Johann Sebastian Bach

Biography

Born: 1685   Died: 1750   Country: Germany   Period: Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a Read more profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. Read less
Bach: Solo Sonatas & Partitas / Gil Shaham
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Canary Classics  
Catalog: 14   Number of Discs: 2
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The Bach Recordings / Hogwood, Academy of Ancient Music
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: L'oiseau Lyre  
Catalog: 002307502   Number of Discs: 20
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Bach: Lutheran Masses Vol 1 / Suzuki
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2081   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach: The Well-tempered Clavier (Complete) / Jill Crossland
Release Date: 01/27/2009   Label: Signum U.k.  
Catalog: 136   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach, Beethoven: Live Performances 1948 & 1968 / Sviatoslav Richter
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 8043   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Suite for Cello solo no 3 in C major, BWV 1009

Browse 1-25 of 207 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Johann Sebastian Bach: The Cello Suites
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72682 Release Date: 09/04/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Sofia Gubaidulina,  György Kurtág,  Krzysztof Penderecki  ... 
    Performer:  Mayke Rademakers
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  • 2.
    J.S. Bach: The Cello Suites, 1-3 / Vlasankova
    Label: Arcodiva   Catalog: 173 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Jitka Vlasánková
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  • 3.
    Bach, Weiss: Lute Music  / Toyohiko Satoh
    Label: Carpe Diem   Catalog: 16305 Release Date: 05/12/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Silvius Leopold Weiss
    Performer:  Toyohiko Satoh
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  • 4.
    Jean-sebastien Bach: Six Cello-suites
    Label: Pavane   Catalog: 7568 Release Date: 04/14/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Alexandre Debrus
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  • 5.
    Bach: 6 Cello Suites, Gamba Sonatas / W. & P. Kuijken
    Label: Arcana   Catalog: 383 Release Date: 03/31/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Wieland Kuijken,  Piet Kuijken
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  • 6.
    Bach: Cello Suites / David Watkin
    Label: Resonus Classics   Catalog: 10147 Release Date: 03/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  David Watkin
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  • 7.
    Bach On The Lute / Nigel North
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 300 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Nigel North
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  • 8.
    Johann Sebastian Bach: Six Suites For Solo Cello
    Label: Cameo Classics   Catalog: 9050 Release Date: 02/10/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Alfia Nakipbekova
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  • 9.
    Bach: Cello Suites / Isang Enders
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300552 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Isang Enders
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  • 10.
    Geringas Plays Bach Plus
    Label: Es-dur   Catalog: 2036 Release Date: 11/17/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  John Corigliano,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Anatolijus Senderovas,  Viktor Suslin  ... 
    Performer:  David Geringas
    On sale! $27.98
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  • 11.
    Bach: The Six Cello Suites / Viola de Hoog
    Label: Vivat   Catalog: 107 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Viola de Hoog
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  • 12.
    The Originals - Legendary Recordings from DG
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002171502 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh,  Pierre Fournier,  Walter Berry  ... 
    Conductor:  David Oistrakh,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Franz Konwitschny,  Carlos Kleiber  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
    On sale! $159.98
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  • 13.
    Janos Starker - The Warner Legacy
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 634125 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Luigi Boccherini,  Gabriel Fauré,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  János Starker,  Gyorgy Sebok
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $39.99
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  • 14.
    Bach: Six Suites For Unaccompanied Cello, Nos. 1, 3 & 6
    Label: Fontenay Classics   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Nicklas Schmidt
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  • 15.
    Bach: Complete Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 1116165 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 142
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Remy Baudet,  Theunis Van der Zwart,  Erwin Wieringa,  Pieter-Jan Belder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pieter-Jan Belder,  Ludwig Güttler,  Thomas Zehetmair,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Amphion,  Virtuosi Saxoniae,  Amsterdam Bach Soloists  ... 
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  • 16.
    Bach: The Cello Suites  / Nina Kotova
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 639411 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Nina Kotova
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  • 17.
    Yo-Yo Ma Plays Great Cello Masterworks
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 438572 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Edouard Lalo,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Margaret Faultless,  Emanuel Ax
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel,  André Previn,  José L. Garcia,  Pinchas Zukerman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 18.
    Bach: Cello Suites 1 3 & 5  / Ditta Rohmann
    Label: Hungaroton   Catalog: 32731 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Ditta Rohmann
    CD: $19.99
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  • 19.
    Janos Starker - The Mercury Living Presence Recordings
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002065602 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Valentini  ... 
    Performer:  János Starker,  György Sebok,  Stephen Swedish
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $61.49
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  • 20.
    Bach: 6 Suiten Fur Violoncello Solo, Bwv 1007 - 1012; 3. Suite Fur Violoncello Und Klavier
    Label: Phaedra   Catalog: 292028 Release Date: 05/13/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Jan Sciffer,  Hans Ryckelnych
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  • 21.
    Bach: Suites No  2, 3 And 6 / Maxim Rysanov
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2033 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Maxim Rysanov
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  • 22.
    Bach: Suites For Solo Cello
    Label: Pipistrelle   Catalog: 1403 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Rachel Mercer
    CD: $24.99
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  • 23.
    Bach: Suites For Solo Cello, Vol. 1 / Joel Becktell
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 317 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    On sale! $46.98
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  • 24.
    Pepe Romero - Master of the Guitar [11-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002012902 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Luigi Boccherini,  Ferdinando Carulli  ... 
    Performer:  Pepe Romero,  Angel Romero,  Christine Pendrill,  Agustin Leon Ara  ... 
    Conductor:  Iona Brown,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.,  Los Romeros
    CD: $66.99
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  • 25.
    Label: Emec (Editorial De Musica Espanola)   Catalog: 56 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Michael Kevin Jones
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1 2 ... 8 9

Johann Sebastian Bach


WORKS
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
4. Menuet - Trio - Polonaise
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Allegro assai
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio (BWV 1019a)
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante - 3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Affetuoso
3. Allegro
1. --
2. Adagio ma non tanto
3. Allegro
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Kyrie: Christe eleison (Duet)
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo... (Chorus)
Gloria: ...et in terra pax
Gloria: Laudemus te (Aria)
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi propter (Chorus)
Gloria: Domine Deus (Duet)
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dextram Patris (Aria)
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Aria)
Gloria: Cum sancto Spiritu in gloria (Chorus)
Mass in B Minor, BWV 232: Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Chorus)
Credo: Patrem omnipotentum (Chorus)
Credo: Et in unum Dominum (Duet)
Credo: Et incarnatus est (Chorus)
Credo: Crucifixus (Chorus)
Credo: Et resurrexit (Chorus)
Credo: Et in Spiritum sanctum (Aria)
Credo: Confiteor unum baptisma... (Chorus)
Credo: ...Et expecto
Sanctus: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Benedictus (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (da capo) (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Agnus Dei (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Dona nobis pacem (Chorus)
Aria
Variation 1 a 1 Clav.
Variation 2 a 1 Clav.
Variation 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all' Unisuono
Variation 4 a 1 Clav.
Variation 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 6 a 1 Clav. Canone all Seconda
Variation 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 8 a 2 Clav.
Variation 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variation 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variation 11 a 2 Clav.
Variation 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variation 13 a 2 Clav.
Variation 14 a 2 Clav.
Variation 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario. a 1 Clav. Andante
Variation 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
Variation 17 a 2 Clav.
Variation 18 - Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
Variation 19 a 1 Clav.
Variation 20 a 2 Clav.
Variation 21 Canone alla Settima
Variation 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
Variation 23 a 2 Clav.
Variation 24 Canone all' Ottava a 1 Clav.
Variation 25 a 2 Clav.
Variation 26 a 2 Clav.
Variation 27 Canone alla Nona
Variation 28 a 2 Clav.
Variation 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Quodlibet
Aria da capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 2. Largo ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 1. Prélude
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 2. Allemande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 3. Courante
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 4. Sarabande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 5. Menuet I-II
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 6. Gigue
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Prelude
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourree I - Bourree II
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue