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Jakob Hassler

Biography

Born: December 18, 1569; Nuremberg, Germany   Died: September, 1622; Prague, Czech Republic  
Jakob Hassler was the youngest of the three Hassler brothers (the others were Hans Leo and Kasper), a musical family of Franco-Flemish extraction that proved of great importance in Middle Europe during the late Renaissance. Baptized in Nuremberg, Jakob was initially instructed in music, like his brothers, by his father Isaak Hassler. Hassler is first identified on the rolls of musicians in Augsburg in 1585, and he was ennobled, along with his two Read more brothers, by Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II in 1595. In between, Hassler is believed to have traveled to Italy to study at the behest of the aristocratic Fugger family, possibly with Andrea Gabrieli. Hassler's term in the Fugger household was interrupted when he was thrown in jail for impregnating an Augsburg girl named Leonora Ostermair; Hassler was released on bail to marry her on February 17, 1597. In May, Hassler accepted a post in the prestigious court of Count Eitel Friedrich IV of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. In 1600, Hassler published his book of madrigals, which spread Hassler's popularity; certain madrigals from this publication appeared in collections printed throughout Europe. Dogged by a second paternity suit in Hechingen that was later dismissed, Hassler attempted to succeed his brother Hans Leo in Augsburg. Luckily, Hassler was offered a post in the Imperial Chapel in Prague instead. In 1604, Rudolf II bestowed the honorific of "von Roseneckh" on Hassler, and Hassler's descendants, among them author and composer Gerd von Hassler, continue to observe this title.

The years until Rudolf II died in 1612 proved Hassler's most prosperous -- in 1608 Hassler picked up a second appointment at the monastery of Heiligkreuz in Augsburg. When Hassler's second son was born in 1609, Rudolf II was named as his godfather. Both Rudolph II and Hans Leo passed away in 1612, and by 1616, the Imperial Chapel owed Hassler more than 1,000 florins on his salary. In 1618, Emperor Matthias died, and in 1619, not long after the Defenestration of Prague, Bohemia revolted against Matthias' successor, Ferdinand II, setting in motion the events that ultimately began the Thirty Years' War. Hassler did not long survive them. He last picked up his salary payment on April 23, 1621, the next time they were received was not until September 29, 1622 -- the receipt was signed by the composer's widow, Leonora Hassler.

Although Jakob Hassler's vocal works were highly regarded in their day and remain the most extensive part of his overall catalog, they are little studied and Grove's dubs them "unremarkable." Nevertheless, Hassler's seven surviving keyboard works, consisting of three ricercars, a toccata, a fugue, fantasy, and a canzona, are of seminal importance as they seamlessly combine Venetian, German, and Franco-Flemish practices under one roof. Read less
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