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Giovanni Gabrieli

Biography

Born: 1555; Venice, Italy   Died: August 12, 1612; Venice, Italy  
Giovanni Gabrieli is an important transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque eras and their associated musical styles. The distinctive sound of his music derived in part from his association with St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, long one of the most important churches in Europe, and for which he wrote both vocal and instrumental works. Through his compositions and his work with several significant pupils, Gabrieli substantially Read more influenced the development of music in the seventeenth century.

Very little is known about his early years; he probably studied with his famous uncle Andrea Gabrieli, who was also a composer, and organist at St. Mark's. Like his uncle, Gabrieli lived in Germany for several years, and was employed at the court of Duke Albrecht V in Munich from around 1575 until the Duke's death in 1579. Soon after that Gabrieli returned to Italy, and in 1585 became the organist for the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, a religious confraternity; he would hold that post for the rest of his life. That same year (1585), Gabrieli became organist at St. Mark's and, on his uncle's death in 1586, assumed his position as its principal composer (Gabrieli also edited a number of his uncle's compositions for posthumous publication).

At that time, Venice was a very cosmopolitan city and something of a musical crossroads. Much of the city's musical activity centered around St. Mark's Cathedral, which had long attracted many great musicians. The Cathedral's unusual layout, with its two choir lofts facing each other (each with its own organ), led to the development of what has been called the Venetian style of composition -- a colorful and dramatic style often involving multiple choirs and instrumental ensembles; many of Gabrieli's motets and other religious choral works are written for two or four choirs, divided into a dozen or more separate parts. Gabrieli also became one of the first composers to write choral works including parts for instrumental ensembles; the motet In ecclesiis, as an example, calls for two choirs, soloists, organ, brass, and strings. Gabrieli wrote a number of secular vocal works (most or all of them before 1600), and a number of pieces for organ in a quasi-improvisational style.

Gabrieli composed many purely instrumental works in forms such as the canzoni and ricercari, which had become increasingly popular in the sixteenth century. Several of these were published with some of his choral music in the collection Sacrae symphoniae (1597). This publication was very popular all over Europe and attracted for Gabrieli a number of prominent pupils, the best known of which were Heinrich Schütz (who studied with him between 1609 and 1612) and Michael Praetorius. More of Gabrieli's instrumental pieces were published posthumously in Canzoni e sonate (1615). Some of these works were particularly innovative: the Sonata pian e forte was one of the first documented compositions to employ dynamic markings, and the Sonata per tre violini was one of the first to use a basso continuo, anticipating the later trio sonata. His instrumental works are now seen as the culmination of the development of instrumental music in the sixteenth century.

From around 1606, Gabrieli suffered from a kidney stone that reduced his activities, and eventually led to his death. Read less
A Venetian Christmas / McCreesh, Gabrieli Players
Release Date: 09/03/2001   Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)  
Catalog: 471333   Number of Discs: 1
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Echo - Glory Of Gabrieli / Canadian Brass
Release Date: 10/06/2009   Label: Opening Day  
Catalog: 7380   Number of Discs: 1
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Early Music - Gabrieli: Music For Brass Vol 1 / Crees, Et Al
Release Date: 10/05/2000   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553609   Number of Discs: 1
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Early Music - Gabrieli: Music For Brass Vol 3 / Crees, Et Al
Release Date: 03/20/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554129   Number of Discs: 1
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Puer Natus Est - Christmas Music Of Gabrieli / Concerto Palatino
Release Date: 09/14/2004   Label: Atma Classique  
Catalog: 22311   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 240 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    111 Classics for Christmas
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002179902 Release Date: 12/09/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Leroy Anderson,  Leopold Mozart,  Johnny Marks,  John Frederic Coots  ... 
    Performer:  Helen Donath,  Anna Reynolds,  Christa Ludwig,  Maria Teresa Garatti  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler,  Karl Richter,  Stephen Cleobury,  Sir David Willcocks  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir  ... 
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  • 2.
    Music For Brass & Organ / Thompson Brass Ensemble
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1481 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  André Campra,  Alan Hovhaness,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Conductor:  Barbara Bruns
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thompson Brass Ensemble
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  • 3.
    Dormi Jesu - A Caius Christmas / Webber
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34152 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Carl Rütti,  Matthew Owens,  Herbert Howells  ... 
    Performer:  Annie Lydford,  Catherine Harrison,  Nick Lee,  Sam Dressel  ... 
    Conductor:  Geoffrey Webber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gonville and Caius College Choir Cambridge
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  • 4.
    Monteverdi: Vespri Solenni Per La Festa Di San Marco / Alessandrino, Concerto Italiano [CD & DVD]
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 30557 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Anonymous,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Francesco Usper  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano
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  • 5.
    Giovanni Gabrieli: Canzoni et Sonate, 1615 / Clemencic, Consort Fontegara
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 550702 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  René Clemencic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consort Fontegara
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  • 6.
    The Argo Years / Neville Marriner, Academy Of St Martin In The Fields [28-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002081902 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli  ... 
    Performer:  Gwynne Howell,  Philip Langridge,  Anna Reynolds,  Elly Ameling  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chorus,  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
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    CD: $163.49
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  • 7.
    Il Trionfo Di Dori
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 590003 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Luca Marenzio,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Giovanni Croce  ... 
    Conductor:  Tony Corradini
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  • 8.
    1612 - Italian Vespers / Hollingworth [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002009746 Release Date: 03/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lodovico da Viadana,  Bartolomeo Barbarino,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Palestrina  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Hollingworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Fagiolini
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  • 9.
    Arise, My Muse / Isetyn Davies, Richard Egarr
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 03/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Henry Purcell,  John Blow,  William Croft  ... 
    Performer:  William Carter,  Richard [Classical Keyboards] Egarr,  Bojan Cicic,  Iestyn Davies  ... 
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  • 10.
    Monteverdi: Il Sesto Libro De Madrigali; 1600 / Alessandrini, Concerto Italiano
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 40042 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Anonymous,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Tarquinio Merula  ... 
    Performer:  Craig Marchitelli,  Ugo Di Giovanni,  Loredana Gintoli,  Sergio Foresti  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano
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  • 11.
    The Westminster Legacy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999302 Release Date: 02/18/2014   Number of Discs: 40
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Performer:  Sena Jurinac,  Lucretia West,  Hans Loeffler,  Frederick Guthrie  ... 
    Conductor:  Hermann Scherchen,  Pierre Monteux,  René Leibowitz,  Erich Leinsdorf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Academy Chamber Chorus  ... 
    On sale! $149.98
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  • 12.
    Audi, Audi
    Label: Ibs Classical   Catalog: 52012 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tiburtio Massaino,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Ludwig Senfl,  Thomas Tomkins  ... 
    Conductor:  Hector E. Marquez
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  • 13.
    Giovanni Gabrieli: Sacrae Symphoniae
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24282 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  Wim Becu
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Oltremontano
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  • 14.
    Fan Faire
    Label: Farao   Catalog: 108072 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karl Stiegler,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ralf Springmann,  Gedicke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Opera Horns
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  • 15.
    Gabrieli: Music For Brass & Organ / Vis, Berliner Brass
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186509 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Andrea Gabrieli
    Performer:  Andreas Sieling
    Conductor:  Lucas Vis
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  • 16.
    Splendore a Venezia - Music in Venice from the Renaissance to the Baroque
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 23013 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Bassano,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Mathieu Lussier,  Washington McClain,  Margaret Little [Viola da gamba],  Francis Colpron  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Weimann,  Christopher Jackson,  Eric Milnes,  Olivier Fortin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Académie Baroque de Montréal,  Les Voix Baroques,  Concerto Palatino  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 17.
    Canticum Sacrum
    Label: Querstand   Catalog: 1301 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Cesario Gussago,  Josquin Des Préz,  Hans Leo Hassler  ... 
    Performer:  Denny Wilke
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Posaunenquartett Opus 4
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  • 18.
    Ludwig Guttler: Die Jubilaums-edition
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300549 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Johann Neruda,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Johann Mathias Sperger  ... 
    Performer:  Ludwig Güttler
    CD: $29.99
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  • 19.
    Christmas Brass Festival / Ernst, Schweriner Blechblaser Collegium
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98019 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Michael Praetorius,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow  ... 
    Performer:  Jan Ernst
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  • 20.
    Organ Music From The Time Of Tintoretto / Sergio De Pierri
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802148 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Marco Facoli,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Andrea Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Sergio De Pieri
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  • 21.
    The Renaissance Of Venetian Baroque / Accademia Vivaldiana Di Venezia
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802192 Release Date: 07/30/2013   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Marco Uccellini,  Giovanni Battista Fontana,  Giovanni Battista Vitali,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accademia Vivaldiana
    CD: $27.49
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  • 22.
    Portrait / 10forBrass
    Label: Genuin Musikproduction   Catalog: 13294 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Dukas,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gustav Mahler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  10forBrass
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  • 23.
    Ghirlanda Sacra / Ensemble Primi Toni
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 620080 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Giovanni Priuli,  Giovanni Rovetta,  Alessandro Grandi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Primi Toni
    On sale! $34.99
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  • 24.
    Music of Old Cities & Royal Courts
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 283312 Release Date: 05/21/2013   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gregor Joseph Werner,  Frederick the Great  ... 
    Performer:  Tivadar Bantay,  Christa Richter-Steiner,  Theo Altmeyer,  Lisa Otto  ... 
    Conductor:  Bernhard Paumgartner,  Karl Forster,  Wolfgang Meyer,  Hans von Benda  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Salzburg Mozarteum Camerata Academica,  Baryton Trio,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $39.99
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  • 25.
    Italian Organ Masters / Rene Saorgin
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802165 Release Date: 04/30/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrea Gabrieli,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Gioseffo Guami  ... 
    Performer:  René Saorgin
    CD: $12.99
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