Johann Sebastian Bach

Biography

Born: 1685   Died: 1750   Country: Germany   Period: Baroque
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a Read more profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685. He was taught to play the violin and harpsichord by his father, Johann Ambrosius, a court trumpeter in the service of the Duke of Eisenach. Young Johann was not yet ten when his father died, leaving him orphaned. He was taken in by his recently married oldest brother, Johann Christoph, who lived in Ohrdruf. Because of his excellent singing voice, Bach attained a position at the Michaelis monastery at Lüneberg in 1700. His voice changed a short while later, but he stayed on as an instrumentalist. After taking a short-lived post in Weimar in 1703 as a violinist, Bach became organist at the Neue Kirche in Arnstadt (1703-1707). His relationship with the church council was tenuous as the young musician often shirked his responsibilities, preferring to practice the organ. One account describes a four-month leave granted Bach, to travel to Lubeck where he would familiarize himself with the music of Dietrich Buxtehude. He returned to Arnstadt long after was expected and much to the dismay of the council. He then briefly served at St. Blasius in Mühlhausen as organist, beginning in June 1707, and married his cousin, Maria Barbara Bach, that fall. Bach composed his famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor (BWV 565) and his first cantatas while in Mühlhausen, but quickly outgrew the musical resources of the town. He next took a post for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar in 1708, serving as court organist and playing in the orchestra, eventually becoming its leader in 1714. He wrote many organ compositions during this period, including his Orgel-Büchlein. Owing to politics between the Duke and his officials, Bach left Weimar and secured a post in December 1717 as Kapellmeister at Cöthen. In 1720, Bach's wife suddenly died, leaving him with four children (three others had died in infancy). A short while later, he met his second wife, soprano Anna Magdalena Wilcke, whom he married in December 1721. She would bear 13 children, though only five would survive childhood. The six Brandenburg Concertos (BWV 1046-51), among many other secular works, date from his Cöthen years. Bach became Kantor of the Thomas School in Leipzig in May 1723 and held the post until his death. It was in Leipzig that he composed the bulk of his religious and secular cantatas. Bach eventually became dissatisfied with this post, not only because of its meager financial rewards, but also because of onerous duties and inadequate facilities. Thus, he took on other projects, chief among which was the directorship of the city's Collegium Musicum, an ensemble of professional and amateur musicians who gave weekly concerts, in 1729. He also became music director at the Dresden Court in 1736, in the service of Frederick Augustus II; though his duties were vague and apparently few, they allowed him freedom to compose what he wanted. Bach began making trips to Berlin in the 1740s, not least because his son Carl Philipp Emanuel served as a court musician there. In May 1747, the composer was warmly received by King Frederick II of Prussia, for whom he wrote the gloriously abstruse Musical Offering (BWV 1079). Among Bach's last works was his 1749 Mass in B minor. Besieged by diabetes, he died on July 28, 1750. Read less
The Bach Recordings / Hogwood, Academy of Ancient Music
Release Date: 05/12/2015   Label: L'oiseau Lyre  
Catalog: 002307502   Number of Discs: 20
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Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1-6 / Zukerman, Los Angeles Philharmonic Members
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Pentatone  
Catalog: 5186205   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach: Solo Sonatas & Partitas / Gil Shaham
Release Date: 03/10/2015   Label: Canary Classics  
Catalog: 14   Number of Discs: 2
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Bach to Moog - A Realization for Electronics & Orchestra
Release Date: 05/04/2015   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 505261   Number of Discs: 1
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Bach: Matthaus Passion  / De Vriend, Netherlands Symphony Orchestra
Release Date: 06/09/2015   Label: Challenge  
Catalog: 72661   Number of Discs: 2
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Work: Brandenburg Concerto no 2

Browse 151-175 of 179 Available Recordings
1 2 ... 6 7 8
  • 151.
    Marcello, Cimarosa, Bach, Et Al / Pecha, Paukert, Janacek Co
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 721 Release Date: 07/21/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Cimarosa,  Joseph Rheinberger,  Hermann Schroeder,  Jan Koetsier  ... 
    Performer:  Pamela Pecha,  Karel Paukert,  Marek Zvolánek,  Bohuslav Matousek  ... 
    Conductor:  Petr Vronsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Janácek Chamber Orchestra
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  • 152.
    Telemann, Haydn, Bach, Mozart: Michael Brydenfelt, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 11297 Release Date: 03/10/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Baldassare Galuppi,  Marc'Antonio Ziani,  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Inger Dam-Jensen,  Michael Brydenfelt,  Kim Sjögren,  Michala Petri  ... 
    Conductor:  Ole Schmidt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odense Symphony Orchestra
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  • 153.
    Tex Sax
    Label: Mark Records   Catalog: 2280 Release Date: 01/01/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Modest Mussorgsky
    Performer:  Harvey Pittel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tex Sax
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  • 154.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1-6 / Konrad Hünteler
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm) Gold   Catalog: 3110746 Release Date: 10/21/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Albert Brüggen,  Roel Dieltiens,  Richte Van der Meer,  Sayuri Yamagata  ... 
    Conductor:  Konrad Hünteler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Camerata of the 18th Century
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  • 155.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, Etc / Christopher Hogwood
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 455700 Release Date: 10/21/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Christopher Hirons,  Catherine Mackintosh,  Monica Huggett,  Christopher Hogwood  ... 
    Conductor:  Christopher Hogwood
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of Ancient Music
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  • 156.
    Bach: The Brandenburg Concertos / Leonhardt, Bruggen, Kuijken, Bylsma
    Label: Sony Classical Seon   Catalog: 62946 Release Date: 06/03/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Janneke Van der Meer,  Lucy Van Dael,  Wiel Peeters,  Marleen Thiers  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustav Leonhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leonhardt Consort
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  • 157.
    The Best Of Baroque
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 456049 Release Date: 02/14/1997   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Johann Pachelbel  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Claude Hermanjat,  Ursula Holliger,  André Pépin,  Szymon Goldberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Szymon Goldberg,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Netherlands Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields  ... 
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  • 158.
    Splendor And The Brass - Festive Music Of The Baroque
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 189 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  George Frideric Handel,  Jan Dismas Zelenka,  Samuel Scheidt  ... 
    Performer:  James Thompson,  Michael Sachs,  Nick Norton,  Anthony Plog  ... 
    Conductor:  Thomas Rolston
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atlantic Brass Quintet,  Summit Brass,  St. Louis Brass Quintet  ... 
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  • 159.
    Bach: Brandenburgische Konzerte / Piano Duo Trenkner-speidel
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm) Gold   Catalog: 3300635 Release Date: 09/24/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Sontraud Speidel,  Evelinde Trenkner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Trenkner-Speidel Duo
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  • 160.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Brandenburg Consort
    Label: Hyperion Dyad   Catalog: 22001 Release Date: 09/17/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brandenburg Consort
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  • 161.
    Bach: The Six Brandenburg Concertos / Cms Of Lincoln Center
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3185 Release Date: 08/22/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Ani Kavafian,  Todd Phillips,  Paul Neubauer,  Steven Tenenbom  ... 
    Conductor:  David Shifrin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
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  • 162.
    In Gabriel's Garden / Wynton Marsalis, Newman, English Co
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66244 Release Date: 05/14/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Stanley,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Marc-Antoine Charpentier  ... 
    Performer:  Wynton Marsalis,  Lin Cho-Liang,  William Bennett,  Neil Black  ... 
    Conductor:  Anthony Newman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 163.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Jascha Horenstein
    Label: Vox Box Legends   Catalog: 5519 Release Date: 09/26/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Jascha Horenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Chamber Orchestra
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  • 164.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1, 2, 3 / Faerber
    Label: Intercord Classical Creations   Catalog: 820502 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Willy Schnell,  Suzanne Lautenbacher,  Martin Galling,  Peter Buck  ... 
    Conductor:  Jörg Faerber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Württemberg Chamber Orchestra Heilbronn
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  • 165.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos 1-6 / Britten, English Co
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443847 Release Date: 05/16/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  William Bennett,  Carmel Kaine,  Tess Miller,  Emanuel Hurwitz  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Britten,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 166.
    Bach: Brandenburgische Konzerte 1, 2, 3, Etc / Goebel, Köln
    Label: Dg Archiv Masters   Catalog: 447287 Release Date: 04/03/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Reinhard Goebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Antiqua Cologne
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  • 167.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Ess.a.y Recordings   Catalog: 1037/38 Release Date: 08/23/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
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  • 168.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos No 1-3 / Martin Pearlman
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80368 Release Date: 08/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Martin Pearlman,  Peter Sykes
    Conductor:  Martin Pearlman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Baroque
    CD: $16.99
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  • 169.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Kapp, Philharmonia Virtuosi
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 53525 Release Date: 06/14/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Virtuosi
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  • 170.
    Classics - Virtuoso Trumpet / Smedvig, Ling, Scottish Co
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80227 Release Date: 11/16/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Leopold Mozart,  Georg Philipp Telemann
    Performer:  Rolf Smedvig
    Conductor:  Jahja Ling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 171.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, Violin Concertos / I Musici
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 438317 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Felix Ayo,  Roberto Michelucci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
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  • 172.
    Bach: Brandenburg Concertos / Harnoncourt, Concentus Musicus
    Label: Teldec Das Alte Werk   Catalog: 77611 Release Date: 03/09/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Concentus Musicus
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  • 173.
    Bach: The Brandenburg Concertos Nos 1, 2 & 3 / Marriner
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 400076 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Kenneth Sillito,  John Birch,  Denis Vigay,  Heinz Holliger  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 174.
    Marlboro Festival 40th Anniversary - Bach: Brandenburg Concerti 1-3 / Casals
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 46253 Release Date: 10/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Performer:  Peter Serkin,  Alexander Schneider
    Conductor:  Pablo Casals
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Marlboro Festival Orchestra
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  • 175.
    Bach: 6 Brandenburg Concertos, 4 Suites / Pinnock, Et Al
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 423492 Release Date: 05/09/1989   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert
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1 2 ... 6 7 8

Johann Sebastian Bach


WORKS
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio
3. Allegro
4. Menuet - Trio - Polonaise
1. (Allegro)
2. Andante
3. Allegro assai
1. (Allegro)
2. Adagio (BWV 1019a)
3. Allegro
1. Allegro
2. Andante - 3. Presto
1. Allegro
2. Affetuoso
3. Allegro
1. --
2. Adagio ma non tanto
3. Allegro
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Kyrie: Christe eleison (Duet)
Kyrie: Kyrie eleison (Chorus)
Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo... (Chorus)
Gloria: ...et in terra pax
Gloria: Laudemus te (Aria)
Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi propter (Chorus)
Gloria: Domine Deus (Duet)
Gloria: Qui tollis peccata mundi (Chorus)
Gloria: Qui sedes ad dextram Patris (Aria)
Gloria: Quoniam tu solus sanctus (Aria)
Gloria: Cum sancto Spiritu in gloria (Chorus)
Mass in B Minor, BWV 232: Credo: Credo in unum Deum (Chorus)
Credo: Patrem omnipotentum (Chorus)
Credo: Et in unum Dominum (Duet)
Credo: Et incarnatus est (Chorus)
Credo: Crucifixus (Chorus)
Credo: Et resurrexit (Chorus)
Credo: Et in Spiritum sanctum (Aria)
Credo: Confiteor unum baptisma... (Chorus)
Credo: ...Et expecto
Sanctus: Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Benedictus (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Osanna in excelsis (da capo) (Chorus)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Agnus Dei (Aria)
Osanna, Benedictus, Agnus Dei, Dona Nobis Pacem: Dona nobis pacem (Chorus)
Aria
Variation 1 a 1 Clav.
Variation 2 a 1 Clav.
Variation 3 a 1 Clav. Canone all' Unisuono
Variation 4 a 1 Clav.
Variation 5 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 6 a 1 Clav. Canone all Seconda
Variation 7 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Variation 8 a 2 Clav.
Variation 9 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Terza
Variation 10 a 1 Clav. Fughetta
Variation 11 a 2 Clav.
Variation 12 Canone alla Quarta
Variation 13 a 2 Clav.
Variation 14 a 2 Clav.
Variation 15 a 1 Clav. Canone alla Quinta in moto contrario. a 1 Clav. Andante
Variation 16 Ouverture a 1 Clav.
Variation 17 a 2 Clav.
Variation 18 - Canone alla Sesta a 1 Clav.
Variation 19 a 1 Clav.
Variation 20 a 2 Clav.
Variation 21 Canone alla Settima
Variation 22 Alla breve a 1 Clav.
Variation 23 a 2 Clav.
Variation 24 Canone all' Ottava a 1 Clav.
Variation 25 a 2 Clav.
Variation 26 a 2 Clav.
Variation 27 Canone alla Nona
Variation 28 a 2 Clav.
Variation 29 a 1 ovvero 2 Clav.
Quodlibet
Aria da capo
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Toccata
J.S. Bach: Toccata And Fugue In D Minor, BWV 565 - Fugue
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 1. Vivace
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 2. Largo ma non tanto
J.S. Bach: Concerto for 2 Violins, Strings, and Continuo in D minor, BWV 1043 - 3. Allegro
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 1. (Allegro)
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 2. Andante
J.S. Bach: Italian Concerto in F, BWV 971 - 3. Presto
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 1. Prélude
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 2. Allemande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 3. Courante
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 4. Sarabande
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 5. Menuet I-II
J.S. Bach: Suite For Cello Solo No.1 In G, BWV 1007 - 6. Gigue
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Prelude
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Allemande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Courante
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Sarabande
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Bourree I - Bourree II
Suites for Cello, Suite No. 3 in C major BWV 1009: Gigue