Giovanni Gabrieli

Biography

Born: 1555; Venice, Italy   Died: August 12, 1612; Venice, Italy  
Giovanni Gabrieli is an important transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque eras and their associated musical styles. The distinctive sound of his music derived in part from his association with St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, long one of the most important churches in Europe, and for which he wrote both vocal and instrumental works. Through his compositions and his work with several significant pupils, Gabrieli substantially Read more influenced the development of music in the seventeenth century.

Very little is known about his early years; he probably studied with his famous uncle Andrea Gabrieli, who was also a composer, and organist at St. Mark's. Like his uncle, Gabrieli lived in Germany for several years, and was employed at the court of Duke Albrecht V in Munich from around 1575 until the Duke's death in 1579. Soon after that Gabrieli returned to Italy, and in 1585 became the organist for the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, a religious confraternity; he would hold that post for the rest of his life. That same year (1585), Gabrieli became organist at St. Mark's and, on his uncle's death in 1586, assumed his position as its principal composer (Gabrieli also edited a number of his uncle's compositions for posthumous publication).

At that time, Venice was a very cosmopolitan city and something of a musical crossroads. Much of the city's musical activity centered around St. Mark's Cathedral, which had long attracted many great musicians. The Cathedral's unusual layout, with its two choir lofts facing each other (each with its own organ), led to the development of what has been called the Venetian style of composition -- a colorful and dramatic style often involving multiple choirs and instrumental ensembles; many of Gabrieli's motets and other religious choral works are written for two or four choirs, divided into a dozen or more separate parts. Gabrieli also became one of the first composers to write choral works including parts for instrumental ensembles; the motet In ecclesiis, as an example, calls for two choirs, soloists, organ, brass, and strings. Gabrieli wrote a number of secular vocal works (most or all of them before 1600), and a number of pieces for organ in a quasi-improvisational style.

Gabrieli composed many purely instrumental works in forms such as the canzoni and ricercari, which had become increasingly popular in the sixteenth century. Several of these were published with some of his choral music in the collection Sacrae symphoniae (1597). This publication was very popular all over Europe and attracted for Gabrieli a number of prominent pupils, the best known of which were Heinrich Schütz (who studied with him between 1609 and 1612) and Michael Praetorius. More of Gabrieli's instrumental pieces were published posthumously in Canzoni e sonate (1615). Some of these works were particularly innovative: the Sonata pian e forte was one of the first documented compositions to employ dynamic markings, and the Sonata per tre violini was one of the first to use a basso continuo, anticipating the later trio sonata. His instrumental works are now seen as the culmination of the development of instrumental music in the sixteenth century.

From around 1606, Gabrieli suffered from a kidney stone that reduced his activities, and eventually led to his death. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 220 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Now, and Then / Davies, Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana
    Label: Ecm   Catalog: 002755602 Release Date: 11/17/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Giovanni Legrenzi,  Luciano Berio,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Conductor:  Dennis Russell Davies
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana
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  • 2.
    Ambrosini: Plurimo
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 37086 Release Date: 11/03/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claudio Ambrosini,  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Performer:  Emanuele Arciuli,  Francesco Libetta,  Aldo Orvieto,  Paolo Carlini
    Conductor:  Pierre-André Valade,  Mario Venzago,  John Storgĺrds,  Marco Angius
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Teatro La Fenice Orchestra,  Toscana Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 3.
    Croce: Motetti & Sacrae Cantiones / Voces Suaves, Concerto Scirocco
    Label: Arcana   Catalog: 439 Release Date: 10/27/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Croce,  Giovanni Picchi,  Vincenzo Bellavere,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Francesco Saverio Pedrini
    Conductor:  Giulia Genini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Voces Suaves,  Concerto Scirocco
    CD: $18.99
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  • 4.
    The Gerard Schwarz Collection
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503294 Release Date: 10/13/2017   Number of Discs: 30
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Johannes Brahms,  Anton Webern,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Thelma Handy,  Kenneth Munday,  David Shifrin,  Richard Todd  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  Gunther Schuller,  Jason K. Fettig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra,  New York Chamber Symphony  ... 
    CD: $148.99
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  • 5.
    Tuta Bella - A Venetian Christmas Revels
    Label: Revels Records   Catalog: 2017 Release Date: 10/06/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Anonymous,  St. Alphonsus Liguori,  Emilio de Cavalieri  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Meyers,  Fabio Pirozzolo,  David Coffin,  Nathaniel Cox  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge Symphonic Brass Ensemble,  The Revels Children's Chorus,  Revels Chorus
    CD: $14.99
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  • 6.
    Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal / Reize, Singknaben der St. Ursenkathedrale Solothurn
    Label: Rondeau Productions   Catalog: 6134 Release Date: 09/22/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggiero Giovannelli,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Anonymous,  Ivo Antognini  ... 
    Conductor:  Andreas Reize
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Solothurn St. Urs Cathedral Choir
    CD: $18.99
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  • 7.
    I Musici: Unpublished On Audio Cd 1953-1954
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 361 Release Date: 05/19/2017   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giovanni Battist Martini,  Giuseppe Tartini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici
    CD: $39.99
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  • 8.
    Au fil de l'Art en Musique
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 3019 Release Date: 02/10/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Dunstable,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Michael Praetorius,  Bellerofonte Castaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Maxine Eilander,  Stephen Stubbs,  Daniel Taylor,  Jivko Georgiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Christopher Jackson,  Francis Colpron,  Thomas Rösner,  Yoav Talmi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Voix Baroques,  Concerto Palatino,  Studio de Musique Ancienne de Montréal  ... 
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  • 9.
    Medieval & Renaissance
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 002550302 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Jaquemin de Senleches,  Guido Lange] [de,  Johannes Olivier  ... 
    Performer:  Rogers Covey-Crump,  Paul Elliot,  Margaret Philpot,  Catherine Bott  ... 
    Conductor:  Philip Pickett,  Anthony Rooley,  Trevor [viola da gamba] Jones,  Christopher Hogwood  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Medieval Ensemble,  New London Consort,  Consort of Musicke  ... 
    CD: $138.99
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  • 10.
    Vivarte Collection, Vol. 2
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 2367 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 60
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Markus Schäfer,  Jonas Will,  Johannes Pohl,  Harry Van der Kamp  ... 
    Conductor:  Konrad Ruhland,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Frieder Bernius,  Bruno Weil  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Niederaltaich Scholars,  Tölz Boys Choir,  Baroque Orchestra  ... 
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  • 11.
    Rovetta: Messe pour la naissance de Louis XIV / Chenier, Galilei Consort
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 965 Release Date: 10/28/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Giovanni Rovetta,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Giovanni Antonio Rigatti  ... 
    Performer:  Guilhem [Bass Vocal] Worms,  Marine [Soprano Vocal] Lafdal-Franc,  Adrien Mabire,  Aurore Bucher  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Chenier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Galilei Consort
    CD: $18.99
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  • 12.
    Winds & Pipes / Clamor, Saxon Wind Philharmonic
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 16445 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Flor Peeters,  Thomas Trachsel,  Felix Alexandre Guilmant,  Eugene Gigout  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Beilschmidt
    Conductor:  Thomas Clamor
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saxon Wind Philharmonic
    CD: $18.99
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  • 13.
    Venezia Stravagantissima / Sempe, Capriccio Stravagante
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 327 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Incerto,  Gioseffo Guami,  Orazio Vecchi,  Giovanni Picchi  ... 
    Performer:  Guillemette Laurens
    Conductor:  Skip Sempé
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capriccio Stravagante
    CD: $9.99
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  • 14.
    Frobergers Reisen / Hasibeder
    Label: Raum Klang   Catalog: 3503 Release Date: 08/12/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Matthias Weckmann,  Alessandro Poglietti,  Johann Jacob Froberger  ... 
    Performer:  Magdalena Hasibeder
    CD: $29.99
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  • 15.
    Von Gott, zu Gott / Maulbronner Kammerchor
    Label: K & K Verlagsanstalt   Catalog: 125 Release Date: 08/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Gottfried August Homilius,  Charles Wood,  Ludvig Norman  ... 
    Performer:  Caroline Albrecht
    Conductor:  Jürgen Budday
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  • 16.
    111: The Violin – Legendary Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002523902 Release Date: 08/05/2016   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Giya Kancheli,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Shmuel Ashkenasi,  Hélčne Grimaud,  Giuliano Carmignola  ... 
    Conductor:  Heribert Esser,  Esa-Pekka Salonen,  Andrea Marcon,  Reinhard Goebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Venice Baroque Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $168.99
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  • 17.
    Battaglie e Lamenti / Savall (w/2016 Archiv Catalog)
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 002496802 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Annibale Padovano,  Francesco Usper,  Bastian Chilese,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Pushee,  Harry Van der Kamp,  Montserrat Figueras,  Jordi Savall  ... 
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespčrion XX
    CD: $9.99
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  • 18.
    Archiv Produktion: Analogue Stereo Recordings (1959-1981)
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 002490502 Release Date: 05/20/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Pierre Vachon,  Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Hedwig Bilgram,  Hertha Töpper,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  August Wenzinger,  Karl Ristenpart,  Robert Stehli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Loewenguth String Quartet  ... 
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    CD: $106.49
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  • 19.
    Music for Brass Septet, Vol. 4 / Septura
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573526 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tomás Luis de Victoria,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Orlando de Lassus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Septura
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  • 20.
    Canadian Brass Takes Flight
    Label: Opening Day   Catalog: 7416 Release Date: 11/20/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sonny Kompanek,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John Dowland  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass
    CD: $14.99
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  • 21.
    1615 Gabrieli in Venice / Choir of King's College, His Majestys Sagbutts & Cornetts
    Label: King's College Choir   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Performer:  Abigail Newman,  Adam Woolf,  Helen Roberts
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  His Majestys Sagbutts and Cornetts
    SuperAudio CD: $25.49
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  • 22.
    Dialoghi / Gustav Auzinger, Martina Schobersberger
    Label: Fra Bernardo   Catalog: 1507153 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Adriano Banchieri,  Aurelio Bonelli,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Mexican Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Auzinger,  Martina Schobersberger
    CD: $18.99
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  • 23.
    Bach: Magnificat
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 469 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Martin Luther,  Traditional
    Performer:  Julia Doyle,  Matthew [Bass-Baritone Vocal] Brook,  Clare [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Wilkinson,  Nicholas Mulroy  ... 
    Conductor:  John Butt
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 24.
    Gabrieli / National Brass Ensemble
    Label: Oberlin Music   Catalog: 1504 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  John Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Brass Ensemble
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  • 25.
    Masterworks and Miniatures: Organ and Harpsichord Music from Renaissance Venice / Lester
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5931 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioseffo Guami,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Claudio Merulo  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Lester
    CD: $18.99
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