Gabriel Fauré


Born: 1845   Died: 1924   Country: France   Period: Romantic
When Gabriel Fauré was a boy, Berlioz had just written La damnation de Faust and Henry David Thoreau was writing Walden. By the time of his death, Stravinsky had written The Rite of Spring and World War I had ended in the devastation of Europe. In this dramatic period in history, Fauré strove to bring together the best of traditional and progressive music and, in the process, created some of the most exquisite works in the French repertoire. He Read more was one of the most advanced figures in French musical circles and influenced a generation of composers world-wide.

Fauré was the youngest child of a school headmaster and spent many hours playing the harmonium in the chapel next to his father's school. Fauré's father enrolled the 9-year-old as a boarder at the École Niedermeyer in Paris, where he remained for 11 years, learning church music, organ, piano, harmony, counterpoint, and literature. In 1861, Saint-Saëns joined the school and introduced Fauré and other students to the works of more contemporary composers such as Schumann, Liszt, and Wagner. Fauré's earliest songs and piano pieces date from this period, just before his graduation in 1865, which he achieved with awards in almost every subject. For the next several years, he took on various organist positions, served for a time in the Imperial Guard, and taught. In 1871 he and his friends -- d'Indy, Lalo, Duparc, and Chabrier -- formed the Société Nationale de Musique, and soon after, Saint-Saëns introduced him to the salon of Pauline Viardot and Parisian musical high society. Fauré wrote his first important chamber works (the Violin Sonata No. 1 and Piano Quartet No. 1), then set out on a series of musical expeditions to meet Liszt and Wagner. Throughout the 1880s, he held various positions and continued to write songs and piano pieces, but felt unsure enough of his compositional talents to attempt anything much larger than incidental music. Fauré's pieces began to show a complexity of musical line and harmony which were to become the hallmarks of his music. He began to develop a highly original approach to tonality, in which modal harmony and altered scales figured largely. The next decade, however, is when Fauré came into his own. He was named composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire in 1896. His music, although considered too advanced by most, gained recognition amongst his musical friends. This was his first truly productive phase, seeing the completion of his Requiem, the Cinq Mélodies, and the Dolly Suite, among other works. Using an economy of expression and boldness of harmony, he built the musical bridge over which his students -- such as Maurice Ravel and Nadia Boulanger -- would cross on their journey into the twentieth century. In 1905, he was named director of the conservatory and made several significant reforms. Ironically, this position gave his works more exposure, but it reduced his time for composition and came when he was increasingly bothered by hearing problems. Fauré's works of this period show the last, most sophisticated stages of his writing, streamlined and elegant in form. During World War I, Fauré essentially remained in Paris and had another extremely productive phase, producing, among other things, Le Jardin clos and the Fantaisie for piano and orchestra, Op. 111, which show a force and violence that make them among the most powerful pieces in French music. In 1920 he retired from the school, and the following year gave up his music critic position with Le Figaro, which he had held since 1903. Between then and his death in 1924, he would produce his great, last works: several chamber works and the song cycle L'horizon chimérique. Read less

Work: Cantique de Jean Racine, Op. 11

Browse 76-85 of 85 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Faure, Durufle: Requiem, Etc / Guest, St John's College
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 436486 Release Date: 06/13/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Francis Poulenc,  Maurice Duruflé,  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  Stephen Cleobury,  Christopher Keyte,  Robert King,  Jonathon Bond  ... 
    Conductor:  George Guest
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge St. John's College Choir,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 77.
    Postcards / Timothy Seelig, The Turtle Creek Chorale
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 61 Release Date: 01/13/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Babatunde Olatunji,  Violeta Parra,  Varner,,  Situ,  ... 
    Conductor:  Timothy Seelig
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Turtle Creek Chorale
    On sale! $18.98
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  • 78.
    Fauré: Requiem, Etc / Summerly, Beckley, Gedge, Et Al
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550765 Release Date: 11/29/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Déodat de Sévérac,  Louis Vierne
    Performer:  Colm Carey,  Nicholas Gedge,  Lisa Beckley
    Conductor:  Jeremy Summerly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Cantorum Oxford,  Oxford Camerata
    CD: $12.99
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  • 79.
    Faure: Requiem;  Durufle: Messe
    Label: Conifer   Catalog: 15351 Release Date: 05/10/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Maurice Duruflé,  Olivier Messiaen
    Performer:  Richard Pearce,  Briony Shaw,  Mark Griffiths,  Camilla Otaki
    Conductor:  Richard Marlow
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Musici,  Cambridge Trinity College Choir
    CD: $6.99
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  • 80.
    Mysteries Beyond - Songs And Chants In Praise Of Mary
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3138 Release Date: 05/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Duruflé,  Gabriel Fauré,  Charles Gounod,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Mark Kruczek,  Vinson Cole,  Patrick Stephens,  Kathleen Bride
    Conductor:  Dennis Keene
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Voices of Ascension
    CD: $17.99
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  • 81.
    Panis Angelicus - Favorite Motets / Westminster Cathedral Choir
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66669 Release Date: 01/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Felix Mendelssohn,  William Henry Harris,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Eamonn O'Dwyer,  Mark Kennedy,  Ian Simock,  Nicholas Keay  ... 
    Conductor:  James O'Donnell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westminster Cathedral Choir
    On sale! $21.98
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  • 82.
    Faure: Requiem, Cantique De Racine, Etc / Matthew Best
    Label: Hyperion   Catalog: 66292 Release Date: 03/23/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  John Scott,  Isabelle Poulenard,  Michael George,  Mary Seers
    Conductor:  Matthew Best
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Corydon Singers
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  • 83.
    Fauré: Cantique, Requiem / Plasson, Hendricks
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 47317 Release Date: 01/12/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré
    Performer:  José Van Dam,  Barbara Hendricks,  Arlette Amyel
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra,  Orféon Donostiarra
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  • 84.
    100 Best Adagio Voices
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64292 Release Date: 09/22/0009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Giovanni Battista Pergolesi  ... 
    Performer:  Natalie Dessay,  Philippe Jaroussky,  Toby Spence,  Barbara Hendricks  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Langrée,  Emmanuelle Haïm,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Andrew Parrott  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Concert D'Astrée,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Taverner Players  ... 
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  • 85.
    Chor Leoni
    Label: Cypress (Canada)   Catalog: 0604 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  André Caplet,  Michael Head,  Pérotin,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Brett Polegato
    Conductor:  Diane Loomer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chor Leoni
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Gabriel Fauré

Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 1. Introitus: Requiem aeternam - Kyrie
Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 2. Offertorium: Domine Jesu Christe
Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 3. Sanctus
Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 4. Pie Jesu
Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 5. Agnus Dei
Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 6. Libera me
Fauré: Requiem, Op.48 - 7. In paradisum
I. Ouverture
II. Menuet
III. Gavotte
IV. Pastorale
I. Allegro molto
II. Andante
III. Allegro vivo
IV. Allegro quasi presto