Giovanni Gabrieli

Biography

Born: 1555; Venice, Italy   Died: August 12, 1612; Venice, Italy  
Giovanni Gabrieli is an important transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque eras and their associated musical styles. The distinctive sound of his music derived in part from his association with St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, long one of the most important churches in Europe, and for which he wrote both vocal and instrumental works. Through his compositions and his work with several significant pupils, Gabrieli substantially Read more influenced the development of music in the seventeenth century.

Very little is known about his early years; he probably studied with his famous uncle Andrea Gabrieli, who was also a composer, and organist at St. Mark's. Like his uncle, Gabrieli lived in Germany for several years, and was employed at the court of Duke Albrecht V in Munich from around 1575 until the Duke's death in 1579. Soon after that Gabrieli returned to Italy, and in 1585 became the organist for the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, a religious confraternity; he would hold that post for the rest of his life. That same year (1585), Gabrieli became organist at St. Mark's and, on his uncle's death in 1586, assumed his position as its principal composer (Gabrieli also edited a number of his uncle's compositions for posthumous publication).

At that time, Venice was a very cosmopolitan city and something of a musical crossroads. Much of the city's musical activity centered around St. Mark's Cathedral, which had long attracted many great musicians. The Cathedral's unusual layout, with its two choir lofts facing each other (each with its own organ), led to the development of what has been called the Venetian style of composition -- a colorful and dramatic style often involving multiple choirs and instrumental ensembles; many of Gabrieli's motets and other religious choral works are written for two or four choirs, divided into a dozen or more separate parts. Gabrieli also became one of the first composers to write choral works including parts for instrumental ensembles; the motet In ecclesiis, as an example, calls for two choirs, soloists, organ, brass, and strings. Gabrieli wrote a number of secular vocal works (most or all of them before 1600), and a number of pieces for organ in a quasi-improvisational style.

Gabrieli composed many purely instrumental works in forms such as the canzoni and ricercari, which had become increasingly popular in the sixteenth century. Several of these were published with some of his choral music in the collection Sacrae symphoniae (1597). This publication was very popular all over Europe and attracted for Gabrieli a number of prominent pupils, the best known of which were Heinrich Schütz (who studied with him between 1609 and 1612) and Michael Praetorius. More of Gabrieli's instrumental pieces were published posthumously in Canzoni e sonate (1615). Some of these works were particularly innovative: the Sonata pian e forte was one of the first documented compositions to employ dynamic markings, and the Sonata per tre violini was one of the first to use a basso continuo, anticipating the later trio sonata. His instrumental works are now seen as the culmination of the development of instrumental music in the sixteenth century.

From around 1606, Gabrieli suffered from a kidney stone that reduced his activities, and eventually led to his death. Read less
A. Gabrieli - The Madrigal In Venice / Hollingworth, Et Al
Release Date: 06/24/2003   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 697   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 253 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Giovanni Gabrieli: Canzoni et Sonate, 1615 / Clemencic, Consort Fontegara
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 550702 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  René Clemencic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consort Fontegara
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  • 2.
    The Argo Years / Neville Marriner, Academy Of St Martin In The Fields [28-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002081902 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli  ... 
    Performer:  Gwynne Howell,  Philip Langridge,  Anna Reynolds,  Elly Ameling  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chorus,  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
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  • 3.
    1612 - Italian Vespers / Hollingworth [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002009746 Release Date: 03/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lodovico da Viadana,  Bartolomeo Barbarino,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Palestrina  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Hollingworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Fagiolini
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  • 4.
    Arise, My Muse / Isetyn Davies, Richard Egarr
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 03/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Henry Purcell,  John Blow,  William Croft  ... 
    Performer:  William Carter,  Richard [Classical Keyboards] Egarr,  Bojan Cicic,  Iestyn Davies  ... 
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  • 5.
    Monteverdi: Il Sesto Libro De Madrigali; 1600 / Alessandrini, Concerto Italiano
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 40042 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Anonymous,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Tarquinio Merula  ... 
    Performer:  Craig Marchitelli,  Ugo Di Giovanni,  Loredana Gintoli,  Sergio Foresti  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano
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  • 6.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
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  • 7.
    Audi, Audi
    Label: Ibs Classical   Catalog: 52012 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tiburtio Massaino,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Ludwig Senfl,  Thomas Tomkins  ... 
    Conductor:  Hector E. Marquez
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  • 8.
    Giovanni Gabrieli: Sacrae Symphoniae
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24282 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  Wim Becu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oltremontano
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  • 9.
    Fan Faire
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108072 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Stiegler,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ralf Springmann,  Gedicke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Opera Horns
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  • 10.
    Gabrieli: Music For Brass & Organ / Vis, Berliner Brass
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186509 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Andrea Gabrieli
    Performer:  Andreas Sieling
    Conductor:  Lucas Vis
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  • 11.
    Splendore a Venezia - Music in Venice from the Renaissance to the Baroque
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 23013 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Bassano,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Washington McClain,  Mathieu Lussier,  Margaret Little [Viola da gamba],  Maxine Eilander  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Weimann,  Christopher Jackson,  Eric Milnes,  Olivier Fortin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Académie Baroque de Montréal,  Les Voix Baroques,  Concerto Palatino  ... 
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  • 12.
    Canticum Sacrum
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1301 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Cesario Gussago,  Josquin Des Préz,  Hans Leo Hassler  ... 
    Performer:  Denny Wilke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Posaunenquartett Opus 4
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  • 13.
    Ludwig Guttler: Die Jubilaums-edition
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300549 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Neruda,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Mathias Sperger  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler
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  • 14.
    Christmas Brass Festival / Ernst, Schweriner Blechblaser Collegium
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98019 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Michael Praetorius,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Ernst
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  • 15.
    Organ Music From The Time Of Tintoretto / Sergio De Pierri
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802148 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Marco Facoli,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Andrea Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Sergio De Pieri
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  • 16.
    The Renaissance Of Venetian Baroque / Accademia Vivaldiana Di Venezia
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802192 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Marco Uccellini,  Giovanni Battista Fontana,  Giovanni Battista Vitali,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accademia Vivaldiana
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  • 17.
    Portrait / 10forBrass
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 13294 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Dukas,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  10forBrass
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  • 18.
    Ghirlanda Sacra / Ensemble Primi Toni
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 620080 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Giovanni Priuli,  Giovanni Rovetta,  Alessandro Grandi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Primi Toni
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  • 19.
    Music of Old Cities & Royal Courts
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 283312 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gregor Joseph Werner,  Frederick the Great  ... 
    Performer:  Tivadar Bantay,  Christa Richter-Steiner,  Theo Altmeyer,  Lisa Otto  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernhard Paumgartner,  Karl Forster,  Wolfgang Meyer,  Hans von Benda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica,  Baryton Trio,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 20.
    Italian Organ Masters / Rene Saorgin
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802165 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrea Gabrieli,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Gioseffo Guami  ... 
    Performer:  René Saorgin
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  • 21.
    A Venetian Coronation / Mccreesh, Gabrieli Concert & Players
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 26782 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Cesare Bendinelli,  Magnus Thomsen,  Andrea Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  James O'Donnell,  Charles Daniels,  Charles Pott,  David Hurley  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul McCreesh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gabrieli Consort,  Gabrieli Players
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  • 22.
    Label: Somerset Entertainment   Catalog: 54954 Release Date: 01/01/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  George Frideric Handel,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
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  • 23.
    A Winter's Light / Backhouse, Vasari Singers
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573030 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Chilcott,  Traditional,  Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck,  Jan Sandstrom  ... 
    Conductor:  Jeremy Backhouse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vasari Singers
    CD: $9.99
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  • 24.
    Andrea Gabrieli, Giovanni Gabrieli, Maestri Padani, Maestri Flamminghi: Organi Di San Petronio Di Bologna
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 460090 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Aurelio Bonelli,  Claudio Veggio  ... 
    Performer:  Luigi Ferdinando Tagliavini,  Liuwe Tamminga
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  • 25.
    Giovanni Gabrieli: Sacred Symphonies / Skidmore, Ex Cathedra
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 67957 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  Jeffrey Skidmore
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Palatino,  Ex Cathedra,  His Majesties Sagbutts and Cornetts
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