Zara Nelsova

Biography

Zara Katznelson was born in Winnipeg to the family of a professional musician, Gregor Katznelson, who was a flutist performing under the name Nelsov. Zara's performing name is the Russian feminine form of her father's stage name. The family had emigrated to Canada in 1910.

She said she would like to play cello as early as four and a half years old. Her father got a viola converted to hold in gamba position like a cello and gave her
Read more lessons. She recalled that his lessons technically prepared her, as well as teach her discipline and how to practice.

And she did well: When she was five years old, her family formed the Canadian Trio with her two older sisters who played violin and piano. At the age of six, she was sent to study with cello teacher Dezso Mahalek. When she was 11, she entered a talent competition. One of the adjudicators was Sir Hugh Roberton, who advised that Zara and her sisters be taken to London to complete their musical education. The family took the advice and relocated in 1930. At that point, the family Anglicized its name to "Nelson."

She became a pupil of Herbert Walenn at the London Violoncello school. She studied with him for six years and gained very secure technical training and the start of her repertoire. Early in her studies with Walenn, she made her debut at a charity concert of the Royal College of Music, wich led to an engagement with Malcolm Sargent and the London Symphony Orchestra performing Lalo's cello concerto.

She held off making a formal solo recital debut until she was 17 (Wigmore Hall, 1936). The conductor and former cello player Sir John Barbirolli was impressed with her playing and gave her considerable musical advice. She attributed the development of her sound -- a narrow, very singing tone -- to Barbirolli's suggestions. He took her to play for Casals, who predicted a successful solo career. Casals at the time did not teach, but when he started teaching about ten years later, the now 29-year-old musician went to study with him in Prades, spending two seasons polishing her technique. She also had short periods of study with Feuermann and Piatigorsky.

The family moved back to North America at the outbreak of World War II in 1939, settling in New York. She did not make a debut recital there until 1942, at Town Hall. The critics gave her the highest praise and her career was finally launched in a decisive way. It has been a brilliant one, as predicted by Casals. She was the first American soloist to tour the Soviet Union, playing the Kodály and Rachmaninov sonatas. The audience greeted her performances rapturously and like a long-absent returning daughter.

She has been a strong supporter of twentieth century repertoire. She gave the British premieres of the Shostakovich and Hindemith sonatas and the Samuel Barber cello concerto, which she had learned in three weeks for the occasion. After that, she recorded the concerto under the baton of the composer. After the sessions, one of the cellists of the orchestra leapt to his feet, brandishing the instrument, and screamed that he could never play again after hearing her. At that, he smashed the cello against the wall to the cheers of his colleagues. It dawned on Nelsova that the orchestra had gotten a cheap cello with which to make this gesture, but also was a true expression of their admiration. She also recorded Ernest Bloch's Schelomo under its composer's baton, as well as his Prayer, Supplication Jewish Song.

She embarked on a teaching career at New York's Juilliard School and the College-Conservatory of Music in Cincinnati and gives master classes. Her teaching is directed to working not so much on technical matters like fingering and bowings, but to concentrate on emotion and intellectual involvement in the music. She plays the 1726 Marquis de Corberon cello of 1726, a beautiful instrument loaned to her by Audrey Melville of London. Read less
Browse 1-12 of 12 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Bloch, Oboussier, Geiser / Cavelti, Nelsova, Ansermet
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800814 Release Date: 06/01/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Robert Oboussier,  Walther Geiser
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova,  Elsa Cavelti
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Top 100 Favorite Classical Melodies
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94027 Release Date: 05/04/2010   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Georges Bizet,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Sara Crombach,  Vladislaw Warenberg,  Martijn van den Hoek,  Marc Grauwels  ... 
    Conductor:  Bohdan Warchal,  Enrique Bátiz,  Mark Ermler,  Georgi Robev  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Harp Ensemble,  London Baroque,  Musica ad Rhenum  ... 
    CD: $24.99
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  • 3.
    Szymon Goldberg Centenary Edition Vol 1 - Non-commercial Recordings
    Label: Music & Arts   Catalog: 1223 Release Date: 08/11/2009   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Robert Schumann,  Claude Debussy,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  Szymon Goldberg,  Artur Balsam,  Zara Nelsova,  Victor Babin  ... 
    Conductor:  Szymon Goldberg,  Gerhard Samuel,  Eduard Van Beinum,  Dimitri Mitropoulos  ... 
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  • 4.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto, Violin Concerto / Susskind, Ricci, Neslova, St. Louis So
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93260 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova,  Ruggiero Ricci
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $9.99
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  • 5.
    Masterworks: Dvorak
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 954334 Release Date: 10/21/2008   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Rudolf Firkusny,  Ruggiero Ricci,  Zara Nelsova,  Jiri Hudec  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Paavo Järvi,  Walter Susskind,  John Farrer  ... 
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  • 6.
    Zara Nelsova - Grand Dame Of The Cello
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4370 Release Date: 12/20/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Bohuslav Martinu,  Luigi Boccherini  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova,  John Newmark,  Grant Johannesen
    Conductor:  Alexander Brott
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Radio Canada Orchestra
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 7.
    Original Masters - Zara Nelsova
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000388402 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ernest Bloch,  Max Reger,  Samuel Barber,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova,  Ernest Bloch,  Artur Balsam
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Samuel Barber,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Lalo: Cello Concerto;  Et At / Nelsova, Boult, Et Al
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1361 Release Date: 10/12/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Ernest Bloch
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Original Masters - Josef Krips
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000017702 Release Date: 05/13/2003   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Inge Borkh,  Zara Nelsova
    Conductor:  Josef Krips
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 10.
    Dvorak: New World Symphony, Serenade For Strings, Etc
    Label: Spj Music   Catalog: 90103 Release Date: 10/02/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák
    Performer:  Zara Nelsova
    CD: $6.99
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  • 11.
    Label: Cello Classics   Catalog: 11006 Release Date: 11/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emanuel Moor,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Ennio Bolognini  ... 
    Performer:  Wilfred Parry,  Zara Nelsova,  Pablo Casals,  Blas Net  ... 
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 12.
    25 Concerto Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8842 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Alfred Brendel,  Aaron Rosand,  Abbey Simon,  Jean-Jacques Kantorow  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Louis de Froment,  Leonard Slatkin,  Bernard Thomas  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $4.99
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