Enrique Granados

Biography

Born: 1867   Died: 1916   Country: Spain   Period: Romantic
One of the most colorful turn-of-the-century Spanish musicians, composer and pianist Enrique Granados is best remembered for his evocative solo piano works; his output also includes a great deal of orchestral music and six operas (only the last of which has gained any fame). Born in 1867 to an officer in the Spanish army, Granados received his first musical instruction from an army bandmaster. Further studies in Barcelona with Jurnet (piano) and Read more Pedrell (composition) prepared the young musician for a brief but highly influential stay in Paris (1887-1889), during which Granados worked under well-known Parisian pianist and teacher Charles de Bériot (son of the famous violinist of the same name). Granados' earliest mature work, the Valses poéticos of 1887, was completed around this time.

After returning to Barcelona in 1890 Granados spent the next decade building a dual career as pianist and composer, forming a successful piano trio with Belgian violinist Crickboom and the young Pablo Casals. His first opera, Maria del Carmen, was well received at its premiere in 1898, after which the Order of Carlos III (a Spanish knighthood) was bestowed upon Granados by a supportive government. Granados was quick to follow up on this success, and two more operas were produced in the next five years.

For the 1900 season Granados founded the Society of Classical Concerts (Sociedad de Conciertos Clásicos) in Barcelona, which, although short-lived, gave him the confidence to create his own piano school the following year (known as the Granados School, or Academia Granados). The school was a success, and Granados maintained his involvement with it until his death.

Granados was one of the great pianists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Virtually all his music relies heavily on the Catalan and Spanish folk idiom (e.g. Twelve Spanish Pieces, or Six Pieces on Spanish Popular Songs), which, along with fellow Spaniard Isaac Albéniz, Granados was instrumental in bringing to the attention of the contemporary European musical establishment. Goyescas, begun in 1902 but not finished until 1911, is perhaps his mightiest achievement. (Granados also produced an opera by the same name -- both the pianistic and operatic incarnations of the work take the striking visuals of Goya as their inspiration.)

In 1916, while returning from the U.S.A. (where the opera Goyescas had received a New York premiere on January 26, 1916, and where Granados had performed in the White House for President Wilson), the liner Sussex was torpedoed by a German U-boat. Among the casualties were Granados and his wife of 24 years. Read less
Browse 1-6 of 6 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    The Spanish Masters / Bailey, Bayrakdarian, Albeniz, Granados, Falla
    Label: Zenph Studios   Catalog: 1001 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Isaac Albeniz,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Enrique Granados
    Performer:  Zuill Bailey,  Manuel de Falla,  Milton Rubén Laufe,  Isaac Albeniz  ... 
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  • 2.
    Composers In Person - Falla, Granados, Mompou, Nin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54836 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados,  Federico Mompou,  Joaquin Nin
    Performer:  Marcel Darrieux,  Auguste Cruque,  Emile Godeau,  Georges Bonneau  ... 
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  • 3.
    Composers In Person
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 17575 Release Date: 11/24/2008   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Ernö von Dohnányi,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian  ... 
    Performer:  Béla Bartók,  Vilma Medgyaszay,  Ferenc Szekeres,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Collingwood,  Paul Hindemith,  Aram Khachaturian,  Arthur Honegger  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Percurama Percussion Ensemble
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  • 4.
    Enrique Granados - The Composer As Pianist
    Label: Pierian   Catalog: 2 Release Date: 11/28/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Enrique Granados
    Performer:  Enrique Granados
    CD: $18.99
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  • 5.
    Grand Piano - The Composer Plays / Gershwin, Granados, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 8813 Release Date: 11/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Enrique Granados
    Performer:  George Gershwin,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Enrique Granados
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  • 6.
    Catalan Piano Tradition / Albeniz, Marshall, Granados Et Al
    Label: Vai Audio   Catalog: 1001 Release Date: 04/26/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Frédéric Chopin,  Franz Liszt,  Isaac Albeniz  ... 
    Performer:  Conchita Badía,  Alicia De Larrocha,  Conchita Supervia,  Frank Marshall  ... 
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