Francesco Geminiani

Biography

Born: December 5, 1687; Lucca, Italy   Died: September 17, 1762; Dublin, Ireland  
Geminiani was an important and influential Italian violinist, composer, and theorist. During his life, he was overshadowed by Handel, and Vivaldi, and he is still relatively obscure today in spite of the great originality and beauty of his compositions and his considerable place in music history's march. Geminiani, a student of Corelli, expanded the art of violin playing to a level previously thought unattainable. Many of the techniques he Read more introduced or developed are now part of the standard technique of the violinist. Likewise, his practical treatises on music inspired numerous successors. The most important one, The Art of Playing on the Violin (1751), was the first instruction manual addressed to advanced players from a professional viewpoint, as opposed to a primer for beginners. His The Art of Accompaniment on the Harpsichord is likewise unique for its point of view, being framed from the soloist's perspective rather than the accompanist's. Geminiani published a number of other treatises on harmony, guitar playing, and further aspects of violin playing. As a composer, Geminiani accomplished little in the way of structural innovation. Mostly, he followed Corelli's models in his numerous sonatas and concertos, but his music is generally richer, harmonically somewhat more complex, and substantially more difficult to play than that of his former teacher, with a certain free and creative flair. The underestimation of his influence was not just a result of the Romantic eclipse of all things Baroque, but began even in his own day: Geminiani somehow incurred the critical wrath of the most influential British music writer of the day, Charles Burney.

Geminiani was born in 1687 and began his studies in Milan, but he encountered his most important teachers, Corelli and Alessandro Scarlatti, when he moved to Rome. Before 1714, he held several posts in Italy, including those in Lucca and Naples, but met with little success. In 1714, his career took a sharp turn upward when he moved to London. He quickly met with acclaim as a virtuoso performer and soon earned ongoing support from several influential patrons. Between 1716, when his Op. 1 violin sonatas were published and 1726, when his arrangements of Corelli's sonatas were published as Op. 5, little is known of Geminiani's whereabouts or activities. From 1727 through the middle or late 1740s, Geminiani continued to live in London, making several trips to Ireland and publishing more sonatas and concertos. He was also most active during this time as a soloist and conductor. Although he continued to perform occasionally, his later years were spent primarily in teaching and writing and publishing his various treatises. In 1759, he moved to Dublin, and he returned to England only once more before his death in 1762. Read less
Avison: 12 Concerti Grossi After Geminiani / Avison Ensemble
Release Date: 12/11/2007   Label: Divine Art  
Catalog: 21210   Number of Discs: 2
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Geminiani: Harpsichord Works / Francesca Lanfranco
Release Date: 03/27/2012   Label: Newton Classics  
Catalog: 8802108   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 101 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Corelli's Legacy / Minasi, European Union Baroque Orchestra
    Label: K & K Verlagsanstalt   Catalog: 110 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pietro Castrucci,  Giuseppe Valentini,  Giovanni Mossi,  Montanari  ... 
    Performer:  Riccardo Minasi,  Ricardo Cuende Isuskiza,  Anna Curzon,  Dominika Feher  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Minasi
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  • 2.
    Inspired by The Freemasons / Zakotnik, Alvarenga-Lahmann
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 13541 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Jean Sibelius,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel
    Performer:  Katja Zakotnik,  Naila Alvarenga-Lahmann
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  • 3.
    A Grand Concert of Musick / Pinnock [CD & Catalog]
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 001833102 Release Date: 06/18/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Stanley,  Thomas Augustine Arne,  William Boyce,  Francesco Geminiani  ... 
    Performer:  Simon Standage,  Trevor Pinnock
    Conductor:  Trevor Pinnock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Concert
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  • 4.
    Corellimania / Harmonie Universelle
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24281 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giovanni Mossi,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Harmonie Universelle
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  • 5.
    Geminiani: The Complete Sonatas / London Handel Players
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 248 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Handel Players
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  • 6.
    Italian Baroque - Sonatas Et Concertos / Chiara Banchini, Amandine Beyer
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 316 Release Date: 01/08/2013   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Giuseppe Valentini,  Francesco Geminiani,  Nicolo Porpora,  Nicola Fiorenza  ... 
    Performer:  Chiara Banchini,  Stephanie Pfister,  David Plantier,  Odile Edouard  ... 
    Conductor:  Chiara Banchini,  Amandine Beyer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble 415,  Gli Incogniti
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  • 7.
    London Calling - Handel / Semmingsen, Eike, Barokksolistene
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1997 Release Date: 05/15/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Maria Veracini,  Francesco Geminiani
    Performer:  Tuva Semmingsen
    Conductor:  Bjarte Eike
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Barokksolistene
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  • 8.
    Sigiswald Kuijken Edition
    Label: Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi   Catalog: 1953082 Release Date: 05/15/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Francesco Geminiani,  Georg Muffat  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Van der Crabben,  Magdalena Kozená,  Midori Suzuki,  Knut Schoch  ... 
    Conductor:  Sigiswald Kuijken
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Petite Bande,  Namur Chamber Choir,  Netherlands Chamber Choir  ... 
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  • 9.
    Geminiani: Sonatas Vol 1 / Mosca, Pianca, Paronuzzi
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33853 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani
    Performer:  Giorgio Paronuzzi,  Antonio Mosca,  Liana Mosca,  Luca Pianca
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  • 10.
    Affectuoso - Virtuoso Guitar Music From The 18th Century
    Label: Imports   Catalog: 1146 Release Date: 05/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christian Bach,  Rudolf Straube,  Giacomo Merchi,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Taro Takeuchi,  Judith Tarling,  Terence Charlston
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  • 11.
    Great Baroque Masterpieces
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501061 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Georg Philipp Telemann  ... 
    Performer:  Nadja Schubert,  Daniel Rothert,  Corinne Chapelle,  Karl Kaiser  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmut Müller-Brühl,  Kevin Mallon,  Bradley Creswick,  Jozef Kopelman  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Chamber Orchestra,  Aradia Ensemble,  Northern Sinfonia  ... 
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  • 12.
    Affettuoso / Emilio Percan
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4099 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Antonio Piani,  Francesco Geminiani,  George Frideric Handel
    Performer:  Emilio Percan,  Oriol Aymat Fuste,  Luca Quintavalle
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  • 13.
    Geminiani: Harpsichord Works / Francesca Lanfranco
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802108 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani
    Performer:  Francesca Lanfranco
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  • 14.
    Ecco / East Coast Chamber Orchestra
    Label: eOne   Catalog: 7784 Release Date: 03/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Francesco Geminiani,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  East Coast Chamber Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Label: Master Music   Catalog: 7 Release Date: 03/20/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Francesco Durante
    Performer:  Antonio Anselmi,  Vito Paternoster,  Pietro Bosna,  Marco Serino
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
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  • 16.
    Handel, Geminiani, Purcell, Vivaldi, Albinoni, Telemann / Lamon, Tafelmusik
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 796334 Release Date: 02/28/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Francesco Geminiani,  Henry Purcell,  Alessandro Stradella  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley King,  Julie Brye,  Michael McCraw,  Teresa Wasiak  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeanne Lamon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tafelmusik
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  • 17.
    Geminiani: Concerti Grossi Op. 2 / Carlo Ipata, Auser Musici
    Label: Pan Classics   Catalog: 10241 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Gasparini,  Francesco Geminiani
    Conductor:  Carlo Ipata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Auser Musici
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  • 18.
    Italian Masterpieces / Honing, Van Der Poel, Luckhardt, La Barca Leyden
    Label: Aliud Aliud   Catalog: 22 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Platti,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Francesco Geminiani,  Francesco Maria Veracini  ... 
    Performer:  Raymond Honing
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Barca Leyden
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  • 19.
    Birth Of The Strings / Hartmann, Casal Quartett
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 161 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Degli Antoni,  Domenico Gabrielli,  Alessandro Scarlatti,  Giovanni Battista Sammartini  ... 
    Performer:  Rebekka Hartmann
    CD: $39.99
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  • 20.
    An Italian Rant!: 18th-century Italian Masters In Britain
    Label: Opella Nova   Catalog: 15 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tomaso Albinoni,  Giacobbe Basevi Cervetto,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Geminiani  ... 
    Conductor:  Zak Ozmo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  L’avventura London
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  • 21.
    Geminiani: 4 Sonate Op. 5 / Enrico Bronzi, Michele Barchi [LP]
    Label: Concerto   Catalog: LP2029 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani
    Performer:  Enrico Bronzi,  Michele Barchi
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  • 22.
    London Love / Ensemble Rossignol
    Label: Aliud   Catalog: 50 Release Date: 08/02/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-B Loeillet,  Axel D. Ruoff,  George Frideric Handel,  William Babell  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Rossignol
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  • 23.
    Birth Of The Violin
    Label: Solo Musica   Catalog: 151 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Paul von Westhoff,  Heinrich Ignaz Biber,  Johann Georg Pisendel,  Francesco Geminiani  ... 
    Performer:  Rebekka Hartmann
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  • 24.
    Music By Masonic Composers
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 357 Release Date: 04/12/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Geminiani,  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Johann Christian Bach,  Gregor Piatigorsky  ... 
    Performer:  Ruzhka Tcharaktchieva,  Ventseslav Nikolov
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  • 25.
    Neville Marriner: The First Recordings
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4802330 Release Date: 04/05/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Henricus Albicastro  ... 
    Performer:  Barry Tuckwell,  Roger Lord
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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