Johann Sebastian Bach

Biography

Born: 1685   Died: 1750   Country: Germany   Period: Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a Read more profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. Read less
Bach on the Lute / Nigel North
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 300   Number of Discs: 4
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Bach: Lutheran Masses Vol 1 / Suzuki
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2081   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach & Beyond, Part 2 / Jennifer Koh
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 154   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach: Harpsichord Concertos  /  Andreas Staier, Freiburger Barockorchester
Release Date: 08/14/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902181   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach & Beyond, Part 1 / Koh
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 134   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude

Browse 26-50 of 87 Available Recordings
1 2 3 4
  • 26.
    Essential Baroque
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 95429 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Pachelbel,  George Frideric Handel,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gerald Finley,  William Bennett,  George Malcolm  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Stephen Cleobury,  Yehudi Menuhin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata Lysy,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Early Music Consort of London  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 27.
    Label: Fisher-price   Catalog: 46697 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christian Pezold,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 28.
    Bach Adagios
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001313002 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Friedrich Gulda,  Jean Louis Steuerman,  Heinz Holliger,  Arthur Grumiaux  ... 
    Conductor:  James Judd,  Edo De Waart,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Peter Schreier  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
    On sale! $48.99
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  • 29.
    J.s. Bach: 4 Harpsichord Suites
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 4689674 Release Date: 07/20/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Olivier Baumont
    CD: $9.99
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  • 30.
    50 Classics For Relaxation / Ingman, Gerhardt, Gamley, Et Al
    Label: Time/Life Music   Catalog: 24742 Release Date: 06/30/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Paul A. Martini  ... 
    Performer:  Keith Harvey,  José Luis Garcia,  Larry Dalton,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  David Firman,  Franck Pourcel,  Charles Gerhardt,  Eric Hammerstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Franck Pourcel Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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  • 31.
    Intimate Classics
    Label: Avalon Records   Catalog: 41337 Release Date: 06/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Pachelbel,  Donald Quan,  Erik Satie,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Donald Quan,  Rob Piltch
    CD: $15.49
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  • 32.
    Eternal Bach
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8578024 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Marianne Beate Kielland,  János Sebestyén,  Christine Pichlmeier,  Lisa Stewart  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmut Müller-Brühl,  Mátyás Antal,  Jeremy Summerly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Chamber Orchestra,  Hungarian Radio Chorus,  Failoni Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 33.
    Bach: Anna Magdalena Bach Notebook / Gauvin, Beausejour, Istomin
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 22012 Release Date: 09/16/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Christian Pezold,  Gottfried H. Stölzel,  Georg Böhm
    Performer:  Luc Beauséjour,  Karina Gauvin,  Sergei Istomin
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  • 34.
    World Of Harp
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 433869 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alphonse Hasselmans,  Frédéric Chopin,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Marisa Robles
    CD not available

  • 35.
    Adagios - Albinoni, Bach, Beethoven
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 4695495 Release Date: 08/18/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Tomaso Albinoni,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Alison Bury,  Monica Huggett,  Jos Konings,  Paul Dombrecht  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Jean-François Paillard,  Ton Koopman,  Michel Corboz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Paillard Chamber Orchestra,  Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $29.99
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  • 36.
    The Art Of The Harp / Giles, McGuire
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4766808 Release Date: 07/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Henry Purcell,  Christian Pezold,  Anonymous,  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz  ... 
    Performer:  Marshall McGuire,  Alice Giles
    CD: $23.99
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  • 37.
    Beautiful Wedding: Classical Music For The Wedding Dinner
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80718 Release Date: 05/20/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ottorino Respighi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Peabo Bryson,  Paquito D'Rivera,  Michael Camilo,  Kenny Blake  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Jesús Lopez-Cobos,  Martin Pearlman,  Keith Clark  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Chamber Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Baroque  ... 
    CD: $11.99
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  • 38.
    Ultimate Classical Relaxation - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001079002 Release Date: 03/11/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Tomaso Albinoni  ... 
    Performer:  Alicia De Larrocha,  Neil Black,  Tess Miller,  Carmel Kaine  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger,  Sir Neville Marriner,  András Schiff,  Thurston Dart  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe  ... 
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  • 39.
    Breathe - The Relaxing Baroque
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80713 Release Date: 11/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  John O'Conor
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  • 40.
    Piano Moods - A Collection of Romantic Melodies
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000872602 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Mikhail Pletnev,  Daniel Barenboim,  Lazar Berman  ... 
    CD not available

  • 41.
    The Best Bach
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 2015 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Mieczyslaw Horszowski,  Feliz Elias,  Joseph Brezina,  André Lardrot  ... 
    Conductor:  Felix Prohaska,  Antonio Janigro,  Johannes Somary,  Miltiades Caridis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Chamber Orchestra,  Camerata Romana,  I Solisti di Zagreb  ... 
    CD: $6.99
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  • 42.
    Soli Deo Gloria - Bach / Glenn H. Strauss
    Label: Eroica Classical Recordings   Catalog: 3189 Release Date: 01/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Isaac Albeniz,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Glenn H. Strauss
    CD: $14.99
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  • 43.
    J.s. Bach: Partita No. 3, Bwv 1006 ; Jesu, Joy Of Man's Desiring
    Label: Nalu Music   Catalog: 64032 Release Date: 08/30/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    CD: $23.99
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  • 44.
    The #1 Baroque Album
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 4757492 Release Date: 07/03/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Pachelbel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell  ... 
    Performer:  Christophe Rousset,  Daniel Chorzempa,  Heinz Holliger,  Marisa Robles  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Karl Münchinger,  Simon Preston,  Iona Brown  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of Ancient Music  ... 
    Low Stock

  • 45.
    Pianorama - Cinematic Music / Roland Pöntinen
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1326 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nino Rota,  Gioachino Rossini,  Frédéric Chopin,  Leos Janácek  ... 
    Performer:  Roland Pöntinen
    Recommendation
    On sale! $21.99
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  • 46.
    The Best Baroque Album In The World...ever!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54468 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Henry Purcell,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  George Malcolm,  Wayne Marshall,  Anthony Bailes,  Bob van Asperen  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Sir Philip Ledger,  Wolfgang Gönnenwein,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Menuhin Festival Orchestra,  Cambridge King's College Choir,  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble  ... 
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 47.
    The Most Relaxing Bach Album In The World...ever!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 53359 Release Date: 03/21/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Stanislav Bunin,  Andrei Gavrilov,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Christian Ferras  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Leopold Stokowski,  Richard Stamp  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Bath Festival Orchestra,  Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 48.
    The Art Of Laurindo Almeida
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 83101 Release Date: 01/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Vincenzo Galilei
    Performer:  Laurindo Almeida
    CD: $9.99
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  • 49.
    The Most Relaxing Guitar Album In The World...ever!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 46809 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  Sir William Walton,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  Sharon Isbin,  Manuel Barrueco,  Pierre Laniau  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Jeremy Lubbock,  Lawrence Foster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
    CD not available

  • 50.
    Anna Magdalena Bach Notebook / Stolte, Collum, Leib
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 3232 Release Date: 10/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Herbert Collum,  Günther Leib,  Adele Stolte
    CD: $14.99
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1 2 3 4

Johann Sebastian Bach


WORKS
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
4. Menuet - Trio - Polonaise
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Allegro assai
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio (BWV 1019a)
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante - 3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Affetuoso
3. Allegro
1. --
2. Adagio ma non tanto
3. Allegro
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Kyrie: Christe eleison (Duet)
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo... (Chorus)
Gloria: ...et in terra pax
Gloria: Laudemus te (Aria)
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi propter (Chorus)
Gloria: Domine Deus (Duet)
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dextram Patris (Aria)
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Aria)
Gloria: Cum sancto Spiritu in gloria (Chorus)
Mass in B Minor, BWV 232: Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Chorus)
Credo: Patrem omnipotentum (Chorus)
Credo: Et in unum Dominum (Duet)
Credo: Et incarnatus est (Chorus)
Credo: Crucifixus (Chorus)
Credo: Et resurrexit (Chorus)
Credo: Et in Spiritum sanctum (Aria)
Credo: Confiteor unum baptisma... (Chorus)
Credo: ...Et expecto
Sanctus: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Benedictus (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (da capo) (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Agnus Dei (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Dona nobis pacem (Chorus)
Aria
Variation 1 a 1 Clav.
Variation 2 a 1 Clav.
Variation 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all' Unisuono
Variation 4 a 1 Clav.
Variation 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 6 a 1 Clav. Canone all Seconda
Variation 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 8 a 2 Clav.
Variation 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variation 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variation 11 a 2 Clav.
Variation 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variation 13 a 2 Clav.
Variation 14 a 2 Clav.
Variation 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario. a 1 Clav. Andante
Variation 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
Variation 17 a 2 Clav.
Variation 18 - Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
Variation 19 a 1 Clav.
Variation 20 a 2 Clav.
Variation 21 Canone alla Settima
Variation 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
Variation 23 a 2 Clav.
Variation 24 Canone all' Ottava a 1 Clav.
Variation 25 a 2 Clav.
Variation 26 a 2 Clav.
Variation 27 Canone alla Nona
Variation 28 a 2 Clav.
Variation 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Quodlibet
Aria da capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 2. Largo ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 1. Prélude
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 2. Allemande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 3. Courante
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 4. Sarabande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 5. Menuet I-II
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 6. Gigue
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Prelude
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourree I - Bourree II
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue