Johann Sebastian Bach

Biography

Born: 1685   Died: 1750   Country: Germany   Period: Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a Read more profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. Read less
Bach on the Lute / Nigel North
Release Date: 02/10/2015   Label: Linn Records  
Catalog: 300   Number of Discs: 4
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Bach: Lutheran Masses Vol 1 / Suzuki
Release Date: 07/10/2015   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 2081   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach & Beyond, Part 2 / Jennifer Koh
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 154   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach: Harpsichord Concertos  /  Andreas Staier, Freiburger Barockorchester
Release Date: 08/14/2015   Label: Harmonia Mundi  
Catalog: 902181   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach & Beyond, Part 1 / Koh
Release Date: 10/30/2012   Label: Cedille Records  
Catalog: 134   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concerto for 2 Violins in D minor, BWV 1043

Browse 126-137 of 137 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    Bach: Violin Concertos / Harnoncourt, Concentus Musicus Wien
    Label: Teldec Das Alte Werk   Catalog: 95518 Release Date: 10/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Alice Harnoncourt,  Jürg Schaeftlein,  Walter Pfeiffer
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Concentus Musicus
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  • 127.
    Baroque Violin Concertos - Bach, Vivaldi
    Label: Sony Classical Infinity Digital   Catalog: 57217 Release Date: 02/08/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Alexander Stang,  Alexander Schulrufer,  Viktor Sidorenko
    Conductor:  Leo Korchin,  Arkady Steinlucht
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Renaissance Chamber Orchestra,  Russia Mozarteum Orchestra
    CD: $4.99
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  • 128.
    Documents - David And Igor Oistrakh Vol 1 - Bach, Vivaldi
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2130 Release Date: 02/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Franz Konwitschny
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 129.
    Baroque Collection - Handel, Vivaldi, Bach, Pachelbel, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67425 Release Date: 09/29/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Michel Richard Delalande  ... 
    Performer:  Michel Debost,  Lionel Rogg,  Elaine Shaffer,  Thierry Caens  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Raymond Leppard,  Jean-Pierre Wallez,  Louis Auriacombe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Paris Orchestral Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 130.
    Bach J.s.: Violin Concertos Bwv 1041-43
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550194 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Takako Nishizaki,  Alexander Jablokov
    Conductor:  Oliver Dohnányi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
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  • 131.
    The Great Violin Concertos / Yehudi Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67310 Release Date: 07/05/1991   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Christian Ferras,  Yehudi Menuhin
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Constantin Silvestri,  Efrem Kurtz,  Rudolf Kempe  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bath Festival Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
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  • 132.
    Concert Of The Century / Bernstein, Horowitz, Stern, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46743 Release Date: 04/19/1991   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Isaac Stern,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Vladimir Horowitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Lyndon Woodside
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oratorio Society of New York,  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $18.99
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  • 133.
    Bach: Concertos For Two Violins, Etc / Mutter, Accardo
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47005 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Salvatore Accardo
    Conductor:  Salvatore Accardo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 134.
    Bach: Violin Concertos BWV 1041 & 1042, etc / Grumiaux et al
    Label: Philips Silverline Classics   Catalog: 420700 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Heinz Holliger,  Arthur Grumiaux,  Herman Krebbers
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart,  Arpád Gerecz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Les Solistes Romands
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  • 135.
    Isaac Stern 60th Anniversary Celebration
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 36692 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Isaac Stern,  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 136.
    Bach: Violin Concertos, Etc / Szeryng, Marriner, Asmf
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 422250 Release Date: 05/02/1988   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng,  Maurice Hasson
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 137.
    Bach: Violin Concertos / Standage, Wilcock, Pinnock
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 410646 Release Date: 05/16/1984   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Elizabeth Wilcock,  Simon Standage
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert
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Johann Sebastian Bach


WORKS
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
4. Menuet - Trio - Polonaise
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Allegro assai
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio (BWV 1019a)
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante - 3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Affetuoso
3. Allegro
1. --
2. Adagio ma non tanto
3. Allegro
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Kyrie: Christe eleison (Duet)
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo... (Chorus)
Gloria: ...et in terra pax
Gloria: Laudemus te (Aria)
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi propter (Chorus)
Gloria: Domine Deus (Duet)
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dextram Patris (Aria)
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Aria)
Gloria: Cum sancto Spiritu in gloria (Chorus)
Mass in B Minor, BWV 232: Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Chorus)
Credo: Patrem omnipotentum (Chorus)
Credo: Et in unum Dominum (Duet)
Credo: Et incarnatus est (Chorus)
Credo: Crucifixus (Chorus)
Credo: Et resurrexit (Chorus)
Credo: Et in Spiritum sanctum (Aria)
Credo: Confiteor unum baptisma... (Chorus)
Credo: ...Et expecto
Sanctus: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Benedictus (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (da capo) (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Agnus Dei (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Dona nobis pacem (Chorus)
Aria
Variation 1 a 1 Clav.
Variation 2 a 1 Clav.
Variation 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all' Unisuono
Variation 4 a 1 Clav.
Variation 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 6 a 1 Clav. Canone all Seconda
Variation 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 8 a 2 Clav.
Variation 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variation 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variation 11 a 2 Clav.
Variation 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variation 13 a 2 Clav.
Variation 14 a 2 Clav.
Variation 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario. a 1 Clav. Andante
Variation 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
Variation 17 a 2 Clav.
Variation 18 - Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
Variation 19 a 1 Clav.
Variation 20 a 2 Clav.
Variation 21 Canone alla Settima
Variation 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
Variation 23 a 2 Clav.
Variation 24 Canone all' Ottava a 1 Clav.
Variation 25 a 2 Clav.
Variation 26 a 2 Clav.
Variation 27 Canone alla Nona
Variation 28 a 2 Clav.
Variation 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Quodlibet
Aria da capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 2. Largo ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 1. Prélude
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 2. Allemande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 3. Courante
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 4. Sarabande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 5. Menuet I-II
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 6. Gigue
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Prelude
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourree I - Bourree II
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue