Gabriel Fauré

Biography

Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less

Work: Berceuse for Violin and Piano in D major, Op. 16

Browse 76-100 of 106 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Jeux A Deux - Music For Flute & Harp / Aitken, Goodman
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81101 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  François Joseph Gossec,  Erik Satie,  Gabriel Fauré,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Aitken,  Erica Goodman
    CD: $16.99
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  • 77.
    Works For Flute And Harp - Rust, Zamara, Busser, Ibert, Etc
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 347 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Friedrich Wilhelm Rust,  Antonio Zamara,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Sikorzak-Olek
    CD: $19.99
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  • 78.
    A Bride's Guide To Wedding Music
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8503134 Release Date: 02/19/2002   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Sir William Walton,  Théodore Dubois,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    CD: $25.49
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  • 79.
    Night Music 10 - Classical Favourites For Relaxing
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556610 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gabriel Fauré,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Irina Zaritskaya,  Jénö Jandó,  Wolf Harden,  Takako Nishizaki  ... 
    Conductor:  Josef Kopelman,  Keith Clark,  Ondrej Lenárd,  András Ligeti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Capella Istropolitana,  Kodály String Quartet,  Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 80.
    Bach, Debussy, Etc / Ann Hobson Pilot
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1002 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Albert Hay Malotte,  Carlos Salzedo  ... 
    Performer:  Anne Hobson Pilot
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  • 81.
    Musique De Nuit - Fauré, Pierné, Satie, Koechlin / Lencsés
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 97409 Release Date: 08/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Erik Satie,  Gabriel Pierné,  Charles Koechlin
    Performer:  Giselle Herbert,  Lajos Lencsés
    CD: $18.99
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  • 82.
    Whispers Of The Past / Peter Cooper, Marcia Labella
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 269 Release Date: 07/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wang Sa Xiao,  Jing Sha,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Cooper,  Marcia Labella
    CD: $14.99
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  • 83.
    Après Un Rêve - Fauré, Ravel, Et Al / Geraets, Waardenburg
    Label: Ottavo   Catalog: 19972 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Bernard Andrès,  Andrea Padovano,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Theodora Geraets,  Erika Waardenburg
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  • 84.
    Christmas À La Carte / Bartoli, Domingo, Mutter, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459155 Release Date: 10/12/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Lehár,  Gabriel Fauré,  Saverio Mercadante,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Kathleen Battle,  Placido Domingo,  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine,  Kurt Herbert Adler,  Simon Preston,  Neeme Järvi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  National Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 85.
    Images De Noel / Con Voce
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2338 Release Date: 09/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frank Martin,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Rainer Lautenbach,  Andreas N. Tarkmann  ... 
    Performer:  Heidrun Luchterhand,  Hans-Jörg Wegner,  Ellen Wegner,  Guido Larisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Con Voce
    CD: $22.49
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  • 86.
    Berceuse - Music Of Peace And Calm
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553843 Release Date: 07/20/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Igor Stravinsky,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Conductor:  Ondrej Lenárd
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  • 87.
    The Best Of Fauré
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556679 Release Date: 06/22/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  François-Joël Thiollier,  Colm Carey,  Pascal Devoyon,  Dong-Suk Kang  ... 
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis,  Antonio de Almeida,  Jeremy Summerly,  Keith Clark
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Symphony Orchestra of Ireland,  Schola Cantorum Oxford,  Oxford Camerata  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 88.
    Reverie Et Caprice - Violin Romances / Chantal Juillet
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 458143 Release Date: 05/25/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Edouard Lalo,  Ernest Chausson,  Hector Berlioz  ... 
    Performer:  Chantal Juillet
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 89.
    Dance Of The Blessed Spirits - Music For Flute & Harp
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8554166 Release Date: 07/28/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Erik Satie,  Sir Edward Elgar,  François Joseph Gossec  ... 
    Performer:  Judy Loman,  Nora Shulman
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  • 90.
    Fauré: Orchestral Music / Georgiadis, Rte Sinfonietta, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553360 Release Date: 05/26/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Lynda Russell
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RTE Sinfonietta
    CD: $9.99
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  • 91.
    Itzhak Perlman's Greatest Hits
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56602 Release Date: 02/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Frédéric Chopin,  Robert Schumann,  Moritz Moszkowski  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Samuel Sanders
    CD: $17.99
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  • 92.
    Lullaby - Chopin, Brahms, Et Al / Vima, Monch, Damerini
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47282 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karol Szymanowski,  Alban Berg,  Claude Debussy,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Georg Mönch,  Massimiliano Damerini,  Jeanne Marie Bima
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  • 93.
    Simply Sarah - Popular Encores / Sarah Chang
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56161 Release Date: 03/18/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Grigoras Dinicu,  Gabriel Fauré,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Charles Abramovic,  Sarah Chang
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  • 94.
    Gymnopédies - Satie, Fauré, Et Al / Ciacci, I Cameristi
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47271 Release Date: 11/19/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Vincent D'Indy,  Ernest Chausson,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Gemma Bertagnolli,  Mario Finotti,  Roberto Zanetti,  Patrizia Bettotti
    Conductor:  Diego Dini-Ciacci
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Cameristi di Trento e Verona
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  • 95.
    Fauré: Works For Cello And Piano / Dinitzen, Westenholz
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32220 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Kim Bak Dinitzen,  Elisabeth Westenholz
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 96.
    Fauré: Violin Sonatas 1 & 2, Etc / Kang, Devoyon
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550906 Release Date: 11/21/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang,  Pascal Devoyon
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  • 97.
    Beau Soir / Pergamenschikow, Gililov
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 349951 Release Date: 05/17/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Jacques Ibert,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Pavel Gililov,  Boris Pergamenschikow
    CD: $22.49
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  • 98.
    Violin Favourites / Yan Pascal Tortelier, Ulster Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6608 Release Date: 09/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Fritz Kreisler,  Gabriel Fauré,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Renaissance Singers
    CD: $11.99
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  • 99.
    Carmen-Fantasie / Mutter, Levine, Vienna Philharmonic
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 437544 Release Date: 10/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Wieniawski,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Giuseppe Tartini,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 100.
    Dvorak: Cello Concerto;  Saint-saens, Etc / Pierre Fournier
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 1016 Release Date: 10/01/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Gerald Moore,  Pierre Fournier,  Ernest Lush
    Conductor:  Walter Susskind,  Rafael Kubelik
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    On sale! $25.98
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