Paul Hindemith

Biography

Born: 1895   Died: 1963   Country: Germany   Period: 20th Century
A theorist, teacher, violist, conductor, and composer who is regarded by many as the foremost German composer of his generation, Paul Hindemith was one of the most central figures in music between the First and Second World Wars. Born outside of Frankfurt, Hindemith moved with his family to the city in 1902. It was here, in 1904, that Hindemith began taking violin lessons. By 1908, Hindemith became a student of Adolf Rebner, a teacher at the Hoch Read more Conservatory in Frankfurt, who arranged for Hindemith to be awarded a free place at the conservatory the following year. Although he had long been composing, Hindemith, in addition to continuing his study of the violin, began to study composition formally. However, he was forced to leave the conservatory in 1917 when he was called up for military service. He spent most of his service as a member of a regimental band stationed about 3 kilometers from the front line.

After returning from the war, Hindemith again took to the concert stage, having switched to viola in 1919. In 1923 he was invited to join the administrative committee of the Donaueschingen Festival, a group over which he exerted an ever increasing amount of control; programming works of such composers as Schoenberg and Webern. The next year he married Gertrud Rottenberg, the daughter of the conductor of the Frankfurt Opera Orchestra, an ensemble in which Hindemith had been playing. In 1927 he received an appointment as professor of composition at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin. In addition to maintaining an active performing career, Hindemith soon developed a strong interest in teaching, and even took on an evening class at the Volksmusikschule NeuKolln.

Early in 1934, the Nazi party began a campaign to discredit Hindemith, which culminated in a boycott of the composer's works announced by the Kulturgemeinde in November of that year. In January 1935, Hindemith was given a six-month leave from the Hochschule. However, as the boycott of his music was not endorsed by the music division of the Nazi party until 1937, Hindemith was allowed not only to return to teaching, but also to undertake a series of concert tours abroad, to have his music published, and to enter into an agreement with the government of Turkey to build an organized musical life in that country. However, in 1937, Hindemith left Germany for Switzerland, and in 1940 came to the U.S.

After a series of lecture and teaching engagements which had been arranged by friends, Hindemith took a position at Yale, teaching composition and, from 1945 to 1953, conducting the Collegium Musicum. In 1946, Hindemith became an American citizen. In 1951 he accepted a position at the University of Zurich and, after retiring from Yale in 1953, took up permanent residence in Switzerland. After retiring from his post in Zurich, in 1955, he became more active as a conductor. In November 1963, he was taken ill and transferred to a hospital in Frankfurt, where he died of acute pancreatitis. Read less
Hindemith: Kleine Kammermusik / Valerius Ensemble
Release Date: 08/27/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9447   Number of Discs: 1
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Hindemith - Clarinet Chamber Music / J.b. Yeh, Blackwood
Release Date: 11/25/2003   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 72   Number of Discs: 1
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Hindemith: Orchestral Music / Kegel, Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 09/24/2013   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9441   Number of Discs: 5
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Hindemith: The Four Sonatas For Solo Viola / Nobuko Imai
Release Date: 10/12/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 571   Number of Discs: 1
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Hindemith: Sonatas For Viola And Piano, Meditation / Imai
Release Date: 10/14/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 651   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for Violin

Browse 1-12 of 12 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Leonard Bernstein Edition - Concertos & Orchestral Works
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 301330 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 80
    Composer:  Samuel Barber,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Béla Bartók  ... 
    Performer:  Isaac Stern,  Leonard Bernstein,  Harold Gomberg,  William Heim  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Seiji Ozawa,  Maurice Peress
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New York Philharmonic members,  Columbia Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $175.49
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  • 3.
    Hindemith:  Violin Concerto; Symphonic Metamorphosis; Konzertmusik /  Midori, Eschenbach
    Label: Ondine   Catalog: 1214-2 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Midori
    Conductor:  Christoph Eschenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Hindemith: Violin Concerto, Violin Sonatas / Frank Peter Zimmermann, Enrico Pace, Paavo Jarvi
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2024 Release Date: 05/28/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Frank Peter Zimmermann,  Enrico Pace
    Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Hindemith: Concerto For Violin And Orchestra; Mozart: Concerto No. 3 For Violin And Orchestra
    Label: Classic Records   Catalog: 2014 Release Date: 06/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Joseph Fuchs
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens
    On sale! $30.98
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  • 6.
    Nielsen: Concertos; Hindemith / Bernstein, New York Philharmonic
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47599 Release Date: 12/29/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Stanley Drucker,  Julius Baker,  Isaac Stern
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 7.
    Hindemith, Mozart: Violin Concertos / Fuchs, Goossens, Et Al
    Label: Classic Records   Catalog: 2014 Release Date: 08/25/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Joseph Fuchs
    Conductor:  Sir Eugene Goossens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $42.98
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  • 8.
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3690 Release Date: 06/29/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith,  Pavel Borkovec
    Performer:  André Gertler,  Paul Tortelier,  Antonín Jemelík
    Conductor:  Karel Ancerl
    CD: $9.99
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  • 9.
    Ivry Gitlis - Berg, Hindemith, Stravinsky: Violin Concertos
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 7818 Release Date: 06/11/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Igor Stravinsky,  Paul Hindemith,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Ivry Gitlis
    Conductor:  Harold Byrns,  Hubert Reichert,  William Strickland
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Colonne Concerts Orchestra,  Westfalian Symphony Orchestra,  Pro musica
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  • 10.
    Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis, Etc / Kavakos, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9903 Release Date: 05/22/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Leonidas Kavakos
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Hindemith: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 3 / Albert , Et Al
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999784 Release Date: 04/17/2001   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  Rosalinde Haas,  Brett Dean,  Dene Olding,  Liviu Varcol  ... 
    Conductor:  Werner Andreas Albert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Queensland Symphony Orchestra,  Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $35.49
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  • 12.
    Hindemith: Symphony
    Label: London/Decca Enterprise   Catalog: 433081 Release Date: 10/30/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Hindemith
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Paul Kletzki,  Paul Hindemith,  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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Paul Hindemith


WORKS
Symphonie "Mathis der Maler": I. Engelskonzert (Ruhig bewegt/Ziemlich lebhafte Halbe)
Symphonie "Mathis der Maler": II. Grablegung (Sehr langsam)
Symphonie "Mathis der Maler": III. Versuchung des heiligen Antonius - "Ubi eras, bone Jhesu ubi eras, quare non affuisti ut sanare vulnera mea?" (Sehr langsam, frei im Zeitmass/Sehr labhaft)
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: I. Allegro
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: II. 'Turandot' , Scherzo (Moderato/Lebhaft)
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: III . Andantino
Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes by Carl Maria von Weber: IV. Marsch
Part I: Massig schnell, mit Kraft - Sehr breit, aber stets fliessend
Part II: Lebhaft - Langsam - Im ersten Zeitmass
Introduction and Rondo I.
March and Pastorale II.
III. Passacaglia
I. Sehr lebhaft
II. Sehr langsam
III. Lebhaft
IV. Massig schnelle Halbe
I. Massig bewegte Halbe
II. Langsam
III. Lebhaft
I. Zwischen Berg und tiefem Tal
II. Nun laube, Lindlein, laube! - Fugato: Der Gutzgauch auf dem Zaune sass
III. Variations: Seid ihr nicht der Schwanendreher