyer,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Benjamin Britten,  Trevor Pinnock,  Christopher Hogwood  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Academy of Ancient Music,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
    Recommendation
    CD: $509.49
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  • 23.
    Fritz Wunderlich: Complete Studio Recordings on DG
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002565802 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 32
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Franz Crass,  Fritz Wunderlich,  Christa Ludwig,  Gundula Janowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  Karl Münchinger,  Marcel Couraud,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Stuttgart Hymnus Boys Choir  ... 
    CD: $105.49
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  • 24.
    Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 10 & 27 / Gilels, Bohm, Vienna Philharmonic [Vinyl]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002559701 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Elena Gilels,  Emil Gilels
    Conductor:  Karl Böhm
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    LP: $24.99
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  • 25.
    The Originals, Vol. 2
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002534902 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Helmut Walcha,  Nathan Milstein,  Géza Anda,  Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli  ... 
    Conductor:  Ferenc Fricsay,  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Eugen Jochum,  Wolfgang Schneiderhan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $165.99
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