Johann Sebastian Bach

Biography

Born: 1685   Died: 1750   Country: Germany   Period: Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a Read more profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. Read less
Bach: Works for Lute Vol 2 / Goran Sollscher
Release Date: 12/04/2014   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 413719   Number of Discs: 1
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Heart's Solace - Bach / Parrott, Taverner Consort & Players
Release Date: 04/14/1998   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 60155   Number of Discs: 1
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The Art of Bach / Anderson & Roe
Release Date: 01/13/2015   Label: Steinway & Sons  
Catalog: 30033   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach: Goldberg Variations / Labadie, Les Violons du Roy
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Atma Classique  
Catalog: 2723   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach: Partita No. 4; Caprice Sur Le Depart De Son Frere Bien-aime / Remi Geniet
Release Date: 04/14/2015   Label: Mirare  
Catalog: 268   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Brandenburg Concerto no 4

Browse 76-100 of 155 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos /  Stryncl, Musica Florea
    Label: Supraphon   Catalog: 3942 Release Date: 05/27/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Marek Stryncl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Florea
    CD: $24.99
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  • 77.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Pinnock, European Brandenburg Ensemble
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2119 Release Date: 12/18/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Catherine Finnis,  Trevor Pinnock,  Catherine Jones,  Jonathan Manson  ... 
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  European Brandenburg Ensemble
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  • 78.
    The Essential Bach
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2056768 Release Date: 11/20/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Joanna MacGregor,  Andrei Gavrilov,  Ruth Holton,  Matthias Rexhorth  ... 
    Conductor:  Georg Christoph Biller,  Gottfried Von der Goltz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Thomaner Choir,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  Freiburg Baroque Orchestra  ... 
    DVD: $39.99
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  • 79.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1-6, Etc / Marriner, Et Al
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 955 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    CD: $18.99
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  • 80.
    Bach: Concerts Avec Plusieurs Instruments Vol 3 / Cafe Zimmermann
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 71 Release Date: 09/27/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Café Zimmermann
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  • 81.
    Bach: Die Brandenburgischen Konzerte, Etc. / Schreier
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 434918 Release Date: 09/17/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Simon Preston,  Irena Grafenauer,  Håkan Hardenberger,  Maurice Bourgue
    Conductor:  Peter Schreier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  C.P.E. Bach Chamber Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos Nos 1-4 / Baumgartner
    Label: Rca Silver Seal   Catalog: 60475 Release Date: 07/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Rudolf Baumgartner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lucerne Festival Strings
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  • 83.
    The Philips Recordings: Szymon Goldberg
    Label: Retrospective   Catalog: 141775 Release Date: 07/03/2007   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Christian Ritter,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Szymon Goldberg,  Janny Van Wering,  Adriaan van Woudenberg,  Haakon Stotijn  ... 
    Conductor:  Szymon Goldberg
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  • 84.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Chamber Orch Of Europe
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 431660 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Orchestra of Europe
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  • 85.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1-4 / Diego Fasolis, Et Al
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47715 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Diego Fasolis
    Conductor:  Diego Fasolis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Barocchisti
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  • 86.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos 1-6 / Belder, Musica Amphion
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93125 Release Date: 02/27/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Irmgard Schaller,  Sayuri Yamagata,  Albert Brüggen,  Pieter-Jan Belder  ... 
    Conductor:  Pieter-Jan Belder
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Amphion
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  • 87.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 4-6 / Helmut Koch, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 8531 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Helmut Koch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Chamber Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, Vol. 2
    Label: American Bach Soloists   Catalog: 5637204461 Release Date: 01/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Jeffrey [Tenor Vocals/Conductor] Thomas,  Jonathan Dimmock,  John Butt,  Phebe Craig
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Thomas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  American Bach Soloists
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  • 89.
    Ultimate Bach - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000765902 Release Date: 11/14/2006   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  András Schiff,  Arthur Grumiaux,  Carlo Curley
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 90.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, Etc / Bashmet, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8557755 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Stéphane Réty,  Pierre Franck,  Christophe Gaugué,  Giorgio Paronuzzi  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrés Gabetta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Swiss Baroque Soloists
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  • 91.
    Casals Festivals At Prades - 1953-62
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1187 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 12
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Pablo Casals,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Mieczyslaw Horszowski,  Christian Ferras  ... 
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prades Festival Orchestra,  London Collegium Musicum,  Sándor Végh Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 92.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos 4-6, Etc / Koopman, Amsterdam Baroque
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 2564613642 Release Date: 05/29/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Jean-Pierre Rampal
    Conductor:  Ton Koopman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 93.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / De Vriend, Combattimento
    Label: Challenge   Catalog: 72149 Release Date: 04/11/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Jan Willem de Vriend
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Combattimento Consort
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  • 94.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Warchal, Capella Istropolitana
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8520007 Release Date: 03/01/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Bohdan Warchal
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana
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  • 95.
    Joao Carlos Martins' Bach - Brandenburg Concertos
    Label: Tomato   Catalog: 3018 Release Date: 10/25/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Robert Aldwinckle,  Kate Hill,  Stephanie Gonley,  Andrew Crowley  ... 
    Conductor:  Joao Carlos Martins
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, Etc / Concerto Italiano, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 30412 Release Date: 10/18/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano
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  • 97.
    Everybody's Bach
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000414802 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Raymond Leppard,  Simon Preston,  Trevor Pinnock,  Pierre Fournier  ... 
    Conductor:  Raymond Leppard,  Reinhard Goebel,  Trevor Pinnock,  Arthur Fiedler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Musica Antiqua Cologne,  English Concert  ... 
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  • 98.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, Etc / Munchinger, Et Al
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 216 Release Date: 07/27/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Suzanne Danco
    Conductor:  Karl Münchinger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Chamber Orchestra
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  • 99.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1-4 / Marriner, ASMF
    Label: Emi Classics Encore   Catalog: 85792 Release Date: 07/13/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  George Malcolm,  Catherine Latham,  Iona Brown,  John Constable  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 100.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / St. Luke's Chamber Ensemble
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 302 Release Date: 12/16/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Louise Schulman,  Mayuki Fukuhara,  Krista Bennion-Feeney,  Maureen Gallagher  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra of St. Luke's Chamber Ensemble
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Johann Sebastian Bach


WORKS
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
4. Menuet - Trio - Polonaise
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Allegro assai
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio (BWV 1019a)
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante - 3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Affetuoso
3. Allegro
1. --
2. Adagio ma non tanto
3. Allegro
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Kyrie: Christe eleison (Duet)
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo... (Chorus)
Gloria: ...et in terra pax
Gloria: Laudemus te (Aria)
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi propter (Chorus)
Gloria: Domine Deus (Duet)
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dextram Patris (Aria)
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Aria)
Gloria: Cum sancto Spiritu in gloria (Chorus)
Mass in B Minor, BWV 232: Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Chorus)
Credo: Patrem omnipotentum (Chorus)
Credo: Et in unum Dominum (Duet)
Credo: Et incarnatus est (Chorus)
Credo: Crucifixus (Chorus)
Credo: Et resurrexit (Chorus)
Credo: Et in Spiritum sanctum (Aria)
Credo: Confiteor unum baptisma... (Chorus)
Credo: ...Et expecto
Sanctus: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Benedictus (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (da capo) (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Agnus Dei (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Dona nobis pacem (Chorus)
Aria
Variation 1 a 1 Clav.
Variation 2 a 1 Clav.
Variation 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all' Unisuono
Variation 4 a 1 Clav.
Variation 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 6 a 1 Clav. Canone all Seconda
Variation 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 8 a 2 Clav.
Variation 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variation 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variation 11 a 2 Clav.
Variation 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variation 13 a 2 Clav.
Variation 14 a 2 Clav.
Variation 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario. a 1 Clav. Andante
Variation 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
Variation 17 a 2 Clav.
Variation 18 - Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
Variation 19 a 1 Clav.
Variation 20 a 2 Clav.
Variation 21 Canone alla Settima
Variation 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
Variation 23 a 2 Clav.
Variation 24 Canone all' Ottava a 1 Clav.
Variation 25 a 2 Clav.
Variation 26 a 2 Clav.
Variation 27 Canone alla Nona
Variation 28 a 2 Clav.
Variation 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Quodlibet
Aria da capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 2. Largo ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
1. Prélude
2. Allemande
3. Courante
4. Sarabande
5. Menuet I-II
6. Gigue
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Prelude
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourree I - Bourree II
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue