Johann Sebastian Bach

Biography

Born: 1685   Died: 1750   Country: Germany   Period: Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a Read more profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. Read less
The Bach Recordings / Hogwood, Academy of Ancient Music
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: L'oiseau Lyre  
Catalog: 002307502   Number of Discs: 20
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Bach to Moog - A Realization for Electronics & Orchestra
Release Date: 05/04/2015   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 505261   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach & Beyond, Part 2 / Jennifer Koh
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 154   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach: Keyboard Works / Kenneth Gilbert
Release Date: 01/27/2015   Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)  
Catalog: 002244402   Number of Discs: 10
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Bach: Well-tempered Clavier Book II / Keith Jarrett
Release Date: 04/18/2000   Label: Ecm  
Catalog: 847936   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude

Browse 76-88 of 88 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 76.
    The Complete Wedding Album - There Is Love
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80490 Release Date: 04/28/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Richard Wagner,  Samuel Barber,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Angel Romero,  Joseph Silverstein,  Larry Cooperman,  Michael Chertock  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Shaw,  Erich Kunzel,  Leonard Slatkin,  Keith Clark  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlanta Symphony Chorus,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra,  Cincinnati Pops  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 77.
    Chip Davis' Holiday Musik Vol 2 / Roth, Berkey, Layton, Et Al
    Label: American Gramaphone   Catalog: 297 Release Date: 09/17/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Willem De Fesch,  Johann Christoph Pez,  Samuel Scheidt  ... 
    Performer:  Stephen Alltop,  Roxanne Layton,  Jackson Berkey,  Arnie Roth  ... 
    Conductor:  Arnie Roth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Anima
    CD: $12.99
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  • 78.
    Bach For Book Lovers
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 456497 Release Date: 06/10/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Friedrich Gulda,  János Scholz,  Maria Teresa Garatti,  Jean Louis Steuerman  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Edo De Waart,  James Judd
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 79.
    Night Tracks
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 34703 Release Date: 10/29/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Patrick Cassidy,  René Eespere,  Wojciech Kilar  ... 
    Performer:  Emmanuel Lawler,  Mary Clarke,  Ian Watson,  Elisabeth Leonskaja  ... 
    Conductor:  Philip Simms,  Harry Rabinowitz,  Hugh Wolff,  Lawrence Foster  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anuna,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Tallis Chamber Choir  ... 
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  • 80.
    Classical Kids - Mr. Bach Comes To Call
    Label: Children's Group   Catalog: 84235 Release Date: 04/11/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Suzanne Shulman,  Douglas Bodle,  Susan Hammond,  Adele Armin
    Conductor:  Walter Babiak
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Boys' Choir,  Studio Arts Orchestra
    CD: $13.99
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  • 81.
    A New Baroque - Pachelbel's Canon / Yolanda Kondonassis
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80403 Release Date: 11/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Yolanda Kondonassis
    CD: $11.99
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  • 82.
    Bach - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 64051 Release Date: 08/09/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gottfried H. Stölzel
    Performer:  Igor Kipnis,  Nicholas Danby,  Alexander Schreiner,  Frank Asper  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Eugene Ormandy,  Richard P. Condie,  Raymond Leppard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London String Players,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Mormon Tabernacle Choir  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 83.
    32 Short Films About Glenn Gould - Motion Picture Soundtrack
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46686 Release Date: 03/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn Gould
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 84.
    Christopher Parkening - The Great Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54905 Release Date: 09/14/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Joseph Brackett,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  David Brandon
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 85.
    My First Recital / Ruth Laredo
    Label: Ess.a.y Recordings   Catalog: 1006 Release Date: 07/15/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Ruth Laredo
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  • 86.
    Schroeder's Greatest Hits
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61240 Release Date: 09/08/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Vince Guaraldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Nelly Kokinos,  Ronnie Zito,  John Miller,  Ken Bichel
    CD: $8.99
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  • 87.
    Lullaby, Perchance To Dream / Carol Rosenberger
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3079 Release Date: 05/22/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Robert Schumann,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Rosenberger
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  • 88.
    Bach: Notebook For Anna Magdalena Bach / Kipnis, Blegen
    Label: Nonesuch   Catalog: 79020 Release Date: 05/07/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach
    Performer:  Igor Kipnis,  Judith Blegen,  Catharina Meints,  Benjamin Luxon
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Johann Sebastian Bach


WORKS
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
4. Menuet - Trio - Polonaise
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Allegro assai
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio (BWV 1019a)
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante - 3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Affetuoso
3. Allegro
1. --
2. Adagio ma non tanto
3. Allegro
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Kyrie: Christe eleison (Duet)
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo... (Chorus)
Gloria: ...et in terra pax
Gloria: Laudemus te (Aria)
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi propter (Chorus)
Gloria: Domine Deus (Duet)
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dextram Patris (Aria)
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Aria)
Gloria: Cum sancto Spiritu in gloria (Chorus)
Mass in B Minor, BWV 232: Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Chorus)
Credo: Patrem omnipotentum (Chorus)
Credo: Et in unum Dominum (Duet)
Credo: Et incarnatus est (Chorus)
Credo: Crucifixus (Chorus)
Credo: Et resurrexit (Chorus)
Credo: Et in Spiritum sanctum (Aria)
Credo: Confiteor unum baptisma... (Chorus)
Credo: ...Et expecto
Sanctus: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Benedictus (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (da capo) (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Agnus Dei (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Dona nobis pacem (Chorus)
Aria
Variation 1 a 1 Clav.
Variation 2 a 1 Clav.
Variation 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all' Unisuono
Variation 4 a 1 Clav.
Variation 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 6 a 1 Clav. Canone all Seconda
Variation 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 8 a 2 Clav.
Variation 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variation 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variation 11 a 2 Clav.
Variation 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variation 13 a 2 Clav.
Variation 14 a 2 Clav.
Variation 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario. a 1 Clav. Andante
Variation 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
Variation 17 a 2 Clav.
Variation 18 - Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
Variation 19 a 1 Clav.
Variation 20 a 2 Clav.
Variation 21 Canone alla Settima
Variation 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
Variation 23 a 2 Clav.
Variation 24 Canone all' Ottava a 1 Clav.
Variation 25 a 2 Clav.
Variation 26 a 2 Clav.
Variation 27 Canone alla Nona
Variation 28 a 2 Clav.
Variation 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Quodlibet
Aria da capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 2. Largo ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 1. Prélude
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 2. Allemande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 3. Courante
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 4. Sarabande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 5. Menuet I-II
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 6. Gigue
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Prelude
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourree I - Bourree II
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue