Gabriel Fauré

Biography

Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less
Fauré: Requiem / Christophers, St. Martin In The Fields, The Sixteen
Release Date: 03/11/2008   Label: Coro  
Catalog: 16057   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Masques et bergamasques Suite, Op. 112

Browse 1-20 of 20 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    The Argo Years / Neville Marriner, Academy Of St Martin In The Fields [28-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002081902 Release Date: 06/03/2014   Number of Discs: 28
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Arcangelo Corelli,  Giuseppe Torelli,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli  ... 
    Performer:  Gwynne Howell,  Philip Langridge,  Anna Reynolds,  Elly Ameling  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chorus,  Philip Jones Brass Ensemble
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  • 2.
    Faure Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94750 Release Date: 12/10/2013   Number of Discs: 19
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Jerome Ducros,  Jean-Marc Phillips-Varjabédian,  Henri Demarquette,  Juliette Hurel  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir David Willcocks,  Serge Baudo,  Moshe Atzmón,  André Vandernoot  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestre de Paris,  Orchestre de Bretagne  ... 
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  • 3.
    Bizet: L'Arlesienne Suites, Faure, Gounod / Yamada, Orchestre de la Suisse Romande
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186358 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Gabriel Fauré,  Charles Gounod
    Conductor:  Kazuki Yamada
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Faure: Dolly, Masques et Bergamasques, Trio / Le Sage, Pahud, Tharaud
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 603 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Alexandre Tharaud,  Eric Le Sage,  Emmanuel Pahud,  Raphael Merlin  ... 
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  • 5.
    Faure: Requiem, Penelope Prelude, Masques Et Bergamasques / Ansermet
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4804763 Release Date: 12/20/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Suzanne Danco,  Gérard Souzay
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  L'Union Chorale de la Tour de Peilz
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  • 6.
    Icon: Vernon Handley - Champion Of British Music
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 98202 Release Date: 10/11/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sir Arthur Bliss,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel Kennedy,  Tasmin Little
    Conductor:  Vernon Handley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 7.
    Gemini - Fauré: Masques Et Bergamasques, Etc / Plasson
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 97722 Release Date: 10/23/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Frederica Von Stade,  Patricia Nagle,  Linda Chesis,  Nicolai Gedda  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Alix Bourbon Vocal Ensemble
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  • 8.
    Original Masters - Ernest Ansermet - Decca Recordings 1953-1967
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000837002 Release Date: 02/13/2007   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Igor Stravinsky,  Ottorino Respighi,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 9.
    French Orchestral Music / Bertrand De Billy, Vienna Rso
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 329 Release Date: 01/01/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Albert Roussel,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Conductor:  Bertrand De Billy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    French Orchestral Miniatures Vol 2 - Pierne, Et Al / Bostock
    Label: Membran / Scandinavian Classics   Catalog: 220527 Release Date: 06/24/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Joseph Guy Ropartz,  Gabriel Pierné,  Vincent D'Indy  ... 
    Conductor:  Douglas Bostock
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bohemian Chamber Philharmonic
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  • 11.
    Fauré: Pelleas Et Melisande, Etc;  D'indy / Depriest, Et Al
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7348 Release Date: 02/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincent D'Indy,  Gabriel Fauré
    Conductor:  James DePreist
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Fauré: Orchestral Works / Plasson, Collard, Tortelier, Et Al
    Label: Emi Classics Double Fforte   Catalog: 74840 Release Date: 02/12/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Linda Chesis,  Nicolai Gedda,  Frederica Von Stade,  Patricia Nagle  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Alix Bourbon Vocal Ensemble,  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Fauré: Requiem, Pelléas Et Méllisande, Etc / Ozawa, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469268 Release Date: 08/14/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Gérard Souzay,  Dalton Baldwin,  James Vivian,  Pascal Rogé  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen Cleobury,  Seiji Ozawa,  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge King's College Choir,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 14.
    Fauré: Requiem, Pelleas Et Melisande, Etc / Plasson, Et Al
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73732 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Linda Chesis,  Patricia Nagle,  José Van Dam,  Arlette Amyel  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Toulouse Capitole Chorus,  Orféon Donostiarra
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  • 15.
    Fauré: Four Hand Piano Music / Volondat, De Hooghe
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553638 Release Date: 05/16/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Patrick De Hooghe,  Pierre-Alain Volondat
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  • 16.
    Fauré: Orchestral Music / Georgiadis, Rte Sinfonietta, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553360 Release Date: 05/26/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Lynda Russell
    Conductor:  John Georgiadis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RTE Sinfonietta
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  • 17.
    Pavane - Ravel, Satie & Fauré / Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449186 Release Date: 04/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Susan Palma
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Fauré: Orchestral Works / Tortelier, BBC Philharmonic
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 9416 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Peter Dixon,  Richard Davis,  Kathryn Stott
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Fauré: Pavane, Pelléas & Mélisande / Neville Marriner
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 410552 Release Date: 07/01/1983   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  William Bennett
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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