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Giovanni Gabrieli

Biography

Born: 1555; Venice, Italy   Died: August 12, 1612; Venice, Italy  
Giovanni Gabrieli is an important transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque eras and their associated musical styles. The distinctive sound of his music derived in part from his association with St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, long one of the most important churches in Europe, and for which he wrote both vocal and instrumental works. Through his compositions and his work with several significant pupils, Gabrieli substantially Read more influenced the development of music in the seventeenth century.

Very little is known about his early years; he probably studied with his famous uncle Andrea Gabrieli, who was also a composer, and organist at St. Mark's. Like his uncle, Gabrieli lived in Germany for several years, and was employed at the court of Duke Albrecht V in Munich from around 1575 until the Duke's death in 1579. Soon after that Gabrieli returned to Italy, and in 1585 became the organist for the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, a religious confraternity; he would hold that post for the rest of his life. That same year (1585), Gabrieli became organist at St. Mark's and, on his uncle's death in 1586, assumed his position as its principal composer (Gabrieli also edited a number of his uncle's compositions for posthumous publication).

At that time, Venice was a very cosmopolitan city and something of a musical crossroads. Much of the city's musical activity centered around St. Mark's Cathedral, which had long attracted many great musicians. The Cathedral's unusual layout, with its two choir lofts facing each other (each with its own organ), led to the development of what has been called the Venetian style of composition -- a colorful and dramatic style often involving multiple choirs and instrumental ensembles; many of Gabrieli's motets and other religious choral works are written for two or four choirs, divided into a dozen or more separate parts. Gabrieli also became one of the first composers to write choral works including parts for instrumental ensembles; the motet In ecclesiis, as an example, calls for two choirs, soloists, organ, brass, and strings. Gabrieli wrote a number of secular vocal works (most or all of them before 1600), and a number of pieces for organ in a quasi-improvisational style.

Gabrieli composed many purely instrumental works in forms such as the canzoni and ricercari, which had become increasingly popular in the sixteenth century. Several of these were published with some of his choral music in the collection Sacrae symphoniae (1597). This publication was very popular all over Europe and attracted for Gabrieli a number of prominent pupils, the best known of which were Heinrich Schütz (who studied with him between 1609 and 1612) and Michael Praetorius. More of Gabrieli's instrumental pieces were published posthumously in Canzoni e sonate (1615). Some of these works were particularly innovative: the Sonata pian e forte was one of the first documented compositions to employ dynamic markings, and the Sonata per tre violini was one of the first to use a basso continuo, anticipating the later trio sonata. His instrumental works are now seen as the culmination of the development of instrumental music in the sixteenth century.

From around 1606, Gabrieli suffered from a kidney stone that reduced his activities, and eventually led to his death. Read less
Early Music - Gabrieli: Music For Brass Vol 2 / Crees, Et Al
Release Date: 05/16/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553873   Number of Discs: 1
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Echo - Glory Of Gabrieli / Canadian Brass
Release Date: 10/06/2009   Label: Opening Day  
Catalog: 7380   Number of Discs: 1
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A Venetian Christmas / McCreesh, Gabrieli Players
Release Date: 09/03/2001   Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)  
Catalog: 471333   Number of Discs: 1
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Puer Natus Est - Christmas Music Of Gabrieli / Concerto Palatino
Release Date: 09/14/2004   Label: Atma Classique  
Catalog: 22311   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 201-220 of 220 Available Recordings
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  • 201.
    Musique Vocale Et Instrumentale De La Renaissance
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 567 Release Date: 08/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Tylman Susato,  King VIII Henry,  Anonymous  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Terpsichore Ensemble
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  • 202.
    Schutz And Venice / Arman, Schutz-akademie
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 10409 Release Date: 07/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heinrich Schütz,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Michael Praetorius,  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  Howard Arman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schütz-Akademie
    CD: $17.99
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  • 203.
    Stokowski Encores / Matthias Bamert, Bbc Philharmonic
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9349 Release Date: 04/18/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov,  Johann Mattheson,  John Philip Sousa,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Patrick Addinall
    Conductor:  Matthias Bamert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 204.
    Brass Busters! / Tintner, Canadian Brass, NYP, BPO, MET Brass Ensembles
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 68076 Release Date: 02/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Claudio Monteverdi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass,  New York Philharmonic Brass,  Boston Symphony Orchestra Brass
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  • 205.
    Trumpet - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 66702 Release Date: 12/06/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Jean-Baptiste Arban,  Leroy Anderson,  Herbert L. Clarke  ... 
    Performer:  William Vacchiano,  André Previn,  Wynton Marsalis,  Mark Gould  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Donald Hunsberger,  Stanley Black,  Gunther Schuller  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Eastman Wind Ensemble,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 206.
    Monteverdi: Vespro Della Beata Vergine 1610 / Gardiner
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 443482 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Giovanni Bassano
    Performer:  John Angelo Messana,  Philip Langridge,  Martyn Hill,  Charles Brett  ... 
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble,  Monteverdi Choir,  Philip Jones Wind Ensemble  ... 
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  • 207.
    Music From The Time Of Christian Iv - Madrigals / Rooley
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 392 Release Date: 09/23/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Brachrogge,  Nicolas Gistou,  Melchior Borchgrevinck,  Turid Aagensen  ... 
    Conductor:  Anthony Rooley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consort of Musicke
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  • 208.
    Music For Brass Ensemble From 16th-18th Centuries
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 223 Release Date: 09/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Christoph Pezel,  William Byrd,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Samuel Scheidt  ... 
    Performer:  Torsten Ĺström,  Mogens Andresen,  Anders Hansson,  Leif Andersson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stockholm Philharmonic Brass Ensemble,  Malmö Brass Ensemble
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  • 209.
    Canadian Brass - Gabrieli For Brass / Elmer Iseler
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 438392 Release Date: 04/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass
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  • 210.
    Toccata And Fugue
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 101 Release Date: 01/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Orindio Bartolino,  Gioseffo Guami,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Conductor:  Carl Topilow
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Summit Brass
    CD: $14.99
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  • 211.
    Brass Ring - Berio, Praetorius, Gabrieli, Bach, Ewald, Kelly
    Label: Crystal   Catalog: 561 Release Date: 12/27/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bryan Kelly,  Victor Ewald,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brass Ring
    CD: $15.99
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  • 212.
    Dances from Renaissance to Nutcracker / LA Guitar Quartet
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3132 Release Date: 10/27/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Thomas Morley,  Michael Praetorius,  Peter Warlock,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Guitar Quartet
    CD: $17.99
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  • 213.
    The Telarc Collection Vol 7
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 89107 Release Date: 02/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ben Bernie,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Paul Dukas,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  André Previn,  Ray Brown,  Mundell Lowe,  Maria Lambros  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Erich Kunzel,  Yoel Levi,  Leonard Slatkin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Cincinnati Pops,  Atlanta Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 214.
    Songs And Psalms Of The Divine / Westenburg, Musica Sacra
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60970 Release Date: 09/15/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Randall Thompson,  Thomas Tallis,  Arnold Schoenberg  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Westenburg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Sacra
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  • 215.
    The Essential Canadian Brass
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432571 Release Date: 08/11/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Richard Strauss,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass
    CD: $17.99
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  • 216.
    Brass In Berlin / Canadian Brass, Berlin Philharmonic Brass
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 39035 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Orlando de Lassus,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Tomaso Albinoni,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Norbert Hauptmann,  Martin Kretzer,  Konradin Groth,  Charles Daellenbach  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Brass,  Canadian Brass
    CD: $17.99
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  • 217.
    Christmas Carols / Westenburg, Musica Sacra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429732 Release Date: 10/15/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  William Billings,  Benjamin Britten,  Hans Leo Hassler,  Traditional  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Westenburg
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Musica Sacra
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  • 218.
    Best Of The Canadian Brass
    Label: Cbs Masterworks   Catalog: 45744 Release Date: 11/20/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Luther Henderson,  Traditional,  Jean Schwartz  ... 
    Performer:  Charles Schlueter,  Philip Smith,  Mark Gould,  Ronald Romm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass,  Boston Symphony Orchestra Brass,  New York Philharmonic Brass
    CD: $8.99
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  • 219.
    An Old-world Christmas - Holiday Favorites From Europe
    Label: Dg Musikfest   Catalog: 413657 Release Date: 01/01/1980   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Traditional,  Carl Loewe  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  Georg Ratzinger,  Erhard Mauersberger,  Adolf Detel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Brass  ... 
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