Giovanni Gabrieli

Biography

Born: 1555; Venice, Italy   Died: August 12, 1612; Venice, Italy  
Giovanni Gabrieli is an important transitional figure between the Renaissance and Baroque eras and their associated musical styles. The distinctive sound of his music derived in part from his association with St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, long one of the most important churches in Europe, and for which he wrote both vocal and instrumental works. Through his compositions and his work with several significant pupils, Gabrieli substantially Read more influenced the development of music in the seventeenth century.

Very little is known about his early years; he probably studied with his famous uncle Andrea Gabrieli, who was also a composer, and organist at St. Mark's. Like his uncle, Gabrieli lived in Germany for several years, and was employed at the court of Duke Albrecht V in Munich from around 1575 until the Duke's death in 1579. Soon after that Gabrieli returned to Italy, and in 1585 became the organist for the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, a religious confraternity; he would hold that post for the rest of his life. That same year (1585), Gabrieli became organist at St. Mark's and, on his uncle's death in 1586, assumed his position as its principal composer (Gabrieli also edited a number of his uncle's compositions for posthumous publication).

At that time, Venice was a very cosmopolitan city and something of a musical crossroads. Much of the city's musical activity centered around St. Mark's Cathedral, which had long attracted many great musicians. The Cathedral's unusual layout, with its two choir lofts facing each other (each with its own organ), led to the development of what has been called the Venetian style of composition -- a colorful and dramatic style often involving multiple choirs and instrumental ensembles; many of Gabrieli's motets and other religious choral works are written for two or four choirs, divided into a dozen or more separate parts. Gabrieli also became one of the first composers to write choral works including parts for instrumental ensembles; the motet In ecclesiis, as an example, calls for two choirs, soloists, organ, brass, and strings. Gabrieli wrote a number of secular vocal works (most or all of them before 1600), and a number of pieces for organ in a quasi-improvisational style.

Gabrieli composed many purely instrumental works in forms such as the canzoni and ricercari, which had become increasingly popular in the sixteenth century. Several of these were published with some of his choral music in the collection Sacrae symphoniae (1597). This publication was very popular all over Europe and attracted for Gabrieli a number of prominent pupils, the best known of which were Heinrich Schütz (who studied with him between 1609 and 1612) and Michael Praetorius. More of Gabrieli's instrumental pieces were published posthumously in Canzoni e sonate (1615). Some of these works were particularly innovative: the Sonata pian e forte was one of the first documented compositions to employ dynamic markings, and the Sonata per tre violini was one of the first to use a basso continuo, anticipating the later trio sonata. His instrumental works are now seen as the culmination of the development of instrumental music in the sixteenth century.

From around 1606, Gabrieli suffered from a kidney stone that reduced his activities, and eventually led to his death. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 216 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Von Gott, zu Gott / Maulbronner Kammerchor
    Label: K & K Verlagsanstalt   Catalog: KuK125 Release Date: 08/12/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Gottfried August Homilius,  Charles Wood,  Ludvig Norman  ... 
    Performer:  Caroline Albrecht
    Conductor:  Jürgen Budday
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  • 2.
    111: The Violin – Legendary Recordings
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: B002523902 Release Date: 08/05/2016   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Niccolň Paganini,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Giya Kancheli,  Arvo Pärt  ... 
    Performer:  Salvatore Accardo,  Shmuel Ashkenasi,  Hélčne Grimaud,  Giuliano Carmignola  ... 
    Conductor:  Heribert Esser,  Esa-Pekka Salonen,  Andrea Marcon,  Reinhard Goebel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Venice Baroque Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Battaglie e Lamenti / Savall (w/2016 Archiv Catalog)
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 002496802 Release Date: 05/27/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Annibale Padovano,  Francesco Usper,  Bastian Chilese,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Performer:  Graham Pushee,  Harry Van der Kamp,  Montserrat Figueras,  Jordi Savall  ... 
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespčrion XX
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  • 4.
    Archiv Produktion: Analogue Stereo Recordings (1959-1981)
    Label: Archiv Produktion (Dg)   Catalog: 002490502 Release Date: 05/20/2016   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Pierre Vachon,  Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Stader,  Hedwig Bilgram,  Hertha Töpper,  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau  ... 
    Conductor:  Karl Richter,  August Wenzinger,  Karl Ristenpart,  Robert Stehli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Bach Orchestra,  Munich Bach Choir,  Loewenguth String Quartet  ... 
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  • 5.
    Music for Brass Septet, Vol. 4 / Septura
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8573526 Release Date: 05/13/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Tomás Luis de Victoria,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Orlando de Lassus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Septura
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  • 6.
    Canadian Brass Takes Flight
    Label: Opening Day   Catalog: 7416 Release Date: 11/20/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sonny Kompanek,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  John Dowland  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Canadian Brass
    CD: $15.99
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  • 7.
    1615 Gabrieli in Venice / Choir of King's College, His Majestys Sagbutts & Cornetts
    Label: King's College Choir   Catalog: 12 Release Date: 11/13/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Performer:  Abigail Newman,  Adam Woolf,  Helen Roberts
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  His Majestys Sagbutts and Cornetts
    SuperAudio CD: $25.49
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  • 8.
    Dialoghi / Gustav Auzinger, Martina Schobersberger
    Label: Fra Bernardo   Catalog: 1507153 Release Date: 10/30/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Adriano Banchieri,  Aurelio Bonelli,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Mexican Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Gustav Auzinger,  Martina Schobersberger
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  • 9.
    Bach: Magnificat
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 469 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Martin Luther,  Traditional
    Performer:  Julia Doyle,  Matthew [Bass-Baritone Vocal] Brook,  Clare [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Wilkinson,  Nicholas Mulroy  ... 
    Conductor:  John Butt
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  • 10.
    Gabrieli / National Brass Ensemble
    Label: Oberlin Music   Catalog: 1504 Release Date: 10/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  John T. Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Brass Ensemble
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  • 11.
    Masterworks and Miniatures: Organ and Harpsichord Music from Renaissance Venice / Lester
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 5931 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioseffo Guami,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Claudio Merulo  ... 
    Performer:  Richard Lester
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  • 12.
    L'Arte dei Piffari: Cornetts and Sackbuts in Early Baroque Italy
    Label: Pan Classics   Catalog: 10332 Release Date: 07/31/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Cristofano Malvezzi,  Luca Marenzio,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Giovanni Bassano  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ensemble Ventosum
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  • 13.
    Il Trionfo di Dori / King's Singers
    Label: Signum U.k.   Catalog: 414 Release Date: 06/09/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ippolito Baccusi,  Ippolito Sabino,  Orazio Vecchi,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  King's Singers
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  • 14.
    Mikolaj Zielenski: Ortus De Polonia
    Label: K 617   Catalog: 617248 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mikolaj Zielenski,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Giovanni Palestrina
    Conductor:  Etienne Meyer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Traversées Baroques
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  • 15.
    Renaissance And Baroque Organ Music
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 694558 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Michelangelo Rossi,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Tarquinio Merula  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Tachezi
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  • 16.
    Venezia
    Label: Es-dur   Catalog: 2039 Release Date: 12/02/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Hans W. Henze,  Clytus Gottwald,  Niccolň Castiglioni  ... 
    Performer:  Klaus Eichhorn,  Christoph Harer
    Conductor:  Philipp Ahmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NDR Brass
    SuperAudio CD: $20.99
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  • 17.
    Music For Brass & Organ / Thompson Brass Ensemble
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1481 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  André Campra,  Alan Hovhaness,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Giovanni Gabrieli  ... 
    Conductor:  Barbara Bruns
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Thompson Brass Ensemble
    On sale! $13.98
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  • 18.
    Dormi Jesu - A Caius Christmas / Webber
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34152 Release Date: 10/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Carl Rütti,  Matthew Owens,  Herbert Howells  ... 
    Performer:  Annie Lydford,  Nick Lee,  Sam Dressel,  Catherine Harrison  ... 
    Conductor:  Geoffrey Webber
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gonville and Caius College Choir Cambridge
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  • 19.
    Monteverdi: Vespri Solenni per la festa di San Marco / Alessandrino, Concerto Italiano
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 30557 Release Date: 08/26/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Anonymous,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Francesco Usper  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano
    CD: $17.99
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  • 20.
    Giovanni Gabrieli: Canzoni et Sonate, 1615 / Clemencic, Consort Fontegara
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 550702 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli
    Conductor:  René Clemencic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consort Fontegara
    CD: $12.99
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  • 21.
    The Argo Years / Marriner, Academy of St Martin in the Fields
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002081902 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli  ... 
    Performer:  Gwynne Howell,  Philip Langridge,  Anna Reynolds,  Elly Ameling  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chorus,  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
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    CD: $98.99
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  • 22.
    Il Trionfo Di Dori
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 590003 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Luca Marenzio,  Giovanni Palestrina,  Giovanni Croce  ... 
    Conductor:  Tony Corradini
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  • 23.
    1612 - Italian Vespers / Hollingworth [Blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002009746 Release Date: 03/18/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lodovico da Viadana,  Bartolomeo Barbarino,  Andrea Gabrieli,  Giovanni Palestrina  ... 
    Conductor:  Robert Hollingworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Fagiolini
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    Blu-ray Audio: $21.99
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  • 24.
    Arise, My Muse / Isetyn Davies, Richard Egarr
    Label: Wigmore Hall Live   Catalog: 65 Release Date: 03/04/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Henry Purcell,  John Blow,  William Croft  ... 
    Performer:  William Carter,  Tabea Debus,  Stephen Pedder,  Julia Kuhn  ... 
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  • 25.
    Monteverdi: Il Sesto Libro De Madrigali; 1600 / Alessandrini, Concerto Italiano
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 40042 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claudio Monteverdi,  Anonymous,  Giovanni Gabrieli,  Tarquinio Merula  ... 
    Performer:  Craig Marchitelli,  Ugo Di Giovanni,  Loredana Gintoli,  Sergio Foresti  ... 
    Conductor:  Rinaldo Alessandrini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Italiano
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